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Athens Macedonian News Agency: News in Greek, 16-08-15

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Sta ergasiaka h ellhnikh stash den qa einai amyntikh, leei sto APE-MPE o G. Katroygkalos
  • [02] Mhnyma toy proedroy ths ND Kyr. Mhtsotakh gia ton Dekapentaygoysto
  • [03] Ypo elegxo oi pyrkagies sta Kalybia, thn Tzia, ton Argyro Aliberioy kai to Parori Leibadias
  • [04] O Tsaboysogloy kathgorei thn EE oti "tapeinwnei" thn Toyrkia
  • [05] HPA: H Loyiziana khryxqhke se katastash fysikhs katastrofhs
  • [06] Ntonalnt Tramp: Epiqesh sta ``diefqarmena'' MME
  • [07] Paroysia toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias oi eortastikes ekdhlwseis sthn Panagia Soymela
  • [08] O eortasmos toy Dekapentaygoystoy

    [01] Sta ergasiaka h ellhnikh stash den qa einai amyntikh, leei sto APE-MPE o G. Katroygkalos

    ``Exoyme mpei se mia fash poy deixnei oti h oikonomia arxizei na anakamptei, kai to pragmatiko stoixhma einai h anaptyjh ayth na einai dikaih gia oloys'', tonizei sth synenteyjh poy paraxwrhse sto Aqhnaiko-Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn o ypoyrgos Ergasias, Koinwnikhs Asfalishs kai Koinwnikhs Allhleggyhs, Giwrgos Katroygkalos, o opoios shmeiwnei oti sthn epikeimenh diapragmateysh me toys qesmoys gia ta ergasiaka h ellhnikh stash den qa einai amyntikh, alla qetikh kai epiqetikh, prokeimenoy na anastrafei h genikeymenh aporryqmish poy isxyei shmera sthn egxwria agora ergasias.

    Malista, ypogrammizei xarakthristika oti ``yparxei enas eyrwpaikos dromos gia ta ergasiaka kai aytos einai o dromos poy proteinoyme emeis, kai oxi o dromos poy proteinei to DNT''.

    Anaferomenos, sta dhmosieymata twn teleytaiwn hmerwn peri meiwshs twn syntajewn, o ypoyrgos Ergasias ekane logo gia anastrofh ths pragmatikothtas, dieykrinizontas oti h parakrathsh yper ygeias, ycoys 6%, qa bohqhsei toys polloys, kaqws osoi pairnoyn mia mono kyria syntaj h-oi perissoteroi dhladh- qa doyn ayjhseis me thn efarmogh toy metroy.

    Akoloyqei to plhres keimeno ths synenteyjhs toy ypoyrgoy Ergasias Giwrgoy Katroygkaloy sto APE-MPE

    Kyrie ypoyrge, tis teleytaies hmeres sas kathgorhsan oti epixeireite na "kocete" tis syntajeis me thn eisfora gia thn ygeia. Ti akribws symbainei;

    Prokeitai gia plhrh anastrofh ths pragmatikothtas. Gi' ayto kai kaname logo gia paraplhroforhsh kai gkriza propaganda. Sthn pragmatikothta ayto poy qa symbei antanakla th genikoterh logikh ths asfalistikhs metarryqmishs. Bohqame toys polloys kai eisagoyme kanones isonomias. Pws bohqame toys polloys;Oi syntajioyxoi panta plhrwnan 6% yper toy EOPPY. Oxi, omws, epi toy pragmatikoy posoy poy eiseprattan, alla epi toy eikonikoy posoy poyantistoixoyse sth syntajh toys, prin apo tis mnhmoniakes krathseis. Ayto to diorqwnoyme,kai sto ejhs to6% qa plhrwnetai epi toy posoy poy phgainei sthn tseph toy syntajioyxoy. Ara, oi perissoteroiqa doyn,otan ylopoihqei to metro-ton Septembrio h ton Oktwbrio giati oi yphresies kamia fora kaqysteroyn-,mikres ayjhseis sth syntajh toys, logw aytoy toy gegonotos. Epishs, to deytero poy kaname htan to 6% na mhn to plhrwnoyn monon aytoi poy exoyn mia syntajh -poy einai kai oi perissoteroi- alla kai aytoi poy exoyn panw apo mia.

    Ti eidoys metra lambanete prokeimenoy na bohqhqoyn osoi xanoyn to EKAS;

    Opws gnwrizete, toEKAS den htan antikeimeno diapragmateyshs sthn asfalistikh metarryqmish, dioti eixe chfistei h katarghsh toy hdh apo ton Ioylio me tis chfoys ths ND, toy PASOK kai toy Potamioy. Den mporesame na to swsoyme. Htan apo tis anagkastikes paraxwrhseis poy kaname ejaitias ths syntriptikhs se baros mas yperoxhs twn daneistwn sth diapragmateysh toy Ioylioy. Twra, prospaqoyme na kanoyme o,ti mporoyme gia na bohqhsoyme ligo aytoys poy qa xasoyn to EKAS mexri na erqei to telos toy 2018, opote qa epanypologistoyn oi syntajeis toys,kai me thn eqnikh syntajh h katastash qa isorrophsei. Ta prwta metra poy labame htan na parasxoyme dwrean farmakeytikh periqalch se osoys to xanoyn, na problecoyme mia karta allhleggyhs poy anaplhrwnei to 30% ths apwleias toy eisodhmatos, enw merimnhsame na mhn plhrwnoyn thn eisfora yper ygeias.

    To 2017 wstoso, qa eprepe na proxwrhsoyme se nees perikopes, diotiayto problepei to mnhmonio poy chfisan oles oi dynameis poy hqelan na krathsoyn thn Ellada sthn Eyrwph. Omws, anti na proxwrhsoyme se perikopes, na pacoyn na to lambanoyn entelws oi dikaioyxoi poy ejakoloyqoyn kai to pairnoyn, skeftomaste ws enallaktikh lysh th meiwsh toy ycoys toy epidomatos etsi wste h zhmia na einai mikroterh.

    Exete omws kai kapoia protash gia ta epaggelmatika tameia...

    Stoplaisio twn kanonwn isonomias o,ti pososto epi toy eisodhmatos toys plhrwnan oi misqwtoi,qa plhrwnoyn sto ejhs kai oi eleyqeroi epaggelmaties. Me eidikes, bebaia, metabatikes periodoys,oytws wste ayth h allagh na mhn einai dramatikh. Malista, ejaitias aytwn twn metabatikwn periodwn to 80% twn eleyqerwn epaggelmatiwn qa plhrwsei sthn pragmatikothta ligoterh eisfora ap' o,ti qa plhrwnan me to palaio systhma.

    Epeidh, parola ayta, to synolo twn asfalistikwn eisforwn einai pragmati poly ychlo -ftanei sto 38%- eixa proteinei apo thn arxh stoys episthmones, eleyqeroys epaggelmaties, to efapaj gia thn epikoyrikh ean to epiqymoyn na mhn to plhrwnoyn ypoxrewtika sto plaisio toy dhmosioy systhmatos. Na ftiajoyn epaggelmatika tameia, kaqws me ayton ton tropo qa meiwnotan ews kai sto 27% to antistoixo pososto.Kateqesa, loipon, mia antistoixh protash sth synanthsh poy eixa mazi toys. Protash, h opoia egine katarxhn qetika dekth kai prokeitai na einai ena apo ta antikeimena diapragmateyshs me toys qesmoys

    Mias kai phgame sth diapragmateysh me toys qesmoys, qa hqela na sas rwthsw ti akribws ennooysate otan kanate logo peri apomonwshs toy DNT;

    ToDNT einai apomonwmeno apo thn idia th fysh twn protasewn toy,toy akraioy neofileleyqerismoy poy to xarakthrizei. Akribws dioti aytos erxetai se antiqesh me to eyrwpaiko koinwniko montelo. Epomenws, ekeino poy eipa einai oti oi apoceis aytesprepei na apomonwqoyn. Kai opws apomonwqhkan sth fash ths diapragmateyshs gia to asfalistiko, pisteyw etsi qa ginei kai twra. Kai giati lew oti apomonwqhkan sth fash ths diapragmateyshs gia to asfalistiko; Dioti kai tote to DNT epemene na ginoyn megales perikopes stis syntajeis gia na mhn yparjei, estw kai mikrh, meiwsh twn eisforwn. Apomonwsame aythn thn akraia apoch poy qa odhgoyse se mia 13h meiwsh, kai malista megalh, oles tis syntajeis, olwn twn syntajioyxwn. Katalhjame sthn asfalistikh metarryqmish, h opoia -pera apo tis genikes arxes poy qetei gia to mellon- prostatece kai to eisodhma toy 80% twn syntajioyxwn poy exoyn mikres kai mesaies syntajeis, oloys osoi pairnoyn katw apo 1.300 eyrw syntajh.

    Oson afora ta ergasiaka, ti prokeitai na ginei; Qa parameinoyn osa isxyoyn shmera;

    Koitajte, gia prwth fora den kinoymaste amyntika gia na apokroysoyme ayta poy qeloyn oi daneistes, dioti einai toso genikeymenh h aporryqmish,poy h katastash sthn ergasia shmera einai pragmati zoygkla. Gia prwth fora, qetika kai epiqetika, emeis zhtame na anastrafei h aporryqmish, na epistrecoyn oi syllogikes diapragmateyseis. O katwtatos misqos na einai antikeimeno diapragmateyshs metajy twn koinwnikwn etairwn. Akribws ep'aytoy toy programmatos-poy den einai amyntiko, einai epiqetiko-zhthsa th symfwnh gnwmh twn koinwnikwn etairwn, aytwn poy ypografoyn thn Eqnikh Genikh Syllogikh Symbash Ergasias,kai thn elaba. Exoyme epomenws koinwniko metwpo. Stis 16 me 17 Septembrioy kanoyme ena megalo dieqnes synedrio, sto opoio qa erqoyn ypoyrgoi xwrwn ths EE kai ekproswpoi twn eyrwpaikwn syndikatwn gia na deijoyme ayto poy eipa prohgoymenws:oti yparxei enas eyrwpaikos dromos gia ta ergasiaka kai aytos einai o dromos poy proteinoyme emeis kai oxi o dromos poy proteinei to DNT.

    Se o,ti afora sthn anergia,katagrafontai ptwtikes taseis;

    Exoyme mia meiwsh ths tajhs toy 2,1% ta dyo teleytaia xronia. Mia prosfath ekqesh toy OOSA deixnei oti h tash ayth qa synexistei giati yparxoyn oi gnwstes prooptikes anaptyjhs ths ellhnikhs oikonomias. Epishs, mia meleth ellhnikoy idiwtikoy forea deixnei oti peripoy oi mises ellhnikes epixeirhseis programmatizoyn na kanoyn proslhceis to amesws epomeno diasthma. Epomenws, exoyme mpei se mia fash poy deixnei oti h oikonomia arxizei na anakamptei,kai to pragmatiko stoixhma einai ayth h anaptyjh na einai dikaih anaptyjh. Anaptyjh gia oloys.

    Qewreite efikto ton stoxo gia 300.000 qeseis ergasias mesw toy anaptyjiakoy nomoy;

    Ejartatai se pio xroniko orizonta. Pisteyw oti eimaste se mia fash poy fainetai oti afhnoyme pisw tis pio mayres meres ths krishs.Gia mena xarakthristiko megeqos einai oti gia prwth fora o ariqmos twn eggegrammenwn anergwn ston OAED epese katw apo to symboliko orio toy enos ekatommyrioy. Epomenws qelw na pisteyw oti o stoxos aytos einai realistikos kai janalew:emeis den qeloyme opoiodhpote eidoys anaptyjh, qeloyme mia anaptyjh gia oloys,kai ena apo ta prwta apotelesmata ayths ths dikaihs anaptyjhs qa einai na antimetwpistei ayto to teras ths anergias.

    Prokatoxos sas, kyrie ypoyrge,sas kathgorhse oti forologeite akomh kai ta oikogeneiaka epidomata...

    Yparxei mia prosfath gnwmodothsh toy Nomikoy Symboylioy toy Kratoys poy ermhneyei, oxi diko mas nomo, alla nomo ths ND kai toy PASOK. Den eixan frontisei na ejairesoyn apo th mh parakrathsh xartoshmoy ta epidomata,kai twra aplws to Nomiko Symboylio eipe na efarmostei o nomos. Einai kati poy qa to antimetwpisoyme. Omws, einai klassiko paradeigma ths dhmagwgias kai ths ypokrisias ths antipoliteyshs. Opws mas kathgorei oti taxa emeis katarghsame to EKAS, enw jeroyn oti eixan proanaggeilei, hdh apo to e-mail Xardoybelh, thn katarghsh toy kai me tis dikes toys chfoys katarghqhke ton Ioylio. Mas kathgoroyn gia tis synepeies twn dikwn toys nomoqetikwn prajewn.

    Th synenteyjh phre o Giwrgos Cyllias

    [02] Mhnyma toy proedroy ths ND Kyr. Mhtsotakh gia ton Dekapentaygoysto

    Thn anagkh na krathsoyn oi 'Ellhnes, opws toys kalei h shmerinh mera kai para ta osa exasan ta teleytaia xronia, akomh pio gera thn pisth, tis arxes kai tis ajies, gia na bgoyn mia wra arxytera apo thn polypleyrh kai epwdynh krish, epishmainei se dhlwsh toy gia th megalh giorth ths Panagias o proedros ths Neas Dhmokratias Kyriakos Mhtsotakhs.

    O k. Mhtsotakhs tonizei pws shmera einai mia megalh hmera gia th Xristianosynh, thn Orqodojia kai ton Ellhnismo, mia hmera h opoia, opws leei, empneei pisth kai empistosynh stis dynameis mas.

    ?Para tis dyskolies - poy dystyxws megalwsan ton teleytaio kairo - mporoyme, me th bohqeia kai th dynamh ths Panagias, na ta kataferoyme. Sthn Panagia, allwste, o laos mas akoympa ton pono, tis agwnies, tis elpides kai tis proseyxes toy?, tonizei o k. Mhtsotakhs, kanontas logo gia hmera poy empneei allhleggyh se ekeinoys apo toys sympolites mas poy exoyn megalyterh anagkh.

    O k. Mhtsotakhs fernei ws paradeigma thn Ekklhsia, h opoia, opws dhlwnei, me tis koinwnikes domes ths se oloklhrh th xwra anaptyssei zwogono kai ypodeigmatiko ergo aokna, aqoryba kai me sebasmo sto anqrwpino proswpo, xwris thn paramikrh diakrish. Sth dhlwsh toy omws o proedros ths ND kanei logo kai gia hmera poy megalwnei th qlich gia ta osa ?prwtofanh kai qlibera diaprattontai ton teleytaio kairo apo elaxistoys - eytyxws - bebhloys, se baros ths Ekklhsias mas?, apo anqrwpoys "poy oyte kan antilambanontai tis paradoseis, thn klhronomia kai ton politismo ths Patridas mas?, opws leei xarakthristika.

    [03] Ypo elegxo oi pyrkagies sta Kalybia, thn Tzia, ton Argyro Aliberioy kai to Parori Leibadias

    Ypo elegxo einai oi pyrkagies sta Kalybia, thn Tzia, ton Argyro Aliberioy kai to Parori Leibadias. Wstoso, symfwna me thn Pyrosbestikh, paramenoyn dynameis gia tyxon anazwpyrwsh.

    [04] O Tsaboysogloy kathgorei thn EE oti "tapeinwnei" thn Toyrkia

    O toyrkos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Mebloyt Tsaboysogloy kathgorhse thn EE oti "tapeinwnei" thn Toyrkia kai ejarthse gia allh mia fora ton sebasmo ths symfwnias EE-Toyrkias gia to metanasteytiko apo th fileleyqeropoihsh toy kaqestwtos twn qewrhsewn eisodoy (bizes) gia toys toyrkoys polites poy episkeptontai thn EE.

    "O toyrkikos laos einai traymatismenos cyxika" meta thn apopeira prajikophmatos ths 15hs Ioylioy kai oi Eyrwpaioi "mas tapeinwnoyn anti na bohqoyn thn Toyrkia", anefere o Tsaboysogloy se dhlwseis toy poy dhmosieyontai sto shmerino fyllo ths germanikhs efhmeridas Bild, ekfrazontas th lyph toy gia to pagwma twn entajiakwn synomiliwn EE-Toyrkias kai twn syzhthsewn gia thn ejairesh twn toyrkwn yphkown apo tis qewrhseis eisodoy.

    Gia ton toyrko ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn, h Agkyra ergasqhke "oso liges xwres gia na ekplhrwsei tis proypoqeseis entajhs sthn EE", alla den lambanei se antallagma "para apeiles, prosboles kai enan plhrh apokleismo" apo thn pleyra twn Eikosi Oktw.

    "Anarwtiemai: poio egklhma exoyme diaprajei; Giati tosh exqrothta;", synexizei o Tsaboysogloy, o opoios thn Tetarth eixe hdh kathgorhsei thn EE oti ypodaylizei ta antieyrwpaika synaisqhmata sthn Toyrkia "eynowntas", akomh kai "enqarrynontas" toys aytoyrgoys toy prajikophmatos.

    O idios apaithse kai pali th fileleyqeropoihsh toy kaqestwtos twn qewrhsewn eisodoy gia toys toyrkoys polites, poy einai to antallagma gia th metanasteytikh symfwnia EE-Toyrkias poy synhfqh ton Martio me thn elpida oti qa sygkrathqoyn oi paratypoi diaploi apo tis toyrkikes arxes pros ta ellhnika nhsia.

    "Einai safes: eite efarmozoyme oloi tis symfwnies mazi eite tis oloi tis bazoyme sthn akrh", dhlwse o Tsaboysogloy sthn Bild, otan erwthqhke sxetika me to endexomeno h Toyrkia na afhsei kai pali apo ton Oktwbrio ekatontades xiliades anqrwpoys na bgoyn sth qalassa gia na fqasoyn sthn Eyrwph.

    [05] HPA: H Loyiziana khryxqhke se katastash fysikhs katastrofhs

    O amerikanos proedros Mparak Ompama khryje xqes, Kyriakh, se katastash fysikhs katastrofhs thn Politeia ths Loyiziana, h opoia plhttetai apo plhmmyres poy den exoyn prohgoymeno sthn perioxh kai opoy toylaxiston pente anqrwpoi exasan th zwh toys, enw swstika synergeia dieswsan perissoteroys apo 20.000 plhmmyropaqeis.

    O kybernhths Tzon Mpel Entoyarnts dhlwse pws katoikoi diaswqhkan apo aytokinhta poy eixan parasyrqei apo ta nera, apo plmmyrismena spitia kai apo nosokomeia poy apeiloyntan se olo to notio tmhma ths Politeias. Perissoteres broxoptwseis anamenontai apo ena systhma kataigidwn poy ekteinetai apo tis aktes toy Kolpoy toy Mejikoy mexri thn Koilada toy Oxaio.

    An kai h kyriws kataigida, poy prokalese tis katarraktwdeis broxes, kineitai dytika pros to Tejas, oi katoikoi ths Loyiziana qa prepei na parameinoyn se egrhgorsh, anefere o kybernhths se synenteyjh Typoy.

    "Akomh ki an shmera exoyme kata diasthmata liakada, ta nera qa synexisoyn na anebainoyn se polles perioxes, etsi prepei na parameinoyme poly prosektikoi", dhlwse o 'Entoyarnts, symfwna me ton opoio oi plhmmyres aytes den exoyn prohgoymeno sth Loyiziana.

    O Ompama khryje thn perioxh se katastash fysikhs katastrofhs afoy milhse me ton Entoyarnts, anefere se anakoinwsh toy o Leykos Oikos. Kaqistatai etsi diaqesimh omospondiakh bohqeia gia toys plhmmyropaqeis se diafores perioxes.

    O Entoyarnts dhlwse argotera pws perissoteroi apo 20.000 anqrwpoi diaswqhkan apo tis plhmmyres sth notia Loyiziana.

    Peripoy 5.000 anqrwpoi ypoxrewqhkan na perasoyn th nykta se katafygia, dhlwse h Marketa Oyolters, epikefalhs ths Dieyqynshs Yphresiwn gia Paidia kai Oikogeneies ths Loyiziana.

    O syntagmatarxhs ths politeiakhs astynomias Maikl Entmonson dhlwse pws elikoptera metaferoyn trofima kai nero se anqrwpoys poy ejakoloyqoyn na einai pagideymenoi ejaitias twn plhmmyrwn. Elikoptera metaferoyn epishs merikoys sobara asqeneis apo perioxes poy exoyn plhmmyrisei.

    Peripoy 1.700 melh ths Eqnofylakhs ths Loyiziana anaptyxqhkan gia na symbaloyn stis prospaqeies diaswshs.

    Toylaxiston pente anqrwpoi exasan th zwh toys sth Loyiziana apo tis plhmmyres, afoy oi idioi h ta oxhmata sta opoia epebainan parasyrqhkan apo ta ormhtika nera.

    [06] Ntonalnt Tramp: Epiqesh sta ``diefqarmena'' MME

    O ypochfios twn Repoymplikanwn gia ton Leyko Oiko, Ntonalnt Tramp, epekrine shmera ta "ahdiastika kai diefqarmena" mme, bazontas sto stoxastro toys New York Times gia thn kalych ths proeklogikhs ekstrateias toy.

    Se shmerino arqro ths h amerikanikh efhmerida grafei oti h omada toy Tramp problhmatizetai sobara gia th strathgikh toy kai gia th symperifora toy, arqro poy prokalese to menos toy disekatommyrioyxoy.

    "Oi @nytimes, mia apotyxia, epikaloyntai anwnymes phges kai miloyn gia synanthseis poy den eginan pote. To reportaz toys einai myqos. Ta mesa prostateyoyn th Xilari" Klinton, thn antipalo toy twn Dhmokratikwn gia thn proedria twn HPA, egrace shmera sto Twitter o Ntonalnt Tramp se mia seira orgismenwn mhnymatwn.

    Kathgorhse ta "ahdiastika kai diefqarmena mme" oti den kalyptoyn "entima" thn proeklogikh ekstrateia toy. An to ekanan, "qa nikoysa thn Klinton me 20%" perissoteres chfoys stis ekloges ths 8hs Noembrioy, yposthrije.

    Den einai h prwth epiqesh toy megaloepixeirhmatia enantion twn New York Times, toys opoioys xarakthrizei taktika ws mia efhmerida "apotyxia" logw twn oikonomikwn kai dioikhtikwn problhmatwn poy antimetwpizoyn. Kathgorei epishs ta mme oti yposthrizoyn th "Xilari-thn-apatewnissa".

    Symfwna me ton amerikaniko Typo, o Ntonalnt Tramp, se mia synanthsh to brady toy Sabbatoy sto Konektikat, kalese thn "efhmerida na paei ston diabolo" mprosta se ena kateyxaristhmeno plhqos.

    O Repoymplikanos ypochfios dierxetai fash plhroys amfibolias kai den to krybei. Efqase malista na pei thn perasmenh Pempth oti qa paei "makres, wraies diakopes" se periptwsh poy htthqei thn 8h Noembrioy. To periballon toy pragmatika den gnwrizei pws na prosarmosei to montelo Tramp etsi wste na kerdisei tis proedrikes ekloges.

    Den einai mono poy ta pososta toy disekatommyrioyxoy peftoyn stis eqnikes dhmoskophseis (48% enanti 40% symfwna me th HuffPost Pollster), alla kindyneyei kai na xasei stis politeies-kleidia poy epetrecan syxna kata to parelqon stoys Repoymplikanoys na sfragisoyn th nikh toys.

    O epikefalhs ths proeklogikhs ekstrateias toy, Pol Manafort, aperrice shmera tis "epiqeseis" toy Typoy.

    "Antiqeta me to reportaz sas kai antiqeta me thn istoria me tis anwnymes phges twn New York Times, h ekstrateia paei mprosta kai einai poly isxyrh", dhlwse sto CNN, kathgorwntas epishs emmesa to thleoptiko diktyo, to opoio kalyce analytika thn anodo toy Tramp, gia prokateilhmmenh kalych yper ths Klinton.

    O symboylos ejwterikhs politikhs toy Tramp, o geroysiasths Tzef Sesions, kathggeile ki ekeinos sto ABC mia "arnhtikh" epikoinwniakh kalych mias diadromhs pros tis proedrikes ekloges h opoia "den exei teleiwsei".

    [07] Paroysia toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias oi eortastikes ekdhlwseis sthn Panagia Soymela

    Paroysia toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias Prokoph Paylopoylo qa telestei o eortasmos ths Koimhshs ths Qeotokoy sthn Panagia Soymela.

    Twn Ierwn Akoloyqiwn qa proejarxei o sebasmiotatos mhtropoliths Beroias, Naoyshs kai Kampanias k.k. Pantelehmwn, synodeyomenos apo arxiereis, melh ths Ierarxias ths Ekklhsias ths Ellados, ths Krhths, kai ths Rwsias.

    H ypotrofia apo to Panellhnio Iero Proskynhma ``Panagia Soymela'' qa doqei ston aristeysanta maqhth, toy Genikoy Lykeioy Makroxwrioy Hmaqias, Amanatidh Dhmhtrio, sthn mnhmh twn paidiwn ? maqhtwn toy sxoleioy Makroxwrioy, poy exasan adika th zwh toys, sto tragiko dystyxhma twn Tempwn stis 13 Aprilioy toy 2003.

    Ejalloy, opws kaqe xrono, neolaioi Pontiakwn Swmateiwn toy Synapanthmatos me paradosiakes foresies, qa ``fylattoyn'', qa ``froyroyn'' kai qa synodeyoyn th Septh Eikona ths Soymeliwtissas, plaisiwmenoi apo ekproswpoys Pontiakwn Swmateiwn.

    Eidikotera, to programma exei ws ejhs:

    Deytera 15 Aygoystoy 2016

  • 07:00Orqros kai Panhgyriko Arxieratiko Sylleitoyrgo proejarxontos Toy Sebasmiotatoy Mhtropolitoy Beroias Naoyshs kai Kampanias k.k Pantelehmonos.

  • 09:30Peras proseleyshs proskeklhmenwn.

  • 10:00Afijh toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias, Prokoph Paylopoyloy

  • 11:00Litaneysh ths Agias Eikonas kai kataqesh stefanwn sthn protomh toy Alejandroy Ychlanth

  • 12.30Kallitexnikes ekdhlwseis me th symmetoxh Paradosiakwn xoreytikwn sygkrothmatwn Swmateiwn.

    [08] O eortasmos toy Dekapentaygoystoy

    O Dekapentaygoystos, ``to Pasxa toy kalokairioy'', einai h hmera-ymnos sthn Panagia, th mhtera olwn twn Xristianwn. Proseyxes, dehseis, ikesies twn pistwn, akoygontai apo tis pio megaloprepeis mhtropoleis mexri ta pio apomakrysmena jwklhsia kai monasthria, enw ta peripoy 500 ``Qeotokwnymia'', oi onomasies kai xarakthrismoi poy tis apedwse o laos, dhlwnoyn th latreia sto Qeio proswpo ths. Alloy Megaloxarh kai Qalassokratoysa ki alloy Glykofiloysa kai brefokratoysa, h Panagia brisketai pantote sto pleyro twn pistwn dinontas toys dynamh ki elpida.

    To megalytero proskynhma kaqe xrono ginetai sthn Thno me toys pistoys gonypeteis na ftanoyn sto nao ths Eyaggelistrias gia na ekplhrwsoyn to tama toys sthn eikona ths Panagias. O Ieros Naos Eyaggelistrias xtisthke sto shmeio opoy breqhke h Eikona toy Eyaggelismoy ths Qeotokoy. H eikona qewreitai apo toys pistoys qaymatoyrgh gi' ayto kai xiliades pistwn kaqe xrono anhforizoyn me qrhskeytikh eylabeia pros to Nao. Malista, h eyresh ths Agias Eikonas to 1823 qewrhqhke qeikos oiwnos gia to dikaio kai thn epityxia ths epanastashs enantia ston toyrkiko zygo, enw h anegersh toy megaloprepoys naoy apotelei to prwto megalo arxitektoniko ergo toy neosystaqentos ellhnikoy kratoys.

    Kai h kosmopolitikh Paros allazei proswpo anhmera toy Dekapentaygoystoy, me prwtagwnisth mia apo tis entypwsiakoteres ekklhsies toy Aigaioy, ton palaioxristianiko nao ths Ekatontapylianhs sto limani ths Paroikias. Sthn prwteyoysa toy nhsioy ginetai h perifora toy Epitafioy ths Panagias kai katopin akoloyqei to glenti ston paraliako dromo ths Paroikias me moysikoys kai xoreytika sygkrothmata, enw ta carokaika bgainoyn ston kolpo ths Paroikias kai ``fwtizoyn'' ton oyrano me qeamatika pyrotexnhmata. Thn idia wra kai sto limanaki ths Naoysas, dekades kaikia me anammenes dades proseggizoyn thn problhta kai dinoyn to synqhma gia na arxisei h giorth.

    Gia allh mia xronia pistoi apo thn boreia Ellada kataklyzoyn thn Panagia Soymela stis plagies toy Bermioy, konta sto xwrio Kastania, gia thn panhgyrikh giorth toy Dekapentaygoystoy. H ekklhsia ktisthke to 1951 apo toys prosfyges toy Pontoy, sth mnhmh ths istorikhs omwnymhs monhs, ta ereipia ths opoias briskontai sto oros Mela, konta sthn Trapezoynta toy Pontoy. Edw fylassetai h qaymatoyrgh eikona ths Panagias, o Timios Stayros kai to Eyaggelio. Xiliades eylabeis proskynhtes, kaqws kai ekproswpoi Omospondiwn kai Pontiakwn Swmateiwn apo thn Ellada kai to ejwteriko zoyne anepanalhptes stigmes qrhskeytikhs katanyjhs. Meta ton esperino ths paramonhs stis 14 Aygoystoy ginetai h litaneysh ths Agias Eikonas kai sth synexeia akoloyqoyn kallitexnikes ekdhlwseis me pontiaka sygkrothmata, enw to prwi ths Panagias, 15 Aygoystoy, teleitai epishmh dojastikh leitoyrgia ston iero nao ths Panagias, o opoios einai afierwmenos sthn Koimhsh ths Qeotokoy. Meta to peras ths Qeias Leitoyrgias akoloyqoyn paradosiakoi xoroi me topika paradosiaka sygkrothmata.

    Kabalarhdes kanoyn parelash stoys kentrikoys dromoys ths Siatistas. Anhmera to Dekapentaygoysto, oi parees kabalarhdwn sygkentrwnontai sthn plateia ths Geraneias kai me th synodeia paradosiakhs moysikhs (xalkina) me ta stolismena aloga diasxizoyn th grafikh kwmopolh, kai phgainoyn sto monasthri ths Panagias sto Mikrokastro, akoloyqwntas to palio liqostrwto monopati. Ekei proskynoyn thn eikona ths Panagias kai me to peras ths leitoyrgias epistrefoyn kabala sthn Siatista. To eqimo exei tis rizes toy sta xronia ths Toyrkokratias. Tote h hmera ths Panagias, 15 Aygoystoy, edine th dynatothta stoys sklabwmenoys na zhsoyn mia mera eleyqerias, kaqws agrafo pronomio fainetai eixe doqei apo toys Toyrkoys. Apo olh th Dytikh Makedonia proserxontan proskynhtes kabala sta aloga na timhsoyn th Qeotoko, kai na paroyn apo ayth eylogia kai dynamh.

    To diko ths monadiko xrwma ston eortasmo toy Dekapentaygoystoy dinei kai h Karpaqos me koryfaia stigmh to xoro poy ginetai sthn Olympo, sthn kentrikh ekklhsia ths Koimhshs ths Qeotokoy sto Platy (plateia toy oikismoy). Prokeitai gia ena nao toy 17oy aiwna, byzantinoy ryqmoy, me toixografies apo thn epoxh ths Toyrkokratias kai me jyloglypto templo ejairetikhs texnhs. Sto proaylio ths ekklhsias organopaiktes paizoyn ton Katw Xoro. O xoros argos kai panta me staqero bhma kai katanyktikh diaqesh, diarkei wres. Arxika, oi antres kaqismenoi sto trapezi kai me ena kommati basiliko sto peto, tragoydoyn kai pinoyn, me th synodeia laoytoy, lyras kai tsampoynas. Sth synexeia, jekina o xoros, ston opoio mpainoyn, siga siga, kai oi gynaikes ntymenes me tis paradosiakes giortines toys foresies.

    Ta ``fidakia ths Panagias'' sthn Kefalonia einai kaqe Dekapentaygoysto polos eljhs, kaqws xiliades kosmoy sygkentrwnetai sto nao ths Koimhshs ths Qeotokoy sta xwria Markopoylo kai Arginia sth notia Kefalonia. H paradosh qelei ta fidakia na fernoyn kalh tyxh sto nhsi kai an den emfanistoyn, o oiwnos einai kakos, opws egine, gia paradeigma, thn xronia twn katastreptikwn seismwn, to 1953. Malista, qewreitai oti osa perissotera fidakia syllegontai kai metaferontai sto nao toso kalytera einai gia thn xronia ayth.

    Sthn grafikh kwmopolh ths Agiasoy sth Lesbo o eortasmos toy Dekapentaygoystoy ginetai me monadiko tropo. Me epikentro thn jakoysth ekklhsia ths Panagias ths Agiasoy, oi pistoi, episkeptes kai ntopioi, apolambanoyn ena apo ta wraiotera panhgyria toy anatolikoy Aigaioy. H omwnymh eikona einai ergo toy eyaggelisth Loyka, plasmenh me keri kai mastixa. Polloi apo toys proskynhtes, me afethria thn polh ths Mytilhnhs, perpatoyn 25 xiliometra gia na fqasoyn ston aylogyro ths ekklhsias, opoy kai dianyktereyoyn. Thn hmera ths giorths ths Panagias, ystera ap? th kaqierwmenh leitoyrgia, ginetai h perifora ths eikonas gyrw apo to nao, enw oi eortastikes ekdhlwseis fqanoyn sto apokoryfwma toys me tis moysikes kai xoreytikes ekdhlwseis sthn plateia toy xwrioy.

    Sto nhsi ths Apokalychs, thn Patmo, opoy ta panta peristrefontai gyrw apo to istoriko monasthri, oi monaxoi toy throyn to eqimo toy epitafioy ths Panagias, ena eqimo me byzantines kataboles. O xrysopoikiltos epitafios ths Panagias periferetai sta sokakia toy nhsioy se megalopreph pomph, enw oi kampanes toy monasthrioy kai twn allwn ekklhsiwn hxoyn astamathta. Oi carades kaqe Dekapentaygoysto bgazoyn ta kaikia toys sth qalassa kai me th synodeia ths eikonas apo thn perioxh ?Konsolato? toy limena Skalas Patmoy kateyqynontai ston ormo ths Panagias toy Geranoy. H eyxh twn stafyliwn einai sto peras toy Esperinoy kai akoloyqei to kerasma paradosiakwn proiontwn.

    Oxi mia, alla me dyo teletoyrgies giortazoyn sth Nisyro kaqe Dekapentaygoysto. H mia ginetai sthn Panagia Sphlianh ki einai h epishmh ekklhsiastikh apo toys iereis, oi opoioi litaneyoyn thn eikona ths Panagias ews to xwrio, gia na eyloghsei to panhgyri, enw h deyterh einai paradosiakh teletoyrgia kai ginetai apo tis mayrontymenes Enniameritisses, opws legontai oi gynaikes poy exoyn taxqei sth Qeotoko.Ayto to eqimo jekina apo tis 6 Aygoystoy, opoy oi gynaikes aytes, proskynoyn sto xwro toy monasthrioy ths Panagias ths Sphlianhs, poy brisketai mesa sto kastro twn Ippotwn kai kaqarizoyn ton xwro kai ta iera skeyh. Akoloyqoyn aysthrh nhsteia, kanoyn 300 metanoies kaqe eikositetrawro kai calloyn. To Dekapentaygoysto, kratoyn toys diskoys me ta kollyba kai anoigoyn to dromo gia thn ierh eikona. To glenti jekina th stigmh poy h eikona ftanei sto xwrio, oi Enniameritisses aposyrontai kai oi katoikoi jekinoyn toys xoroys.

    H Panagia toy Xaroy stoys Leicoys einai mia idiaiterh periptwsh. Sthn eikona h Panagia den krataei to Qeio Brefos, alla ton Estayrwmeno Xristo, se mia eikona monadikh sthn xristianikh paradosh. H ?Panagia toy Xaroy? giortazei tis 23 Aygoystoy, dhladh sta enniamera ths Panagias.

    Symfwna me to eqimo, poy threitai apo to 1943, topoqetoyntai thn anoijh krinakia gyrw apo thn eikona ta opoia sth synexeia jerainontai kai anqizoyn jana, ton Aygoysto. Sthn Kaso kai sto xwrio Panagia ginetai to megalytero panhgyri toy nhsioy. Ola ta patroparadota eqima throyntai eylabika kai den einai ligoi oi jenitemenoi Kasiwtes poy epilegoyn ayth th mera gia na episkefqoyn ton topo toys, na dokimasoyn ntolmadakia kai pilafi kai na jefantwsoyn me lyres kai laoyta.Sthn Portaitissa ths Astypalaias organwnetai ena apo ta pio idiaitera panhgyria, opoy oi pareyriskomenoi ofeiloyn na perasoyn apo orismenes dokimasies protoy geytoyn to sygklonistiko gemisto arnaki, poy oi ntopioi onomazoyn lamprino. H eorth ths Panagias sto nhsi ths Cerimoy opoy despozei h ekklhsia ths Panagias ths ?Melaxrinhs?, opws thn apokaloyn oi ntopioi logw toy skoyroy xrwmatos ths rwsikhs texnotropias eikonas einai idiaiterh.Me ploiaria katoikoi apo thn Kalymno, thn Kw kai th Nisyro katafqanoyn gia na zhthsoyn th xarh ths Panagias. Oi kampanes hxoyn panhgyrika th stigmh poy ginetai h perifora toy epitafioy ths Qeotokoy. Sygkinhtikes htan oi stigmes otan klhros kai laos, ntopioi kai toyristes, symmetexoyn sth litaneia h opoia perna apo toys dromoys kai ta sokakia ths nhsoy akoma kai apo thn ammoydia sthn akrh ths qalassas. Jexwristh sth Rodo einai h Panagia h Kalopetra poy brisketai sthn koryfh ths koiladas twn Petaloydwn kai poy feretai na ktisthke to 1782 apo ton hgemona ths Moldoblaxias Al. Ychlanth. Katoikoi twn gyrw xwriwn episkeptontai thn monh opoy meta tis ekklhsiastikes ekdhlwseis akoloyqei paradosiako glenti.

    Sthn Axaia, anhmera ths eorths ths Koimhsews ths Qeotokoy, panhgyrizei h istorikh monh toy Megaloy Sphlaioy.H monh, h opoia ktisthke to 362, brisketai sto dromo poy enwnei thn eqnikh odo Patrwn ? Aqhnwn me ta Kalabryta kai sygkekrimena sto anoigma enos megaloy fysikoy sphlaioy ths oroseiras toy Xelmoy, epanw apo thn apotomh xaradra toy Boyraikoy potamoy. Kaqe xrono, plhqos pistwn fqanei sthn monh gia na proskynhsei thn ierh eikona ths Panagias ths Megalosphlaiwtissas, poy einai ergo toy Eyaggelisth Loyka. Sthn Patra, epikentro toy eortasmoy einai h iera monh ths Panagias ths Ghrokomitissas, h opoia idryqhke ton 10o aiwna kai einai ktismenh se lofo, konta sthn polh. Kaqe xrono plhqos pistwn syrreei sto monasthri apo thn paramonh ths eorths gia na anacoyn ena keri, na proseyxhqoyn h na ekplhrwsoyn to tama toys. Malista kapoioi pistoi fqanoyn me ta gonata mexri thn eikona ths Panagias. Afierwmenh sthn Koimhsh ths Qeotokoy einai hiera monh Makellarias, poy brisketai konta sthn koinothta konta Lapanagoi kai se apostash 30 xiliometrwn apo thn polh twn Kalabrytwn. H monh ktisthke to 532 panw se ena gymno kai apotomo braxo. Malista, ta teleytaia xronia katoikoi apo thn geitonikh koinothta Manesi phgainoyn me ta podia sto monasthri gia na proskynhsoyn ,akoloyqwntas mia diadromh mesa apo to dasos ths Kaniskas h to monopati kata mhkos toy potamoy Selinoynta, diarkeias peripoy tessarwn wrwn.

    Sthn Aitwloakarnania, sth Sfhna Agrinioy, h Kycelh opws einai to shmerino onoma ths koinothtas, katoikoi kai episkeptes timoyn thn eorth ths Panagias Soymela kai akoloyqei glenti pontiako. Eidikotera, prin apo peripoy epta xronia, efqase sthn koinothta akribes antigrafo ths ierhs eikonas ths Panagias Soymela, opoy thn ypodexqhke plhqos pistwn. Apo tote kaqe Dekapentaygoysto timatai h Panagia Soymela me panhgyriko esperino thn paramonh kai qeia leitoyrgia anhmera ths eorths. Meta thn qeia leitoyrgia akoloyqei h perifora ths eikonas apo zipkoforoys neoys ths koinothtas. To idio brady pragmatopoieitai eortastikh ekdhlwsh, ena ``panoyr'' opws legetai sta pontiaka, sto opoio symmetexei plhqos kosmoy poy episkeptetai thn perioxh. Oson afora sthn istoria ths perioxhs, pontioi prosfyges apo tis perioxes Tiban kai Kotylia Kerasoyntos, efqasan sth Sfhna h Kycelh to 1923. Arxika dhmioyrghsan mia proswrinh egkatastash konta sthn shmerinh koinothta kai sthn synexeia anegeiran thn ekklhsia toy Agioy Aqanasioy. To 1929 to kratos paraxwrhse stoys prosfyges katoikies kai tmhmata ghs, gia na jekinhsoyn kai pali thn zwh toys. Taytoxrona, dhmioyrghsan mia nea koinothta me thn onomasia Sfhna,h opoia to 1986, metonomasthke se Kycelh.

    Sthn Hleia plhqos pistwn timoyn thn eorth toy Dekapentaygoystoy se monasthria poy einai afierwmena sthn Panagia. Sygkekrimena, ena apo ta pio shmantika monasthria ths Hleias, einai h iera monh Koimhshs ths Qeotokoy sthn Lampeia, h opoia xronologeitai apo ton 18o aiwna, enw to monasthri ths Panagias sth Skafidia, xronologeitai apo ton 10o aiwna. H iera monh Kaqolikhs sth Gastoynh anegerqhke to 920 pros timh ths Panagias kai qewreitai shmantiko byzantino mnhmeio, poy proselkyei polloys pistoys kaqe xrono. H iera monh ths Kremasths, h opoia einai ktismenh panw se braxo, xronologeitai apo ton 12o aiwna, enw shmantikhs istorikhs ajias einai kai h iera monh ths Panagias sth Fragkabila Amaliadas.

    Sthn arxontissa twn Sporadwn, thn Skiaqo, kai fetos o eortasmos toy Dekapentaygoystoy, qa ginei paradosiaka kai me megales times, pros timhn ths Panagias, sthn Monh ths Eyaggelistrias.Oi xiliades episkeptes qa exoyn thn eykairia na parakoloyqhsoyn thn perifora toy Epitafioy ths Qeotokoy, poy onomazetai kai "Pasxa toy kalokairioy" kai einai ena eqimo poy synantame se elaxista merh ths Elladas. To prwi ths 14hs Aygoystoy, oi gynaikes stolizoyn ton epitafio me loyloydia kai h teleth arxizei to brady ths idias hmeras sto monasthri ths Eyaggelistrias. Kata thn perifora toy ieroy epitafioy kai se olh thn palia anhforikhdiadromh ws to ekklhsaki ths Zwodoxoy Phghs kai mexri thn epistrofh sto monasthri, oi pistoi akoloyqoyn kai celnoyn mazi me ton ierea. O hgoymenos ths Eyaggelistrias, p. Iwshf, milwntas sto APE-MPE, dhlwse oti to eqimoths periforas toy Epitafioy ths Megaloxarhs, kaqierwqhke to 1809, xronia poy idryqhke h Monh apo toys Agioreites monaxoys. To Monasthri ths Panagias ths Eyaggelistrias hths Baggelistras symfwna me toys ntopioys, apotelei topo proskynhmatos gia xiliades anqrwpoys apo kaqe gwnia ths ghs, enw to Moyseio ths Monhs, opoy paroysiazetai h ekqesh, prosferei polytima stoixeia ths neoterhs istorias. H Monh Eyaggelistrias bohqhse ta proepanastatika kinhmata, oso kai thn epanastash toy 1821. Sthn Eyaggelistriato 1807 sxediasthke, yfanqhke, eyloghqhke kai ycwqhke h prwth Ellhnikh Shmaia me to leyko Stayro sth mesh epi galanoy fontoy. Sth Monh,o ieromonaxos Nhfwn orkise kai toys oplarxhgoys Qeodwro Kolokotrwnh, Andrea Miaoylh, Papaqymio Blaxaba, Giannh Staqa, Nikotsara, ton Skiaqith didaskalo tou Genoys Epifanio - Stefano Dhmhtriadh kai polloys alloys, meta apo megalh syskech poy ekanan sto Monasthri ths Eyaggelistrias gia na katastrwsoyn to sxedio drashs toys.

    Sto Karpenhsi, h Panagia h Proysoy kai h Panagia Tatarnas, sth Qhba h Megalh Panagia kai ston Orxomeno h Panagia h Skripoy, oi Mones Agaqwnos kai Damastas sth Fqiwtida, h Panagia ths Barnakobas sth Fwkida, ths Panagias ths Fanerwmenhs Artakhs, ths Xiliadoys, ths Ntinioys sthn Istiaia, kai ths Koimhsews Qeotokoy Matzarh Ojyliqoy einai orismena apo ta qrhskeytika mnhmeia afierwmena sthn Megaloxarh se olh th Sterea Ellada. Thn idia stigmh to ``Pasxa toy kalokairioy'' einai shmeio oroshmo gia to megalytero meros twn oreinwn xwriwn sth Dytikh Fqiwtida, thn Eyrytania kai thn oreinh Fwkida afoy ayth thn periodo exoyn prosdioristei xronika ta antamwmata twn jenitemenwn sta panhgyria poy organwnontai. Aytoi poy qa breqoyn sthn Eyboia to Dekapentaygoysto qa exoyn thn eykairia na parakoloyqhsoyn th Qeia Leitoyrgia se mia apo tis grafikes ekklhsies poy yparxoyn kai oi opoies einai afierwmenes sthn Koimhsh ths Qeotokoy, enw osoi einai latreis ths paradoshs kai twn panhgyriwn exoyn ejisoy thn eykairia na breqoyn se ena apo ta kaqierwmena panhgyria poy ginontai se polla merh ths Eyboias.

    Sthn Kentrikh Eyboia to gnwstotero olwn einai to panhgyri toy Ojyliqoy, sto opoio neoi kai nees mazeyontai thn paramonh ths giorths ths Panagias kai ftiaxnoyn to patroparadoto stifado, enw thn epomenh sthnetai glenti ston proaylio xwro ths ekklhsias, opoy episkeptes kai katoikoi exoyn thn eykairia na geytoyn to stifado kai na glenthsoyn. Sthn Boreia Eyboia h Panagia ths Lixadas einai ejisoy gnwsth gia to panhgyri ths, enw ligo pio ejw apo th Xalkida kai pio sygkekrimena sth paralia Xiliadoy teleitai h kaqierwmenh leitoyrgia sto apomero alla poly omorfo ekklhsaki ths Panagias. Sta Caxna kai sthn Iera Monh Gorgoyphkooy ginetai paradosiakh litaneia toy Epitafioy ths Panagias symfwna me thn tajh toy Patriarxeioy Ierosolymwn, enw sthn ekklhsia ths Panagias sto Basiliko teleitai kaqe xrono panhgyri sto deytero dhmotiko sxoleio.Alla gnwsta panhgyria ths Panagias sthn Eyboia einai sto Gymno, sthn Agia Anna, sta Fylla, ths Panagias ths Peribleptoy sta Politika, sth Stenh, stoys Stropwnes, ston Palioyra kai se polla alla akoma xwria ths Eyboias.

    Sthn Eyrytania h Panagia h Proyssiwtisa ?``h kyra ths Roymelhs'' opws thn lene- h Panagia ths Tatarnas an kai den eortazoyn to Dekapentagoysto einai dyo shmeia poy sygkentrwnoyn to endiaferon twn episkeptwn kai ekei syrreoyn kaqe xrono xiliades proskynhtes. Sthn Fqiwtida to Monasthri toy Agaqwna se ycometro 600 peripoy metrwn 30 xiliometra dytika ths Lamias sthn perioxh ths Ypaths einai shmeio anaforas mias kai eortazei to Dekapentagoysto kai dexetai xiliades episkeptes ap olon ton kosmo.

    Plhqos kosmoy kai fetos paramonh toy Dekapentaygoystoy anamenetai na timhsei to qrhskeytiko eqimo metaforas ths eikonas ths Panagias ths odhghtrias apo to Axladoxwri sthn Oixalia mesw ths Krhnhs. O iereas toy Axladoxwrioy thn synodeyei mexri thn ekklhsia ths Krhnhs ekei topoqeteitai sto Iero kai oi pistoi qa perasoyn na xairetisoyn thn Panagia toys. Akoloyqei pomph sthn Krhnh kai o Iereas toy xwrioy paradidei thn eikona synodeia pistwn sta synora me thn Oixalia ston Agio Aqanasio ston ierea ths Oixalias poy perimenei thn Panagia ejw apo to nao. Meta thn dehsh h pomph pairnei ton dromo ths gia thn Oixalia opoy olo to xwrio thn anamenei me megalo qrhskeytiko endiaferon. Ekei meta apo syntomh stash oi pistoi sxhmatizoyn pomph kai synodeyontas thn eikona sthn Ekklhsia toy xwrioy opoy egkaqistatai mexri thn deyterh hmera toy Pasxa poy qa akoloyqhsei thn antistrofh diadromh. Symfwna me thn paradosh h eikona ths Panagias breqhke se dysbato kai daswdes meros ths perioxhs apo 8 Kynhgoys, oi opoioi katagotan apo tria Xwria: Thn Oixalia, to Axladoxwri kai to Koytsikobo. Etsi apofasisan kaqe xwrio na filojenei thn eikona sthn enoria toy gia tesseris mhnes to xrono. Otan to Koytsikobo epace na yfistatai apofasisthke toys 4 epipleon mhnes h eikona na paramenei sthn Oixalia. Kata thn perifora h eikona metaferetai apo toys katoikoys toy Axladoxwrioy, ths Krhnhs kai ths Oixalias apo wmo se wmo anaparistwntas toys Kynhgoys ekeinhs ths epoxhs poy meteferan thn eikona diadoxika o enas meta ton allon mexri ton kampo.

    H Panagia Xristianwn kai Moysoylmanwn sthn Komothnh. Me kaqe meso speydoyn oi pistoi thn paramonh ths giorths twn enniamerwn ths Panagias sthn monh Baqyrryakos dekapente xiliometra ejw apo thn Komothnh, sthn palia eqnikh odo Komothnhs-Janqhs, gia na proskynhsoyn thn qaymatoyrgh eikona poy sthn epifaneia ths apeikonizetai h Panagia Brefokratoysa h kat? alloys Glykofiloysa kai breqhke se shmeio poy shmera brisketai o ampeloyrgikos staqmos, sto legomeno ``Kir Tsiflik''. Anqrwpoi kaqe hlikias apo thn Rodoph, thn Janqh kai apo polla merh ths boreias Elladas, akoma kai kapoioi moysoylmanoi, proserxontai apo tis 21 ews tis 23 Aygoystoy kaqe xrono gia na proskynhsoyn th Xarh ths, ma panw apo ola entypwsh prokalei h epilogh toys na dianysoyn thn apostash poy xwrizei thn Komothnh kai toys gyrw oikismoys mexri thn Monh me ta podia, ekplhrwnontas me ayton ton tropo to tama toys. H pezoporia jekina ta jhmerwmata ths 21hs, ths 22as h ths 23hs Aygoystoy kai h apostash kalyptetai synhqws se treis me tesseris wres, wste oi pistoi na einai sthn wra toys gia th qeia leitoyrgia sth Monh.To Monasthri ths Panagias Fanerwmenhs, gnwsth stoys ntopioys ws ``Fathriaka'' einai ena apo ta liga monasthria poy synanta kaneis sth Qrakh kai apotelei topo synanthshs twn apantaxoy Qrakwn thn hmera ths giorths ths, poy apotelei th megalyterh giorth ths perioxhs kai pragmatopoieitai stis 23 Aygoystoy.

    Symfwna me ta yparxonta istorika stoixeia kai tis paradoseis ``h Iera Monh Panagias Fanerwmenhs Baqyrryakos'' brisketai sthn omwnymh perioxh Panagia Baqyrryakos. Ayto kata tis graptes martyries byzantinwn istorikwn kai xronografwn htan to onoma ths eyryterhs perioxhs. Panagia onomazontan olo to pedino anoigma opoy kata thn periodo ths Byzantinhs Aytokratorias yphrjan kai synebhsan para polla polemika gegonota.

    To ``Kir Tsiflik'' htan tmhma ths eyryterhs perioxhs Baqyrryakos h Fathr-giaka. Emfanisthke ston Oqwmano tsiflika idiokthth toy sygkekrimenoy tsiflikioy Amet Efenth Mposnakogloy, o opoios epi treis nyxtes eblepe qespesio fwteino orama. Aneskace th gh kai brhke thn eikona. Malista o idios afierwse tmhma toy tsiflikioy eis thn topikh ekklhsia.

    H eikona metaferqhke ston Mhtropolitiko Nao ths Komothnhs kai sto shmeio poy breqhke, xtisthke argotera mikro parekklhsio piqanotata kata thn prwth dekaetia toy 20oy aiwna metajy 1910 kai 1912 apo toys eyergetes Skoyterh kai Telwnidh.

    H epilogh na topoqethqei h eikona ston Mhtropolitiko Nao egine me qaymasto tropo apo thn idia thn Panagia. Diekdikoysan pente xristianika xwria thn eikona kai tote apefasisqhke na topoqethqei h eikona se zwhlath amaja, h opoia stamathse ws ek qaymatos ston Mhtropolitiko Nao ths Komothnhs opoy kai enqronisthke h qaymatoyrgh eikona ths Panagias.

    To 1930 o mhtropoliths Anqimos ektise mikro naisko sto shmerino xwro ths Ieras Monhs kai to 1955 o mhtropoliths Marwneias Timoqeos anhgeire Kaqoliko Monhs megaloprepestero, opoy metefere kai egkatesthse thn Iera Eikona apo ton Mhtropolitiko Nao sto neo Qroni ths, opws onomazetai, to Kaqoliko ths Ieras Monhs Panagias Fanerwmenhs Baqyrryakos. O shmerinos naos ths Ieras Monhs einai neoterh anakataskeyh ekeinoy toy Ieroy Naoy poy kataskeyase o Mhtropoliths Timoqeos opws kai ta perij ktismata.

    Opws anaferei, milwntas sto APE-MPE, h proedros toy topikoy symboylioy ths dhmotikhs enothtas Aigeiroy toy dhmoy Komothnhs, Anna Patrwnidoy, opoy anhkei gewgrafika kai dioikhtika shmera h Monh Baqyrryakos, ``oi andres kata ta prwta metapolemika xronia, stolizan ta kara toys me jyla moyrias kai oi gynaikes entynan thn acida poy dhmioyrgoysan sto karo ta jyla ths moyrias me to kalytero yfanto, gia na einai profylagmenoi apo ton hlio. Mazi me ta faghta poy etoimazontan gia meres sta spitia twn xwriwn, oi gynaikes epairnan mazi toys kai ta kalytera strwsidia toys kai jekinhsoyn gia thn Monh. Me to fyto poy oi ntopioi, to onomazoyn ``bromoysa'', oi andres ebafan ta kerata twn zwwn kai stolizan ta zwa poy htan zemena stis amajes, me diafora stolidia. Opws ginetai shmera mia pomph apo aytokinhta, etsi ekeinh thn epoxh ginotan mia megalh pomph apo kara gia na fqasoyn na proskynhsoyn thn eikona ths Panagias. Molis jepezeyan h kaqe perioxh kai h kaqe oikogeneia frontize na desmeysei ton diko ths xwro sthn perioxh gyrw apo to monasthri, gia na mporoyn na diaskedasoyn. Ekei koimotan kai etrwgan gia treis meres, eixan mazi toys tis pyrosties gia na zestainoyn ta faghta toys, enw oi gynaikes jenyxtoysan to brady ths paramonhs''. Shmera, h Monh meta apo xronia egkataleichs exei katoikhqei apo tis treis Monaxes, poy se synergasia me thn Iera Mhtropolh Marwneias kai Komothnhs exoyn dwsei mia nea och ston xwro, ejwraizontas tis yparxoyses ypodomes kai kanontas thn pio omorfh kai episkecimh gia to plhqos twn pistwn poy anamenetai na thn plhmmyrhsoyn tis epomenes dyo meres.

    Sto trapezi ths Panagias

    O Dekapentaygoystos exei anamfisbhthta geysh kalokairioy kai qalassinoy aera. Kaqe topos sthn hpeirwtikh kai nhsiwtikh Ellada exei jexwrista gastronomika eqima kai paradoseis gia aythn thn monadikh mera giorths. H Krhth strwnei to trapezi prosferontas kata kyrio logo, kokkino kreas. Sta Xania prosqetoyn sthn katsarola kai kokora h kotopoylo synodeyontas to pantote me pilafi, enw katanalwnetai kai kreas chmeno eite se foyrno me klhmatoberges, eite sth qraka, enw se kapoia xwria synantame kai to antikristo. Sto Reqymno, ta piata gemizoyn me mpoyrekia, antikristo sth fwtia, arnisio kreas, pilafi, myrwdata xeiropoihta loykanika, makaronia me trimmeno jero anqotyro, ntolmadakia me giaoyrti, kolokyqoanqoys gemistoys, chto stis klhmatoberges sto foyrno me patates oftes. Fysika apo to trapezi den leipoyn pote to krasi, h tsikoydia kai to rakomelo, enw kai to epidorpio, enw to epidorpio perilambanei chto mhlo, galaktompoyreko, kaltsoynia me tyri me meli.

    Sthn Kentrikh Eyboia ton prwto logo sto trapezi exei to paradosiako stifado poy prosferetai afeidws se osoys episkefqoyn to jexwristo panhgyri sto xwrio Ojyliqos, sto plaisio toy eortasmoy ths Panagias Petriwtissas h Panagias Xathrianissas. To nhsi twn Faiakwn kaqe Dekapentaygoysto bazei katsarola kai mageireyei thn fhmismenh pastitsada me kokora, ena pentanostimo faghto poy exei rizes apo thn benetsianikh koyzina kai syndyazei shmera ta makaronia me ton kokora, enw kata ta benetika eth syndyaze ta makaronia me to ``kynhgi'' toy basilia.

    Koino mystiko twn Kerkyraiwn h kanela, poy prostiqetai sxedon se ola ta faghta me kokkinh demenh saltsa, enw aparaithth leptomereia gia to sygkekrimeno faghto to paspalisma me mpoliko trimmeno tyri, poy dinei xrwma kai geysh. Sta kykladitika nhsia, opws h Paros, Santorinh, Ios kai Sifnos anhmera Dekapentaygoystoy ena piato dinei geysh sthn giorth, to ``kykladitiko rosto''. To rosto einai piato me italikh katagwgh, poy perilambanei kreas me patates, karota kai manitaria, serbirismeno me xontra makaronia kai parexei dyo geymata mageiremena sto idio skeyos xwris na xreiazetai h xrhsh foyrnoy. Xoirino rosto me dentrolibano kai mpyra, synantatai kai sthn Kefallonia, kaqws kai sthn Kypro to opoio paraskeyazetai me polla eidh kreatos, kyriws me kynhgi.

  • Gia to afierwma synergasthkan oi: K. Papadopoyloy,H. Kanistras, K. Korteshs, L. Masths, H. Papadhmhtrioy, G. Palamiwths, A. Zwhs, D. Damiano
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