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Athens Macedonian News Agency: News in Greek, 16-08-15

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Na dikaiwqei o agwnas anagnwrishs ths Genoktonias twn Pontiwn
  • [02] Patra: Se ejelijh h fwtia ston Agio Gewrgio Mesologgioy
  • [03] Syllhphthrio mhnyma toy Nikoy Toska gia ton qanato toy pyrosbesth
  • [04] Germania: Enas traymatias se epiqesh me maxairi kai pyrobolismoys
  • [05] ``Eilikrinh syggnwmh'' gia th Genoktonia twn Pontiwn
  • [06] O eortasmos toy Dekapentaygoystoy

    [01] Na dikaiwqei o agwnas anagnwrishs ths Genoktonias twn Pontiwn

    Stis eortastikes ekdhlwseis toy Dekapentaygoystoy, sthn Iera Monh ths Panagias Soymela, sthn Kastania Bermioy, paristatai o Proedros ths Dhmokratias Prokophs Paylopoylos.

    O proedros toy Idrymatos ``Panagia Soymela'' Giwrgos Tanimanidhs anakoinwse oti to Idryma kai ta pontiaka swmateia poy symmetexoyn se ayto, apofasisan na timhsoyn ton k. Paylopoylo me ton Megalo Stayro ths Panagias Soymela kai thn aponomh ekane o mhtropoliths Beroias Pantelehmwn.

    Paralambanontas th diakrish o Proedros ths Dhmokratias eipe oti einai megalh h timh poy toy ginetai kai ayth anhkei ston qesmo toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias kai oxi sto proswpo toy kai ton kaqista qematofylaka olwn twn paradosewn poy ekproswpei o ieros topos ston opoion brisketai h monh ths Panagias Soymela. Milhse epishs gia thn anagkh na dikaiwqoyn oi agwnes gia thn anagnwrish ths Genoktonias toy Pontiakoy Ellhnismoy.

    [02] Patra: Se ejelijh h fwtia ston Agio Gewrgio Mesologgioy

    Se ejelijh brisketai h pyrkagia poy ekdhlwqhke xqes to meshmeri sthn perioxh Agios Gewrgios Mesologgioy.

    Sthn perioxh epixeiroyn isxyres dynameis ths Pyrosbestikhs me 40 pyrosbestes, 19 oxhmata kai ena pezoporo tmhma me 26 atoma, enw to ergo twn pyrosbestikwn dynamewn syndramoyn oxhmata ths topikhs aytodioikhshs kai idiwtika.

    Epishs, zhthqhke h syndromh enos pyrosbestikoy elikopteroy, prokeimenoy na pragmatopoihsei riceis neroy se dysbata shmeia.

    [03] Syllhphthrio mhnyma toy Nikoy Toska gia ton qanato toy pyrosbesth

    Syllyphthria pros thn oikogeneia toy pyrosbesth poy exase th zwh toy kata th diarkeia epixeirhshs katasbeshs pyrkagias sto Parorio Boiwtias, alla kai pros to Pyrosbestiko Swma, ejefrase o anaplhrwths ypoyrgos Prostasias toy Polith Nikos Toskas.

    Se anakoinwsh toy anefere oti ``oi aoknes kai syxna yperanqrwpes prospaqeies twn anqrwpwn poy ergazontai ston tomea ths pyrosbeshs erxontai na kalycoyn diaxronika kena se texnologia kai na antimetwpisoyn tis, aisqhta pleon, diaforopoihmenes klimatologikes synqhkes. To proswpiko toy Pyrosbestikoy Swmatos ajizei thn ameristh yposthrijh mas''.

    [04] Germania: Enas traymatias se epiqesh me maxairi kai pyrobolismoys

    Enas anqrwpos traymatisqhke se epiqesh me maxairi kai pyrobolismoys poy shmeiwqhke tis prwtes prwines wres shmera sto kentro ths Kolwnias, anefere h germanikh efhmerida Express, prosqetontas pws dyo ypoptoi diafeygoyn.

    Symfwna me thn efhmerida, polloi anqrwpoi eipan sthn astynomia ligo prin apo tis 4 p.m. (05:00 wra Elladas) pws treis h tesseris andres fanhke na exoyn problhma m' enan allon andra. Aytoptes martyres aneferan pws eidan andres na epitiqentai o enas ston allo me tsekoyria, anefere h Express ston istotopo ths.

    Enas andras poy traymatisqhke apo maxairi prospaqhse na diafygei me to aytokinhto toy, alla alloi ton pyrobolhsan, an kai petyxan mono to aytokinhto.

    H astynomia synelabe argotera dyo ypoptoys. To kinhtro ths epiqeshs den einai gnwsto, anefere h efhmerida.

    [05] ``Eilikrinh syggnwmh'' gia th Genoktonia twn Pontiwn

    Thn ajiwsh ths Elladas na zhthsei h Toyrkia ``eilikrinh syggnwmh'' gia th Genoktonia se baros toy Pontiakoy Ellhnismoy proebale o Proedros ths Dhmokratias Prokophs Paylopoylos, enw xarakthrise ``ayqairesia'' twn toyrkikwn Arxwn to gegonos oti den epetrecan na telestei shmera h Patriarxikh Leitoyrgia sthn Panagia Soymela sthn Trapezoynta, legontas oti den prokeitai na kamcei to qrhskeytiko fronhma kai thn istorikh mnhmh twn Ellhnwn.

    ``Dinoyme ierh yposxesh oti den jexnoyme th qysia toys kai q? agwnizomaste ws thn telikh toys dikaiwsh. Dhladh ws thn genikh anagnwrish ths Genoktonias twn Ellhnwn toy Pontoy kai thn ekfrash, toylaxiston, mias eilikrinoys sygnwmhs apo toys apogonoys twn qytwn, thn Toyrkia'', dhlwse, anaferomenos sta qymata ths Genoktonias, o proedros ths Dhmokratias, apo thn Iera Monh ths Panagias Soymela, sthn Kastania Bermioy, opoy paresth stis eortastikes ekdhlwseis toy Dekapentaygoystoy.

    Taytoxrona o k. Paylopoylos shmeiwse: ``M? ayth thn eykairia kaqistoyme safes kai to ejhs: Mias kai h ayqairesia twn toyrkikwn Arxwn den epetrece na telesqei h Patriarxikh Leitoyrgia sthn Panagia Soymela toy Pontoy, apo edw, to Bermio, h Panagia Soymela tajideyei shmera eortazoysa kai sthn Trapezoynta. Dioti kamia apagoreysh, ap? opoydhpote ki an proerxetai, den prokeitai na kamcei to qrhskeytiko fronhma kai thn istorikh mnhmh toy Eqnoys twn Ellhnwn''.

    Oloklhrh h dhlwsh toy proedroy ths Dhmokratias exei ws ejhs:

    ``Giortazoyme shmera thn Koimhsh ths Qeotokoy, to Pasxa toy kalokairioy.

    Edw, sto Bermio, ston iero xwro ths Panagias Soymela ayth h giorth apokta ki enan idiaitero, lampro, eqniko symbolismo: H Koimhsh ths Qeotokoy einai, epipleon, kai giorth mnhmhs gia ton Ponto kai ton Pontiako Ellhnismo. Dioti opws exei lexqei, to 1930, apo ton tote ypoyrgo toy Eleyqerioy Benizeloy, Lewnida Iaswnidh, mazi me thn Ierh Eikona ths Panagias Soymela hlqe sthn Ellada kai o Pontos.

    Shmera loipon, kai kaqe Dekapentaygoysto, teloyme edw, sthn Panagia Soymela, kai iero mnhmosyno stis cyxes ekeinwn poy afanisqhkan kata th stygerh Genoktonia twn Ellhnwn toy Pontoy. Taytoxronws, dinoyme epishs ierh yposxesh oti den jexnoyme th qysia toys kai q? agwnizomaste ws thn telikh toys dikaiwsh. Dhladh ws thn genikh anagnwrish ths Genoktonias twn Ellhnwn toy Pontoy kai thn ekfrash, toylaxiston, mias eilikrinoys sygnwmhs apo toys apogonoys twn qytwn, thn Toyrkia. M? ayth thn eykairia kaqistoyme safes kai to ejhs: Mias kai h ayqairesia twn toyrkikwn Arxwn den epetrece na telesqei h Patriarxikh Leitoyrgia sthn Panagia Soymela toy Pontoy, apo edw, to Bermio, h Panagia Soymela tajideyei shmera eortazoysa kai sthn Trapezoynta. Dioti kamia apagoreysh, ap? opoydhpote ki an proerxetai, den prokeitai na kamcei to qrhskeytiko fronhma kai thn istorikh mnhmh toy Eqnoys twn Ellhnwn''.

    O proedros toy Idrymatos ``Panagia Soymela'' Giwrgos Tanimanidhs anakoinwse oti to Idryma kai ta pontiaka swmateia poy symmetexoyn se ayto, apofasisan na timhsoyn ton k. Paylopoylo me ton Megalo Stayro ths Panagias Soymela kai thn aponomh ekane o mhtropoliths Beroias Pantelehmwn. Paralambanontas th diakrish o Proedros ths Dhmokratias eipe oti einai megalh h timh poy toy ginetai kai ayth anhkei ston qesmo toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias kai oxi sto proswpo toy kai ton kaqista qematofylaka olwn twn paradosewn poy ekproswpei o ieros topos ston opoion brisketai h monh ths Panagias Soymela. Milhse epishs gia thn anagkh na dikaiwqoyn oi agwnes gia thn anagnwrish ths Genoktonias toy Pontiakoy Ellhnismoy.

    Sth diarkeia ths Qeias Leitoyrgias o Proedros ths Dhmokratias epedwse timhtiko epaino ston aristoyxo maqhth Lykeioy apo to Makroxwri Hmaqias Dhmhtrh Amanatidh, o opoios ebgale baqmo 19,9. O epainos aytos exei qesmoqethqei apo to idryma ``Panagia Soymela'' sth mnhmh twn maqhtwn apo to Makroxwri poy exasan th zwh toys sto troxaio dystyxhma sta Temph.

    Meta th Qeia Leitoyrgia o k. Paylopoylos kateqese stefani sthn protomh toy Alejandroy Ychlanth kai symmeteixe ws parastaths sth litaneysh ths ieras eikonas ths Panagias Soymela.

    Stis ekdhlwseis, thn kybernhsh ekproswphse o anaplhrwths ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn Tryfwnas Alejiadhs, to proedreio ths Boylhs h boyleyths toy SYRIZA Frosw Karasarlidoy, th ND o boyleyths toy kommatos Apostolos Besyropoylos kai parabreqhkan oi boyleytes Kwstas Gkioylekas, Andreas Lykoyrentzos, Gewrgios Katsiantwnhs, o dhmarxos Beroias Kwstas Borgiazidhs kai alloi.

    [06] O eortasmos toy Dekapentaygoystoy

    O Dekapentaygoystos, ``to Pasxa toy kalokairioy'', einai h hmera-ymnos sthn Panagia, th mhtera olwn twn Xristianwn. Proseyxes, dehseis, ikesies twn pistwn, akoygontai apo tis pio megaloprepeis mhtropoleis mexri ta pio apomakrysmena jwklhsia kai monasthria, enw ta peripoy 500 ``Qeotokwnymia'', oi onomasies kai xarakthrismoi poy tis apedwse o laos, dhlwnoyn th latreia sto Qeio proswpo ths. Alloy Megaloxarh kai Qalassokratoysa ki alloy Glykofiloysa kai brefokratoysa, h Panagia brisketai pantote sto pleyro twn pistwn dinontas toys dynamh ki elpida.

    To megalytero proskynhma kaqe xrono ginetai sthn Thno me toys pistoys gonypeteis na ftanoyn sto nao ths Eyaggelistrias gia na ekplhrwsoyn to tama toys sthn eikona ths Panagias. O Ieros Naos Eyaggelistrias xtisthke sto shmeio opoy breqhke h Eikona toy Eyaggelismoy ths Qeotokoy. H eikona qewreitai apo toys pistoys qaymatoyrgh gi' ayto kai xiliades pistwn kaqe xrono anhforizoyn me qrhskeytikh eylabeia pros to Nao. Malista, h eyresh ths Agias Eikonas to 1823 qewrhqhke qeikos oiwnos gia to dikaio kai thn epityxia ths epanastashs enantia ston toyrkiko zygo, enw h anegersh toy megaloprepoys naoy apotelei to prwto megalo arxitektoniko ergo toy neosystaqentos ellhnikoy kratoys.

    Kai h kosmopolitikh Paros allazei proswpo anhmera toy Dekapentaygoystoy, me prwtagwnisth mia apo tis entypwsiakoteres ekklhsies toy Aigaioy, ton palaioxristianiko nao ths Ekatontapylianhs sto limani ths Paroikias. Sthn prwteyoysa toy nhsioy ginetai h perifora toy Epitafioy ths Panagias kai katopin akoloyqei to glenti ston paraliako dromo ths Paroikias me moysikoys kai xoreytika sygkrothmata, enw ta carokaika bgainoyn ston kolpo ths Paroikias kai ``fwtizoyn'' ton oyrano me qeamatika pyrotexnhmata. Thn idia wra kai sto limanaki ths Naoysas, dekades kaikia me anammenes dades proseggizoyn thn problhta kai dinoyn to synqhma gia na arxisei h giorth.

    Gia allh mia xronia pistoi apo thn boreia Ellada kataklyzoyn thn Panagia Soymela stis plagies toy Bermioy, konta sto xwrio Kastania, gia thn panhgyrikh giorth toy Dekapentaygoystoy. H ekklhsia ktisthke to 1951 apo toys prosfyges toy Pontoy, sth mnhmh ths istorikhs omwnymhs monhs, ta ereipia ths opoias briskontai sto oros Mela, konta sthn Trapezoynta toy Pontoy. Edw fylassetai h qaymatoyrgh eikona ths Panagias, o Timios Stayros kai to Eyaggelio. Xiliades eylabeis proskynhtes, kaqws kai ekproswpoi Omospondiwn kai Pontiakwn Swmateiwn apo thn Ellada kai to ejwteriko zoyne anepanalhptes stigmes qrhskeytikhs katanyjhs. Meta ton esperino ths paramonhs stis 14 Aygoystoy ginetai h litaneysh ths Agias Eikonas kai sth synexeia akoloyqoyn kallitexnikes ekdhlwseis me pontiaka sygkrothmata, enw to prwi ths Panagias, 15 Aygoystoy, teleitai epishmh dojastikh leitoyrgia ston iero nao ths Panagias, o opoios einai afierwmenos sthn Koimhsh ths Qeotokoy. Meta to peras ths Qeias Leitoyrgias akoloyqoyn paradosiakoi xoroi me topika paradosiaka sygkrothmata.

    Kabalarhdes kanoyn parelash stoys kentrikoys dromoys ths Siatistas. Anhmera to Dekapentaygoysto, oi parees kabalarhdwn sygkentrwnontai sthn plateia ths Geraneias kai me th synodeia paradosiakhs moysikhs (xalkina) me ta stolismena aloga diasxizoyn th grafikh kwmopolh, kai phgainoyn sto monasthri ths Panagias sto Mikrokastro, akoloyqwntas to palio liqostrwto monopati. Ekei proskynoyn thn eikona ths Panagias kai me to peras ths leitoyrgias epistrefoyn kabala sthn Siatista. To eqimo exei tis rizes toy sta xronia ths Toyrkokratias. Tote h hmera ths Panagias, 15 Aygoystoy, edine th dynatothta stoys sklabwmenoys na zhsoyn mia mera eleyqerias, kaqws agrafo pronomio fainetai eixe doqei apo toys Toyrkoys. Apo olh th Dytikh Makedonia proserxontan proskynhtes kabala sta aloga na timhsoyn th Qeotoko, kai na paroyn apo ayth eylogia kai dynamh.

    To diko ths monadiko xrwma ston eortasmo toy Dekapentaygoystoy dinei kai h Karpaqos me koryfaia stigmh to xoro poy ginetai sthn Olympo, sthn kentrikh ekklhsia ths Koimhshs ths Qeotokoy sto Platy (plateia toy oikismoy). Prokeitai gia ena nao toy 17oy aiwna, byzantinoy ryqmoy, me toixografies apo thn epoxh ths Toyrkokratias kai me jyloglypto templo ejairetikhs texnhs. Sto proaylio ths ekklhsias organopaiktes paizoyn ton Katw Xoro. O xoros argos kai panta me staqero bhma kai katanyktikh diaqesh, diarkei wres. Arxika, oi antres kaqismenoi sto trapezi kai me ena kommati basiliko sto peto, tragoydoyn kai pinoyn, me th synodeia laoytoy, lyras kai tsampoynas. Sth synexeia, jekina o xoros, ston opoio mpainoyn, siga siga, kai oi gynaikes ntymenes me tis paradosiakes giortines toys foresies.

    Ta ``fidakia ths Panagias'' sthn Kefalonia einai kaqe Dekapentaygoysto polos eljhs, kaqws xiliades kosmoy sygkentrwnetai sto nao ths Koimhshs ths Qeotokoy sta xwria Markopoylo kai Arginia sth notia Kefalonia. H paradosh qelei ta fidakia na fernoyn kalh tyxh sto nhsi kai an den emfanistoyn, o oiwnos einai kakos, opws egine, gia paradeigma, thn xronia twn katastreptikwn seismwn, to 1953. Malista, qewreitai oti osa perissotera fidakia syllegontai kai metaferontai sto nao toso kalytera einai gia thn xronia ayth.

    Sthn grafikh kwmopolh ths Agiasoy sth Lesbo o eortasmos toy Dekapentaygoystoy ginetai me monadiko tropo. Me epikentro thn jakoysth ekklhsia ths Panagias ths Agiasoy, oi pistoi, episkeptes kai ntopioi, apolambanoyn ena apo ta wraiotera panhgyria toy anatolikoy Aigaioy. H omwnymh eikona einai ergo toy eyaggelisth Loyka, plasmenh me keri kai mastixa. Polloi apo toys proskynhtes, me afethria thn polh ths Mytilhnhs, perpatoyn 25 xiliometra gia na fqasoyn ston aylogyro ths ekklhsias, opoy kai dianyktereyoyn. Thn hmera ths giorths ths Panagias, ystera ap? th kaqierwmenh leitoyrgia, ginetai h perifora ths eikonas gyrw apo to nao, enw oi eortastikes ekdhlwseis fqanoyn sto apokoryfwma toys me tis moysikes kai xoreytikes ekdhlwseis sthn plateia toy xwrioy.

    Sto nhsi ths Apokalychs, thn Patmo, opoy ta panta peristrefontai gyrw apo to istoriko monasthri, oi monaxoi toy throyn to eqimo toy epitafioy ths Panagias, ena eqimo me byzantines kataboles. O xrysopoikiltos epitafios ths Panagias periferetai sta sokakia toy nhsioy se megalopreph pomph, enw oi kampanes toy monasthrioy kai twn allwn ekklhsiwn hxoyn astamathta. Oi carades kaqe Dekapentaygoysto bgazoyn ta kaikia toys sth qalassa kai me th synodeia ths eikonas apo thn perioxh ?Konsolato? toy limena Skalas Patmoy kateyqynontai ston ormo ths Panagias toy Geranoy. H eyxh twn stafyliwn einai sto peras toy Esperinoy kai akoloyqei to kerasma paradosiakwn proiontwn.

    Oxi mia, alla me dyo teletoyrgies giortazoyn sth Nisyro kaqe Dekapentaygoysto. H mia ginetai sthn Panagia Sphlianh ki einai h epishmh ekklhsiastikh apo toys iereis, oi opoioi litaneyoyn thn eikona ths Panagias ews to xwrio, gia na eyloghsei to panhgyri, enw h deyterh einai paradosiakh teletoyrgia kai ginetai apo tis mayrontymenes Enniameritisses, opws legontai oi gynaikes poy exoyn taxqei sth Qeotoko.Ayto to eqimo jekina apo tis 6 Aygoystoy, opoy oi gynaikes aytes, proskynoyn sto xwro toy monasthrioy ths Panagias ths Sphlianhs, poy brisketai mesa sto kastro twn Ippotwn kai kaqarizoyn ton xwro kai ta iera skeyh. Akoloyqoyn aysthrh nhsteia, kanoyn 300 metanoies kaqe eikositetrawro kai calloyn. To Dekapentaygoysto, kratoyn toys diskoys me ta kollyba kai anoigoyn to dromo gia thn ierh eikona. To glenti jekina th stigmh poy h eikona ftanei sto xwrio, oi Enniameritisses aposyrontai kai oi katoikoi jekinoyn toys xoroys.

    H Panagia toy Xaroy stoys Leicoys einai mia idiaiterh periptwsh. Sthn eikona h Panagia den krataei to Qeio Brefos, alla ton Estayrwmeno Xristo, se mia eikona monadikh sthn xristianikh paradosh. H ?Panagia toy Xaroy? giortazei tis 23 Aygoystoy, dhladh sta enniamera ths Panagias.

    Symfwna me to eqimo, poy threitai apo to 1943, topoqetoyntai thn anoijh krinakia gyrw apo thn eikona ta opoia sth synexeia jerainontai kai anqizoyn jana, ton Aygoysto. Sthn Kaso kai sto xwrio Panagia ginetai to megalytero panhgyri toy nhsioy. Ola ta patroparadota eqima throyntai eylabika kai den einai ligoi oi jenitemenoi Kasiwtes poy epilegoyn ayth th mera gia na episkefqoyn ton topo toys, na dokimasoyn ntolmadakia kai pilafi kai na jefantwsoyn me lyres kai laoyta.Sthn Portaitissa ths Astypalaias organwnetai ena apo ta pio idiaitera panhgyria, opoy oi pareyriskomenoi ofeiloyn na perasoyn apo orismenes dokimasies protoy geytoyn to sygklonistiko gemisto arnaki, poy oi ntopioi onomazoyn lamprino. H eorth ths Panagias sto nhsi ths Cerimoy opoy despozei h ekklhsia ths Panagias ths ?Melaxrinhs?, opws thn apokaloyn oi ntopioi logw toy skoyroy xrwmatos ths rwsikhs texnotropias eikonas einai idiaiterh.Me ploiaria katoikoi apo thn Kalymno, thn Kw kai th Nisyro katafqanoyn gia na zhthsoyn th xarh ths Panagias. Oi kampanes hxoyn panhgyrika th stigmh poy ginetai h perifora toy epitafioy ths Qeotokoy. Sygkinhtikes htan oi stigmes otan klhros kai laos, ntopioi kai toyristes, symmetexoyn sth litaneia h opoia perna apo toys dromoys kai ta sokakia ths nhsoy akoma kai apo thn ammoydia sthn akrh ths qalassas. Jexwristh sth Rodo einai h Panagia h Kalopetra poy brisketai sthn koryfh ths koiladas twn Petaloydwn kai poy feretai na ktisthke to 1782 apo ton hgemona ths Moldoblaxias Al. Ychlanth. Katoikoi twn gyrw xwriwn episkeptontai thn monh opoy meta tis ekklhsiastikes ekdhlwseis akoloyqei paradosiako glenti.

    Sthn Axaia, anhmera ths eorths ths Koimhsews ths Qeotokoy, panhgyrizei h istorikh monh toy Megaloy Sphlaioy.H monh, h opoia ktisthke to 362, brisketai sto dromo poy enwnei thn eqnikh odo Patrwn ? Aqhnwn me ta Kalabryta kai sygkekrimena sto anoigma enos megaloy fysikoy sphlaioy ths oroseiras toy Xelmoy, epanw apo thn apotomh xaradra toy Boyraikoy potamoy. Kaqe xrono, plhqos pistwn fqanei sthn monh gia na proskynhsei thn ierh eikona ths Panagias ths Megalosphlaiwtissas, poy einai ergo toy Eyaggelisth Loyka. Sthn Patra, epikentro toy eortasmoy einai h iera monh ths Panagias ths Ghrokomitissas, h opoia idryqhke ton 10o aiwna kai einai ktismenh se lofo, konta sthn polh. Kaqe xrono plhqos pistwn syrreei sto monasthri apo thn paramonh ths eorths gia na anacoyn ena keri, na proseyxhqoyn h na ekplhrwsoyn to tama toys. Malista kapoioi pistoi fqanoyn me ta gonata mexri thn eikona ths Panagias. Afierwmenh sthn Koimhsh ths Qeotokoy einai hiera monh Makellarias, poy brisketai konta sthn koinothta konta Lapanagoi kai se apostash 30 xiliometrwn apo thn polh twn Kalabrytwn. H monh ktisthke to 532 panw se ena gymno kai apotomo braxo. Malista, ta teleytaia xronia katoikoi apo thn geitonikh koinothta Manesi phgainoyn me ta podia sto monasthri gia na proskynhsoyn ,akoloyqwntas mia diadromh mesa apo to dasos ths Kaniskas h to monopati kata mhkos toy potamoy Selinoynta, diarkeias peripoy tessarwn wrwn.

    Sthn Aitwloakarnania, sth Sfhna Agrinioy, h Kycelh opws einai to shmerino onoma ths koinothtas, katoikoi kai episkeptes timoyn thn eorth ths Panagias Soymela kai akoloyqei glenti pontiako. Eidikotera, prin apo peripoy epta xronia, efqase sthn koinothta akribes antigrafo ths ierhs eikonas ths Panagias Soymela, opoy thn ypodexqhke plhqos pistwn. Apo tote kaqe Dekapentaygoysto timatai h Panagia Soymela me panhgyriko esperino thn paramonh kai qeia leitoyrgia anhmera ths eorths. Meta thn qeia leitoyrgia akoloyqei h perifora ths eikonas apo zipkoforoys neoys ths koinothtas. To idio brady pragmatopoieitai eortastikh ekdhlwsh, ena ``panoyr'' opws legetai sta pontiaka, sto opoio symmetexei plhqos kosmoy poy episkeptetai thn perioxh. Oson afora sthn istoria ths perioxhs, pontioi prosfyges apo tis perioxes Tiban kai Kotylia Kerasoyntos, efqasan sth Sfhna h Kycelh to 1923. Arxika dhmioyrghsan mia proswrinh egkatastash konta sthn shmerinh koinothta kai sthn synexeia anegeiran thn ekklhsia toy Agioy Aqanasioy. To 1929 to kratos paraxwrhse stoys prosfyges katoikies kai tmhmata ghs, gia na jekinhsoyn kai pali thn zwh toys. Taytoxrona, dhmioyrghsan mia nea koinothta me thn onomasia Sfhna,h opoia to 1986, metonomasthke se Kycelh.

    Sthn Hleia plhqos pistwn timoyn thn eorth toy Dekapentaygoystoy se monasthria poy einai afierwmena sthn Panagia. Sygkekrimena, ena apo ta pio shmantika monasthria ths Hleias, einai h iera monh Koimhshs ths Qeotokoy sthn Lampeia, h opoia xronologeitai apo ton 18o aiwna, enw to monasthri ths Panagias sth Skafidia, xronologeitai apo ton 10o aiwna. H iera monh Kaqolikhs sth Gastoynh anegerqhke to 920 pros timh ths Panagias kai qewreitai shmantiko byzantino mnhmeio, poy proselkyei polloys pistoys kaqe xrono. H iera monh ths Kremasths, h opoia einai ktismenh panw se braxo, xronologeitai apo ton 12o aiwna, enw shmantikhs istorikhs ajias einai kai h iera monh ths Panagias sth Fragkabila Amaliadas.

    Sthn arxontissa twn Sporadwn, thn Skiaqo, kai fetos o eortasmos toy Dekapentaygoystoy, qa ginei paradosiaka kai me megales times, pros timhn ths Panagias, sthn Monh ths Eyaggelistrias.Oi xiliades episkeptes qa exoyn thn eykairia na parakoloyqhsoyn thn perifora toy Epitafioy ths Qeotokoy, poy onomazetai kai "Pasxa toy kalokairioy" kai einai ena eqimo poy synantame se elaxista merh ths Elladas. To prwi ths 14hs Aygoystoy, oi gynaikes stolizoyn ton epitafio me loyloydia kai h teleth arxizei to brady ths idias hmeras sto monasthri ths Eyaggelistrias. Kata thn perifora toy ieroy epitafioy kai se olh thn palia anhforikhdiadromh ws to ekklhsaki ths Zwodoxoy Phghs kai mexri thn epistrofh sto monasthri, oi pistoi akoloyqoyn kai celnoyn mazi me ton ierea. O hgoymenos ths Eyaggelistrias, p. Iwshf, milwntas sto APE-MPE, dhlwse oti to eqimoths periforas toy Epitafioy ths Megaloxarhs, kaqierwqhke to 1809, xronia poy idryqhke h Monh apo toys Agioreites monaxoys. To Monasthri ths Panagias ths Eyaggelistrias hths Baggelistras symfwna me toys ntopioys, apotelei topo proskynhmatos gia xiliades anqrwpoys apo kaqe gwnia ths ghs, enw to Moyseio ths Monhs, opoy paroysiazetai h ekqesh, prosferei polytima stoixeia ths neoterhs istorias. H Monh Eyaggelistrias bohqhse ta proepanastatika kinhmata, oso kai thn epanastash toy 1821. Sthn Eyaggelistriato 1807 sxediasthke, yfanqhke, eyloghqhke kai ycwqhke h prwth Ellhnikh Shmaia me to leyko Stayro sth mesh epi galanoy fontoy. Sth Monh,o ieromonaxos Nhfwn orkise kai toys oplarxhgoys Qeodwro Kolokotrwnh, Andrea Miaoylh, Papaqymio Blaxaba, Giannh Staqa, Nikotsara, ton Skiaqith didaskalo tou Genoys Epifanio - Stefano Dhmhtriadh kai polloys alloys, meta apo megalh syskech poy ekanan sto Monasthri ths Eyaggelistrias gia na katastrwsoyn to sxedio drashs toys.

    Sto Karpenhsi, h Panagia h Proysoy kai h Panagia Tatarnas, sth Qhba h Megalh Panagia kai ston Orxomeno h Panagia h Skripoy, oi Mones Agaqwnos kai Damastas sth Fqiwtida, h Panagia ths Barnakobas sth Fwkida, ths Panagias ths Fanerwmenhs Artakhs, ths Xiliadoys, ths Ntinioys sthn Istiaia, kai ths Koimhsews Qeotokoy Matzarh Ojyliqoy einai orismena apo ta qrhskeytika mnhmeia afierwmena sthn Megaloxarh se olh th Sterea Ellada. Thn idia stigmh to ``Pasxa toy kalokairioy'' einai shmeio oroshmo gia to megalytero meros twn oreinwn xwriwn sth Dytikh Fqiwtida, thn Eyrytania kai thn oreinh Fwkida afoy ayth thn periodo exoyn prosdioristei xronika ta antamwmata twn jenitemenwn sta panhgyria poy organwnontai. Aytoi poy qa breqoyn sthn Eyboia to Dekapentaygoysto qa exoyn thn eykairia na parakoloyqhsoyn th Qeia Leitoyrgia se mia apo tis grafikes ekklhsies poy yparxoyn kai oi opoies einai afierwmenes sthn Koimhsh ths Qeotokoy, enw osoi einai latreis ths paradoshs kai twn panhgyriwn exoyn ejisoy thn eykairia na breqoyn se ena apo ta kaqierwmena panhgyria poy ginontai se polla merh ths Eyboias.

    Sthn Kentrikh Eyboia to gnwstotero olwn einai to panhgyri toy Ojyliqoy, sto opoio neoi kai nees mazeyontai thn paramonh ths giorths ths Panagias kai ftiaxnoyn to patroparadoto stifado, enw thn epomenh sthnetai glenti ston proaylio xwro ths ekklhsias, opoy episkeptes kai katoikoi exoyn thn eykairia na geytoyn to stifado kai na glenthsoyn. Sthn Boreia Eyboia h Panagia ths Lixadas einai ejisoy gnwsth gia to panhgyri ths, enw ligo pio ejw apo th Xalkida kai pio sygkekrimena sth paralia Xiliadoy teleitai h kaqierwmenh leitoyrgia sto apomero alla poly omorfo ekklhsaki ths Panagias. Sta Caxna kai sthn Iera Monh Gorgoyphkooy ginetai paradosiakh litaneia toy Epitafioy ths Panagias symfwna me thn tajh toy Patriarxeioy Ierosolymwn, enw sthn ekklhsia ths Panagias sto Basiliko teleitai kaqe xrono panhgyri sto deytero dhmotiko sxoleio.Alla gnwsta panhgyria ths Panagias sthn Eyboia einai sto Gymno, sthn Agia Anna, sta Fylla, ths Panagias ths Peribleptoy sta Politika, sth Stenh, stoys Stropwnes, ston Palioyra kai se polla alla akoma xwria ths Eyboias.

    Sthn Eyrytania h Panagia h Proyssiwtisa ?``h kyra ths Roymelhs'' opws thn lene- h Panagia ths Tatarnas an kai den eortazoyn to Dekapentagoysto einai dyo shmeia poy sygkentrwnoyn to endiaferon twn episkeptwn kai ekei syrreoyn kaqe xrono xiliades proskynhtes. Sthn Fqiwtida to Monasthri toy Agaqwna se ycometro 600 peripoy metrwn 30 xiliometra dytika ths Lamias sthn perioxh ths Ypaths einai shmeio anaforas mias kai eortazei to Dekapentagoysto kai dexetai xiliades episkeptes ap olon ton kosmo.

    Plhqos kosmoy kai fetos paramonh toy Dekapentaygoystoy anamenetai na timhsei to qrhskeytiko eqimo metaforas ths eikonas ths Panagias ths odhghtrias apo to Axladoxwri sthn Oixalia mesw ths Krhnhs. O iereas toy Axladoxwrioy thn synodeyei mexri thn ekklhsia ths Krhnhs ekei topoqeteitai sto Iero kai oi pistoi qa perasoyn na xairetisoyn thn Panagia toys. Akoloyqei pomph sthn Krhnh kai o Iereas toy xwrioy paradidei thn eikona synodeia pistwn sta synora me thn Oixalia ston Agio Aqanasio ston ierea ths Oixalias poy perimenei thn Panagia ejw apo to nao. Meta thn dehsh h pomph pairnei ton dromo ths gia thn Oixalia opoy olo to xwrio thn anamenei me megalo qrhskeytiko endiaferon. Ekei meta apo syntomh stash oi pistoi sxhmatizoyn pomph kai synodeyontas thn eikona sthn Ekklhsia toy xwrioy opoy egkaqistatai mexri thn deyterh hmera toy Pasxa poy qa akoloyqhsei thn antistrofh diadromh. Symfwna me thn paradosh h eikona ths Panagias breqhke se dysbato kai daswdes meros ths perioxhs apo 8 Kynhgoys, oi opoioi katagotan apo tria Xwria: Thn Oixalia, to Axladoxwri kai to Koytsikobo. Etsi apofasisan kaqe xwrio na filojenei thn eikona sthn enoria toy gia tesseris mhnes to xrono. Otan to Koytsikobo epace na yfistatai apofasisthke toys 4 epipleon mhnes h eikona na paramenei sthn Oixalia. Kata thn perifora h eikona metaferetai apo toys katoikoys toy Axladoxwrioy, ths Krhnhs kai ths Oixalias apo wmo se wmo anaparistwntas toys Kynhgoys ekeinhs ths epoxhs poy meteferan thn eikona diadoxika o enas meta ton allon mexri ton kampo.

    H Panagia Xristianwn kai Moysoylmanwn sthn Komothnh. Me kaqe meso speydoyn oi pistoi thn paramonh ths giorths twn enniamerwn ths Panagias sthn monh Baqyrryakos dekapente xiliometra ejw apo thn Komothnh, sthn palia eqnikh odo Komothnhs-Janqhs, gia na proskynhsoyn thn qaymatoyrgh eikona poy sthn epifaneia ths apeikonizetai h Panagia Brefokratoysa h kat? alloys Glykofiloysa kai breqhke se shmeio poy shmera brisketai o ampeloyrgikos staqmos, sto legomeno ``Kir Tsiflik''. Anqrwpoi kaqe hlikias apo thn Rodoph, thn Janqh kai apo polla merh ths boreias Elladas, akoma kai kapoioi moysoylmanoi, proserxontai apo tis 21 ews tis 23 Aygoystoy kaqe xrono gia na proskynhsoyn th Xarh ths, ma panw apo ola entypwsh prokalei h epilogh toys na dianysoyn thn apostash poy xwrizei thn Komothnh kai toys gyrw oikismoys mexri thn Monh me ta podia, ekplhrwnontas me ayton ton tropo to tama toys. H pezoporia jekina ta jhmerwmata ths 21hs, ths 22as h ths 23hs Aygoystoy kai h apostash kalyptetai synhqws se treis me tesseris wres, wste oi pistoi na einai sthn wra toys gia th qeia leitoyrgia sth Monh.To Monasthri ths Panagias Fanerwmenhs, gnwsth stoys ntopioys ws ``Fathriaka'' einai ena apo ta liga monasthria poy synanta kaneis sth Qrakh kai apotelei topo synanthshs twn apantaxoy Qrakwn thn hmera ths giorths ths, poy apotelei th megalyterh giorth ths perioxhs kai pragmatopoieitai stis 23 Aygoystoy.

    Symfwna me ta yparxonta istorika stoixeia kai tis paradoseis ``h Iera Monh Panagias Fanerwmenhs Baqyrryakos'' brisketai sthn omwnymh perioxh Panagia Baqyrryakos. Ayto kata tis graptes martyries byzantinwn istorikwn kai xronografwn htan to onoma ths eyryterhs perioxhs. Panagia onomazontan olo to pedino anoigma opoy kata thn periodo ths Byzantinhs Aytokratorias yphrjan kai synebhsan para polla polemika gegonota.

    To ``Kir Tsiflik'' htan tmhma ths eyryterhs perioxhs Baqyrryakos h Fathr-giaka. Emfanisthke ston Oqwmano tsiflika idiokthth toy sygkekrimenoy tsiflikioy Amet Efenth Mposnakogloy, o opoios epi treis nyxtes eblepe qespesio fwteino orama. Aneskace th gh kai brhke thn eikona. Malista o idios afierwse tmhma toy tsiflikioy eis thn topikh ekklhsia.

    H eikona metaferqhke ston Mhtropolitiko Nao ths Komothnhs kai sto shmeio poy breqhke, xtisthke argotera mikro parekklhsio piqanotata kata thn prwth dekaetia toy 20oy aiwna metajy 1910 kai 1912 apo toys eyergetes Skoyterh kai Telwnidh.

    H epilogh na topoqethqei h eikona ston Mhtropolitiko Nao egine me qaymasto tropo apo thn idia thn Panagia. Diekdikoysan pente xristianika xwria thn eikona kai tote apefasisqhke na topoqethqei h eikona se zwhlath amaja, h opoia stamathse ws ek qaymatos ston Mhtropolitiko Nao ths Komothnhs opoy kai enqronisthke h qaymatoyrgh eikona ths Panagias.

    To 1930 o mhtropoliths Anqimos ektise mikro naisko sto shmerino xwro ths Ieras Monhs kai to 1955 o mhtropoliths Marwneias Timoqeos anhgeire Kaqoliko Monhs megaloprepestero, opoy metefere kai egkatesthse thn Iera Eikona apo ton Mhtropolitiko Nao sto neo Qroni ths, opws onomazetai, to Kaqoliko ths Ieras Monhs Panagias Fanerwmenhs Baqyrryakos. O shmerinos naos ths Ieras Monhs einai neoterh anakataskeyh ekeinoy toy Ieroy Naoy poy kataskeyase o Mhtropoliths Timoqeos opws kai ta perij ktismata.

    Opws anaferei, milwntas sto APE-MPE, h proedros toy topikoy symboylioy ths dhmotikhs enothtas Aigeiroy toy dhmoy Komothnhs, Anna Patrwnidoy, opoy anhkei gewgrafika kai dioikhtika shmera h Monh Baqyrryakos, ``oi andres kata ta prwta metapolemika xronia, stolizan ta kara toys me jyla moyrias kai oi gynaikes entynan thn acida poy dhmioyrgoysan sto karo ta jyla ths moyrias me to kalytero yfanto, gia na einai profylagmenoi apo ton hlio. Mazi me ta faghta poy etoimazontan gia meres sta spitia twn xwriwn, oi gynaikes epairnan mazi toys kai ta kalytera strwsidia toys kai jekinhsoyn gia thn Monh. Me to fyto poy oi ntopioi, to onomazoyn ``bromoysa'', oi andres ebafan ta kerata twn zwwn kai stolizan ta zwa poy htan zemena stis amajes, me diafora stolidia. Opws ginetai shmera mia pomph apo aytokinhta, etsi ekeinh thn epoxh ginotan mia megalh pomph apo kara gia na fqasoyn na proskynhsoyn thn eikona ths Panagias. Molis jepezeyan h kaqe perioxh kai h kaqe oikogeneia frontize na desmeysei ton diko ths xwro sthn perioxh gyrw apo to monasthri, gia na mporoyn na diaskedasoyn. Ekei koimotan kai etrwgan gia treis meres, eixan mazi toys tis pyrosties gia na zestainoyn ta faghta toys, enw oi gynaikes jenyxtoysan to brady ths paramonhs''. Shmera, h Monh meta apo xronia egkataleichs exei katoikhqei apo tis treis Monaxes, poy se synergasia me thn Iera Mhtropolh Marwneias kai Komothnhs exoyn dwsei mia nea och ston xwro, ejwraizontas tis yparxoyses ypodomes kai kanontas thn pio omorfh kai episkecimh gia to plhqos twn pistwn poy anamenetai na thn plhmmyrhsoyn tis epomenes dyo meres.

    Sto trapezi ths Panagias

    O Dekapentaygoystos exei anamfisbhthta geysh kalokairioy kai qalassinoy aera. Kaqe topos sthn hpeirwtikh kai nhsiwtikh Ellada exei jexwrista gastronomika eqima kai paradoseis gia aythn thn monadikh mera giorths. H Krhth strwnei to trapezi prosferontas kata kyrio logo, kokkino kreas. Sta Xania prosqetoyn sthn katsarola kai kokora h kotopoylo synodeyontas to pantote me pilafi, enw katanalwnetai kai kreas chmeno eite se foyrno me klhmatoberges, eite sth qraka, enw se kapoia xwria synantame kai to antikristo. Sto Reqymno, ta piata gemizoyn me mpoyrekia, antikristo sth fwtia, arnisio kreas, pilafi, myrwdata xeiropoihta loykanika, makaronia me trimmeno jero anqotyro, ntolmadakia me giaoyrti, kolokyqoanqoys gemistoys, chto stis klhmatoberges sto foyrno me patates oftes. Fysika apo to trapezi den leipoyn pote to krasi, h tsikoydia kai to rakomelo, enw kai to epidorpio, enw to epidorpio perilambanei chto mhlo, galaktompoyreko, kaltsoynia me tyri me meli.

    Sthn Kentrikh Eyboia ton prwto logo sto trapezi exei to paradosiako stifado poy prosferetai afeidws se osoys episkefqoyn to jexwristo panhgyri sto xwrio Ojyliqos, sto plaisio toy eortasmoy ths Panagias Petriwtissas h Panagias Xathrianissas. To nhsi twn Faiakwn kaqe Dekapentaygoysto bazei katsarola kai mageireyei thn fhmismenh pastitsada me kokora, ena pentanostimo faghto poy exei rizes apo thn benetsianikh koyzina kai syndyazei shmera ta makaronia me ton kokora, enw kata ta benetika eth syndyaze ta makaronia me to ``kynhgi'' toy basilia.

    Koino mystiko twn Kerkyraiwn h kanela, poy prostiqetai sxedon se ola ta faghta me kokkinh demenh saltsa, enw aparaithth leptomereia gia to sygkekrimeno faghto to paspalisma me mpoliko trimmeno tyri, poy dinei xrwma kai geysh. Sta kykladitika nhsia, opws h Paros, Santorinh, Ios kai Sifnos anhmera Dekapentaygoystoy ena piato dinei geysh sthn giorth, to ``kykladitiko rosto''. To rosto einai piato me italikh katagwgh, poy perilambanei kreas me patates, karota kai manitaria, serbirismeno me xontra makaronia kai parexei dyo geymata mageiremena sto idio skeyos xwris na xreiazetai h xrhsh foyrnoy. Xoirino rosto me dentrolibano kai mpyra, synantatai kai sthn Kefallonia, kaqws kai sthn Kypro to opoio paraskeyazetai me polla eidh kreatos, kyriws me kynhgi.

  • Gia to afierwma synergasthkan oi: K. Papadopoyloy,H. Kanistras, K. Korteshs, L. Masths, H. Papadhmhtrioy, G. Palamiwths, A. Zwhs, D. Damiano
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