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Voice of America, 99-11-09

Voice of America: Selected Articles Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>


CONTENTS

  • [01] CLINTON - GREECE (L-ONLY) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)
  • [02] CLINTON-EUROPE (S) BY DAVID GOLLUST (WHITE HOUSE)
  • [03] BERLIN WALL ANNIVERSARY (L-O) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BERLIN)
  • [04] BERLIN WALL ANNIVERSARY-REPORTER'S NOTEBOOK BY GIL BUTLER (BERLIN)
  • [05] NY ECON WRAP (S&L) BY ELAINE JOHANSON (NEW YORK)
  • [06] TUESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ERIKA EVANS (WASHINGTON)

  • [01] CLINTON - GREECE (L-ONLY) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=11/9/1999
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-255978
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT: Intro: President Clinton - preparing to leave later this week for a trip to Greece and Turkey - says the United States wants to see a resolution of the tensions between the two NATO countries. But he says he is not concerned about expected anti-American demonstrations during his visit to Athens. Correspondent Deborah Tate reports from the White House. Text: Although some officials at the U-S Embassy in Athens have expressed worry that planned demonstrations against U-S foreign policy during Mr. Clinton's visit could mar the trip or even hurt U-S- Greek relations, the President is playing down such concerns. While acknowledging that many Greeks opposed the U-S - led NATO bombing campaign against Yugoslavia earlier this year aimed at ousting Serb troops from Kosovo, Mr. Clinton argued that all Greeks share the U-S desire to see a resolution of the disputes between their country and Turkey over territorial rights in the Aegean Sea and Cyprus. He spoke to reporters at the start of a Cabinet meeting Tuesday.

    /// Clinton Act ///

    Greece has a long and rich history of communists, anarchists and others on the left demonstrating, and they all disagree with my position on Kosovo as you know. But the United States and Greece are allies, not only in NATO, but in many other important ways. We want very badly to see a resolution of the tensions between Greece and Turkey and the Aegean and especially over Cyprus. And I think all Greeks share that hope without regard to their political views. So I expect the demonstrations, and I'm not troubled by them, and I think the security issues will be fine.

    /// End Act ///

    In a speech at Georgetown University Monday, Mr. Clinton said one of the hardest challenges facing the NATO allies is achieving what he called "a true reconciliation between Greece and Turkey." Mr. Clinton leaves Friday on his European tour, which will also take him to Italy and Bulgaria. (Signed)
    NEB/DAT/JP 09-Nov-1999 12:07 PM EDT (09-Nov-1999 1707 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [02] CLINTON-EUROPE (S) BY DAVID GOLLUST (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=11/8/1999
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-255953
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: President Clinton, in an address marking the tenth anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, has appealed for more financial support from Congress for foreign aid, international debt relief, and payment of America's U-N arrears. V-O-A's David Gollust reports from the White House.

    TEXT: Mr. Clinton says opponents of engagement abroad are disproportionately represented in Congress, but the United States needs to maintain the will to lead in international affairs to consolidate the gains of the last decade. In an address at Washington's Georgetown University, the President said Europe still faces major challenges in the post-Cold War era -- the most important being the building of a democratic and stable Russia:

    /// CLINTON ACTUALITY ///

    Years from now, I don't think we will be criticized - any of us - for doing too much to help. But we can certainly be criticized if we do too little.

    /// END ACT ///

    The President said the other major priorities in Europe are achieving reconciliation between Greece and Turkey, and stability in the Balkans -- which he said cannot come as long as Slobodan Milosevic remains in power in Belgrade. (Signed) NEB/DAG/TVM/gm 08-Nov-1999 19:00 PM EDT (09-Nov-1999 0000 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [03] BERLIN WALL ANNIVERSARY (L-O) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BERLIN)

    DATE=11/9/1999
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-255985
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    /////

    MAKE TAPE CONFORM TO TEXT THAT DROPS FINAL SENTENCES. /////

    INTRO: Germany is celebrating the 10th anniversary of the day when the Berlin Wall no longer divided Europe. Correspondent Ron Pemstein in Berlin reports.

    TEXT: The scenes of joyous East Germans surging across the Berlin Wall on November Ninth, 10-years ago, are being repeated on television screens around the clock. For those too young to remember where the wall once divided families in this city, the path it once took has been printed in the newspapers. Three leaders of 1989 spoke to a festive session of the German parliament to remind people of that time, when the Cold War came to an end. Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev -- speaking through an interpreter -- says he has no regrets about letting the two German nations unite.

    /// GORBACHEV TRANSLATOR ACT ///

    Who is the main hero? Who is the main hero of unification? Gorbachev or someone else? While recognizing that we have done something, I always reply, "The main heroes are the German people and the Russian people.

    /// END ACT ///

    Mr. Gorbachev scolded the Germans for not fulfilling all the promises of unification, saying he does not understand the prison sentences imposed on the final East German communist leaders who opened the Berlin Wall 10-years ago. A German court has denied the leaders' appeals of their sentences. They were convicted of earlier giving orders to shoot people trying to flee across the Berlin Wall. Former U-S President George Bush reminded the German parliament why he was so cautious about reacting to the news of the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.

    /// BUSH ACT ///

    What they did not understand, the critics, as we watched these indescribably joyous events transpire 10-years ago today, was that an arrogant move on our part could destroy the joy and set back the cause for which so many people had worked -- bled -- and even died. And still, some of our leaders on Capitol Hill suggested I come over here to the Berlin Wall to dance on the wall with the students. In my view, that would have been an open provocation, tantamount to sticking our fingers in the eye of the Soviet military. And so, we maintained our restraint, and I believe that we did the right thing.

    /// END ACT ///

    Former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl says both Mr. Bush and Mr. Gorbachev made the right moves for German unity. After the speeches, Berliners celebrated the anniversary with fireworks and music at the Brandenburg Gate -- the enduring symbol of this city. (SIGNED) NEB/RDP/JWH/LTD/RAE 09-Nov-1999 13:17 PM EDT (09-Nov-1999 1817 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [04] BERLIN WALL ANNIVERSARY-REPORTER'S NOTEBOOK BY GIL BUTLER (BERLIN)

    DATE=11/9/1999
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-44728
    INTERNET=YES CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: On November 9th, 1989, the Berlin Wall came down leading to German unification. It was a defining event in a momentous time that saw the end of the Cold War. Germans celebrated unification with Beethoven's great Choral symphony, but the end of the German Democratic Republic has not been without problems. (This week,) VOA's Gil Butler has been reporting on Germany ten years after the fall of the Wall and (in this final report) he shares some thoughts from his reporter's notebook about his latest visit to Berlin.

    /// OPT. CHORAL ODE TO JOY UP AND OUT ///

    TEXT: Ten years ago, while the Wall was still here, the few meters between Checkpoint Charley and East Berlin's border amounted to a journey to another era - another world. You left modern West Berlin behind and entered a grim and somehow grimy world of state control - the world of Erich Honecker and Communist East Germany. The main street - Unter Den Linden - may have had the triumphal Brandenburg gate at one end, but it had no shops to speak of, no brightly lighted cafes. There is still a transition going from west to east, but it is more subtle. While West Berlin has a vibrant, late night street life, East Berlin seems an early-to-bed governmental kind of place - which it is. Since early this year, Berlin has resumed its status as Germany's capital. The center part of Berlin is a huge construction site as the newly restored capital tries to erase decades of division. Potsdamer Platz is the center of the biggest building project. A bright red building on stilts called "the Infobox" was set up to explain the project. It has become one of Berlin's favorite tourist destinations - seven million visitors so far, most of them Germans. They can even get married at the construction site for about a hundred dollars. Among the new fixtures of East Berlin is a system of big pastel blue and pink pipes that snake over sidewalks and beside old buildings. They are designed to equalize the water table under those buildings while a new city center is constructed in the former no-man's land. If the water level was not controlled, some of these buildings might collapse. The last time I reported from here was the 40th anniversary of the German Democratic Republic-East Germany. As a foreign reporter I was assigned a hotel room in the public-sector Metropole hotel just off Unter Den Linden street. It was a pretty good example of a Communist state's idea of modern convenience. The Metropole hotel is still here. But now it is really a modern hotel, part of the Maritim chain. It doesn't bear any resemblance to the old Metropole and the only nod toward that era is the bar: it's called the "Checkpoint" bar, after Checkpoint Charley the entry point to East Berlin from the American Sector. Nothing remains of the original Checkpoint Charley but a sign -- "you are leaving the American sector" -- and a museum which sells memorabilia and gives tours of rooms with pictures and photographs of the way it was when the Wall was up. Another pre-1989 building is the German Democratic Republic's governmental palace. The Republican palace is a communist era building that has survived just because of the fear that tearing it down would destabilize nearby structures. This building is an important part of the story of the fall of the Wall. Back in October 1989, Erich Honecker was greeting visiting, mostly Communist, leaders at the entrance while out back, state police were breaking up a huge demonstration of young people calling for Mikhail Gorbachev, the most prominent of the visitors, to save them. A short distance away is Alexander Platz, the big square in the eastern part of Berlin.

    /// ACT. PERUVIAN PIPE MUSIC (UP/UNDER/OUT) ///

    It's crowded today with shoppers; people having lunch; listening to strolling musicians. But ten years ago, on the fourth of November 1989, 500-thousand people gathered here demanding an end to repression. The Wall came down five days later. In some ways, Germans are trying to forget the years of division. You have to look hard to see where the wall was, and only a few sections have been left standing with their art and graffiti. In another sense, the Wall still remains. East Germans are different than West Germans and there's resentment on both sides. But of all the people I talked to on this trip, not one longed for a return to the totalitarian East German state that disappeared when the Wall came down. (Signed)

    /// OPT. MUSIC UP AND OUT ///


    NEB/MGB/SP/KL 09-Nov-1999 14:09 PM EDT (09-Nov-1999 1909 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [05] NY ECON WRAP (S&L) BY ELAINE JOHANSON (NEW YORK)

    DATE=11/9/1999
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-255990
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: Stock prices in the United States were lower today (Tuesday), as investors took profits from a higher market. VOA correspondent Elaine Johanson reports from New York:

    TEXT: The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped 101 points, just under one percent, closing at 10- thousand-617. The Standard and Poor's 500 index fell 11 points to 13-hundred-65. And the Nasdaq index lost six-tenths of one percent, ending a seven-day streak of record closings. Analysts were not concerned. They said the stock market was taking a break, after the run-up in prices over the past week, especially in the Nasdaq (index).

    /// BEGIN OPT ///

    Steven Sanders, an investment strategist, believes the technology sector will remain strong over the long- term, driving the overall market to new highs:

    /// SANDERS ACT ///

    I'm very, very bullish (optimistic) on the entire sector and industry. When I think looking out beyond the next three to five years, you're going to see a rough and bumpy ride over the next several months or so. But if you're a long-term investor you have to be in the technology sector. If you're not, you're going to be a loser.

    /// END ACT ///

    /// END OPT ///

    Microsoft shares lost a bit again - but still less than expected -- after a judge late Friday ruled that the software giant is a monopoly. Meanwhile, investors are again thinking about interest rates and the U-S central bank meeting next week. New economic data are due Wednesday showing whether there is any inflationary pressure in the United States at the wholesale price level.

    /// REST OPT ///

    Wal-mart, the world's biggest retailer, reported quarterly profits rose 29-percent, as international sales doubled. Wal-Mart has about one-thousand stores outside the United States. However, the company cautioned investors about its next quarter, which includes the Christmas holiday season, saying it expects sales growth only in the single digits. November and December sales account for 25-percent of Wal-Mart's total sales. Looking ahead to holiday shopping, Amazon dot com says it will add four new cyber-stores to its Web site. The leading online retailer says it will sell computer software, video games, home-improvement supplies and gifts, starting this week. In the past 17 months, Amazon has grown from an Internet bookseller to a virtual shopping mall. But the company has yet to turn a profit in its four years in business. Swiss pharmaceutical firm Novartis - the world's second biggest drugmaker - is said to be in talks to buy part or all of U-S rival Monsanto. Both companies have focused on the concept of mixing agricultural, nutrition, pharmaceutical and biotechnology operations otherwise called "life sciences." Novartis shares have dropped 10-percent this year. Monsanto's are down three percent due to sagging agricultural profits. Both need a partner to help subsidize new drug research. Experts caution, however, that the two firms may encounter problems from anti-trust regulators. NEB/EJ/LSF/TVM/gm 09-Nov-1999 16:48 PM EDT (09-Nov-1999 2148 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [06] TUESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ERIKA EVANS (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=11/9/1999
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-11551
    EDITOR=ASSIGNMENTS
    TELEPHONE=619-2702
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    //// ED'S: COMBINES EDITORIAL ROUNDUP AND DIGEST. ////

    INTRO: The 10-year anniversary of the collapse of the Berlin Wall is being given great attention in U-S editorials. There is also some discussion of drug- fueled violence in Colombia, and Mexico's first-ever primary election. Now, here is ______________ with a closer look and some excerpts in today's Editorial Digest.

    TEXT: Ten years ago today (November 9, 1989) the Berlin Wall, which stood to divide free people in western Germany and those bound by communism in the East, finally came down. The border existed for 28- years as communism's most symbolic barrier. The demise of the wall became a dramatic expression of the failure of a Soviet Empire and the end of a Cold War with the United States and its allies. U-S editorials are commemorating the anniversary. The national daily newspaper, "U-S-A Today", offers the viewpoint of the historic occasion and what it has since meant for German citizens. Voice: When the wall came down, out rushed hundreds of thousands of migrants, tales of horror, hopes for democracy, thirsts for God, and people's natural desires to make free choices about how to live and prosper. .The task of building democracies and capitalism on the rubble of communism has not been easy, though. . In Eastern Germany, for instance, where unemployment runs at 35-percent, a recent poll showed that while few want a return to communism, 65-percent of citizens do not feel they are a part of a united Germany. .Delivering the promise of November 9, 1989 to those who have not seen it remains a challenge. Some answers lie in sweeping out more of the old: the rubble of communist institutions, hard- line politicians and economic controls. That could take another decade or more. There is inspiration, though, in the knowledge that where there was once barbed wire, guards and attack- dogs, Central European capitals glisten in their restored, centuries-old beauty.

    TEXT: That was the view of "U-S-A Today". "The Wall Street Journal" points out the role of former U-S president, Ronald Reagan in pulling the wall down.

    VOICE: .The physical breaching of the Wall would not have been possible without the sustained moral pounding that has softened the foundation upon which it stood. It was a force most literally expressed by Ronald Wilson Reagan two-years earlier when he came to Berlin to present his own challenge to the Soviet leader: "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall." .Mr. Reagan calmly declared communism to be a "sad, bizarre chapter in human history whose last pages are even now being written." .But surely the lesson of 1989 is that human beings are born to be free, that a confidence in this proposition is infectious, and that - as Mr. Reagan would no doubt have reminded us - we would do our best by our future to look at the pulling down of the Berlin Wall as a beginning not an end.

    // OPT //

    TEXT: "The Philadelphia Inquirer" calls the fall of the wall an end to a nightmare and adds this comment:

    VOICE: This unprecedented transition is still painful for those going through it, and some are nostalgic for the past. But those difficulties cannot dim the significance of this date. .The mentality born of communism is not yet dead, however. Those who never experienced democratic rule can be susceptible to strongmen or nationalist leaders. .But these threats do not approximate the danger that haunted the world for half a century, the threat of an all-out nuclear warfare between two superpowers. That threat began to evaporate as soon as the Wall fell. Whatever dangers we face in the new century after the Wall, we have been freed from the nightmare vision of World War III.

    // END OPT //

    TEXT: Efforts to bring an end to Colombia's drug violence is also a prevalent topic of discussion in U- S editorial columns. "The Washington Post" is concerned that not enough recent attention is being given to halting the drug-fueled civil wars south of the U-S border.

    VOICE: In the current (U-S) budget negotiations, no one seems to be looking for money for Colombia. .This momentum should not be squandered. Colombia may not deserve billions in aid, but the United States can not walk away from the very peace process it has fostered. Making peace requires money. and as the congressional leaders wisely said themselves, a collapsing narco-state just hours from America's borders does not serve the national interest.

    TEXT: And finally, American newspapers are giving some attention to the election in Mexico earlier this week. "The Los Angeles Times", in California, calls the democratic vote an exciting start.

    VOICE: In Mexico's first-ever primary election, the party in power showed its strength and delivered an impressive victory for the candidate of the establishment, Francisco Labastida Ochoa. Despite this business-as-usual outcome, things have irreversibly changed in Mexico's political landscape, because for the first time it was 10-million voters, not a powerful politician, making the decision. For the past 70-years, every president had named his successor, choosing the man who would be the candidate for the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, and by extension president of Mexico. .Two strong candidates from two strong opposition parties will now challenge the PRI presidential candidate as never before. Unlike in decades past, no one today can say for certain who will win in the presidential election July 2nd, a development very much worth cheering.

    TEXT: With that commentary from the "Los Angeles Times", we conclude this sampling of comment from the editorial pages of Tuesday's U-S newspapers.
    NEB/ENE/RAE 09-Nov-1999 13:30 PM EDT (09-Nov-1999 1830 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


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