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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 99-11-19

Anadolu Agency: News in English Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <>

[01] AA Daily

19 November 1999 Friday


[03] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Updated version of the Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) was signed in Istanbul on Friday by the leaders of the concerned countries. Heads of states and governments of 30 countries, including President Suleyman Demirel, signed the agreement. A ''final act'', including political announcements which the countries will issue related with the legal document, as well as the legal document which makes changes on CFE, was adopted. The new agreement determines the maximum arms and equipment systems which the 30 concerned countries will have. The countries will determine the maximimum arms and heavy equipment systems basing on the blocks. Thus, with the document signed in Istanbul, negotiations which started in 1996 after the splitting up of Warsaw Pact, regarding the adaptation of CFE to new conditions, have been concluded.


[05] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel said on Friday that updated version of the Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE), was very important for the security of concerned countries in the 21st Century. Demirel, who made a brief statement after the signing of the agreement, recalled that negotiations of the updated version of the CFE agreement were very hard. He said this agreement was very important for the future, and noted that it formed a ''cornerstone'' for the security. Demirel said all the sides were satified after CFE agreement, adding that this agreement was updated in accordance with the spirit of CFE.


[07] These are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on November 19, 1999. The Anadolu Ajansi does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.

[08] HURRIYET (LIBERAL) - ------------------ BRAVO TREATY The leaders which participated in the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit praised the arrangements organized by Turkey. Kofi Annan, the U.N. Secretary General said that ''we are grateful to Turkey as she welcomed us in a generous way just after the quake disaster.'' U.S. President Bill Clinton said ''I thank to Turkey for his great success in healing the wounds of the quake.''

[09] DENKTAS SURPRISE Rauf Denktas, the President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) arrived in Istanbul today. Denktas will meet with Kofi Annan to discuss the Cyprus issue just before the indirect talks that will be held in New York.

[10] MILLIYET (LIBERAL) - ----------------- LIGHTNING SUMMIT Kofi Annan, the United Nations Secretary General; Rauf Denktas, the President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC); and Glafcos Clerides, the leader of the Greek Cypriot side; will meet in Istanbul today. Annan will start the indirect talks which is planned to be started on December 3, 1999 in New York; today in Istanbul. Annan yesterday told State Minister Sukru Sina Gurel that he would meet with Clerides that day. He added that he would also like to meet Denktas.

[11] LADIES' DAY IN ISTANBUL The wives of the leaders visited Istanbul's historical sites when their husbands attended the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit. The rain could not prevent the ladies to take a tour in the city during the OSCE summit. The ladies were fascinated by the magnificent Sultanahmet Mosque.

[12] SABAH (LIBERAL) - --------------- CONSTRUCTION OF BAKU-CEYHAN PIPELINE TO BE COMPLETED IN 2004 The Baku-Ceyhan pipeline will be 1730 kilometres long. The project will cost 2.4 billion U.S. dollars. The construction will start in 2001 and will be over in three years. The natural gas pipeline will start pumping gas in 2002.

[13] ONAL: ''STANDBY AGREEMENT WILL BE SIGNED UNTIL DECEMBER 20'' State Minister Sumer Oral said that a standby agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) will be signed until December 20, 1999. Onal noted that they hope the limit of the financial support which will be taken within the framework of the stand-by agreement, will be increased. Onal added that the contacts and relations with the IMF is going well.

[14] CUMHURIYET (LEFT) - ---------------- STEP BACK FROM MOSCOW Russia bowed to the pressures and accepted Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to take a role in Chechnya. The crisis of Chechnya put its seal to the OSCE sumit which officially started in Istanbul on Thursday. Boris Yeltsin, Russian Head of State, who reacted to the harsh criticisms of Western countries, left the meeting hall. Yet, Moscow administration had to step back from Chechnya policy.

[15] CASPIAN TO BE CONNECTED TO THE MEDITERRANEAN Turkey, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and Georgia signed Baku-Ceyhan pipeline agreement after bargainings which lasted for years. Under the accord, Azeri oil will be carried to world markets as of the year 2004. An intent protocol, regarding transportation of Azeri natural gas to Turkey via Georgia with another pipeline, was also signed. President Suleyman Demirel said the straits were saved with the agreement.

[16] RADIKAL (LEFT) - --------------- WIFE AND DAUGHTER OF PRESIDENT CLINTON LIKES PERGE Hillary Rodham Clinton and Chelsea, the wife and daughter of U.S. President William Jefforson Clinton, visited southern Antalya province yesterday. First Lady who visited Aspendos and Perge ancient sites in Antalya, said that Turkish and Greek archeologists' sharing their knowledge carries importance for illumination of historical realities. Hillary Clinton said that the U.S. will give financial support to such cooperation.

[17] BILL GOES, WORKS OVER The infrastructural works in the Dogukisla temporary encampment which U.S. President Bill Clinton had visited the day before, were suspended. The officials tried to complete the infrastructural works in the temporary encampment before Clinton visited this place. However, following Clinton's visit, this encampment in which 5,000 quake survivors shelter, was forgotten.

[18] TURKIYE (RIGHT) - --------------- ENERGY AGREEMENTS SIGNED FINALLY The struggle which started in 1992 was concluded by the victory of Turkey. U.S. President Bill Clinton also participated in the signing of the agreements which will make Turkey an energy giant. President Suleyman Demirel said ''we are creating a new history here.''

[19] EPICENTER ISTANBUL The leaders which govern the world, form the next century in our country. The last summit of the century started in Cıragan Palace, Istanbul yesterday. The summit started by the opening remarks of President Suleyman Demirel.

[20] ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE) - ------------------ DREAM COMES TRUE The agreements on the Baku-Ceyhan pipeline project were signed in a magnificent ceremony held during the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit. President Suleyman Demirel, Azerbaijani President Haydar Aliyev and Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze signed the package agreements regarding the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline project. Thus, the dream Turkey has been imagining for seven years, has come true.

[21] CHECHNYA WAR IN OSCE SUMMIT Chechnya was the most important issue of the agenda of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit. Boris Yeltsin, the Russian President, said that what they do is struggling against terrorism. Yeltsin warned the other countries not to interfere with their own interior affairs. Then, Clinton responded to Yeltsin. Clinton said that they are against the methods that are being applied and that Moscow should take into consideration their reactions.


[23] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Belgian delegation later signed the updated version of the Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) agreement as it was late. The Belgian delegation signed the agreement after delegations from 29 countries signed it. Thus, 30 countries signed the agreement.


[25] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - The agreement which envisaged updating Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty to new conditions, and a ''Final Act'', including political announcements of the concerned countries, were signed on Friday. Viktor Orban, Hungarian Prime Minister, who headed the session which was attended by the Heads of State and Government of 30 countries which side CFE, said the hard consultations which lasted for than three years, yielded a result in the end. Hungarian Prime Minister pointed out that the side countries adapted a ''final act'' together with the updated version of the agreement. Orban asked the leaders of member countries if they have any opposition. The new agreement was adapted as there was no opposition. CFE Treaty was signed in Paris in November 1990, by members of NATO and the former Warsaw Pact. The landmark agreement established a secure and stable balance of conventional forces at dramatically lower levels than previously existed. In an effort to enhance military stability and scurity in Europe, a mandate for negotiations on the level of conventional armed forces in Europe was endorsed in Vienna during the third meeting of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE, now OSCE). The negotiations were carried out within the framework of the CSCE among 23 participating states, naemly those belonging to NATO and the Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO). The negotiations resulted in the legally binding agreement known as the CFE Treaty signed in Paris on November 19, 1990.

[26] Treaty Provisions

[27] 1-It determined equal ceilings for each group of States Parties in five major weapons and equipment systems categories; battle tanks (20,000), artillery pieces (20,000), armoured combat vehicles (30,000); combat aircraft (6,800); attack helicopters (2,000). These group ceilings were subsequently translated into national limits for each State Party. 2- Under an innovative ''suffiency rule'', it limited the proportion of armaments to be held by any single country to no more than one-third of the total limits set by the treaty. 3- It stipulated that arms or equipment beyond the agreed limits must be destroyed within 40 months of the Treaty entering into force. 4- It included a stringent information exchange regime, supplemented by a verfification regime consisting of infpections and the monitoring of destruction of Treaty-limited items in specific sites. 5-It provided a mandate for the establishment of a special body in Vienna, the Joint Consultative Group (JCG) whose membership includes all Parties. The JCG addresses questions relating to compliance with the provisions of the Treaty, resolves ambiguities and differences in interpretation, considers measures aimed at enhancing the viability and effectiveness of the Treaty, resolve technical questions, and examines any disputes arising out of implementation. The JCG was established in 1990. The historical significance of the CFE Treaty is considerable. During the cold war, Europe had been an area of intense confrontation with a high concentration of weapons. With the signing of the CFE Treaty, these countries embarked upon an unprecedented disarmament process which resulted in the destruction of more than 50,000 pieces of equipment, and introduced a far-reaching exchange of information and regular verification. In an effort to adjust the changes brought about by the end of the cold war, particularly the disintegration of the Warsaw Treaty Organization, the States Parties began in 1996 negotiations and that ''improving the operation of the treaty in the changing security environment in Europe.'' These consultations, which are concluded at the Istanbul Summit of OSCE Heads of State and Government, aim, inter alia, at opening up the Treaty for accession of states other than from NATO or the former Warsaw Pact. Also, the ceilings for Treaty Limited Equipment will be adjusted to National and territorial levels, rather than group levels. National ceilings determine the level for a single State Party. Territorial ceilings determine the amount of Treaty Limited Equipment for the territory of each Single State Party in Europe. The adapted CFE Treaty will move away from the past political structure of opposing blocs to limitations on single states.


[29] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - The presidents or prime ministers of the countries which are the side countries of the Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) arrived at the Lutfi Kirdar Sports and Exhibition Hall on Friday. The signature ceremony started with the opening speech of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban. The delegations of 29 countries participated in the ceremony while the Belgian delegation which was late for the ceremony, signed the CFE Treaty later. Gerhard Schroeder, the German Prime Minister, was the first leader who signed the CFE Treaty. U.S. President Bill Clinton and other leaders followed Schroeder. In the end of the signature ceremony, the officials announced that the agreement was successfully fulfilled. Meanwhile, the statements of Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin who said on November 1, 1999 that the situation in Chechnya was temporary and the situation would normalize soon, was included as a note in the final act which was adopted by the CFE Treaty. The agreement was signed by the presidents or prime ministers of Turkey, the U.S., Germany, Hungary, Italy, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Russia, Romania, Portugal, Poland, Norway, Moldova, Luxembourg, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Denmark, Spain, France, Georgia, Armenia, Britain, Greece, Italy, and Iceland.


[31] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - The souvenir shop at the Conrad Hotel presented U.S. President Bill Clinton with two neck-ties. Clinton entered into the souvenir shop of the Conrad Hotel where they were staying during the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit, on Thursday evening. The souvenir shop presented Clinton with two silk neck- ties, a scarf for his daughter Chelsea, and a present for his wife Hillary Clinton. Later, U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright entered into the shop. Albright bought three pillow case from the shop and paid 37.5 million Turkish liras for these.


[33] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel said on Friday that ''CFE carries importance not only due to the success it gained, but due to its providing our permanent and indivisible security.'' Speaking in the signing ceremony of updated version of CFE Agreement, Demirel stated that when CFE Treaty was signed in November 1990 in Paris, it was regarded as a document which would end the military conflict which continued in Europe for decades. Demirel said that this was a correct evaluation and the adaptation of CFE started in 1982. ''We were 22 countries in Europe in Paris, now we are 30 countries. It is very meaningful for us to convene here for signing a document which shows the importance of the agreement on control of complicated weapons in Europe,'' said Demirel. Demirel pointed out that updated CFE is a key instrument which will guide parties regarding existing and future efforts and added that CFE will continue to be the basis of the European security. This document is a common response to problems and changes that took place in the security atmosphere of Europe in the period following the CFE's entering into force, he said. Demirel stressed that the agreement was signed due to the efforts of the all negotiators in Vienna and those who apply CFE by a correct understanding. He added that the full implementation of existing agreements and additional documents carries vital importance till the agreement signed today enters into force.


[35] ANKARA, Nov 19 (A.A) - Third Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) will be held in the U.S. between November 30 and December 3, 1999. Oficials at the Foreign Trade Undersecretariat told A.A correspondent on Friday that the Third WTO Ministerial Conference to which the presidents and prime ministers of the member countries will attend, will be staged in Seattle city of the U.S. between November 30 and December 3, 1999. The ninth tour negotiations under the WTO will start by the declaration which is expected to be signed after the ministerial conference, the officials said. The officials noted that the negotiations in which the regulations on freeing the international trade, are foreseen to be completed in three years. State Minister Tunca Toskay will represent Turkey in the Third WTO Ministerial Conference, the officials stated. The officials stressed that Turkey will join the conference with a 25-member delegation, including Foreign Trade Undersecretary Kursad Tuzmen. The participants will try to overcome the disputes on the issues like the public purchases during the conference, the officials emphasized. The officials pointed out that the new fields of interest which will be taken up within the framework of WTO like electronic trade and environment. A total of 134 countries are the members of WTO while 30 countries are trying to become members of WTO; the officials said. The officials added that the participants will take up the disputes in market, agriculture, public purchases; the solution mechanism, facilitation of the trade and the services.


[37] BEIJING, Nov 19 (A.A) - General Ergin Celasin, the Armed Forces Commander, departed Beijing on Friday. Celasin who completed his contacts in China, left for Turkey. Celasin had met with Chi Haotian, Chinese Defense Minister; and had been briefed by the Chinese Armed Forces Command Center. The two sides had said that Celasin's visit to China would contribute to the bilateral cooperation and friendly relations during the contacts in China. Celasin had also visited Chiang, Nanchan, and Shangai cities of China.


[39] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - U.S. President Bill Clinton said on Friday that he won't submit the updated version of the Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) agreement to the U.S. Senate for approval unless Russia reduces its military personnel in Northern Caucasus. Clinton said in a written statement that he will submit the new agreement to the Senate when Russia decreases its forces in Northern Caucasus to the level of flank in line with the conditions of the updated version of CFE Agreement. Clinton reminded that Russia promised to abide by the new agreement adopted due to new conditions and stressed that this condition has to be fulfilled as soon as possible. He also expressed pleasure over Russia's accepting to sign the Security Charter which foresees recognition of international humanitarian interest even if they are the internal affairs of Russia.


[41] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Kofi Annan, the Secretary General of the United Nations (U.N.), met with Glafcos Clerides, the leader of the Greek Cypriot side, on Friday. Annan, who is in Istanbul for the Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit, accelerated the Cyprus talks after Rauf Denktas, the President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), said on Thursday evening that he would come to Istanbul. Annan met with Clerides at the Ciragan Palace. The meeting lasted for nearly half an hour. Clerides did not respond to the questions of the journalists following the meeting. Annan will meet with Denktas this evening.


[43] AMSTERDAM, Nov 19 (A.A) - The tension that erupted within the terrorist organization PKK after the capture of Abdullah Ocalan, the head of the terrorist organization, further escalated. Deniz Kılıc, a top member of the terrorist PKK was stabbed for criticizing Ocalan in the Hague, Netherlands. Kılıc was against the decision of Ocalan to ''give up arms.'' The Dutch police search for a person named Sevket Kırboga in connection with the murder, as he was sharing the flat with Kılıc.


[45] ANKARA, Nov 19 (A.A) - The Israeli humanitarian aid organization Latet, which is in cooperation with the Council of Turkish-Israeli Businessmen, sent two members of its rescue team to Duzce, Turkey on Friday. The Israeli Embassy said that the personnel is responsible for distributing the emergency aid composed of 2000 blankets and sleeping bags. Latet also sent aid to Turkey in the wake of the massive quake in Marmara on August 17.


[47] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Armenian President Robert Kocharyan said on Friday that the relations between Turkey and Armenia are in a new stage. Speaking in the last day of the OSCE summit, Kocharyan thanked to President Suleyman Demirel for Turkey's successful organization for the summit. He added that Armenia is determined to be a part of European values. The reforms in Armenia will continue and his country will try to be a part of European security and cooperation, Kocharyan said and added that they have always pursued a stable attitude regarding the European Security Charter. Kocharyan pointed out that terrorism has become a very dangerous concept in the international arena and added that they have always trusted Minsk group for the solution of Karabakh problem. He attributed importance to the solution of this problem. Armenian President voiced the claims of the so- called genocide on Armenians, and added that it is important to develop formulas to overcome this issue. Kocharyan ended that they wish Caucasus to be a region which will overcome all of its problems.


[49] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Costas Simitis, Greek Prime Minister, said on Friday that very positive developments were recorded in Turkish-Greek relations in recent period, adding that the two countries provided aid to each other as a result of cooperation. Simitis told A.A correspondent that there were cooperation in several fields between the two countries. ''I would like to mention a joint initiative taken within the framework of the U.N on natural disasters. Yet, we are not only limited with these. Joint committees are in an effort to look for ways for a more positive cooperation in the field of tourism, economy, and several other issues. Concrete dialog has recorded progress in concrete issues. It will continue and we hope it will produce results. We believe that we can contribute to the improvement of bilateral relations by getting required measures,'' Simitis said. He said, ''of course, the issues I mentioned are important. They are continental shelf and Cyprus issues. These should be solved. We believe that all these should be solved on the basis of principles of international law and agreements. The period of this century where the two states challenge and compete each other, and where problems are solved with violence and power, has remained in the past. The end of the Second World War and Cold War proved that the conflicts may be solved through agreements. If it is impossible to reach an agreement on a specific issue, applying to international institution or organization, like the International Court of Justice in the Hague, can be preferred. They can solve the conflict in an objective and acceptable way. I have mentioned about this thesis to Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit. If we can find a way for the solution of this problem, we can take a very big step. The solution is simple. Greece has proposed it: Let us send this issue to the International Court of Justice in the Hague to take a decision, as we could not reach an agreement so far. The decision will be objective, binding, and will not create contradiction in any of the sides.'' When asked what kind of a Turkish-Greek relationship he imagined, Simitis said, ''my dream is that peace should prevail in the region, and friendship, cooperation, and development should be provided. I can give you an example how this dream will function. You should visit Simi, which is a small island of the Dodecanese islands. There are big and beautiful buildings and houses. People of Simi lived with a developed social security system and the cost of the medical treatments was met by the municipality. The employment and health issues of the people of the region were under guarantee. All these were due to the positive relations and trade cooperation of the people of the island with the people of the opposite shores. Conditions have changed. Yet, I believe that this atmosphere I mentioned will guide you in the new world. We want positive relations between the two countries. Both countries may contribute to the providing of prosperity, eradication of nonsense nationalism, and prevent tensions. European Union is the field of peace and cooperation. This should be a prototype that should be valid in this region.''


[51] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Greek Prime Costas Simitis said on Friday that he has reiterated for many times that his country hailed the European perspective of Turkey. Simitis told A.A correspondent that the Turkish and Greek nations indicated that the path to be followed is cooperation and that they should pursue these demands. When asked a question saying, ''you say that inclusion of Turkey in the European Union (EU) will be for the benefit of Greece. Can you say that you can definitely support Turkey's candidacy in Helsinki?'', Simitis said, ''this is the extension of a policy which we support and which focuses on the necessity that the EU should embrace whole Europe for Europe to become a land of cooperation and security.'' Simitis continued, ''to this end, we supported the candidacies of Bulgaria and Romania. We believe that the elimination of borders, the movement of people and trade and the cooperation in all issues unite the nations, ensure more stability, and help overcome the earlier conflicts.'' ''I believe that Turkey's inclusion in the European process will help establishment of a land of peace and security due to the reasons I have mentioned. To this end, Turkey's inclusion in the EU should be encouraged. But, we should not carry the existing problems to the EU,'' Simitis added. Simitis said, ''the EU depends on some rules, some legal principles, and functions to reach a solution in the discussed issues. We said that Turkey's candidacy can be accepted under some conditions. We should announce these conditions to have positive results from Turkey's candidacy.'' When asked whether or not the Turkish-Greek relations cannot be improved without the Cyprus precondition, Simitis said, ''Cyprus question is a very important issue. It is an issue which does not concerns only Greece.'' ''Cyprus is an issue which also concerns the international community. The United Nations (U.N.) has dealt with this issue. There are the resolutions of the Security Council. The Secretary General has exerted efforts for many times,'' Simitis noted. ''We cannot say that this question is over. We cannot say that we forget it and it carries no importance. This question carries utmost importance. This question carries importance for us because it affects Turkish-Greek relations. We should receive positive responds to improve the relations in the long term,'' Simitis added. Mentioning the recent developments about the solution of Cyprus question, Simitis said that ''we welcome the recent development about the re-start of talks and believe that this can contribute to the solution. But these should be to the main point of the issue. The issues should be discussed first to get positive answers to problems. The repetition of talks is the response given to the written message of U.N. Secretary General, but this written message stems from the fact that the negotiations were interrupted in the past. Continuing something which has existed for a long time and which was cut off, won't change the situation completely. I believe that this is late and it should have been done before. The thing that will change the issue is a fundamental development regarding Cyprus issue.'' Referring to the Aegean crisis which emerged in 1996 between Turkey and Greece, Simitis said the tension today is less than the one in 1996. ''This is positive, a dialogue is carried out on certain issues and there is a better atmosphere today. Nations of both countries demand cooperation and overcoming the disagreements. The international public opinion started to feel that the two countries started to get closer to each other. I believe that the repetition of an incident like the one in 1996 will be completely out of question, but I can't assure guarantees that it won't happen in the future. I believe that countries' tendency to create such an incident will be very nonsense,'' he said. ''I can say that in this short period as I stayed in Istanbul, I understood that the Turkish nation-which is also valid for Greek nation- wishes the two countries to have very friendly relations. Turkish people's eyes are on Greece, just like Greek people's eyes are on Turkey for the creation of a better atmosphere. Turkish people have the opinion that all the steps taken for a closer contact are positive. I believe that we must continue this process. We have to discuss the problems that cause divergence and differences. The leaders of the two peoples have the mission of building the bridges of agreement and we tolerate these efforts,'' he said. Greek Premier Simitis ended his words by saying that ''Turkish-Greek relations have a future, peoples want that and they have shown that the solution is cooperation. We should follow these wishes.''


[53] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Premier Bulent Ecevit met with the prime ministers of Spain, Italy, and Hungary on Friday. Ecevit met with Spanish Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar, Hungarian Prime Minister Victor Orban and Italian Prime Minister Massimo D'Alema within the framework his bilateral contacts during the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit. Lamberto Dini, Italian Foreign Minister, also participated in Ecevit-D'Alema meeting. Ecevit also received Gunter Verhaugen, the European Union (EU) Commission responsible for the enlargement.


[55] STRASBOURG, Nov 19 (A.A) - The European Parliament (EP) ratified the earthquake loan for Turkey on Friday. The EP approved the 600 million euro earthquake loan which will be granted by the European Investment Bank to Turkey due to the Marmara quake. The European Union (EU) Commission had earlier proposed that the European Investment Bank should give 600 million Euro loan to Turkey due to the Marmara quake. Later, the EU Council had adopted this proposal. The low-interested loan will be used for the reconstruction of the quake-hit regions. The EU had decided to allocate 50 million Euros to Turkey from its budget of 2000.


[57] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - NATO Secretary General George Robertson said on Friday that the European Security Charter will help NATO by its international civil police and administrators by supporting the peace- keeping soldiers. Speaking to reporters before addressing the OSCE Summit as the NATO Secretary General, Robertson stated that the new OSCE Charter will ease the civilian mission burden of peace-keeping soldiers sent to crisis regions in Europe. The forces led by NATO in Bosnia and Kosovo couldn't achieve great success due to postponements in bringing civilian units. The European Security Charter foresees founding of ''civilian emergency intervention units'' for rapid re-building of legal order in societies which have just come out from war. Meanwhile, Robertson who met with Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov last night, said the relations between NATO and Russia are improving in spite of the clashes in Chechnya.


[59] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - The U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan met on Friday with Greek Premier Costas Simitis within the framework of the OSCE summit. The two took up the Cyprus question and Kosovo in the meeting. Responding to questions of journalists after the meeting, Greek Foreign Minister Yorgo Papandreau said that he also attended the meeting with Annan in which the Cyprus talks that will be held in New York on December 3 were discussed. ''We support the efforts of the U.N. Secretary General. The positive atmosphere and good relations between Turkey and Greece show that our people can live and work together. Likewise, it seems that the two peoples can live in peace on Cyprus,'' Papandreau said. Papandreau stated that Kosovo issue was also taken up at the meeting and added that Greece attributes great importance to the issue of humanitarian aid. Installing lasting peace in the region is the most important thing, said Papandreau and added that ''we have concerns in providing this. The war has ended but we exchanged views today about the re-construction of the region, which is very important now.''


[61] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Heads of State and Government of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) member countries signed on Friday Charter for European Security in Istanbul. The document was signed after the conclusion of speeches in Ciragan Palace. Kjell Magne Bondevik, Norwegian Prime Minister, and OSCE Term President, was the first one who signed the document. The document was later signed by the member countries. In the Charter For European Security, which is also defined as ''Istanbul Charter'', the sides agreed to: - Adopt the Platform for Cooperative Security, in order to strengthen cooperation between the OSCE and other international organizations and institutions, thereby making better use of the resources of the international community; - Develop the OSCE's role in peacekeeping, thereby better reflecting the Organization's comprehensive approach to security; - Create Rapid Expert Assistance and Cooperation Teams (REACT), thereby enabling the OSCE to respond quickly to demands for assistance and for large civilian field operations. - Expand ability to carry out police-related activities in order to assist in maintaining the primacy of law; - Establish an Operation Centre, in order to plan and deploy OSCE field operations; - Strengthen the consultation process within the OSCE by establishing the Prepatory Committee under the OSCE Permanent Council. The Heads of State or Government of the OSCE participating States, declared their firm commitment to a free, democratic, and more integrated OSCE area where participating States are at peace with each other, and individuals and communities live in freedom, prosperity, and security. To implement this committment, we have decided to take a number of new steps. Platform for Cooperative Security is adopted in order to strengthen cooperation between OSCE and other international organizations and institutions.


[63] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Saparmurad Turkmenbasi, President of Turkmenistan, on Friday expressed pleasure over the signing of ''Trans- Caspian Natural Gas Pipeline Project'', which will carry Turkmen natural gas to Turkey. Turkmenbasi, who attended OSCE Istanbul Summit, staged a news conference before his departure. He thanked to all senior Turkish officials due to their efforts for the natural gas project that was signed on Thursday. Turkmenbasi said 30 billion cubic meters Turkmen natural gas will be brought to Turkey as of the year 2002 with the agreement in question. He said 16 billion cubic meters of the natural gas will be used in Turkey, adding that this amount can be increased depending on the demands. Turkmenbasi said they have worked on this project for five years, adding that this period was put off due to several political issues. He said the natural gas which will be transported from Turkmenistan, will be given to Turkey in an appropriate price. Turkmenbasi noted that Russia can not give natural gas to Turkey cheaper than them. Recalling that many people lost their lives in the quake disaster, Turkmenbasi said ''we found signing of this agreement as appropriate to help Turkey.'' Stressing that an agreement was signed regarding the sale of Turkmen natural gas in Turkey, Turkmenbasi said 16 billion cubic meters of the natural gas will be used in Turkey and 14 billion cubic meters will be transported to Europe via Turkey. Turkmenbasi also said another project was about to be concluded in sale of Turkmen electricity to Turkey. He said ''Turkmen electricity will be in Turkey within a month.'' Responding to a question about ''Blue Stream'' project, Turkmenbasi said ''ask this question to your prime minister.''


[65] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - A joint declaration concerning the results of the missions of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the last summit of the century which took place in Istanbul, was issued on Friday. The joint declaration also included the problems in the Balkans and Caucasia. The 43-article document, which will be recorded as ''Istanbul Declaration'' in history, started as saying: ''We, the Heads of State or Government of the participating States of the OSCE, have assembled in Istanbul on the eve of the twenty-first century, and of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Helsinki Final Act.'' The document went on as saying: ''Since we last met, we have transformed the OSCE to meet unprecedented challenges. When we met in Lisbon, the first large scale OSCE field operation had just been established in Bosnia and Herzegovina. During the three intervening years, we have increased dramatically the number and size of our field operations. Our common institutions have grown in numbers and in the level of their activities. The OSCE has expanded the scale and substance of its efforts. This has greatly strengthened the OSCE's contribution to security and co-operation across the OSCE area. We pay special tribute to the women and men whose dediction and hard work has made the Organization's achievements possible.''


[67] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - The European Security Charter which was signed at the end of the OSCE summit in Istanbul, foresees OSCE to strengthen its role of protecting peace and security in its region. The danger of clash between states is still a threat, noted the Charter, adding that the cooperation between countries and peoples has to be strengethened. ''International terrorism, violent extremism, organized crime, and drug trafficking represent growing challenges to security. Whatever its motives, terrorism in all its forms and manifestations is unacceptable. We will enhance our efforts to prevent the preparation and financing of any act of terrorism in our territories and deny terrorists safe havens,'' said the Charter. The Charter pointed out that importants steps were taken between OSCE and international institutions in the last ten years for a new cooperation between OSCE and international institutions. ''We are committed to strengthening our protection against these new risks and challenges; strong democratic institutions, and the rule of law are the foundation for this protection. We are also determined to co-operate more actively and closely with each other to meet these challenges,'' it continued. The Charter condemned any kind of violence against a minority and stressed that problems about national minorities can only be solved within a democratic political framework based on the rule of law. The document said everybody has the right to nationality and can't be deprived of that. ''The protection and promotion of the rights of persons belonging to national minorities are essential factors for democracy, peace, justice, and stability within and between participating states. In this respect we reaffirm our commitments in particular under the relevant provisions. Full respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to national minorities, besides being and end in itself may not undermine, but strengthen territorial integrity and sovereignty. We condemn violence against any minority. We emphazise that questions relating to national minorities can only be satisfactory resolved in a democratic political framework based on the rule of law. We are committed to eradicating torture and cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment throughout the OSCE area. To this end, we will promote legislation to provide procedural and substantive safeguards and remedies to combat these practices. We reject any kind of policy of ethnic cleansing or mass expulsion,'' it said. The link between security, democracy, and prosperity has started to come out in OSCE region, noted the statement and added hat economic freedom, social justice, and environmental responsibility is inevitable for prosperity. OSCE field operations, post-conflict rehabilitation efforts, democratization, human rights, and observence during elections election are effective contributions to regional peace. ''We decided to develop the existing possibilities and form new ones. We will use them to create a free, democratic, and secure OSC region,'' it said. In the conclusion part of the declaration, the Charter said that ''OSCE will benefit from the security of all participating states by enhancing and strengthening the OSCE as we enter the twenty-first century. Today we have decided to develop its existing instruments and to create new tools.''


[69] LEFKOSA, Nov 19 (A.A) - Rauf Denktas, the President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), said on Friday that Kofi Annan, the United Nations (U.N.) Secretary General wanted to meet him in Istanbul. Prior to his departure for Istanbul, Denktas noted that Annan who is in Istanbul for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit wanted to meet him. Denktas said, ''our aim is to reflect our ideas about the framework of the meetings prior to the indirect meetings which will be held in New York. I hope that our meetings will be useful for the meetings to be held in New York.'' He will stage a press conference to respond to the press conference staged by Glafcos Clerides, the leader of the Greek Cypriot side; Denktas stated. Responding a question, Denktas stressed that it is not necessary to update the agreements about the indirect meetings. Denktas emphasized that they are ready for agreement. They will go to New York with good will and will be pleased if they reach pleasing results, Denktas pointed out. Denktas will stage a press conference in Lutfi Kirdar Hall at 3.30 p.m. Then, Denktas will meet with President Suleyman Demirel at the Ciragan Palace at 5.00 p.m. Denktas is expected to depart Istanbul at 8.00 p.m. after meeting with Kofi Annan at 6.00 p.m.


[71] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Bill Clinton, the U.S. President, said on Friday that he thought that Greece became hopeful for the Cyprus initiative which was launched related with the Cyprus talks. Following his meeting with Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern, Clinton responded to the questions of the journalists about the Cyprus question and Turkish-Greek relations. Clinton noted that he thinks that the Greek nation and government became hopeful for the Cyprus initiative which was recently launched. He received positive reactions when he said in the three speeches he made in Turkey that it is necessary to reach a compromise between Turkish and Greek nations, Clinton stated. Clinton will head for Athens this evening and meet with Costis Stefanopulos, Greek President, and Greek Prime Minister Costas Simitis. Clinton is expected to discuss bilateral relations, Turkish-Greek relations, and Cyprus question during his contacts in Greece. U.S. President Clinton will leave for Italy on Saturday.


[73] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel issued the closing remark of the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Summit in Europe on Friday. Addressing the summit, he said ''We have come to the end of our proceedings, we have, I believe, taken important decisions. The security charter we have signed will guide all of us and the organization in its future work. It is the end-product of almost five years of hard work and reflections. It is a text which embodies the common stance of all member states and carries with it the weigh of consensus. this is not to be taken lightly. The adapted CFE treaty, which has been signed is the result of hard and protracted negotiations, difficult choices had to be made.'' Demirel said, ''I am happy to say that the vision of a safer world for future generations has prevailed. The adaptation of the Vienna document demonstrates once again how the OSCE, as in other casse, can keep pace with changing world realities. And finally the Istanbul declaration reflects our common approach to current problems. All of those are further building blocks for a more predictable, open and transparent community of nations, they will hopefully guide us to meet the risks and challenges we face and help us overcome difficulties. We are almost at the end of the millennium.'' ''This summit was our last high level gathering before the 21st century, we are entering a new century, but also a different world. Not only has the speed of technology changed our perception of the world, but also our own questioning over the last half a century, of the very many concepts we had taken for granted. As a result it has not become an easier world but hopefully a better one. At the same time we should make sure that history be taken objectively to help make friendships and as a reference point for cooperation and solidarity, if we become captives of history, it will be difficult to move forward,'' Demirel added. ''I believe that the crises that exist today in the OSCE area and the strains within societies are the pains of birth of a new era of genuinne partnership between individuals, societies and governments. To hasten the advent of this new era, we must not only respect the vast diversity of ethnic, religious, linguistic, and cultural characteristics of our citizens, but also constantly keep in mind that those diversities should never be allowed to develop into divisions, hatred, conflict and enmity. The ultimate reality is that we are all human beings, and we have inalienable rights as well responsibilities to each other and to mankind as a whole. We must work to that end, until men and women in every corner of the OSCE area can live single and free like a tree, together and united like a forest. This leaves me to declare the summit closed, but before doing so, I would like to wish Austria, the next chairman-in-office, all the success and assure them, on behalf of all the participating states, that we will do our best to assist in their endeavours to make our organization better able to respond to the risks and challenges we all face. In accordance with agenda item 5, I formally declare closed the Istanbul summit meeting 1999 of the heads of state or goverment of the participating states of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe,'' Demirel said.


[75] SOFIA, Nov 19 (A.A) - Bulgaria sent four lorries of aid to Turkey. The officials at Bulgarian Civil Defense General Directorate said on Friday that four lorries full of tents, stoves, and blankets, departed Sofia late on Thursday. The officials noted that the lorries will arrive in Duzce and Kaynasli counties of Bolu province this evening. Bulgaria has sent 30 big tents, and 40 tents which can each shelter eight people, and 50 stoves, and 600 blankets to Turkey, the officials stated. The officials added that Bulgarian aid to Turkey will continue.


[77] LONDON, Nov 19 (A.A) - Lord Weidenfeld, a member of the House of Lords, called on Friday the House of Lords to support Turkey's membership to the European Union (EU). Addressing the House of Lords, Weidenfeld said that Turkey will meet the EU standards more easily if they evaluate Turkey's problems better, if they behave more sincerely to Turkey and take concrete steps. Weidenfeld noted that many countries have different approaches for Turkey's EU membership, but Turkey's right to apply for the membership cannot be discussed. Turkey's long-term economic future is seem to be strong and Turkey has a dynamic labour force, Weidenfeld stated. Weidenfeld stressed that the quality of Turkey's education is very high and Turkey is an indispensible NATO ally. Turkey, as a NATO ally, has risked the lives of her citizens in the name of the conflicts which the NATO was one of the sides; Weidenfeld emphasized. Weidenfeld pointed out that Turkey should benefit from the rights, financial, and social interests arising from the enlargement of Europe. Turkey should keep up the EU standards, Weidenfeld said. Weidenfeld drew the attention that Turkey is dealing with the challanges following the two quake disasters. Turkey has been struggling against terrorism for years, Weidenfeld noted. Weidenfeld criticized those who think the terrorist organization PKK and Kurdish nation are the same issues. Turkey is the only secular Moslem country in her region, Weidenfeld added.


[79] BRUSSELS, Nov 19 (A.A) - Jean-Christophe Floris, the Spokesman of the European Union (EU) Commission, said on Friday that the contacts in Turkey give hope. Floris noted that the contacts of Gunther Verheugen, a member of the EU Commission responsible for enlargement, said that he is hopeful for the Helsinki Summit after holding contacts in Turkey. Verheugen was in Istanbul due to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit, Floris stated. Floris stressed that Verheugen met with Premier Bulent Ecevit, Foreign Minister Ismail Cem and State Minister Mehmet Ali Irtemcelik. The commission was informed about the legal reforms and the steps taken in the human rights in Turkey during these contacts, Floris emphasized. Floris added that in the end of these contacts, Verheugen is hopeful about the Helsinki Summit.


[81] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Foreign Minister Ismail Cem hosted a luncheon for the foreign ministers of the European Union (EU) countries on Friday. Cem hosted the luncheon which was held at the Ciragan Palace in honour of the foreign ministers of the EU countries. Italian Foreign Minister Lamberto Dini, British Foreign Minister Robin Cook, German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer, Greek Foreign Minister George Papandreau, Danish Foreign Minister Niels Helveg Petersen, Austrian Foreign Minister Wolfgang Schussel, Finnish Foreign Minister Tarja Halonen, Portugese Foreign Minister Jaime Gama, Belgian Foreign Minister Louis Michel, Foreign Minister of Luxembour Lydie Polfer, Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh, Dutch Foreign Minister Jozias Johannes Von Aartsen, the EU Commission members Chris Patten and Gunter Verhaugen participated in the luncheon.


[83] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - OSCE Term President Norwegian Foreign Minister Knut Vollebaek said on Friday that Russia agreed to find a political solution to Chechnya problem, and added that he hoped Russia keeps its promise. Foreign Minister of OSCE troika members Norway, Austria, Poland, and Romania evaluated the summit's outcomes at a press meeting they organized on Friday. Vollebaek noted that Russia agreed to find a political solution to Chechnya problem through the joint efforts of OSCE members and stressed that the Istanbul Charter was a successful document. Vollebaek said Russia's reaching an agreement with Georgia and Moldovo was another positive development. The Charter carries important points to prevent regional conflicts and to set up a police force, Vollebaek said and added that a military solution could not be an answer to the Chechnya problem. When asked why the police force was needed, Vollebaek said a need for a security mechanism emerged after the Kosovo problem was overcome and they aimed to fill this vacuum by the police force. The term presidency passed from Norway to Austria after the summit and Romania was selected as the term president for 2001. Wolfgang Schussel, the Austrian Foreign Minister, in his speech pointed to the success of the summit and said he was pleased to see that leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan reached a consensus through the dialogue they had at the summit.


[85] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Turkey and the U.S. initialed ''The Cooperation Agreement on Usage of Nuclear Energy for Peaceful Purposes'' in Istanbul on Friday. Mithat Balkan, Foreign Ministry Economic Relations Deputy Undersecretary, and Mark Parris, the U.S. Ambassador to Ankara, initialed the agreement. After the agreement is submitted to the U.S. Congress for ratification, it is foreseen to be signed between Turkey and the U.S. The agreement confirmed the commitments of two sides to the Agreement on Prevention of Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and their support to the principles and targets of International Atom Energy Agency. The agreement foresees having cooperation between the two countries for the usage of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes within the framework of these principles.


[87] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Istanbul Declaration, which was issued at the end of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit, recalled that Charter for European Security was adopted to strengthen security and stability, and to improve the operational capabilities of our organization. The declaration said OSCE Permanent Council was assigned to take the necessary decisions to implement promptly the new steps agreed upon in this Charter. In the declaration the members pointed out that ''we need the contribution of a strengthened OSCE to meet the risks and challenges facing the OSCE region and thereby to make a difference in the life of the individual, which is the aim of all our efforts.'' ''We reiterate unreservedly our commitment to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms and to abstain from any form of discrimination. We also reiterate our respect for international humanitarian law. We pledge our commitment to intensify efforts to prevent conflicts in the OSCE area, and when they occur to resolve them peacefully. We will work closely with other international organizations and institutions on the basis of the Platform for Co-operative Security, which we adopted as a part of our Charter.'' It said ''the fact that we are meeting in Turkey, which only recently suffered terrible earthquakes, brings home to us the major impact of natural disasters. We need to examine our ability to contribute to a coordinated response by the international community and NGOs with regard to such events, in accordance with the principles of the Platform for Co- operative Security. We instruct the Permanent Council to discuss this matter further.'' On Chechnya problem, which became the most important agenda article of Istanbul summit, all 54 members of OSCE, including Russia, accepted that a political solution should be found to the problem. They stressed that territorial integrity of Russia was recognized fully, and noted that Moscow administration will permit an international delegation to visit the region. Article 23 of the declaration related with Chechnya problem, the members said ''We underline the importance of a political dialogue to solve the conflict, and accept that help of OSCE to this end will contribute.'' It went on as saying: ''We fully acknowledge the territorial integrity of the Russian Federation and condemn terrorism in all its forms. We underscore the need to respect all OSCE norms and commitments, including the commitments contained in the Code of Conduct. We agree that in light of the deteriorating humanitarian situation it is vital to alleviate the suffering of the civilian population by creating the conditions for international organizations to provide humanitarian aid. The declaration expressed pleasure that Russian Federation accepted the visit of OSCE Term President to the region, and noted that duty of OSCE Assistance Group was confirmed in Chechnya, and welcomed the willingness of Russian Federation to take steps that will contribute to the stability, security and economic prosperity of the region. In the part related with Kosovo, it was said ''the situation in Kosovo, in particular the humanitarian situation, remains a major challenge for the OSCE. Our thoughts still go out to the large number of Kosovo Albanians and others who lost their lives, those who saw their property destroyed and the hundreds of thousands who were expelled from and abandoned their homes. Now most of these refugees have returned. As the difficult work of rehabilitation advances, remaining refugees will be able to return. The OSCE Mission in Kosovo forms an essential part of the broader United Nations Mission working under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244. The OSCE Mission today has more than 1400 staff members, and plays a vital role in the process of rebuilding a multi-ethnic society in Kosovo; the first class from the OSCE Police School has graduated, and the OSCE training of judicial and administrative personnel has started. The Organization assists in developing a civil society, in supporting the formation of a pluralist political party landscape, free media and a viable NGO community. The OSCE plays a leading role in promoting and protecting human rights, and establishing respect for the rule of law. The success of this work is essential if democracy is to take root. We pledge to give it our full support. As we advance in these areas, we accelerate our work towards the first free elections in Kosovo, which the OSCE has been tasked to organize. We will seek to involve the local population increasingly in the efforts of the OSCE mission. The declaration said ''last autumn we deployed the largest OSCE mission ever, the Kosovo Verification Mission. The subsequent violence committed by Yugoslav forces and the breakdown of the cease-fire forced us to withdraw the KVM.'' ''Against the background of years of repression, intolerance and violence in Kosovo, the challange is to build a multi-ethnic society on the basis of substantial autonomy respecting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, pending final settlement in accordance with UNSCR 1244. We expect this Resolution to be fully implemented and strictly adhered to by all concerned. We will assist all inhabitants of Kosovo. But they, and those who aspire to be their leaders, must work together towards a multi-ethnic society where the rights of each citizen are fully and equally respected. Over the recent months, we have witnessed a new exodus from Kosovo, this time of Serbs and other non-Albanians. The necessary conditions must be restored so that those who have fled recently can return and enjoy their rights. Those who fought and suffered for their rights must now stand up for the equal rights of others. We firmly reject any further violence and any form of ethnic discrimination. Failure to oppose such acts will affect the security of the region.


[89] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - The joint declaration which was issued on Friday at the end of the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit held in Istanbul, also mentioned the issue of Yugoslavia. The fifth article of the Declaration said that ''The democratic shortcomings in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia remain one of the fundemental sources of grave concern in the region. The leaders and people of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia must put the country firmly on the path towards democracy and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. When conditions permit, the OSCE stands ready to assist in order to accelerate democratization, promote independent media and hold free and fair elections in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. We emphasize our desire to see the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia as an equal partner. Real progress towards democracy will be a positive step towards equal participation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the internatiohal community, including in the OSCE, and will create a new basis for growth and prosperity.'' Article 12 of the Declaration noted that ''We consider that the work of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia is crucial to achieving lasting peace and justice in the region and reiterate the obligation of all to cooperate fully with the Tribunal.'' Article 6 of the Declaration said about Bosnia that ''We remain committed to a democratic, multi-ethnic Bosnia and Herzegovina based on the General Framework Agreement for Peace. We underline the importance of improving the functioning of common institutions, and the continued assumption by those and other institutions of tasks undertaken by the international community. We expect Bosnia and Herzegovina to rapidly adopt the permanent election law, so that it can be implemented prior to general elections scheduled for the autumn of 2000. We appeal to all the leaders of Bosnia and Herzegovina to make decisive steps towards bringing its two entities closer together and to create a situation where persons, goods and services can circulate freely within a single state to the benefit of stability and prosperity. We underline the importance of respect for the rule of law and vigorous efforts to fight organized crime and corruption, which is a great threat to economic reform and prosperity. We remain committed to the return of the refugees and internally displaced persons, in particular minority returns.'' Mentioning about Upper Karabakh problem, the Declaration stated in Article 20 that ''We received the report of the Co-Chairmen of the OSCE Minsk Group on the evolving situation and recent developments connected with the Nagorna- Karabakh conflict and commend their efforts. We applaud in particular the intensified dialogue between the presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan, whose regular contacts have created opportunities to dynamize the process of finding a lasting and comprehensive solution to the problem. We firmly support this dialogue and encourage its continuation, with the hope that the OSCE and its MINST group, which remains the most appropriate format for finding a solution, stand ready to further advance the peace process and its future implementation, including by providing all necassary assistance to the parties.'' ''Reaffirming our strong support for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia, we stress the need for solving the conflicts with regard to the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia and Abkhazia, particularly by defining the political status of the se regions with Georgia. Respect for human rights and development of joint democratic institutions as well as the prompt, safe and unconditional return of refugees will contribute to peaceful settlement of these conflicts,'' noted the Declaration. Article 13 of the Declaration mentioned the Central Asian problem:''During the last year we have witnessed a significant increase in our co-operation with the five participating States in Central Asia. Political dialogue has gained from a growing number of high-level visits from the Central Asian States to the OSCE and of OSCE representatives to Central Asia. With the continuing support of our partners in Central Asia the OSCE has now established offices in all five states. This in particular has contributed to an expansion of our co-operative activities in all OSCE dimensions. Reiterating our target of achieving comprehensive security throughout the OSCE area, we strongly welcome these positive developments. We are convinced that necessary progress in the difficult and complex transition process will be stimulated by an increase of efforts based on co- operation and our common commitments. Strengthening the rule of law, the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms as well as the development of civil societies constitute one of the centrepieces in our broad framework of co-operative efforts. In this regard, we welcome the process of signing Memorandum of Understanding between ODIHR and the Central Asian participating States.''


[91] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Italy reiterated on Friday that she will support Turkey's membership to the European Union (EU) in the Helsinki Summit. Italian Prime Minister Massimo D'Alema, who participated in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit, staged a press conference before he left Turkey. His country will encourage Turkey in becoming closer to Europe, D'Alema noted. D'Alema stated that Turkey's solving human rights and southeast problem carries importance for her EU membership. Otherwise, the path to the EU membership will be very hard for Turkey, D'Alema added.


[93] AYDIN, Nov 19 (A.A) - State Minister Yuksel Yalova attended the opening of Anadolu Agency's Aydin bureau on Friday. Yalova reminded that Anadolu Agency was founded under Ataturk's instruction and said the agengy had an important function to make Turkey's voice be heard all over the world. Anadolu Agency uses today's modern information technologies and transmits news about Turkey and the world to whereever it is needed.


[95] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Glafcos Clerides, the Greek Cypriot leader claimed on Friday that if Rauf Denktas, the President of Turkish republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) insists on his view of confederation during the indirect talks that will be held in New York on December 3, no result can be taken. Staging a press briefing after participating in the OSCE summit, Clerides defended the view that the talks that will be held in New York will be different than the ones that were done in the past. This time the eyes of the international community, the U.S., and the EU will be on these talks, he added. Responding to a question, Clerides said that Americans prepared a ''scenario'' about the Cyprus question, but he does not know the details of that. International community recognizes one state on Cyprus and he does not represent the community, but the state here in Istanbul, alleged Clerides. Upon another question, Clerides stated that he didn't receive any official invitation document regarding the talks in New York, adding the invitation is verbal rather than written. Clerides noted that a referendum will be held upon any decision that will be taken about the solution of the Cyprus problem. Clerides said that he came to Istanbul for the first time since 1962 and he saw that Istanbul developed a lot since then.


[97] ANKARA, Nov 19 (A.A) - Carlo Cottarelli, the Chief of Turkey Desk of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), said on Friday that the negotiations with Turkey concerning the stand-by agreement continue. Cottarelli and the accompanying IMF delegation visited Refik Baydur, the Chairman of the Confederation of Turkish Employers' Unions (TISK), and the TISK Executive Board. Prior to the meeting, Cottarelli noted that they will leave Turkey next week. Cottarelli stated that they held contacts with the private sector in Istanbul and they will stage a press conference concerning their contacts before they depart Turkey.


[99] BERLIN, Nov 19 (A.A) - Hans Georg Gerstenlauer, the Deputy Chairman of the European Union (EU) Commission Germany Representation, said on Friday that the conditions are suitable for Turkey's EU membership. The Turkish Researches Center (TAM) which is based in Essen city of Germany, staged a meeting titled, ''The Future Expectation of the EU from Turkey Regarding the Enlargement and Security Policies.'' Prof. Dr. Karl Kaiser, the foreign policy adviser of German Prime Minister Gerhard Schroeder and the Director of German Foreign Policy Research Institute; Hans Georg Gerstenlauer and Faruk Sen, TAM Director, participated in the meeting. Gerstenlauer said that Turkey should adopt her laws to the EU standards. Kaiser said that the German coalition government gives full support to Turkey's EU membership. He hopes all these initiatives will have positive results, Kaiser noted. The membership of a Turkey which has solved all her problems to the EU will have benefits for the EU, Kaiser stated. Kaiser stressed that a secular and democratic Turkey will help the EU in its relations with the Islam countries. Sen said that Turkey has marked significant steps in democratization and human rights. They think that Turkey and the EU can start the talks in 2002, Sen noted. Sen stated that Turkey's steps taken in political and economic fields cannot be ignored. Turkey can be included within the scope of assistance programmes for 11 candidate countries after the Helsinki Summit, Sen stressed. Hakan Okcal, Turkey's Undersecretary to Berlin, said that the Copenhagen criteria are valid for all the candidate countries. They know Turkey's deficiencies and their responsibilities, Okcal noted. Okcal stated that the path of Turkey which was blocked due to the terrorism until today, has been opened. He believes that Turkey should not be excluded and should not be waited for long, Okcal added.

[101] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Foreign Minister Ismail Cem said on Friday that the 21st century will be the century when Turkey's hopes will come true. Cem staged a press conference following the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit. The OSCE Istanbul summit was successfully held and the Turkish diplomats had the biggest role in this success, Cem noted. Cem stated that Turkey had an efficent role in the negotiations within the framework of the summit, Cem noted. Turkey is facing some very pleasing incidents in the recent days, Cem stressed. Cem recalled that U.S. President Bill Clinton's visited Turkey and addressed a very important speech at the parliament. The signing of the agreement on the Baku-Ceyhan pipeline project is another important development, Cem reminded. Cem emphasized that President Suleyman Demirel had an extraordinary role in the signing of the Baku-Ceyhan agreement. Cem also thanked Cumhur Ersumer, the Energy and Natural Resources Minister, and the bureaucrats of the Foreign Ministry for their efforts. He hosted a luncheon in honour of the foreign ministers of the European Union (EU) countries, Cem pointed out. Cem said, ''I hope we will have a positive result in the Helsinki summit. Turkey is moving in the right direction. There is not a single situation which will make us sorry.'' When asked whether or not the Turkish-Greek relations and the Cyprus question was discussed in the luncheon, Cem noted that these issues were briefly discussed and that he once more reiterated Turkey's policy regarding these issues. Responding a question whether or not he received a signal from the EU foreign ministers that the membership process of the Greek Cypriot side will be accelerated in the Helsinki summit, Cem stated that this issue was not discussed in the luncheon. Turkey's stance against this issue is obvious, Cem added. Responding another question, Cem reiterated Turkey's Chechnya policy. Turkey said that she respects the territorial integrity of the countries and sensitive about the human rights within the framework of the agreements she signed, Cem stressed. Cem added that violation of human rights is the everybody's problem.

[103] AYDIN, Nov 19 (A.A) - State Minister Yuksel Yalova said ''Anadolu Agency (A.A) played an important role following the August 17 earthquake by transmitting news every half an hour which enabled the government to see the whole picture'' when he attended the opening of A.A's Aydin bureau which is located in Aydin's Government House. Yalova thanked businessman Naif Oto who had a contribution of 5 billion TL to Aydin branch and said journalists in Aydin must be very happy since this means they will have access to whole Turkey and the world through A.A's news service. A.A is equipped with today's modern communication technology and transmits news about the whole world with extraordinary effort to where the news is needed. ''A.A will continue to grow, Aydin bureau will be followed by others. And the state must support A.A,'' Yalova said. Mehmet Guler, the General Director of A.A said the Agency had 23 foreign bureaus and 23 bureaus in Turkey's various places including the new branch in Aydin. A.A which was founded by Ataturk on April 6, 1920 will continue to grow, Guler said. A.A is in contact with news agencies of 46 countries and all press institutions in Turkey are A.A's subscribers. A.A is capable of sending news and pictures to 48 countries only by pushing a button, Guler said.

[105] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Istanbul Declaration, which was issued during Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit, mentioned southeastern Europe and other regional issues. The declaration pointed out that ''our experiences in South Eastern Europe demonstrate the need for a broader view of the region. We therefore welcome the adoption by the Cologne Ministrial Conference on June 10, 1999 of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe, launched at the initiative of the European Union, which plays a leading role in cooperation with other participating and facilitating states, international organizations and institutions. We reinforce the message from the Sarajevo Summit: Regional Cooperation will serve as a catalyst for the integration of countries in the region into broader structures. The OSCE under whose auspices the Pact is placed has a key role to play in contributing to its success and we task the Permanent Council to develop a regional strategy to support its aims. We welcome the reports provided to us by the Special Co-ordinator for the Stability Pact, Bodo Hombach and the Special Envoy of the OSCE Chairman-in-Office, Ambassador Robert Barry. The OSCE will work in close concert with our participating States and with non-governmental organizations in the region.

[107] The declaration said ''we underscore the importance of working with Croatian authorities to intensify efforts towards reconciliation in Croatia. The OSCE pledges to continue its assistance to a multi-ethnic Croatia through post-war confidence building and reconciliation. We look forward to faster progress towards the return of refugees and displaced persons and the implementation of relevant international standarts, particularly those related to non-discrimination, freedom of the media, and free and fair elections. The OSCE's police monitoring in the Danubian region of Croatia, which has played a valuable role in protecting the rights of individuals, demonstrates the OSCE's ability to develop new operational capabilities quickly and effeciently.'' ''We reaffirm our commitment to assist Albania as it continues its social, political and economic transition process following the setbacks caused by the upheaval of 1997 and the Kosovo refugee crisis of 1999. We emphasize the need to continue the fight against crime and corruption and to create a political atmosphere which can strengthen public faith in democracy. The OSCE is committed to continue its assistance and to work closely with the European Union and international organizations within the framework of the 'Friends of Albania'.'' It said, ''we recommend the government of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia for its commitment to domestic reforms designed to enhance stability and economic prosperity. We reaffirm the OSCE determination to support its efforts in this process, and emphasize the importance of continued attention to the development of inter-ethnic relations.'' ''We pay tribute to the Albanian and Macedonian peoples as well as those of other neighbouring countries for their hospitality during the Kosovo refugee crisis and for their generosity in shouldering a heavy political and economic burden during this period.'' ''Recalling the decisions of the Budapest and Lisbon Summit and Oslo Ministerial meeting, we reiterate our expectation of an early, orderly and complete withdrawal of Russian troops from Moldova.'' Istanbul declaration pointed out that ''we welcome the commitment by the Russian Federation to complete withdrawal of the Russian Forces from the territory of Moldova by the end of 2002.'' ''We strongly support the work of the Advisory and Monitoring Group in Belarus, which has worked closely with the Belarusian authorities as well as with opposition parties and leaders and NGOs in promoting democratic institutions and compliance with OSCE commitments thus facilitating a resolutoin of the constitutional controversy in Belarus. We emphasize that only a real political dialogue in Belarus can pave the way for free and democratic elections through which the foundations for real democracy can be developed. We would welcome early progress in this political dialogue with the OSCE participation, in close cooperation with the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly. We stress the necessity of removing all remaining obstacles to this dialogue by respecting the principles of the rule of law and the freedom of the media.'' ''We welcome the successful completion of the work of the OSCE Mission to Ukraine. This work has been an important contribution by the OSCE to the process of stabilization in its Autonomous Republic of Crimea. We look forward to continued cooperation between Ukraine and the OSCE, including throught the OSCE Project Coordinator in Ukraine, on the basis of its mandate and the Memorandum of Understanding.'' ''We reconfirm the importance we attach to the relationship with our Partners for Co-operation as set out in the Charter for European Security. In light of our relationship with our Mediterranean Partners; Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia, we reaffirm that strengthening security and cooperation in the Mediterranean area is of major importance to the stability in the OSCE area. We therefore intend to enhance our dialogue and joint activities with them. We will furthermore strengthen our relationship with Japan and the Republic of Korea. We appreciate the contributions made by Japan to OSCE activities.'' ''We welcome the establishment in the Charter of Rapid Expert Assistance and Co- operation Teams (REACT) for the OSCE. We commit ourselves to put the necessary resources and experties at the disposal of the Organization, to make this concept fully operational at shortest possible time. We are determined as a matter of priority to implement the decision made in the Charter.'' Article 39 of the Declaration says that ''we welcome the successful adaptation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe. The adapted Treaty will provide a greater degree of military stability through a stricter system of limitations, increased transparency and lower levels of conventional armed forces in its area of application. We hope the States Parties will move forward expeditiously to facilitate completion of national ratification procedures, taking into account their common commitment to, and the central importance of, full and continued implementation of the Treaty and its associated documents until and following entry into force of the Agreement on Adaptation. Upon entry into force of the Agreement on Adaptation, OSCE participating states with territory in the area between the Atlantic ocean and the Ural Mountains may apply for accession to the adapted Treaty, thereby providing an important additional contrisbution to European stability and security.'' ''We note the widespread human suffering caused by anti-personnel mines, and welcome the entry into force on 1 March 1999 of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction. We also note the entry into force on December 3, 1998 of the Amended Mines Protocol to the U.N. Convention on Prohohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons which may be deemed to be Execessively Injurious or to have Indiscriminate Effects. We reaffirm our support for international cooperation in promoting mine clearance activities, mine awareness programs, destruction of stockpiled anti-personnel mines and the care, rehabilitation and social and economic reintegration of mine victims.'' Article 27 of the Declaration said that ''We commit ourselves to ensuring the freedom of the media as a basic condition for pluralist and democratic societies. We are deeply concerned about the expoitation of media in areas of conflict to forment hatred and ethnic tension, and the use of legal restrictions and harassment to deprive citizens of the media. we underline the need to secure freedom of expression which is an essential lement of political discourse in any democracy. We support the Office of the Representative on Freedom of the Media in its efforts to promote free and independent media.'' The Declaration also talked about rights of childen in its Article 28 and said that ''In the year of the 10th anniversary of the adoptation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and putting OSCE's Copenhagen commitments into practice, we commit ourselves to actively promote children's rights and interests especially in conflict and post-conflict situations. We will address regularly the righths of children in the work of the OSCE, including by organizing a special meeting dedicated to them during the year 2000. We will pay particular attention to the physical and psychological well being of children involved in or affected by armed conflict.'' Article 29 talks about environment saying ''The Coordinator for Economic and Environmental Activities should, under the authority of the Chairman-in-Office and the Secretary General, develop regular reports concerning economic and environmental risks to security as well as proposals with regard to how to manage such risks. These reports should include questions of pormoting public awareness of the relationship between economic and environmental problems and security, and the relationship between our Organization and others concerned with the promotion of economic and environmental security within the OSCE area. These reports will be discussed by the Permanent Council.'' Article 32 talks about man and woman equality saying '' In line with our commitment to ensure full equality between women and men, we look forward to an early approval and implementation of an OSCE gender action plan. Article 30 of the Declaration, was later added and it says that ''We reaffirm our commitment to ensure that laws and policies fully respect the rights of persons belonging to national minorities, in particular in relation to issues affecting cultural identity. Specifically, we emphazise the requirement that laws and policies regarding the educational, linguistic and participatory rights ofpersons belonging to national minorities conform to applicable international standarts and conventions. We also support the adoption and full implementation of comprhensive anti-discrimination legislation to promote full equality of opportunities for all. We commend the essential work of the High Commissioner on National Minorities. We reaffirm that we will increase our efforts to implement the recommendations of the High Commissioner on National Minorities.'' Istanbul Declaration said in Article 47 that ''the next Ministrial Council will take place in Vienna in November/December 2000, and will take a decision on the time and place of the next meeting of the Heads of State or Government of the OSCE participating states. Declaration ended in Article 48 saying that ''we welcome and accept the offer of Romania to exercise the function of Chairman-in-office in 2001.''

[109] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - President Rauf Denktas of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) said on Friday that he would go to New York with the hope of reaching a conclusion at Cyprus negotiations. Addressing a press conference, President Denktas said, ''if a progress is recorded at the negotiations in New York, we will stay in New York.'' President Denktas noted, ''the Cyprus Republic which was founded in 1960 used to represent the Turkish Cypriots. But, unfortunately, the Greek Cypriots have been continuing their tendency to claim the whole island under the name of Cypriot government for the last 36 years.'' Stressing that the Turkish Cypriots had experienced between 1963 and 1974 the tragedy which was also experienced in Bosnia and in Kosovo, Denktas said, ''Turkey's presence and guarantee has been preventing such tragedies from occuring once again.''

[111] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - President Rauf Denktas of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) underlined on Friday the importance of knowing the facts about the Cyprus question to solve the problem. Addressing a press conference, Denktas stressed, ''real and full equality is the main element of peace and solution on the island.'' Denktas noted, ''Kofi Annan, the Secretary General of the United Nations, had stated previously that he would support a solution accepted by two sides on the island. We have always supported the good-will mission of the United Nations. We have also put forward several proposals with the aim of contributing the United Nations' mission. The Greek Cypriot side has been continuing the membership process to the European Union (EU) by violating the 1960 Agreements. The Cyprus question needs a solution which will be accepted by two sides. The membership process to the EU has hampered the negotiations. Posibility of establishing a federation between two sides was also destroyed after the membership negotiations between the Greek Cypriot side and the EU. We have put forward the proposal of confederation to show our good will.'' He stressed that the recent atmosphere was not appropriate for direct talks, adding that ground should be prepared first for meaningful negotiations. Denktas emphasized that progress could be recorded in Cyprus question only on the basis of full equality. Referring to the indirect negotiations which will start in New York on December 3, President Denktas said, ''these talks will be held among the sides and Annan. We still uphold our position. The status equality is our right.''

[113] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - Energy and Natural Resources Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Cumhur Ersumer said on Friday that they wanted the trade volume between Turkey and the U.S. reached a specific level. Following the ceremony for the signature of agreements between the Turkish government and the U.S. companies foreseeing cooperation in energy field, Ersumer answered the questions of journalists. Responding to the question: ''It was told during the meeting between U.S. President Bill Clinton and the Turkish-American Buseinessmen's Association (TABA) Chairman that the trade volume between Turkey and the U.S. was targeted to reach 32 billion U.S. dollars. Will these projects have share in this amount,'' Ersumer said, ''they put forward targets. As the ministries, we will try to realize these projects. Yes, these projects will be a part of that target.'' Noting that the limits in the energy field will be gradually increased, Ersumer said, ''we want to increase the trade volume between Turkey and the U.S. to 30 billion U.S. dollars. We are planning to provide the reciprocity. We want Turkey's trade volume with the U.S. reach a specific level,'' he said. Pointing out that the works on arbitration and accord laws were underway, Ersumer recalled, ''we submitted the bills concerning the changes in Council of State regulations and trial law to the Parliament.'' Ersumer stressed that the claim ''the Iranian Natural Gas project, that was planned to be concluded in 1999, was postponed as the U.S. did not give the necessary equipment to Iran'' was totally baseless. Regarding the statements of Islam Kerimov, the Head of State of Uzbekistan, Ersumer said, ''in my earlier statements, I explained the natural gas purchase prices with specific examples. Everybody wants Turkey purchase her products. And we, as Turkey, make use of the status of being the only purchaser in the region. We will not sell natural gas with expensive prices to anybody.'' Ersumer said the construction of dams continued rapidly and they would be able to operate the two dams within five years at the latest. Ersumer emphasized that Turkey and the U.S. not only cooperate in energy field but also defend several elements in international platform.

[115] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - President Rauf Denktas of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) said on Friday that Glafcos Clerides had come to negotiations as tactics, and brought deadlock by claiming contrary of the Turkish Cypriot side. Denktas responded to questions of journalists after staging a press conference. Recalling that the European Union (EU) had connected Turkey's candidacy with the concessions on Cyprus, Denktas noted that such an attitude could not be described as good-will. Denktas stressed, ''Turkey has strategical and geopolitic rights on the island. Self-sacrifice cannot be expected from Turkey in the Cyprus question.'' When reminded that Glafcos Clerides, the leader of Greek Cypriot administration, had claimed previously that the U.S. had a plan regarding the island, Denktas said, ''I have no information about such a plan. If Clerides expect plans or scenarios from someone else, pity him. A solution on Cyprus can only be possible with a scenario prepared by the two sides.'' Recalling that a guarantorship system had been provided on Cyprus with the 1960 Agreement, Denktas told reporters that the Greek Cypriots were trying to change and deflect the system. When asked about improving relations between Turkey and Greece in the wake of the quake disasters, Denktas said, ''I believe in friendship between Turkey and Greece, but this friendship was damaged as a result of the incidents since 1963. I can shake Clerides's hand not as the ''President of Cyprus'', but as the representative of the Greek Cypriots.

[117] BRUSSELS, Nov 19 (A.A) - Jose Cutileiro, the Secretary General of the Western European Union (WEU), said on Friday that the European Union (EU) which is planning to include WEU in its body as a military institution must consider the worries of NATO allies such as Turkey and Norway. Cutileiro staged a press conference in Luxembourg to give information about the WEU meetings. During the meeting Cutileiro announced that Javier Solana will take over the post from him on November 25. The EU will have the military wing it needs with WEU, he noted. Cutileiro who was posed several questions regarding the joining of Turkey and Norway to WEU's decision mechanism, said Turkey was a WEU member, and no decisions they took so far contradicted with Ankara. The EU and WEU have to make use of NATO's opportunities and have no other option, Cutileiro said and reminded that Turkey had the right to veto in the NATO Council. The EU must consider the worries of NATO allies like Turkey and Norway, and the EU practically cannot have a defense system without NATO, he concluded his words.

[119] PARIS, Nov 19 (A.A) - Pierre Moscovici, the French Minister for European Affairs, will come to Istanbul on Sunday to pay an official visit. Moscovici is scheduled to meet with Ismail Cem, the Foreign Minister, on November 21. The meeting is expected to focus on Turkey's candidacy to the European Union (EU), and bilateral relations between Turkey and France. Moscovici is expected to proceed to Greece on Tuesday to hold talks with Yorgo Papendreu, the Greek Foreign Minister. Previously, France had stated that she supported announcement of Turkey's candidacy at Helsinki Summit in December.

[121] ANKARA, Nov 19 (A.A) - The International Monetary Fund (IMF) led by Carlo Cottarelli, the IMF's Turkey Desk Chief, visited on Thursday the Confederation of Turkish Employers' Unions (TISK). Speaking to reporters following the meeting, TISK Chairman Refik Baydur said they told the IMF delegation that they would extend the necassary support to the government as soon as it abides with the programme. Noting that the IMF delegation gave information about its contacts in Ankara, Baydur said they told the IMF delegation that they, as the TISK, would take into consideration the wage-price relationshsp to be in parallel with the inflation. Baydur said they stressed at the meeting that also the prices of the products of Public Economic Enterprises should be increased in parallel with the inflation. Refik Baydur said, ''actually, the producers do not have the freedom to fix the price they wanted due to the competition conditions set forth by the Customs Union.'' ''We aim at decreasing the inflation and contributing to increase in investments and employment,'' he said. Baydur said the inflation might decrease if the non-governmental organizations and the government reach a compromise on the wage-price relationship, and the best example for this was the ''triple consensus'' in Israel.

[123] ISTANBUL, Nov 19 (A.A) - President Rauf Denktas of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) met on Friday with Kofi Annan, the Secretary General of the United Nations. Responding to questions of journalists after the meeting, Denktas said, ''indirect talks in New York, the U.S., were envisaged to last ten days. But if negotiations cannot be finalized, this period can be extended.'' Denktas told reporters, ''at the meeting, I conveyed my thoughts to Annan as the Turkish Cypriot side. I came to Istanbul to meet with Annan after I learnt that Glafcos Clerides, the leader of the Greek Cypriot administration, would meet with Annan. I told Annan that there were many speculations regarding the TRNC in the Greek Cypriot press. We do not attribute importance to these speculations.'' When asked whether or not the U.S. had prepared a scenario about the Cyprus question, Denktas noted, ''I did not ask Annan about these claims. There is no need to ask because there is not such a plan. If we take serious all allegations, we do not have time to do anything else. We will search ways to start direct talks in New York. We will talk about everything. Clerides claimed that there was a U.S. scenario. Maybe, he wants such a scenario.'' Denktas also added that two sides would not come together in New York.

[125] ANKARA, Nov 19 (A.A) - The International Monetary Fund (IMF) led by Carlo Cottarelli, the IMF's Turkey Desk Chief, visited on Friday the Ankara Chamber of Commerce (ATO). ATO Chairman said Sinan Aygun said the four billion U.S. dollars loan, which was foreseen to be provided with a stand- by with the IMF, was not an amount that will relieve Turkey. Addressing the meeting, Aygun said Turkey suffered from a short-term hardship that was created by domestic borrowing burden reaching 36 billion U.S. dollars. Stressing that Turkey is a country that has a great economic and political potential, Aygun said every kind of borrowing could be settled when that short-term problem is solved. Aygun said, ''in Turkey, the political stability was provided; there is a government which works in harmony and several structural reforms were realized so the IMF has to fulfil its duties.'' Sinan Aygun said the IMF wanted to stop the support to agriculture, cut the civil servants wages and reduce the investments. ''The four billion U.S. dollars loan that will be given by the IMF with a stand- by can't suffice such a great amount of cost,'' he said. Carlo Cottarelli said, ''the Turkish government and we are working on high interest rates and high inflation that are Turkey's two important economic problems. Not only the public sector but also the Turkish economy will make use of a decrease in real interest rates.''

[127] LEFKOSA, Nov 19 (A.A) - President Rauf Denktas of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) returned on Friday to Lefkosa after wrapping up his one-day visit to Turkey. Addressing journalists at the Ercan Airport in Lefkosa, Denktas said that the position of the Greek Cypriot administration leader Glafcos Clerides disappointed even the people who expect good news from the indirect talks that were planned to take place in New York, the U.S. Denktas noted, ''If Clerides continues to insist on this approach, it is clear that he did not learn anything. He will go to New York only for a manoeuvre. I hope that I would be wrong in this evaluation.'' Pointing out that Clerides, within the framework of the United Nations Security Council's resolutions, had called on him very frankly to solve the Cyprus question by defending the criteria which prevented solution of the problems, President Denktas indicated that Clerides, as the ''president of the state'', had made this call to the ''leader of the nation which he introduced as minority to the world''. Noting that he had held contacts with Kofi Annan, the Secretary General of the United Nations, regarding the indirect talks in New York, Denktas told reporters that he had an opportunity to meet with Alvaro De Soto who was newly appointed by Annan. Denktas expressed his pleasure over meeting with De Soto, describing him as a quite intellectual and powerful diplomat. Denktas said that Annan had confirmed that he would not exceed the frame of his call for indirect negotiations. He added, ''negotiations were earlier envisaged to continue between seven or ten days. We told him that if a progress was recorded, the negotiations might last 10 or 15 days. We will not escape in case of a progress. However, there is not a situation enabling us to solve the Cyprus question at negotiation table in New York. Naturally, the talks will continue on Cyprus if an appropriate ground is formed for tete-a-tete meeting.'' Recalling that he had also held talks with President Suleyman Demirel, Denktas said, ''Demirel told me that we were rightful in our case, and that Turkey would continue to support the TRNC.''

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