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Voice of America, 99-06-09

Voice of America: Selected Articles Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>


CONTENTS

  • [01] ALBRIGHT / MONTENEGRO (L ONLY) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)
  • [02] BRITAIN KOSOVO (S/L) BY CHRISTINE FURNELL (LONDON)
  • [03] CLINTON / KOSOVO / WIESEL (L-ONLY) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)
  • [04] CLINTON / KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)
  • [05] CLINTON / KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)
  • [06] COHEN PEACE (S) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)
  • [07] COHEN PEACE - L BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)
  • [08] EDITORIAL: PRELIMINARY PEACE PLAN FOR KOSOVO
  • [09] KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE, GERMANY)
  • [10] KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE, GERMANY)
  • [11] KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE, GERMANY)
  • [12] KOSOVO MILITARY TALKS (L-ONLY) BY GIL BUTLER (SKOPJE)
  • [13] KOSOVO TALKS (L) BY GIL BUTLER (KUMANOVO, MACEDONIA)
  • [14] KOSOVO TALKS UPDATE (S/L VER) BY GIL BUTLER (KUMANOVO, MACEDONIA)
  • [15] LANDMINES / KOSOVO (L-ONLY) BY AMY BICKERS (TIRANA)
  • [16] MILOSEVIC / COURT BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (WASHINGTON)
  • [17] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)
  • [18] NATO / KOSOVO (L) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)
  • [19] NAVY / KOSOVO BOMBING (S) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)
  • [20] PEACEKEEPERS GET READY BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)
  • [21] RUSSIA/U-S/KOSOVO (S ONLY) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)
  • [22] RUSSIA/U-S/KOSOVO BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)
  • [23] TURKEY / HUMAN RIGHTS BY SCOTT BOBB (ANKARA)
  • [24] TURKEY / HUMAN RIGHTS BY SCOTT BOBB (ANKARA)
  • [25] U-N / KOSOVO AGREEMENT (L-ONLY) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)
  • [26] WEDNESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY NICK SIMEONE (WASHINGTON)

  • [01] ALBRIGHT / MONTENEGRO (L ONLY) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250421
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE PRESIDENT OF THE YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MONTENEGRO HAS TOLD SECRETARY OF STATE MADELEINE ALBRIGHT HIS GOVERNMENT IS WILLING TO ASSIST THE INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING MISSION IN KOSOVO. FROM COLOGNE, GERMANY, VOA'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: AT A WORKING LUNCH WITH SECRETARY OF STATE ALBRIGHT, MONTENEGRO'S PRESIDENT, MILO DJUKANOVIC, OFFERED TO PROVIDE LOGISTICAL SUPPORT FOR THE KOSOVO PEACEKEEPING MISSION.

    MONTENEGRO IS THE SMALLER OF THE TWO REMAINING YUGOSLAV REPUBLICS, AND MR. DJUKANOVIC'S GOVERNMENT HAS ANGERED BELGRADE WITH ITS OPPOSITION TO SERB POLICIES IN KOSOVO.

    MR. DJUKANOVIC SAID STABILITY IN KOSOVO CAN ONLY BE ACHIEVED IF THE SOUTHERN SERB PROVINCE IS GIVEN SUBSTANTIAL AUTONOMY.

    MR. DJUKANOVIC ALSO SAID MONTENEGRO HOPED TO REMAIN PART OF YUGOSLAVIA, BUT HE SAID THE STABILITY OF THE COUNTRY DEPENDS ON DEMOCRATIZATION. SPEAKING THROUGH AN INTERPRETER, HE SAID AS LONG AS YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC REMAINS IN POWER HE WILL RESIST THAT PROCESS.

    // DJUKANOVIC ACT //

    I THINK THAT MR. MILOSEVIC IS A POLITICIAN WHO BELONGS TO THE PAST. (BRIEF BIT IN SERBO CROAT) OF COURSE IT IS IMMATERIAL WHAT I THINK OF HIM. I HOPE THAT AFTER ALL THIS AGONY HE HAS PUT THE SERBIAN PEOPLE THROUGH, THEY TOO WILL HAVE SUCH AND OPINION OF MR. MILOSEVIC.

    // END ACT //

    SECRETARY OF STATE ALBRIGHT SAID HER TALKS WITH MR. DJUKANOVIC WERE A CONFIRMATION OF THE IMPORTANCE THE UNITED STATES PLACES ON THE RELATIONSHIP. SHE AGAIN WARNED SERB LEADERS NOT TO TRY TO DESTABILIZE THE GOVERNMENT IN MONTENEGRO.

    // ALBRIGHT ACT //

    I MONTENEGRO WOULD ESCALATE THE SITUATION WITH NATO.

    // END ACT //

    MS. ALBRIGHT HAS ALSO BEEN MEETING WITH MINISTERS FROM THE EUROPEAN UNION AND RUSSIA TO DISCUSS AN ECONOMIC STABI(SIGNED)
    NEB/KBK/KL
    09-Jun-99 11:59 AM EDT (1559 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [02] BRITAIN KOSOVO (S/L) BY CHRISTINE FURNELL (LONDON)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250413
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: AS NATO AND SERBIAN GENERALS CONTINUE TO DISCUSS THE TERMS OF A SERBIAN MILITARY WITHDRAWAL FROM KOSOVO, BRITAIN'S SECRETARY OF DEFENSE, GEORGE ROBERTSON, WAS CAUTIOUS BUT HOPEFUL THAT AN AGREEMENT COULD BE REACHED. ADDRESSING THE DAILY MINISTRY OF DEFENSE BRIEFING IN LONDON (WEDNESDAY), MR. ROBERTSON SAID THE CURRENT DISCUSSIONS FOCUSED ON PRACTICALITIES AND NOT THE PRINCIPLES OF THE SERBIAN WITHDRAWAL. VOA'S CHRISTINE FURNELL IN LONDON HAS A REPORT.

    TEXT: FRESH FROM A VISIT TO MACEDONIA TUESDAY, GEORGE ROBERTSON SAID, SO FAR, THE SERBIAN WITHDRAWAL TALKS HAVE BEEN CONSTRUCTIVE. HE PAID PARTICULAR TRIBUTE TO THE EFFORTS BY RUSSIA.

    /// ROBERTSON ACT ///

    MR. CHERNOMYRDIN, MR. IVANOV AND PRESIDENT YELTSIN HIMSELF HAVE ALL PLAYED A VERY CONSTRUCTIVE ROLE IN BUILDING THE PEACE, AND THEIR WORK HAS BEEN INVALUABLE AND WE ARE VERY GRATEFUL TO THEM.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. ROBERTSON WOULD NOT BE DRAWN ON THE SUBSTANCE OF THE CURRENT TALKS, BUT HE SAID THAT MUCH OF THE CLARIFICATION THAT HAS BEEN SOUGHT CENTERS ON THE PRACTICALITIES OF IMPLEMENTING THE SERB WITHDRAWAL AND THE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS SURROUNDING IT.

    MR. ROBERTSON ALSO VOICED A STERN WARNING TO YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC AGAINST WHAT HE CALLED ANY FURTHER FOOT-DRAGGING. (CUT HERE FOR SHORT C-R)

    /// SECOND ROBERTSON ACT ///

    I CAN TELL MR. MILOSEVIC ONE THING: ANY ATTEMPT TO ROLL BACK FROM THE AGREEMENT THAT HE STRUCK WITH (FINNISH PRESIDENT) MR. ARTISARI AND (RUSSIAN SPECIAL BALKANS ENVOY) MR. CHERNOMYRDIN WOULD BE FUTILE BECAUSE NATO'S RESOLVE REMAINS STRONG. THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY HAS MR. MILOSEVIC LOCKED IN A CAGE AND HE WILL NOT GET OUT.

    /// END ACT ///

    ON TUESDAY, THE BRITISH DEFENSE SECRETARY VISITED HIS COUNTRY'S TROOPS STATIONED IN MACEDONIA. HE SAID THEY WERE MOTIVATED AND EAGER TO BEGIN THE TASK OF RESTORING PEACE TO KOSOVO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/CEF/PCF
    09-Jun-99 8:19 AM EDT (1219 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [03] CLINTON / KOSOVO / WIESEL (L-ONLY) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250431
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON WAS BRIEFED WEDNESDAY ON THE SITUATION IN ETHNIC ALBANIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN ALBANIA AND MACEDONIA FROM HOLOCAUST SURVIVOR AND NOBEL PEACE PRIZE WINNER ELIE WIESEL, WHO RECENTLY VISITED THE BALKANS AT THE PRESIDENT'S REQUEST. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS.

    TEXT:

    // FIRST WIESEL ACTUALITY //

    I GAVE HIM MY IMPRESSIONS, OF THE PLACE WHERE I FOUND TERRIBLE SADNESS, AGONY, AND HATRED.

    // END ACT //

    MR. WIESEL EXPRESSED HIS FEARS ABOUT THE PROSPECTS OF RETRIBUTION BY RETURNING ETHNIC ALBANIAN REFUGEES AGAINST THOSE SERBS WHO COMMITTED ATROCITIES AGAINST THEM OR THEIR FAMILIES.

    HE SAYS NATO PEACEKEEPERS WILL HAVE THEIR WORK CUT OUT FOR THEM.

    // SECOND WIESEL ACTUALITY //

    I AM AFRAID OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE HATRED THAT EXISTS NOW, AMONG THE VICTIMS, AND THEREFORE NATO AND THE UNITED STATES MILITARY WILL HAVE TO SERVE AS A KIND OF LIVING BUFFER BETWEEN THE TWO COMMUNITIES TO PREVENT A BLOOD BATH. THERE IS SO MUCH RESENTMENT, SO MUCH PAIN, SO MUCH FRUSTRATION.

    // END ACT //

    MR. WIESEL BELIEVES PEACEKEEPERS WILL HAVE TO STAY IN KOSOVO FOR YEARS.

    // WIESEL ACTUALITY //

    THEY WILL HAVE TO STAY THERE FOR A LONG TIME, I DO NOT KNOW HOW MANY YEARS, THEY WILL HAVE TO STAY A VERY LONG TIME. IT TAKES TIME TO CURE A PERSON, A COMMUNITY OF ITS DISEASE, FOR HATRED IS A DISEASE.

    // END ACT //

    THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE WINNER IS ESPECIALLY CONCERNED ABOUT THE PLIGHT OF THE CHILDREN, AND SUGGESTED TO MR. CLINTON THAT THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY SEND PSYCHOLOGISTS AND PSYCHOTHERAPISTS TO KOSOVO TO HELP YOUNG PEOPLE DEAL WITH THE TRAUMA THEY HAVE EXPERIENCED. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DAT/ENE/GM
    09-Jun-99 3:26 PM EDT (1926 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [04] CLINTON / KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250435
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON IS WELCOMING THE AGREEMENT TO WITHDRAW SERB TROOPS FROM KOSOVO, REACHED LATE WEDNESDAY (IN MACEDONIA) BY NATO AND YUGOSLAV MILITARY OFFICIALS. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS FROM THE WHITE HOUSE.

    TEXT: IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT, MR. CLINTON CALLS THE AGREEMENT "ANOTHER IMPORTANT STEP" TOWARD ACHIEVING PEACE IN KOSOVO.

    BUT U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE SIGNING OF THE AGREEMENT ALONE IS NOT ENOUGH TO SUSPEND NATO'S BOMBING CAMPAIGN OVER YUGOSLAVIA. THAT WILL HAPPEN, THEY SAY, WHEN THERE IS A VERIFIABLE SERB TROOP WITHDRAWAL FROM KOSOVO.

    MR. CLINTON'S STATEMENT SAYS THE UNITED STATES AND ITS ALLIES WILL CAREFULLY MONITOR SERB COMPLIANCE WITH THE AGREEMENT, WHICH CALLS FOR THE RAPID, ORDERLY PULLOUT OF SERB FORCES FROM KOSOVO AND THE DEPLOYMENT OF A NATO-LED PEACEKEEPING FORCE TO ENSURE THE SAFE RETURN OF KOSOVAR REFUGEES.

    AMID CONCERN THAT MEMBERS OF THE KOSOVO LIBERATION ARMY MIGHT ATTACK RETREATING SERB FORCES, THE PRESIDENT'S STATEMENT CALLS ON THE K-L-A NOT TO HINDER THE WITHDRAWAL. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DAT/WTW
    09-Jun-99 4:49 PM EDT (2049 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [05] CLINTON / KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250435
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON IS WELCOMING THE AGREEMENT TO WITHDRAW SERB TROOPS FROM KOSOVO, REACHED LATE WEDNESDAY (IN MACEDONIA) BY NATO AND YUGOSLAV MILITARY OFFICIALS. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS FROM THE WHITE HOUSE.

    TEXT: IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT, MR. CLINTON CALLS THE AGREEMENT "ANOTHER IMPORTANT STEP" TOWARD ACHIEVING PEACE IN KOSOVO.

    BUT U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE SIGNING OF THE AGREEMENT ALONE IS NOT ENOUGH TO SUSPEND NATO'S BOMBING CAMPAIGN OVER YUGOSLAVIA. THAT WILL HAPPEN, THEY SAY, WHEN THERE IS A VERIFIABLE SERB TROOP WITHDRAWAL FROM KOSOVO.

    MR. CLINTON'S STATEMENT SAYS THE UNITED STATES AND ITS ALLIES WILL CAREFULLY MONITOR SERB COMPLIANCE WITH THE AGREEMENT, WHICH CALLS FOR THE RAPID, ORDERLY PULLOUT OF SERB FORCES FROM KOSOVO AND THE DEPLOYMENT OF A NATO-LED PEACEKEEPING FORCE TO ENSURE THE SAFE RETURN OF KOSOVAR REFUGEES.

    AMID CONCERN THAT MEMBERS OF THE KOSOVO LIBERATION ARMY MIGHT ATTACK RETREATING SERB FORCES, THE PRESIDENT'S STATEMENT CALLS ON THE K-L-A NOT TO HINDER THE WITHDRAWAL. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DAT/WTW
    09-Jun-99 4:49 PM EDT (2049 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [06] COHEN PEACE (S) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250440
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S DEFENSE OFFICIALS SAY NATO PLANES COULD STOP BOMBING YUGOSLAVIA WITHIN 24 HOURS --- BUT WILL REMAIN POISED TO RESUME AIR STRIKES IF THE YUGOSLAV FORCES BREAK A JUST-SIGNED AGREEMENT TO MOVE THEIR TROOPS OUT OF KOSOVO. V-O-A'S JIM RANDLE HAS DETAILS ON THE AGREEMENT FROM THE PENTAGON.

    TEXT: DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN SAYS BELGRADE HAS ELEVEN DAYS TO MOVE ALL SERB TROOPS OUT OF THE PROVINCE. THE AGREEMENT SAYS SOME SERBS MUST START LEAVING THE NORTHERN PART OF KOSOVO WITHIN 24 HOURS.

    ONCE NATO OFFICIALS CAN VERIFY THAT SUBSTANTIAL NUMBERS OF SERB FORCES ARE GONE, THEY WILL PAUSE THE BOMBING CAMPAIGN. THE CAMPAIGN WILL END ALTOGETHER WHEN THE LAST SERB TROOPS LEAVE THE SERB PROVINCE.

    /// COHEN ACT 009 ///

    IF THE SERBS LIVE UP TO WHAT THEY HAVE SIGNED, THIS WILL END THE KILLING AND BEGIN THE PEACE.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR COHEN SAYS THE AGREEMENT MEANS THAT DISPLACED ETHNIC ALBANIANS WILL BE ABLE TO RETURN HOME AND LIVE IN PEACE AND SAFETY.

    UNDER THE NEW AGREEMENT, THEY WILL BE PROTECTED BY A 50-THOUSAND MEMBER PEACEKEEPING FORCE WHICH IS NOW ASSEMBLING ACROSS THE BORDER IN MACEDONIA. (SIGNED)
    NEB/JR/WFR
    09-Jun-99 7:13 PM EDT (2313 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [07] COHEN PEACE - L BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250439
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S DEFENSE OFFICIALS SAY NATO PLANES COULD STOP BOMBING YUGOSLAVIA WITHIN 24 HOURS --- BUT WILL REMAIN POISED TO RESUME AIR STRIKES IF THE YUGOSLAV FORCES BREAK A JUST-SIGNED MILITARY AGREEMENT TO MOVE THEIR TROOPS OUT OF KOSOVO. V-O-A'S JIM RANDLE HAS DETAILS ON THE AGREEMENT FROM THE PENTAGON.

    TEXT: OFFICIALS FROM YUGOSLAVIA AND NATO HAVE SIGNED AN AGREEMENT ON THE WITHDRAWAL OF SERB FORCES FROM KOSOVO AFTER SEVERAL DAYS OF DIFFICULT TALKS IN MACEDONIA.

    MOVING THE 40-THOUSAND SERB TROOPS AND POLICE OUT OF KOSOVO WAS A KEY GOAL OF NATO'S 77 DAY BOMBING CAMPAIGN AGAINST SERB TARGETS ACROSS YUGOSLAVIA.

    DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN SAYS BELGRADE HAS ELEVEN DAYS TO MOVE ALL SERB TROOPS OUT OF THE PROVINCE. THE AGREEMENT SAYS SOME SERBS MUST START LEAVING THE NORTHERN PART OF THE KOSOVO WITHIN 24 HOURS. ONCE NATO OFFICIALS CAN VERIFY THAT SUBSTANTIAL NUMBERS OF SERB FORCES ARE GONE, THEY WILL PAUSE THE BOMBING CAMPAIGN. THE CAMPAIGN WILL END ALTOGETHER WHEN THE LAST SERB TROOPS LEAVE THE SERB PROVINCE OF KOSOVO.

    /// COHEN ACT 009 ///

    IF THE SERBS LIVE UP TO WHAT THEY HAVE SIGNED, THIS WILL END THE KILLING AND BEGIN THE PEACE.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR COHEN SAYS THE AGREEMENT MEANS THAT DISPLACED ETHNIC ALBANIANS WILL BE ABLE TO RETURN HOME AND LIVE IN PEACE AND SAFETY.

    UNDER THE NEW AGREEMENT, THEY WILL BE PROTECTED BY A 50-THOUSAND MEMBER PEACEKEEPING FORCE WHICH IS NOW ASSEMBLING ACROSS THE BORDER IN MACEDONIA.

    TOP YUGOSLAV OFFICIALS SAY THE SERB PULLOUT COULD BEGIN AS SOON AS THURSDAY.

    ONCE THE BOMBING ENDS, THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL IS EXPECTED TO QUICKLY PASSBE ASKED TO RETURN TO KOSOVO TO HELP INTERNATIONAL PEACE KEEPERS FIND AND DESTROY LANDMINES PLACED BY YUGOSLAV FORCES. THE DETAILS OF THAT AGREEMENT MUST STILL BE WORKED OUT. (SIGNED).
    NEB/PT
    09-Jun-99 6:56 PM EDT (2256 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [08] EDITORIAL: PRELIMINARY PEACE PLAN FOR KOSOVO

    DATE= 06/10/99
    TYPE= EDITORIAL
    NUMBER= 0-08328
    CONTENT=THIS IS THE ONLY EDITORIAL BEING RELEASED FOR BROADCAST
    06/10/99.

    ANNCR: THE VOICE OF AMERICA PRESENTS DIFFERING POINTS OF VIEW ON A WIDE VARIETY OF ISSUES. NEXT, AN EDITORIAL EXPRESSING THE POLICIES OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT.

    VOICE:

    YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC HAS ACCEPTED IN WORD THE NATO CONDITIONS THAT WOULD END THE CONFLICT IN KOSOVO. THE PLAN CALLS FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF ALL YUGOSLAV AND SERBIAN FORCES FROM KOSOVO AND THE DEPLOYMENT OF A PEACEKEEPING FORCE WITH A NATO COMMAND STRUCTURE. THE MORE THAN EIGHT-HUNDRED THOUSAND ETHNIC ALBANIAN REFUGEES WOULD RETURN AND KOSOVO WOULD HAVE SUBSTANTIAL AUTONOMY AND SELF-GOVERNMENT. WORDS, HOWEVER, ARE NOT DEEDS, AND WHAT HAS BEEN DONE SO FAR BY BELGRADE IS INSUFFICIENT. "NATO INTENDS TO CONTINUE THE AIR STRIKES," SAID U.S. DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN, "UNTIL MILOSEVIC AND THE GOVERNMENT OF YUGOSLAVIA CONVINCINGLY DEMONSTRATE THAT THE FIGHTING IS OVER, THAT SERB FORCES ARE WITHDRAWING, AND THAT A NATO-LED FORCE CAN ENTER KOSOVO TO PROVIDE THE SECURITY THAT THE REFUGEES NEED TO RETURN TO THEIR HOMES."

    IT APPEARS THAT MILOSEVIC BADLY MISJUDGED NATO'S RESOLVE. IN REFUSING TO NEGOTIATE SERIOUSLY AT RAMBOUILLET, AND IN PURSUING HIS POLICY OF ATROCITIES, ETHNIC CLEANSING, AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY IN KOSOVO, HE IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE NATO AIR STRIKES AGAINST HIS FORCES AND THE INFRASTRUCTURE SUPPORTING HIS REGIME AND ITS SECURITY APPARATUS. RECENT HEAVY LOSSES OF YUGOSLAV TANKS, ARTILLERY, AND TROOPS IN THE AREA AROUND MOUNT PASTRIK DEMONSTRATE THE BOMBING'S EFFECTIVENESS.

    MILOSEVIC CAN NOW END THE AIR CAMPAIGN BY COMPLYING WITH THE NATO CONDITIONS. HIS MILITARY, PARAMILITARY, AND POLICE FORCES MUST WITHDRAW FROM KOSOVO ACCORDING TO THE TIMETABLE WHICH NATO GENERALS HAVE EXPLAINED TO HIS MILITARY LEADERSHIP. ONLY WHEN NATO IS ABLE TO VERIFY THE WITHDRAWAL WILL A SUSPENSION OF THE AIR STRIKES BE POSSIBLE.

    ANNCR:

    THAT WAS AN EDITORIAL EXPRESSING THE POLICIES OF THE U.S. GOVERNMENT. IF YOU HAVE A COMMENT, PLEASE WRITE TO EDITORIALS, V-O-A, WASHINGTON, D-C, 20547, U-S-A. YOU MAY ALSO COMMENT AT WWW-DOT-VOA-DOT-GOV-SLASH-EDITORIALS, OR FAX US AT (202) 619-1043.
    09-Jun-99 1:51 PM EDT (1751 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [09] KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE, GERMANY)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250432
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: SENIOR U-S AND BRITISH OFFICIALS SAYS A PAUSE IN THE NATO AIR STRIKES AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA MAY COME IN THE NEXT FEW HOURS. FROM COLOGNE, GERMANY, VOA'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: A SENIOR U-S OFFICIAL TOLD REPORTERS IN GERMANY THAT AN AGREEMENT ON A SERB PULLOUT FROM KOSOVO COULD BE REACHED LATER THIS (WEDNESDAY) EVENING. ON AGAIN OFF AGAIN TALKS ON THE WITHDRAWAL HAVE BEEN UNDERWAY IN MACEDONIA ALL WEEK.

    BRITISH FOREIGN SECRETARY ROBIN COOK SAYS A PAUSE IN THE NATO AIR CAMPAIGN COULD COME WITHIN HOURS ONCE NATO VERIFIED THAT SERB TRUCKS HAD BEGUN TO PULL OUT OF THE PROVINCE.

    THE U-S OFFICIAL WHO SPOKE ON THE CONDITION HE NOT BE IDENTIFIED, SAID A PAUSE IN THE NATO BOMBING WOULD DEPEND ON HOW MANY TROOPS GET OUT.

    UNDER THE TERMS OF A DRAFT U-N SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION, AIR STRIKES WOULD STOP AFTER SERB FORCES BEGIN PULLING OUT. THE SECURITY COUNCIL WOULD THEN PASS THE RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING A NATO LED PEACEKEEPING FORCE TO MOVE INTO KOSOVO AND VERIFY A FULL SERB WITHDRAWAL. (SIGNED)
    NEB/KK/PHW/PT
    09-Jun-99 3:37 PM EDT (1937 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [10] KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE, GERMANY)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250432
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: SENIOR U-S AND BRITISH OFFICIALS SAYS A PAUSE IN THE NATO AIR STRIKES AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA MAY COME IN THE NEXT FEW HOURS. FROM COLOGNE, GERMANY, VOA'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: A SENIOR U-S OFFICIAL TOLD REPORTERS IN GERMANY THAT AN AGREEMENT ON A SERB PULLOUT FROM KOSOVO COULD BE REACHED LATER THIS (WEDNESDAY) EVENING. ON AGAIN OFF AGAIN TALKS ON THE WITHDRAWAL HAVE BEEN UNDERWAY IN MACEDONIA ALL WEEK.

    BRITISH FOREIGN SECRETARY ROBIN COOK SAYS A PAUSE IN THE NATO AIR CAMPAIGN COULD COME WITHIN HOURS ONCE NATO VERIFIED THAT SERB TRUCKS HAD BEGUN TO PULL OUT OF THE PROVINCE.

    THE U-S OFFICIAL WHO SPOKE ON THE CONDITION HE NOT BE IDENTIFIED, SAID A PAUSE IN THE NATO BOMBING WOULD DEPEND ON HOW MANY TROOPS GET OUT.

    UNDER THE TERMS OF A DRAFT U-N SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION, AIR STRIKES WOULD STOP AFTER SERB FORCES BEGIN PULLING OUT. THE SECURITY COUNCIL WOULD THEN PASS THE RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING A NATO LED PEACEKEEPING FORCE TO MOVE INTO KOSOVO AND VERIFY A FULL SERB WITHDRAWAL. (SIGNED)
    NEB/KK/PHW/PT
    09-Jun-99 3:37 PM EDT (1937 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [11] KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE, GERMANY)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250432
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: SENIOR U-S AND BRITISH OFFICIALS SAYS A PAUSE IN THE NATO AIR STRIKES AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA MAY COME IN THE NEXT FEW HOURS. FROM COLOGNE, GERMANY, VOA'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: A SENIOR U-S OFFICIAL TOLD REPORTERS IN GERMANY THAT AN AGREEMENT ON A SERB PULLOUT FROM KOSOVO COULD BE REACHED LATER THIS (WEDNESDAY) EVENING. ON AGAIN OFF AGAIN TALKS ON THE WITHDRAWAL HAVE BEEN UNDERWAY IN MACEDONIA ALL WEEK.

    BRITISH FOREIGN SECRETARY ROBIN COOK SAYS A PAUSE IN THE NATO AIR CAMPAIGN COULD COME WITHIN HOURS ONCE NATO VERIFIED THAT SERB TRUCKS HAD BEGUN TO PULL OUT OF THE PROVINCE.

    THE U-S OFFICIAL WHO SPOKE ON THE CONDITION HE NOT BE IDENTIFIED, SAID A PAUSE IN THE NATO BOMBING WOULD DEPEND ON HOW MANY TROOPS GET OUT.

    UNDER THE TERMS OF A DRAFT U-N SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION, AIR STRIKES WOULD STOP AFTER SERB FORCES BEGIN PULLING OUT. THE SECURITY COUNCIL WOULD THEN PASS THE RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING A NATO LED PEACEKEEPING FORCE TO MOVE INTO KOSOVO AND VERIFY A FULL SERB WITHDRAWAL. (SIGNED)
    NEB/KK/PHW/PT
    09-Jun-99 3:37 PM EDT (1937 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [12] KOSOVO MILITARY TALKS (L-ONLY) BY GIL BUTLER (SKOPJE)

    DATE=6/8/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250399
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT: INTRO : A CRUCIAL STEP IN THE PROCESS OF ENDING THE WAR OVER KOSOVO IS STILL IN SOME DOUBT. WHILE WESTERN AND RUSSIAN DIPLOMATS HAVE AGREED ON A UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION, THE YUGOSLAV MILITARY COMMANDERS STILL HAVE NOT SIGNED OFF ON AN AGREEMENT ON HOW SERB TROOPS WILL LEAVE KOSOVO. V-O-A'S GIL BUTLER HAS MORE FROM SKOPJE, MACEDONIA.

    TEXT: THE MEETING BEGAN ABOUT NINE-THIRTY (9:30) LOCAL TIME TUESDAY NIGHT BUT AS TUESDAY TURNED TO WEDNESDAY HERE, THERE WAS STILL NOT SERBIAN AGREEMENT ANNOUNCED. NATO MILITARY COMMANDERS HAD APPARENTLY BELIEVED THE MEETING IN A HUGE CAMOUFLAGE TENT NEAR THE MACEDONIAN BORDER WITH YUGOSLAVIA WOULD BE SIGNING CEREMONY. BUT AFTER SEVERAL HOURS, A SPOKESMAN FOR NATO COMMANDER MIKE JACKSON, WHO HEADS THE NATO SIDE TOLD REPORTERS THERE WAS NOTHING TO REPORT OTHER THAN THE NAMES OF THE PARTICIPANTS.

    THE MILITARY ARRANGEMENTS ARE CRUCIAL BECAUSE THEY SAY WHEN AND HOW AND BY WHAT ROUTES THE 40-THOUSAND SERB TROOPS AND POLICE WILL LEAVE KOSOVO, MAKING THE WAY FOR A PEACEFUL ENTRY INTO THE PROVINCE BY NATO FORCES.

    AS OUTLINED BY U-S SECRETARY OF STATE MADELINE ALBRIGHT, THE MILITARY AGREEMENT IS STEP ONE FOLLOWED BY UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL AUTHORIZATION OF AN INTERNATIONAL FORCE, THE SERB WITHDRAWAL AND ENTRY OF AN INTERNATIONAL FORCE INTO KOSOVO.

    THE STATIONING OF MORE THAN 50-THOUSAND NATO AND NON-NATO FORCES INSIDE KOSOVO IS FELT BY WESTERN LEADERS TO BE ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY TO PROVIDE SECURITY FOR HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF RETURNING KOSOVAR ALBANIANS AND FOR HOWEVER MANY ETHNIC SERBS REMAINIING IN KOSOVO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/GB/PHW-T/PT
    08-Jun-99 9:15 PM EDT (0115 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [13] KOSOVO TALKS (L) BY GIL BUTLER (KUMANOVO, MACEDONIA)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250403
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: TALKS BETWEEN YUGOSLAV MILITARY COMMANDERS ARE CONTINUING AT AN AIR BASE NEAR THE SERBIAN BORDER. V-O-A'S GIL BUTLER HAS THE STORY FROM KUMANOVO, MACEDONIA.

    TEXT: THIS LATEST SESSION BEGAN AT 9:30 TUESDAY EVENING AND WAS EXPECTED TO RESULT EVENTUALLY IN THE SIGNING OF AN AGREEMENT ON HOW AND WHEN THE 40-THOUSAND SERB TROOPS AND POLICE IN KOSOVO ARE TO WITHDRAW.

    THE TALKS HAVE CONTINUED THROUGH THE NIGHT AND AFTER A BREAKFAST BREAK AND SEPARATE CONSULTATIONS, NATO SPOKESMAN COLONEL ROBIN CLIFFORD GAVE SOME INDICATION OF HOW THE TALKS ARE PRECEDING.

    //CLIFFORD ACT//

    INTENSE AND CONSTRUCTIVE DISCUSSIONS ON BOTH SIDES. HAVING, OF COURSE, TO TAKE THE MILITARY TECHNICAL AGREEMENT DOCUMENT AND RE-LOOK AT IT IN THE LIGHT OF THE G-8 APPROVED U-N SECURITY COUNCIL DRAFT RESOLUTION.

    //END ACT//

    THOUGH NOTHING IS KNOWN FOR CERTAIN, IT APPEARS TWO OF THE DIFFICULT POINTS HERE ARE HOW LONG THE SERBS CAN TAKE TO WITHDRAW AND HOW THE INTERNATIONAL FORCE DEPLOYS BEHIND THEM TO PREVENT ANY VACUUM THAT COULD LEAD TO MORE VIOLENCE.

    A LONG WAY DOWN THE LINE, AFTER SECURING KOSOVO AND REBUILDING SOME BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE, THE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF KOSOVAR ALBANIANS CAN GO HOME. (SIGNED)
    NEB/GB/CB-T/PLM
    09-Jun-99 4:30 AM EDT (0830 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [14] KOSOVO TALKS UPDATE (S/L VER) BY GIL BUTLER (KUMANOVO, MACEDONIA)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250419
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    ///CUT OPTIONAL SECTION TO FORM A SHORT C-R///

    INTRO: TALKS BETWEEN YUGOSLAV AND MILITARY MILITARY COMMANDERS CONTINUE AT A NATO HELICOPTER BASE NEAR THE MACEDONIA-SERBIA BORDER. VOA'S GIL BUTLER IS THERE AND REPORTS THIS LATEST SESSION HAS GONE ON SINCE NINE-THIRTY (LOCAL TIME) TUESDAY EVENING.

    TEXT: NATO SPOKESMAN COLONEL ROBIN CLIFFORD MADE IT CLEAR THAT TALKS CAN CONTINUE UNTIL AN AGREEMENT IS SIGNED. THOUGH THERE IS NO DEADLINE -- ACCORDING TO COLONEL CLIFFORD -- THERE IS A SENSE OF URGENCY. NATO WANTS THE SERB FORCES TO WITHDRAW SO KOSOVAR REFUGEES CAN RETURN HOME AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. THAT CAN'T BEGIN UNTIL THERE IS AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE NATO MILITARY AND THE YUGOSLAV MILITARY.

    //OPT//

    COLONEL CLIFFORD SAYS THE TALKS BEING HELD IN A HUGE TENT IN THE MIDST OF A FRENCH HELICOPTER BASE ARE NOT WAITING FOR THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL TO ACT ON A DRAFT RESOLUTION, WHICH HAD EARLIER BEEN APPROVED BY WESTERN INDUSTRIALIZED NATIONS AND RUSSIA.

    BUT COLONEL CLIFFORD SAYS THE RESOLUTION DOES ADD ANOTHER FACTOR TO THE DISCUSSIONS HERE AT KUMANOVA. //END OPT// THE STRONG IMPRESSION, LEFT BY THE NATO SPOKESMAN, IS THAT THE WESTERN DEFENSE ALLIANCE IS PREPARED TO TALK FOR AS LONG AS IT TAKES TO GET THE YUGOSLAV SIDE TO SIGN THE AGREEMENT THEIR PARLIAMENT HAS ALREADY APPROVED, AND BEGIN THE WITHDRAWAL THAT, IN NATO'S VIEW, WILL REALLY BEGIN PEACE IN KOSOVO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/MGB/PCF
    09-Jun-99 11:19 AM EDT (1519 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [15] LANDMINES / KOSOVO (L-ONLY) BY AMY BICKERS (TIRANA)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250428
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: HUMANITARIAN AID ORGANIZATIONS ARE ALREADY MAKING PLANS FOR THE EVENTUAL RETURN OF CLOSE TO A MILLION REFUGEES TO KOSOVO. AMY BICKERS REPORTS FROM TIRANA THAT EDUCATING PEOPLE ABOUT THE DANGERS OF LAND MINES AND BOOBY TRAPS IS SEEN A KEY ISSUE.

    TEXT: ETHNIC ALBANIAN REFUGEE MENTOR KOLLCAKU [PRON: COAL-'CHA-KOO] SAYS HE DESPERATELY WANTS TO GO BACK TO PEA [PRON: 'PAY-AH], THE TOWN IN KOSOVO WHERE HE HAS LIVED FOR 25 YEARS.

    /// KOLLCAKU ACT ///

    I LOVE MY COUNTRY. I WANT TO GO BACK. THAT IS MY PLACE, THAT IS MY HOUSE [HOME]. I GREW UP THERE AND I WAS BORN THERE. I WILL GO BACK. I WILL.

    /// END ACT ///

    LIKE MANY REFUGEES, HE SAYS, HE WANTS TO RETURN HOME AS SOON AS POSSIBLE, TO START REBUILDING HIS HOUSE AND HIS LIFE. BUT HUMANITARIAN AID WORKERS ARE ALREADY INDICATING THAT ONCE SERB TROOPS HAVE WITHDRAWN, REFUGEES MAY HAVE TO WAIT FOR A MONTH OR TWO, UNTIL KOSOVO HAS BEEN CLEARED OF LAND MINES AND BOOBY-TRAPS LAID BY SERB TROOPS, OF UNEXPLODED ORDNANCE AND BOMBS DROPPED BY NATO PLANES. MUSTAFA, A REFUGEE FROM THE TOWN OF PRIZREN, SAYS THROUGH A TRANSLATOR THAT HE EXPECTS AID WORKERS TO EDUCATE THE REFUGEES ABOUT THESE DANGERS.

    /// MUSTAFA ACT ///

    I THINK THE PERSONS WHO WILL ENSURE THE RETURN OF THE ALBANIAN REFUGEES BACK TO KOSOVO, THEY WILL FOR SURE NOTIFY WHETHER PEOPLE SHOULD TAKE CARE OR NOT, AND HOW THEY SHOULD PROTECT THEMSELVES FROM THESE LAND MINES.

    /// END ACT ///

    ANNEMARIE KANE OF UNICEF SAYS HER IS NOW DEVELOPING AN EDUCATION STRATEGY TO MINIMIZE DEATHS AND INJURIES FROM THE MINES.

    /// FIRST KANE ACT ///

    FIRST WE WILL ASSESS THE SITUATION IN THE REGION AND AS PART OF THAT ASSESSMENT WILL BE DEVELOPING A MINE AWARENESS EDUCATION STRATEGY FOR REFUGEES. AND THAT MEANS TO DETERMINE THE BEST WAY TO EDUCATE THE REFUGEE POPULATION TO THE DANGER OF LAND MINES.

    /// END ACT ///

    MS. KANE SAYS THE MINE AWARENESS PROGRAM WILL SOON BE LAUNCHED ON A NUMBER OF FRONTS, WITH THE AIM OF REACHING EVERY SINGLE REFUGEE.

    /// SECOND KANE ACT ///

    THOSE MESSAGES ARE COMMUNICATED ON THE RADIO, IF POSSIBLE, AND IF APPLICABLE, IN SOME OF THE CAMPS AND LOCAL AREAS THEY DO HAVE ACCESS TO VIDEOS AND WE WILL SHOW THEM TAPES, SO IT WILL BE A WHOLE COMMUNICATION MECHANISM PROGRAM THROUGH ELECTRONIC AND PRINT MEDIA, PAMPHLETS, BROCHURES, POSTERS, LECTURES -- INCORPORATED INTO A WHOLE MYRIAD OF COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES.

    /// END ACT //

    AID AGENCY OFFICIALS SAY THE NUMBER OF MINES AND BOOBY TRAPS NOW IN KOSOVO IS NOT YET KNOWN, BUT THEY ESTIMATE THAT TENS OF THOUSANDS HAVE BEEN PLANTED. (SIGNED)
    NEB/AB/GE/WTW
    09-Jun-99 2:58 PM EDT (1858 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [16] MILOSEVIC / COURT BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-43614
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: TWO WEEKS AGO, YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC WAS INDICTED BY AN INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL ON CHARGES OF CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY. BUT WILL HE EVER COME TO TRIAL, GIVEN THAT OTHER HIGH-PROFILE [PROMINENT] INDICTEES HAVE NOT YET BEEN ARRESTED? FROM WASHINGTON, CORRESPONDENT ANDRE DE NESNERA LOOKS AT THAT ISSUE.

    TEXT: THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA WAS ESTABLISHED BY THE UNITED NATIONS IN MAY 1993. LOCATED IN THE HAGUE (THE NETHERLANDS), THE TRIBUNAL'S MANDATE IS TO PROSECUTE PERSONS RESPONSIBLE FOR VIOLATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW COMMITTED ON THE TERRITORY OF THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA SINCE 1991.

    THE INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL HAS INDICTED 64 PEOPLE. TWENTY-FIVE ARE CURRENTLY IN CUSTODY, SEVERAL HAVE BEEN TRANSFERRED TO SERVE THEIR SENTENCES ELSEWHERE AND 36 REMAIN AT LARGE. AMONG THOSE ARE FORMER BOSNIAN LEADERS RADOVAN KARADZIC AND GENERAL RATKO MLADIC -- BOTH OF WHOM WERE INDICTED SEVERAL YEARS AGO -- AND SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC AND FOUR OTHER SENIOR YUGOSLAV LEADERS, WHO WERE CHARGED WITH CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY JUST TWO WEEKS AGO.

    SOME ANALYSTS ARGUE IT WILL BE VERY DIFFICULT TO APPREHEND PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC, GIVEN THE FACT THAT MEN LIKE RADOVAN KARADZIC AND RATKO MLADIC REMAIN FREE.

    RICHARD GOLDSTONE WAS THE TRIBUNAL'S CHIEF PROSECUTOR FROM 1994 TO 1996, AND HE BROUGHT WAR-CRIMES INDICTMENTS AGAINST THE FORMER BOSNIAN SERB LEADERS. HE SAYS ONE OF THE PROBLEMS OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRIBINDICT BUT NO POWER TO GO AFTER THOSE INDICTED.

    /// GOLDSTONE ACT ///

    IN ANY NATIONAL SITUATION, NO JUDGES HAVE GOT ARMIES OR POLICE FORCES AT THEIR COMMAND. THEY HAVE IN THE CASE OF AN INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL, THEY CLEARLY HAVE TO ALLOW COMPLIANCE BY GOVERNMENTS. AND THAT IS WHERE THE POLITICAL SITUATION ARISES: IT IS A POLITICAL DECISION WHETHER THE ARREST WARRANTS ARE CARRIED OUT OR NOT -- NOT A LEGAL DECISION.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. GOLDSTONE SAYS THE FACT THAT RADOVAN KARADZIC AND RATKO MLADIC ARE STILL FREE MEN UNFORTUNATE THAT THEY (KARADZIC AND MLADIC) HAVE NOT BEEN APPREHENDED.

    /// SCHARFF ACT ///

    KARADZIC IN PARTICULAR. HE IS LOCATED NOW IN THE FRENCH-CONTROLLED AREA OF BO TROOPS IN SUCH AN OPERATION THAT THEY HAVE LOST SIGHT OF THE BIG PICTURE. I BELIEVE THAT BEEN INDICTED FOR THE ATROCITIES IN BOSNIA -- THAT NONE OF THE CRISIS IN KOSOVO THAT WE A WOULD HAVE COME TO PASS. AND SO THERE WAS A MISSED OPPORTUNITY THERE. MLADIC -- ON THE BASICALLY, YOU WOULD HAVE TO FIGHT A GROUND WAR ALL THE WAY TO BELGRADE AND DO AN OPERATION LIKE WHEN THEY APPREHENDED MANUEL NORIEGA IN PANAMA. IT IS A LOT MORE DIFFICULT, AND

    /// END ACT ///

    // END ACT //

    BUT MR. SCHARFF SAYS THELEADERS ARE STILL FREE DOES NOT MEAN THE TRIBUNAL HAS FAILED. HE SAYS SOME OF THE MIDDLE-MEN, GENERALS AN

    /// BENNETT ACT ///

    BUT IT REALLY WILL COME OF AGE IF AND WHEN IT GETS ITS HANDS ON ONE OF THE LARGEST FISH. OBVIOUSLY THAT IS RADOVAN KARADZIC, RATKO MLADIC AND NOW SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC, ZELJKO RAZNJATOVIC, ARKAN -- SOME OF THESE INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE BEEN INDICTED MORE RECENTLY. AND SINCE THERE IS NO STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS ON THESE I OF THESE INDIVIDUALS -- AT LEAST WILL BE BROUGHT TO TRIAL. AND THIS CAN BE VERY IMPORTANT IN THE FUTURE.

    /// END ACT ///

    MOST ANALYSTS SAY IT IS VERY UNLIKELY YUGOSLAV PIN YUGOSLAVIA MAY FIND IT EMBARRASSING TO HAVE MR. MILOSEVIC AND OTHER INDICTED WAR CRIMINALS ON ITS TERRITORY. AND THAT GOVERNMENT MAY HAND THEM OVER TO THE INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL FOR TRIAL. (SIGNED)
    NEB/ADEN/KL/WTW
    09-Jun-99 3:40 PM EDT (1940 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [17] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250436
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: STOCK PRICES IN THE UNITED STATES WERE MIXED TODAY (WEDNESDAY) REFLECTING RENEWED INTEREST RATE CONCERNS. VOA BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT BRECK ARDERY REPORTS FROM NEW YORK.

    TEXT: THE DOW JONES INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE CLOSED AT 10 THOUSAND 690, DOWN 75 POINTS. THE STANDARD AND POOR'S 500 INDEX CLOSED AT 13 HUNDRED 18, UP ONE POINT. THE NASDAQ INDEX GAINED ALMOST TWO PERCENT, REFLECTING A REBOUND IN SOME TECHNOLOGY STOCKS.

    RISING LONG-TERM INTEREST RATES CAUSED A SELL-OFF IN SOME STOCKS, ESPECIALLY THOSE OF LARGE CORPORATIONS SUCH AS THE 30 STOCKS WHICH COMPRISE THE INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE. THE YIELD ON THE 30-YEAR U-S GOVERNMENT BOND ROSE ABOVE SIX PERCENT.

    ///BEGIN OPT///

    BARRY HYMAN OF THE EHRENKRANTZ INVESTMENT COMPANY SAYS A LONG-TERM INTEREST RATE ABOVE SIX PERCENT HAS TRIGGERED SOME SERIOUS CONCERN AMONG MANY STOCK TRADERS.

    /// OPT - HYMAN ACT ///

    THE MARKET IS TOTALLY FOCUSED ON INTEREST RATES AT THIS POINT BECAUSE SIX PERCENT OR HIGHER REPRESENTS A VERY CRITICAL LEVEL FOR THE MARKET IN TERMS OF VALUATION PROBLEMS.

    /// END ACT -- END OPT///

    THOSE ATTENDING AN INTERNATIONAL BANKERS CONFERENCE IN PHILADELPHIA WERE TREATED TO A CLOSED-DOOR SPEECH BY U-S CENTRAL BANK CHAIRMAN ALAN GREENSPAN. AFTER THE SPEECH MANY BANKERS SAID THAT, ALTHOUGH MR. GREENSPAN SAID NOTHING SPECIFIC ABOUT INTEREST RATES, THEY BELIEVE U-S SHORT-TERM INTEREST RATES WILL LIKELY RISE IN THE NEAR FUTURE.

    /// REST OPT FOR LONG ///

    PROCTER AND GAMBLE WILL CUT 15 THOUSAND JOBS OR ABOUT 13 PERCENT OF ITS WORLDWIDE WORK FORCE. THE CONSUMER PRODUCTS COMPANY SAYS THE MOVE WILL RESULT IN COST SAVINGS OF ALMOST ONE BILLION DOLLARS OVER THE NEXT FOUR YEARS.

    LOCKHEED MARTIN, ONE OF THE LEADING U-S DEFENSE CONTRACTORS, SAYS ITS SECOND QUARTER EARNINGS WILL BE FAR SHORT OF WALL STREET ESTIMATES. THE COMPANY BLAMES DELAYS IN COMPLETION OF A NEW JET AIRCRAFT DESIGN AND FEWER ORDERS FOR ITS COMMERCIAL SATELLITES. ALLSTATE, ONE OF THE LARGEST INSURANCE COMPANIES IN THE UNITED STATES, WILL PAY ONE POINT TWO BILLION DOLLARS FOR THE AUTO AND HOMEOWNERS INSURANCE BUSINESSES OF THE C-N-A FINANCIAL CORPORATION. THE DEAL WILL GIVE ALL STATE AN ADDITIONAL 38 HUNDRED SALES AGENTS IN THE UNITED STATES.

    SOME TOP EXECUTIVE CHANGES WERE ANNOUNCED AT EASTMAN KODAK, THE PHOTOGRAPHY GIANT. GEORGE FISHER WILL STEP DOWN AS CHIEF EXECUTIVE TO BE REPLACED BY DANIEL CARP, A 29-YEAR VETERAN OF THE COMPANY. MR. FISHER WILL REMAIN CHAIRMAN OF KODAK FOR THE NEXT TWO YEARS. INTEL, THE WORLD'S LARGEST COMPUTER CHIP MAKER, WILL START USING 300-MILIMETER SEMICONDUCTOR WAFERS. THE COMPANY SAYS CHIPS MADE ON THE NEW WAFER WILL CUT COSTS BY ABOUT 30 PERCENT.(SIGNED) NEB/NY/BA/LSF/PT
    09-Jun-99 5:10 PM EDT (2110 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [18] NATO / KOSOVO (L) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250420
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO AMBASSADORS ARE ACTIVATING THE PEACEKEEPING FORCES IN MACEDONIA TO MOVE IN JUST AS SOON AS THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION IS PASSED. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM NATO HEADQUARTERS, A BOMBING PAUSE IS NEEDED TO PASS THAT RESOLUTION.

    TEXT: NATO SEES SIGNS THE SERBS ARE PREPARING TO PULL THEIR TROOPS OUT OF KOSOVO. YUGOSLAV ARTILLERY IS SUPPORTING THOSE FORCES STILL FIGHTING THE KOSOVO LIBERATION ARMY IN SOUTHWESTERN KOSOVO. NATO MILITARY OFFICIALS SAY WHEN ARTILLERY IS USED IN THAT FASHION, IT COULD BE PREPARATION TO CLEAR THE WAY FOR WITHDRAWAL FROM THE BATTLEFIELD.

    TRANSPORTERS ARE BEING SENT FROM THE SOUTHERN SERBIAN CITY OF NIS TO BRING MILITARY EQUIPMENT OUT FROM NORTHERN KOSOVO. NATO SPOKESMAN JAMIE SHEA SAYS YUGOSLAV TROOPS THAT TRY TO LEAVE KOSOVO WITHOUT A FORMAL AGREEMENT CAN STILL BE BOMBED BY NATO.

    /// SHEA ACT ///

    THE WHOLE PURPOSE OF THIS MILITARY TECHNICAL AGREEMENT IS TO ORGANIZE THIS IN A WAY THAT NATO CAN HAVE CONFIDENCE IN IT IN THE ABSENCE OF THIS MILITARY TECHNICAL AGREEMENT, NATO WILL NOT HAVE CONFIDENCE IN ANY SERB WITHDRAWAL WHICH WE COULD NOT EFFECTIVELY VERIFY, WHICH WE COULD ASCERTAIN TO BE COMPLETE OR INCOMPLETE. SO IT'S CLEARLY IN THE SERB INTEREST IN TERMS OF INSURING THE SAFEST POSSIBLE WITHDRAWAL OF THEIR FORCES THAT THEY CONCLUDE THIS TECHNICAL MILITARY AGREEMENT WITH THE ALLIANCE.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. SHEA SAYS NATO HAS NO INTENTION OF LETTING MUCH TIME LAPSE BETWEEN THE DEPARTURE OF THE SERB FORCES FROM KOSOVO AND THE ENTRANCE OF WHAT ARE NOW MORE THAN 17-THOUSAND NATO PEACEKEEPERS.

    /// SHEA ACT ///

    THERE MAY BE, IF YOU LIKE, IN GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS, A LITTLE GAP BETWEEN THE LAST BOOT OF THE SERB SOLDIER AND FIRST BOOT OF THE NATO SOLDIER, BUT IT WILL BE A FAIRLY SHORT GAP.

    /// END ACT ///

    NATO HAS REDUCED ITS BOMBING RAIDS SHARPLY AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA, CONCENTRATING THE FEW AIR STRIKES AGAINST SERB FORCES IN SOUTHWEST KOSOVO. THE OPTIMISM ABOUT THE MILITARY TALKS IN MACEDONIA EFFECTIVELY HALTED THE STRIKES, BUT A FORMAL SUSPENSION OF BOMBING WILL NOT BE DECLARED UNTIL NATO SEES THE SERBS START A FORMAL WITHDRAWAL FROM KOSOVO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RP/GE
    09-Jun-99 11:29 AM EDT (1529 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [19] NAVY / KOSOVO BOMBING (S) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250423
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO HAS REDUCED, BUT NOT STOPPED, ITS BOMBING CAMPAIGN AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA WHILE SERB AND NATO MILITARY OFFICIALS ARE WORKING OUT DETAILS OF A SERB WITHDRAWAL FROM KOSOVO. CORRESPONDENT JIM RANDLE REPORTS, WORD ON THE SLOWDOWN OF THE AIR ATTACKS CAME FROM THE COMMANDER THE NATO NAVAL FORCES FACING YUGOSLAVIA.

    TEXT: NAVY VICE ADMIRAL DAN MURPHY SAYS, CONTRARY TO REPORTS FROM GERMAN OFFICIALS, THE BOMBING HAS NOT STOPPED. BUT THE ADMIRAL WHO DIRECTS ACTION BY THE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS ASSIGNED TO NATO SAYS FEWER SORTIES ARE BEING FLOWN. HE SAYS THE FOCUS IS ON SERB FORCES OPERATING IN KOSOVO.

    SPEAKING BY SATELLITE LINK FROM HIS FLAGSHIP (THE U-S-S MOUNT WHITNEY) OFF ITALY'S WEST COAST, ADMIRAL MURPHY SAYS NATO IS SEEING INDICATORS YUGOSLAV FORCES ARE PREPARING TO LEAVE SERBIA'S KOSOVO PROVINCE.

    THERE ARE AN ESTIMATED 40-THOUSAND SERB TROOPS, POLICE, AND PARAMILITARY FORCES STATIONED IN OR NEAR KOSOVO, AND GETTING THEM OUT IS ONE OF THE KEY GOALS OF NATO'S MILITARY AND DIPLOMATIC CAMPAIGNS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/JR/RAE
    09-Jun-99 1:08 PM EDT (1708 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [20] PEACEKEEPERS GET READY BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250435
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PENTAGON OFFICIALS SAY NATO BOMBING WILL CONTINUE UNTIL ALLIANCE OFFICIALS SEE FIRM EVIDENCE THAT SERB FORCES ARE LEAVING KOSOVO, AS SPECIFIED IN THE JUST-SIGNED MILITARY AGREEMENT. THOUSANDS OF INTERNATIONAL TROOPS ARE POISED JUST ACROSS THE BORDER IN MACEDONIA TO ENFORCE THE TERMS OF THE PEACE PACT. V-O-A'S JIM RANDLE REPORTS FROM THE PENTAGON.

    TEXT: NATO OFFICIALS SAY ABOUT 16-THOUSAND TROOPS FROM BRITAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND OTHER NATIONS WILL FORM THE CORE OF THE PEACEKEEPING FORCE CALLED "K-FOR."

    PENTAGON SPOKESMAN KEN BACON SAYS 17-HUNDRED U-S TROOPS, ALONG WITH TANKS, APACHE HELICOPTERS, AND ARTILLERY, ARE PACKING UP THEIR CAMP IN ALBANIA FOR THE BRIEF OVERLAND JOURNEY TO THE STAGING AREA IN MACEDONIA. HE SAYS THEY CAN BE JOINED IN THREE OR FOUR DAYS BY 19-HUNDRED U-S MARINES NOW ABOARD SHIPS OFF THE GREEK COAST.

    MR. BACON SAYS THE K-FOR SOLDIERS ARE TRYING TO MAKE IT SAFE FOR DISPLACED ETHNIC ALBANIANS TO RETURN TO THEIR HOMES IN KOSOVO. HE SAYS THE HEAVILY-ARMED TROOPS WILL BE READY FOR WHATEVER THEY FACE.

    /// BACON ACT ///

    I THINK THEY HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT MINES, I THINK THEY HAVE TO BEWARE OF SNIPERS OR PEOPLE WHO HAVE NOT PULLED OUT, WHO SHOULD HAVE BUT DID'NT PULL OUT, WHO HIDE IN THE TREES OF THE FOREST. I'M NOT PREDICTING THAT WILL HAPPEN, BUT ANY MILITARY FORCE WOUD HAVE TO BE WORRIED ABOUT THAT AND TAKE MEASURES TO PROTECT AGAI THE PENTAGON SPOKESMAN SAYS EVENTUALLY A SMALL NUMBER OF SERB SOLDIERS, PERHAPS A FEW HUNDRED, MAY BE BROUHELP FIND AND DISARM THE MINES THEY HAVE PLANTED. NEWS REPORTS SAY THE SERBS WILL HAVE TO PROVIDE MAPS OF RUSSIAN SOLDIERS ARE ALSO EXPECTED TO PARTICIPATE IN K-FOR, BUT THE DETAILS HAVE NOT BEEN WORKED OUT. (SIGNNNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [21] RUSSIA/U-S/KOSOVO (S ONLY) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250424
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:
    /// EDS: DEPUTY SECRETARY TALBOTT ARRIVES 3:30 UTC. GENERALS' ARRIVAL MAY BE DELAYED BY STALLED TALKS IN MACEDONIA ///

    INTRO: A TEAM OF U-S OFFICIALS IS DUE IN MOSCOW SHORTLY TO WORK OUT ARRANGEMENTS FOR INCLUDING RUSSIA IN A KOSOVO PEACEKEEPING FORCE. V-O-A MOSCOW CORRESPONDENT PETER HEINLEIN HAS DETAILS.

    TEXT: DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE STROBE TALBOTT FLIES INTO MOSCOW THURSDAY. A PAIR OF SENIOR U-S GENERALS IS ALSO EXPECTED FOLLOWING COMPLETION OF TALKS IN MACEDONIA WITH YUGOSLAV MILITARY OFFICIALS. IN MOSCOW, THE GENERALS PLAN TO MEET A TEAM OF SENIOR RUSSIAN OFFICERS ON INTEGRATING RUSSIAN TROOPS INTO A KOSOVO PEACE FORCE.

    THE TWO SIDES ARE SAID TO BE FAR APART ON THE ISSUE. THE UNITED STATES WANTS A UNIFIED FORCE, UNDER A NATO GENERAL. RUSSIA INSISTS ITS TROOPS WILL NOT BE UNDER NATO COMMAND.

    THE RUSSIAN TEAM IS BEING LED BY GENERAL LEONID IVASHOV, WHO HAS PUBLICLY COMPLAINED THAT MOSCOW'S POSITIONS HAVE BEEN IGNORED IN EFFORTS TO SETTLE THE BALKAN CRISIS.

    A RUSSIAN SPOKESMAN SAYS DEPUTY SECRETARY TALBOTT MAY JOIN THE TALKS, ALONG WITH RUSSIA'S BALKANS ENVOY VICTOR CHERNOMYRDIN. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PFH/GE/GM
    09-Jun-99 1:40 PM EDT (1740 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [22] RUSSIA/U-S/KOSOVO BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-43613
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT: /// EDS. TALBOTT DUE IN MOSCOW 330 UTC THURSDAY. TALKS NOT LIKELY TO BEGIN UNTIL 700 UTC. ///

    INTRO: SENIOR U-S OFFICIALS ARE DUE IN MOSCOW SHORTLY FOR WHAT ARE EXPECTED TO BE DIFFICULT TALKS ON RUSSIA'S ROLE IN A KOSOVO PEACEKEEPING FORCE. RUSSIA IS PREPARING TO COMMIT AS MANY AS 10-THOUSAND TROOPS TO THE FORCE -- BUT REFUSES TO PLACE THEM UNDER NATO COMMAND. V-O-A MOSCOW CORRESPONDENT PETER HEINLEIN REPORTS THAT THE TALKS ARE COMPLICATED BY THE RECENT DOWNTURN IN U-S - RUSSIA RELATIONS.

    TEXT: DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE STROBE TALBOTT FLIES INTO MOSCOW THURSDAY TO DISCUSS WHAT ARE CALLED "COMMAND ARRANGEMENTS", OR WAYS OF INTEGRATING RUSSIAN TROOPS INTO THE KOSOVO PEACE FORCE.

    A PAIR OF U-S GENERALS IS ALSO EXPECTED TO ARRIVE FOLLOWING MEETINGS IN MACEDONIA WITH YUGOSLAV MILITARY OFFICIALS.

    THE CHALLENGE THEY FACE WILL BE FINDING A WAY TO RECONCILE TWO SEEMINGLY CONTRADICTORY POSITIONS. THE UNITED STATES WANTS A PEACEKEEPING FORCE UNDER A UNIFIED COMMAND WITH A NATO CORE. RUSSIA INSISTS ITS TROOPS WILL NOT BE UNDER NATO COMMAND.

    FOUR YEARS AGO, DIPLOMATS OVERCAME RUSSIAN OBJECTIONS IN PUTTING TOGETHER A BOSNIA PEACE FORCE. BUT MILITARY ANALYST DMITRY TRENIN OF THE MOSCOW CARNEGIE CENTER SAYS THIS TIME THE CHALLENGE WILL BE GREATER.

    ///TRENIN ACT///

    THE CHANGE BETWEEN THE KOSOVO OPERATION AND THE BOSNIA OPERATION IS THAT RUSSIA AND NATO ARE NOT PARTNERS THE WAY THEY WERE FOUR YEARS AGO. THERE'S A TREMENDOUS SENSE OF RESENTFULNESS, TO PUT IT VERY MILDLY, WITH RESPECT TO NATO ACTIONS, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE TOP RANKS OF THE RUSSIAN DEFENSE ESTABLISHMENT.

    ///END ACT///

    LEADING THE RUSSIAN DELEGATION AT THURSDAY'S TALKS WITH BE COLONEL GENERAL LEONID IVASHOV, THE HAWKISH CHIEF OF THE DEFENSE MINISTRY'S INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION DEPARTMENT. IN WHAT RUSSIAN TELEVISION CALLED AN EXTRAORDINARY EVENT LAST WEEK, GENERAL IVASHOV PUBLICLY CRITICIZED BALKANS ENVOY VICTOR CHERNOMYRDIN AS THE TWO MEN RETURNED FROM BELGRADE.

    WITH MR. CHERNOMYRDIN STANDING BESIDE HIM, THE GENERAL SAID MILITARY LEADERS WERE UPSET THAT NATO HAD PUSHED RUSSIA TO THE SIDELINES IN ARRANGING A SETTLEMENT OF THE BALKANS CONFLICT.

    THE TALKS THURSDAY ARE EXPECTED TO BE CONTENTIOUS, BUT ANALYST DMITRY TRENIN SAYS A PLAN IS BEING DRAWN UP THAT WILL SKIRT THE APPARENT CONTRADICTIONS.

    ///TRENIN ACT///

    I WOULD GUESS THAT WHAT WE WILL HAVE IN KOSOVO IS A U-N SANCTIONED OPERATION WHICH WILL BE IMPLEMENTED BY A NATO-LED FORCE WHICH WILL HAVE AN AD HOC RELATIONSHIP WITH THE RUSSIAN ELEMENT.

    ///END ACT///

    MR. TRENIN SAYS THE RUSSIAN ELEMENT WILL BE FORMALLY UNDER MOSCOW'S COMMAND, BUT WILL COOPERATE WITH NATO THROUGH A LIAISON ARRANGEMENT, RATHER THAN A COMMAND CHAIN, AS WAS THE CASE IN BOSNIA.

    THE ANALYST POINTS OUT THE DEAL IS LIKELY TO BE ACCEPTED EVEN BY RUSSIAN HARDLINERS BECAUSE IT WILL BEAR THE HAWKISH GENERAL IVASHOV'S SIGNATURE.

    THURSDAY'S NEGOTIATIONS ARE ALSO LIKELY TO SEE THE RE-EMERGENCE OF BALKANS ENVOY CHERNOMYRDIN. MR. CHERNOMYRDIN HAS MAINTAINED A LOW PROFILE IN THE FACE OF INTENSE DOMESTIC CRITICISM OF HIS NEGOTIATING TACTICS, NOT ONLY FROM GENERAL IVASHOV BUT FROM INFLUENTIAL MOSCOW MAYOR YURI LUZHKOV. BUT WITH RUSSIA COMING IN FOR INCREASING PRAISE FOR ITS ROLL IN HELPING WITH THE KOSOVO CRISIS, THE ENVOY APPEARED ON A RADIO PROGRAM WEDNESDAY TO ANSWER HIS CRITICS.

    BUT A SPOKESMAN SAYS MR. CHERNOMYRDIN WILL MEET DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE TALBOTT THURSDAY, AND MAY ALSO JOIN IN -- WITH MR. TALBOTT -- ON THE SO-CALLED COMMAND ARRANGEMENTS TALKS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PFH/GE
    09-Jun-99 12:33 PM EDT (1633 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [23] TURKEY / HUMAN RIGHTS BY SCOTT BOBB (ANKARA)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-43607
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: ONE OF THE FOUNDERS OF THE TURKISH HUMAN RIGHTS MOVEMENT, AKIN BIRDAL, WEDNESDAY BEGAN THE SECOND WEEK OF A YEAR-LONG PRISON SENTENCE FOR ADVOCATING A PEACEFUL SOLUTION TO THE KURDISH PROBLEM IN TURKEY. HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS SAY THERE ARE NOW 149 INTELLECTUALS SERVING JAIL SENTENCES FOR ANTAGONIZING THE TURKISH STATE IN A SIMILAR MANNER. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT SCOTT BOBB HAS BEEN IN TURKEY AND FILED THIS REPORT.

    TEXT: THE HEAD OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS ASSOCIATION IN TURKEY, AKIN BIRDAL, WENT TO JAIL SAYING IT WAS SAD THAT ON THE EVE OF THE 21ST CENTURY A COUNTRY THAT PRIDES ITSELF ON ITS MODERNITY HAS IN ITS PRISONS SCORES OF ARTISTS, POLITICIANS AND INTELLECTUALS WHOSE CRIME WAS SPEAKING THEIR MINDS.

    MR. BIRDAL'S DEPUTY, NAZMI GUR (NAHZ' MEE GUUR) SAYS AUTHORITIES ARE INCREASINGLY CRACKING DOWN, DESPITE A PLEDGE BY THE RECENTLY ELECTED GOVERNMENT OF PRIME MINISTER BULENT ECEVIT, TO PRESS FOR GREATER FREEDOM AND DEMOCRACY.

    ///GUR ACT.///

    IT IS GETTING WORSE DAY BY DAY AND, AS YOU KNOW, WE HAVE A NATIONALISTIC COALITION WITH THE LEADER OF MR. ECEVIT AND WE READ THEIR COALITION PROGRAM AND WE COULDN'T FIND ANY SENTENCES, ANY WORD ON DEMOCRATIZATION OR ON HUMAN RIGHTS. NOTHING IN IT.

    ///END ACT.///

    MR. BIRDAL WAS CONVICTED OF INCITING RACIAL HATRED BECAUSE HE GAVE A SPEECH CALLING FOR A PEACEFUL SOLUTION TO THE KURDISH REBELLION IN TURKEY. THE TURKISH GOVERNMENT REFUSES TO NEGOTIATE WITH THE KURDS, SAYING THEY ARE TERRORISTS AND BANDITS.

    A PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL SCIENCE AT ANKARA UNIVERSITY, DOGU ERGIL (DOH-YOO EHR-GIHL), SAYS THE TURKISH STATE IS NOT BECOMING ANY HARDER, IT WAS ALWAYS HARD. BUT PROFESSOR ERGIL SAYS AUTHORITIES DO NOT ACCEPT THE DESIRE BY SOME PEOPLE FOR AN IDENTITY OTHER THAN THEIR OFFICIAL ONE.

    ///ERGIL ACT.///

    THEY ARE LOOKING FOR OTHER IDENTITIES, LIKE BELONGING TO A RELIGION OR A SECT OR TO AN ETHNICITY, OR TO BEING ADHERENT TO A PHILOSOPHY OR IDEOLOGY, WHICH WAS NEVER ALLOWED IN TURKEY. GROUP IDENTITIES WERE LOOKED UPON AS DIVISIVE ELEMENTS THROUGHOUT TURKISH POLITICAL HISTORY.

    ///END ACT.///

    //OPT//

    ISLAMIC POLITICIANS ARE ALSO FEELING THE HEAVY HAND OF THE STATE. A NUMBER OF ISLAMIC PARTIES HAVE BEEN BANNED SINCE THEY BEGAN TO FORM IN THE 1970S BECAUSE THE TURKISH STATE IS STRICTLY SECULAR AND DOES NOT ALLOW POLITICAL PARTIES ON RELIGIOUS GROUNDS.

    MERVE KARVAKCI (MER-VEH KAR-VAK-CHEE) IS A MEMBER OF THE NEWEST OF THESE PARTIES, THE VIRTUE PARTY. MS. KARVAKCI WAS ELECTED LAST APRIL, BUT WAS PREVENTED FROM TAKING HER OATH OF OFFICE BECAUSE SHE WORE A HEADSCARF INTO THE ASSEMBLY ROOM -- WHICH IS AGAINST THE RULES.

    MS. KARVAKCI NOTES THERE ARE CALLS TO BAN HER PARTY AS WELL, BUT SHE SAYS SUCH EFFORTS ULTIMATELY WILL NOT SUCCEED.

    ///KARVAKCI ACT.///

    YOU CAN CLOSE DOWN THE OFFICES OF THE PARTIES. BUT I THINK WHAT WE REALLY NEED TO THINK ABOUT IS WHERE THESE PARTIES ARE COMING FROM. WHAT ARE THE NEEDS THAT ARE CAUSING THESE PARTIES TO BE FORMED AND ESTABLISHED?

    ///END ACT./////END OPT//

    LONGTIME OBSERVERS NOTE THAT THE MILITARY HISTORICALLY HAS PLAYED AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN THE TURKISH STATE. AND OFFICERS HAVE STAGED THREE COUP D'ETATS, WHEN CIVILIAN POLITICIANS WERE DEEMED UNABLE TO GOVERN. THEY SAY THESE ARE PRAGMATIC LEADERS WHO ON A DAILY BASIS MUST MAKE LIFE OR DEATH DECISIONS THAT SOMETIMES DO NOT PLEASE INTELLECTUALS AND FREE THINKERS.

    PROFESSOR ERGIL SAYS, HOWEVER, THAT THOSE IN POWER ARE AFRAID THAT IF THEY ARE TOLERANT THEY WILL BE VIEWED AS WEAK.

    ///SECOND ERGIL ACT.///

    THE TURKISH POLITICAL SYSTEM FROM ITS VERY INCEPTION HAS CONFUSED UNITY, WHICH IS BORN OUT OF DIVERSITY, WITH UNIFORMITY. SO UNIFORMITY IS NOW BEING QUESTIONED IN THE NAME OF DEMOCRACY. AND NOW DEMOCRACY HAS BECOME A SUSPECT.

    ///END ACT.///

    HOWEVER, HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVISTS NOTE THAT TURKEY HAS A STRONG DESIRE TO BE A MODERN STATE AND IT HAS APPLIED FOR ADMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION. ADMISSION TO THE E-U HAS BEEN DENIED SO FAR PARTLY BECAUSE OF TURKEY'S HUMAN RIGHTS RECORD.

    ACTIVISTS SAY IF TURKEY WANTS TO BE CONSIDERED A PART OF THIS COMMUNITY OF NATIONS, IT MUST HOLD ITSELF TO SIMILAR STANDARDS AND IT MUST WORK TO ALLOW MORE INDIVIDUAL FREEDOMS.

    THEY EXPECT THE STRUGGLE TO BE A LONG ONE, BUT THEY SAY, LIKE AKIN BIRDAL, NOW IN PRISON FOR ADVOCATING PEACE, THEY WILL NOT GIVE UP. (SIGNED)
    NEB/SB/GE
    09-Jun-99 7:23 AM EDT (1123 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [24] TURKEY / HUMAN RIGHTS BY SCOTT BOBB (ANKARA)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-43607
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: ONE OF THE FOUNDERS OF THE TURKISH HUMAN RIGHTS MOVEMENT, AKIN BIRDAL, WEDNESDAY BEGAN THE SECOND WEEK OF A YEAR-LONG PRISON SENTENCE FOR ADVOCATING A PEACEFUL SOLUTION TO THE KURDISH PROBLEM IN TURKEY. HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS SAY THERE ARE NOW 149 INTELLECTUALS SERVING JAIL SENTENCES FOR ANTAGONIZING THE TURKISH STATE IN A SIMILAR MANNER. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT SCOTT BOBB HAS BEEN IN TURKEY AND FILED THIS REPORT.

    TEXT: THE HEAD OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS ASSOCIATION IN TURKEY, AKIN BIRDAL, WENT TO JAIL SAYING IT WAS SAD THAT ON THE EVE OF THE 21ST CENTURY A COUNTRY THAT PRIDES ITSELF ON ITS MODERNITY HAS IN ITS PRISONS SCORES OF ARTISTS, POLITICIANS AND INTELLECTUALS WHOSE CRIME WAS SPEAKING THEIR MINDS.

    MR. BIRDAL'S DEPUTY, NAZMI GUR (NAHZ' MEE GUUR) SAYS AUTHORITIES ARE INCREASINGLY CRACKING DOWN, DESPITE A PLEDGE BY THE RECENTLY ELECTED GOVERNMENT OF PRIME MINISTER BULENT ECEVIT, TO PRESS FOR GREATER FREEDOM AND DEMOCRACY.

    ///GUR ACT.///

    IT IS GETTING WORSE DAY BY DAY AND, AS YOU KNOW, WE HAVE A NATIONALISTIC COALITION WITH THE LEADER OF MR. ECEVIT AND WE READ THEIR COALITION PROGRAM AND WE COULDN'T FIND ANY SENTENCES, ANY WORD ON DEMOCRATIZATION OR ON HUMAN RIGHTS. NOTHING IN IT.

    ///END ACT.///

    MR. BIRDAL WAS CONVICTED OF INCITING RACIAL HATRED BECAUSE HE GAVE A SPEECH CALLING FOR A PEACEFUL SOLUTION TO THE KURDISH REBELLION IN TURKEY. THE TURKISH GOVERNMENT REFUSES TO NEGOTIATE WITH THE KURDS, SAYING THEY ARE TERRORISTS AND BANDITS.

    A PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL SCIENCE AT ANKARA UNIVERSITY, DOGU ERGIL (DOH-YOO EHR-GIHL), SAYS THE TURKISH STATE IS NOT BECOMING ANY HARDER, IT WAS ALWAYS HARD. BUT PROFESSOR ERGIL SAYS AUTHORITIES DO NOT ACCEPT THE DESIRE BY SOME PEOPLE FOR AN IDENTITY OTHER THAN THEIR OFFICIAL ONE.

    ///ERGIL ACT.///

    THEY ARE LOOKING FOR OTHER IDENTITIES, LIKE BELONGING TO A RELIGION OR A SECT OR TO AN ETHNICITY, OR TO BEING ADHERENT TO A PHILOSOPHY OR IDEOLOGY, WHICH WAS NEVER ALLOWED IN TURKEY. GROUP IDENTITIES WERE LOOKED UPON AS DIVISIVE ELEMENTS THROUGHOUT TURKISH POLITICAL HISTORY.

    ///END ACT.///

    //OPT//

    ISLAMIC POLITICIANS ARE ALSO FEELING THE HEAVY HAND OF THE STATE. A NUMBER OF ISLAMIC PARTIES HAVE BEEN BANNED SINCE THEY BEGAN TO FORM IN THE 1970S BECAUSE THE TURKISH STATE IS STRICTLY SECULAR AND DOES NOT ALLOW POLITICAL PARTIES ON RELIGIOUS GROUNDS.

    MERVE KARVAKCI (MER-VEH KAR-VAK-CHEE) IS A MEMBER OF THE NEWEST OF THESE PARTIES, THE VIRTUE PARTY. MS. KARVAKCI WAS ELECTED LAST APRIL, BUT WAS PREVENTED FROM TAKING HER OATH OF OFFICE BECAUSE SHE WORE A HEADSCARF INTO THE ASSEMBLY ROOM -- WHICH IS AGAINST THE RULES.

    MS. KARVAKCI NOTES THERE ARE CALLS TO BAN HER PARTY AS WELL, BUT SHE SAYS SUCH EFFORTS ULTIMATELY WILL NOT SUCCEED.

    ///KARVAKCI ACT.///

    YOU CAN CLOSE DOWN THE OFFICES OF THE PARTIES. BUT I THINK WHAT WE REALLY NEED TO THINK ABOUT IS WHERE THESE PARTIES ARE COMING FROM. WHAT ARE THE NEEDS THAT ARE CAUSING THESE PARTIES TO BE FORMED AND ESTABLISHED?

    ///END ACT./////END OPT//

    LONGTIME OBSERVERS NOTE THAT THE MILITARY HISTORICALLY HAS PLAYED AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN THE TURKISH STATE. AND OFFICERS HAVE STAGED THREE COUP D'ETATS, WHEN CIVILIAN POLITICIANS WERE DEEMED UNABLE TO GOVERN. THEY SAY THESE ARE PRAGMATIC LEADERS WHO ON A DAILY BASIS MUST MAKE LIFE OR DEATH DECISIONS THAT SOMETIMES DO NOT PLEASE INTELLECTUALS AND FREE THINKERS.

    PROFESSOR ERGIL SAYS, HOWEVER, THAT THOSE IN POWER ARE AFRAID THAT IF THEY ARE TOLERANT THEY WILL BE VIEWED AS WEAK.

    ///SECOND ERGIL ACT.///

    THE TURKISH POLITICAL SYSTEM FROM ITS VERY INCEPTION HAS CONFUSED UNITY, WHICH IS BORN OUT OF DIVERSITY, WITH UNIFORMITY. SO UNIFORMITY IS NOW BEING QUESTIONED IN THE NAME OF DEMOCRACY. AND NOW DEMOCRACY HAS BECOME A SUSPECT.

    ///END ACT.///

    HOWEVER, HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVISTS NOTE THAT TURKEY HAS A STRONG DESIRE TO BE A MODERN STATE AND IT HAS APPLIED FOR ADMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION. ADMISSION TO THE E-U HAS BEEN DENIED SO FAR PARTLY BECAUSE OF TURKEY'S HUMAN RIGHTS RECORD.

    ACTIVISTS SAY IF TURKEY WANTS TO BE CONSIDERED A PART OF THIS COMMUNITY OF NATIONS, IT MUST HOLD ITSELF TO SIMILAR STANDARDS AND IT MUST WORK TO ALLOW MORE INDIVIDUAL FREEDOMS.

    THEY EXPECT THE STRUGGLE TO BE A LONG ONE, BUT THEY SAY, LIKE AKIN BIRDAL, NOW IN PRISON FOR ADVOCATING PEACE, THEY WILL NOT GIVE UP. (SIGNED)
    NEB/SB/GE
    09-Jun-99 7:23 AM EDT (1123 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [25] U-N / KOSOVO AGREEMENT (L-ONLY) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250426
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: AT UNITED NATIONS HEADQUARTERS IN NEW YORK, THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL IS PREPARING TO VOTE ON A DRAFT RESOLUTION ON A KOSOVO PEACE PLAN. DIPLOMATS SAY A VOTE COULD TAKE PLACE LATER TODAY (WEDNESDAY) OR THURSDAY. V-O-A'S MAX RUSTON REPORTS FROM OUR U-N BUREAU.

    TEXT: MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL HAVE BEEN HOLDING INFORMAL DISCUSSIONS ON THE DRAFT RESOLUTION AS THEY WAIT FOR THE CONCLUSION OF MILITARY TALKS BETWEEN NATO AND YUGOSLAVIA IN MACEDONIA. U-N REPRESENTATIVES OF NATO COUNTRIES SAY THEY EXPECT FEW CHANGES IN THE TEXT OF THE DRAFT RESOLUTION, WHICH WAS WRITTEN BY MINISTERS OF THE G-8 COUNTRIES IN GERMANY EARLIER THIS WEEK.

    BUT CHINA APPEARS TO BE TAKING A DIFFERENT APPROACH TO THE ISSUE, AND, IN NEW YORK, HAS SUBMITTED A LIST OF SEVEN AMENDMENTS TO THE DRAFT RESOLUTION. BEIJING WANTS TO LIMIT AUTHORIZATION OF THE USE OF FORCE TO THE PROTECTION OF INTERNATIONAL PERSONNEL IN YUGOSLAVIA, IN ORDER TO PREVENT ANY JUSTIFICATION OF FURTHER NATO STRIKES. IT ALSO WANTS TO REQUIRE SECURITY COUNCIL APPROVAL FOR ANY CONTINUATION OF THE SECURITY PRESENCE IN KOSOVO BEYOND 12 MONTHS. THE CURRENT DRAFT OF THE RESOLUTION SAYS THE SECURITY PRESENCE WILL CONTINUE ITS MISSION BEYOND 12 MONTHS, UNLESS THE COUNCIL DECIDES OTHERWISE.

    THE DRAFT RESOLUTION AUTHORIZES DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE IN KOSOVO TO ENSURE SAFE CONDITIONS FOR THE RETURN OF REFUGEES. IT ALSO CALLS FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INTERIM ADMINISTRATION WITH SUBSTANTIAL AUTONOMY IN THE YUGOSLAV PROVINCE.

    WESTERN DIPLOMATS SAY IT IS UNLIKELY THE CHINESE AMENDMENTS WILL BE ACCEPTED. BUT THEY EXPECT CHINA TO SIMPLY ABSTAIN FROM VOTING, IF THAT IS THE CASE, RATHER THAN VETO THE DRAFT RESOLUTION.

    THEY SAY THE MAIN ISSUE THAT COULD TRIGGER A VETO FROM CHINA OR RUSSIA IS THE CONTINUATION OF NATO STRIKES AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA. CHINA AND RUSSIA SAY THEY WILL NOT APPROVE ANY RESOLUTION ON THE KOSOVO PEACE PLAN UNTIL THE NATO STRIKES HAVE STOPPED. NATO HAS INDICATED IT WILL SUSPEND ITS STRIKES ONCE IT IS CLEAR THAT YUGOSLAVIA HAS STARTED REMOVING ITS TROOPS FROM KOSOVO. (SIGNED) NEB/UN/MPR/LSF/WTW
    09-Jun-99 2:24 PM EDT (1824 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [26] WEDNESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY NICK SIMEONE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=06/9/99
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-11329
    TELEPHONE=619-2702
    EDITOR=ASSIGNMENTS
    CONTENT=

    /// ED'S: MATERIAL DATED AFTER 10 P-M EASTERN TIME ///

    INTRO: ELECTIONS IN INDONESIA AND THE POSSIBILITY THAT ALGERIA'S CIVIL WAR MAY HAVE REACHED A TURNING POINT ARE A FEW OF THE ISSUES GRABBING THE ATTENTION OF EDITORIAL WRITERS AT SOME OF AMERICA'S MAJOR NEWSPAPERS. HERE WITH A SAMPLING IS ___________ WITH TODAY'S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: A BIG STEP FOR INDONESIA IS HOW THE LOS ANGELES TIMES HEADLINES ITS LEAD EDITORIAL WEDNESDAY. MONDAY'S ELECTIONS, THE PAPER WRITES, TAKE THE WORLD'S LARGEST MUSLIM NATION A STEP FORWARD.

    VOICE: THE FIRST CHALLENGE THE NEW LEADERS WILL FACE IS RESTORING FAITH IN THE GOVERNMENT. SUHARTO'S GOLKAR, ALTHOUGH RUNNING A DISTANT THIRD IN THE EARLY BALLOT COUNT, IS UNLIKELY TO RELINQUISH POWER WITHOUT RESORTING TO ITS OLD TRICKS OF BUYING INFLUENCE. IT HAS BOTH THE WEALTH AND THE WELL-OILED PARTY MACHINE TO INFLUENCE THE FORMATION OF THE NEW GOVERNMENT AND THE ELECTION OF A NEW PRESIDENT IN NOVEMBER. SO IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT THE WINNING PARTIES IN THE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION DON'T LOSE THEIR ADVANTAGE IN BACK ROOM BARGAINING.

    TEXT: ANOTHER MUSLIM NATION -- ALGERIA -- IS CONSIDERING GRANTING AMNESTY TO MEMBERS OF THE ISLAMIC SALVATION ARMY WHICH HAS BEEN FIGHTING THE MILITARY GOVERNMENT EVER SINCE THE ANNULMENT OF ELECTIONS IN 1991 THAT ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISTS WERE POISED TO WIN. THE BOSTON GLOBE CALLS THE PROPOSAL A SMART MOVE BY PRESIDENT ABDELAZIZ BOUTEFLIKA, ONE THAT COULD BE KEY TO ENDING THE COUNTRY'S BLOODY CIVIL WAR.

    VOICE: UNDER THE CURRENT AGREEMENT ON AMNESTY FOR THE ISLAMIC SALVATION ARMY, ITS LEADER, MEDANI MEZRAG, PROMISED THAT THE GROUP WILL "ABANDON DEFINITIVELY ITS ARMED ACTIVITIES AGAINST THE AUTHORITIES." IN A LETTER SUNDAY TO BOUTEFLIKA, THE GROUP EVEN TOLD THE PRESIDENT IT INTENDS TO "PARTICIPATE IN THE STRUGGLE AGAINST TERRORISM." IF BOUTEFLIKA IS CLEVER ENOUGH TO EMBRACE AND CO-OPT THOSE ISLAMICISTS WILLING TO ENTER THE POLITICAL MAINSTREAM, HE MAY FINALLY BRING TO AN END ALGERIA'S LONG NIGHTMARE.

    TEXT: IN THE DAYS LEADING UP TO THIS MONTH'S G-8 SUMMIT IN GERMANY, THE NEW YORK TIMES IS URGING THE WORLD'S RICHEST DEMOCRACIES TO LIBERALIZE DEBT REDUCTION PROGRAMS DESIGNED TO HELP THE WORLD'S HAVE NOTS. THE TIMES WRITES THAT THE CURRENT RELIEF PROGRAM PUNISHES RATHER THEN HELPS MANY OF THE WORLD'S POOREST NATIONS.

    VOICE: ONE IS THAT THE STANDARDS FOR QUALIFYING (FOR RELIEF) -- SIX YEARS OF ADHERENCE TO AN I-M-F REFORM AND AUSTERITY PLAN -- ARE SO STRICT THAT ONLY UGANDA AND BOLIVIA HAVE SEEN ANY REDUCTION IN THEIR PAYMENTS, AND THAT HAS BEEN NEGLIGIBLE. ANOTHER IS THAT THE I-M-F'S AUSTERITY REQUIREMENTS HAVE FORCED COUNTRIES TO CUT BASIC SOCIAL SERVICES. WASHINGTON'S LIMITED PLAN, WHICH WILL PROBABLY WIN SUPPORT FROM THE OTHER G-7 COUNTRIES, WOULD ALLOW COUNTRIES TO QUALIFY FOR DEBT RELIEF MORE QUICKLY, FOCUS THE I-M-F ON THE IMPORTANCE OF SPENDING ON THE POOR, AND ALLOW SEVERAL NEW COUNTRIES TO QUALIFY.

    TEXT: THAT COMMENT FROM THE NEW YORK TIMES CONCLUDES THIS EDITION OF EDITORIAL DIGEST FOR WEDNESDAY, JUNE 9TH. (SIGNED)
    NEB/NJS/KL
    09-Jun-99 1:25 PM EDT (1725 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


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