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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 99-11-10

Anadolu Agency: News in English Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <>

[01] AA Daily

10 November 1999 Wednesday


[03] These are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on November 10, 1999. The Anadolu Ajansi does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their occuracy.

[04] HURRIYET (LIBERAL) - ---------------- RESPECT, LOVE, AND THANKS TO YOU, ATATURK We commemorate our great leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk on the 61st anniversary of his demise. Hundreds of people are carrying flowers in their hands visit Anıtkabir, the Mausoleum of Ataturk in Ankara. The statesmen will also be present in the Mausoleum today.

[05] WE HAVE ONLY 30 DAYS Otto Schilly, the German Minister of Interior gave very important messages just one month before the European Union (EU) summit that will be held in Helsinki. ''If you undertake reforms and take sound steps in democratization and human rights, you will be a candidate of the EU for hundred percent. Please, abolish the death sentence, this has no connection with Abdullah Ocalan, the head of the terrorist organization PKK. Yet there is no death sentence in Europe. We request this from democratic Turkey,'' he said.

[06] MILLIYET (LIBERAL) - ----------------- ONLY LEADER WHO GOES BEYOND CENTURY Lenin, Hitler, De Gaulle, Mao, Tito, and Nasir were all left in the 20th century. Even the countries of these leaders do not want to recall the name of the most of these leaders. However, Ataturk will continue to live in the new century and new millenium with his Republic.

[07] THREE LEADERS TO UNITE POWERS Premier Bulent Ecevit; Devlet Bahceli, the Deputy Prime Minister and the State Minister; and Mesut Yilmaz, the leader of the Motherland Party (ANAP); will discuss the problems as the National Security Council (NSC) discusses. The related minister will inform the three leaders about the problem. Then, the leaders; Husamettin Ozkan, the State Minister; and Cumhur Ersumer, the Energy and Natural Resources Minister; will give a decision. Thus, they will give the message, ''the government does not creat problems, but finds solutions to the problems.''

[08] HISTORICAL BOOM IN STOCK EXCHANGE The IMKB-100 index increased to 7.593 points and the transition volume climbed to 349.4 trillion Turkish liras in yesterday's session. Some circles ask why the stock exchange is increasing. One of the reasons of this increase is that the possibility of signing a stand-by agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) increased. The officials said that the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP), one of the coalition parties, does not constitute a problem in the government. The banks started to decrease the interests of the accounts by nine points.

[09] SABAH (LIBERAL) - --------------- WE MISS YOU MUCH Five doctors told Ataturk, the founder of modern and secular Republic, on March 6, 1938 that they diagnosed his illness as ''cirrhosis'' which was dependent on alcohol. However, French Professor Noel Fissenger who was invited to Turkey after 22 days had said that the cirrhosis didn't come up due to alcohol. The diagnosis of the French doctor was kept as a secret for 61 years. Ataturk was also telling that ''my illness is not due to alcohol, I will prove that.'' But he couldn't live longer after saying that.

[10] ''DON'T KILL HIM, GIVE HIM TO US'' President Suleyman Demirel requested Pakistani leader of the military administration General Pervaiz Musharraf to forgive the life of Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. ''Don't hang him, you can give him to us,'' told Demirel to Gen. Musharraf.

[11] CUMHURIYET (LEFT) - ---------------- SCHILLY: ''TURKEY'S CANDIDACY TO THE EU WILL SOLVE PROBLEMS'' Otto Schilly, the German Interior Minister, visited disaster area which was devastated by a major earthquake on August 17, prior to his departure for Germany. Addressing a press conference at the Esenboga Airport, Schilly said that problems would be resolved easily with the recognition of Turkey's candidacy to the European Union (EU).

[12] SEVEN MEMBERS OF IBDA-C CAPTURED Security forces captured seven members of the illegal Islamic Great Eastern Raiders-Front (IBDA-C) organization in Istanbul. The members of the illegal organization had staged a bomb attack in the municipality building in Eyup district of Istanbul province.

[13] GREEK CYPRIOT ADMINISTRATION TO PARTICIPATE AT OSCE SUMMIT WITH A 30- MEMBER DELEGATION The Greek Cypriot administration will participate at the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Summit in Istanbul between November 17-19 with a 30-member delegation headed by Glafcos Clerides. Meanwhile, President Rauf Denktas of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) cannot attend the last summit of the century because the OSCE did not recognize the TRNC. The Greek Cypriot administration was not recognized by Turkey, but the international community has recognized it. Releasing a statement, the Foreign Ministry said that Turkey would only host the summit, therefore participation of the Greek Cypriot administration at the summit would not mean that Turkey recognized the Greek Cypriot administration.

[14] RADIKAL (LEFT) - ------------- U.S. PRESIDENT CLINTON SAYS TURKEY TO DETERMINE NEXT MILLENIUM U.S. President Bill Clinton said that the global peace depends on Turkey's integration with Europe. Clinton noted that the next millenium depends on how Turkey will define her role in today's and future world because she is the intersection point of Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia. Turkey should try to eliminate the differences in the points of view on Cyprus question with Greece, Clinton stated. Clinton added that she should improve the human rights.

[15] OPERATION PRIOR TO OSCE SUMMIT Eight people who were preparing to stage attacks during the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit, were captured in Kocaeli. The captured people were planning to stage attacks during OSCE summit which will be held between November 17 and 19, 1999 in Istanbul. Many organizational documents were seized during the operation.

[16] 90 PERCENT OF F-16 WARPLANES PRODUCED BY TURKEY The F-16 warplane production programme which started in 1987, will end on Friday. The officials at the Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) said that the F-16 warplane production programme will be over as the last plane will be handed over on Friday. The total number of the F-16 warplanes which are produced by TAI until today, reached 286, the officials noted. The officials added that TAI used to produce 70 percent of the F-16 warplanes in the first days, but it is producing 90 percent of the planes today.

[17] TURKIYE (RIGHT) - --------------- ''FRIENDSHIP TRAIN'' IN SALONICA ''Friendship Train'' left for Salonica as the envoy of friendship and peace within the framework of a project of TRT Children and Youth Fund. The train is expected to arrive Salonica at about 07:00 a.m. The train goes to Salonica on the 61th anniversary of demise of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Founder of modern Republic of Turkey. Passengers of the train will participate in a ceremony in the house in Salonica where Ataturk was born and which was later turned into a museum.

[18] LEADERS SUMMIT TO BE HELD TODAY Tension which started between the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) and the Democratic Left Party (DSP) with the amnesty draft law, and escalated with the invitation crisis in Russia, is expected to be eased at the Leaders Summit today.

[19] DRUG OPERATION IN ISTANBUL Narcotics officials confiscated a total of 3 kg of heroin, 18 kg of hashish, 70 grams of cocaine and 3 tonnes of acid anhydride having a market price of 500 billion Turkish Liras, in five separate operations they launched in Istanbul. A total of 17 persons, including one foreigner, were taken into custody in the operations.

[20] ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE) - ------------------ ATATURK SAYS: NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY IS THE ONLY POWER Ataturk, the founder of modern and secular Turkish Republic who died 61 years ago, still guides the Turkish nation today with its ideas regarding some debated issues. It is everybody's mission to understand him well. Ataturk had said many things like ''the only power is national sovereignty, the parliament has the last word, our religion is rational and secularism does not mean atheism.''

[21] CHECHENS ON OSCE'S AGENDA The operation of Russia continues in Chechnya. Both the delegations of other countries that participate in the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit in Istanbul and the Russian opposition within the country urge Russia to negotiate with Chechens to solve the problem.


[23] ANTALYA, Nov 10 (A.A) - Two drunken soldiers who were charged in a U.S. war ship, fell from a 10-metre-height wall in southern Antalya province on Monday night. One of them died while the other was injured. The war ship named Whidbeyisland-41 which returned from manoeuvres in the Mediterranean Sea, anchored in Antalya Port. A group of soldiers went to the city center for a walk. Justin Henthorne, 19, and Mahone Brandan Christophen, 26, fell from the wall where they were drinking alcohol. Two soldiers were rushed to hospital for medical treatment, but Christophen died. Doctors told the A.A correspondent that health condition of Justin Henthorne was improving.


[25] PAZAR, Nov 10 (A.A) - A cargo ship named ''Alican Deval'' sank offshore Pazar county of Rize province in the Black Bea late on Tuesday. Erdal Ata, the Rize Governor, told A.A correspondent that a cargo ship which departed Hopa harbour of Artvin to go to Samsun, sank two miles offshore Pazar county of Rize. The ship which was carrying 1,750 tons of ore, sank offshore Pazar after it signalled S.O.S. due to the bad weather conditions and waves, Ata noted. Ata stated that five of the 12-member crew who achieved to get on a small boat, were rescued by the fishermen living in Pazar. They will direct the rescue operations to save the other seven people in accordance with the information given by the rescued people, Ata stressed. Ata added that two military helicopters will be sent to Trabzon Airport to help the rescue operations.


[27] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - Justice Minister Hikmet Sami Turk said on Tuesday that they can't think of an amnesty which the conscience of the society does not accept. ''I suppose the difficulty in amnesty law will be overcome in coming days,'' said Turk. The budget of the Justice Ministry for 2000 was accepted in the parliamentary planning and budget commission the same day. Responding to criticisms upon the budget, Turk stated that they prepare a draft for establishment of a Turkish Judges and Prosecutors Union and this union will contribute to personnel rights of the judges and prosecutors. Turk stressed that the constitution must be changed first to set up this union. Thought is not a crime in modern democracies, said Turk and added that, ''yet Turkey has to be sensitive to protect the secular republic and integrity of the country in this atmosphere.'' The law must abide by the limitations drawn by Articles 87 and 169 of the Constitution regarding amnesty, said Turk and added that they can't think of an amnesty which the society conscience does not accept. Later the budget of the Justice Ministry was accepted as 360,8 trillion Turkish liras for 2000.


[29] MERSIN, Nov 10 (A.A) - Enis Oksuz, the Transportation Minister, said on Tuesday that Turkey's third communication satellite will be launched in June 2000. Oksuz participated in the opening ceremony of Data Processing 99, Fourth Electronics, Computer, Communication Fair in southern Mersin province. His ministry has completed all kinds of initiatives for Turkey to utilize the latest technological developments in the communication field, Oksuz noted. Oksuz said, ''the satellite will broadcast from 32 channels. It will be the biggest and the most modern satellite of Europe. Turkish world will communicate via telephones and televisions by this satellite and will open to the world.'' ''We aim at including Asian and North African countries in this system. Turkey is in the space and will continue to be in the space,'' Oksuz added. They nearly fulfilled all the legal arrangements which are necessary for the communication field and passed the draft laws which facilitates adaptation to the world communication system, Oksuz stated. The ''Data Processing 99 Fair'' exhibits the new technological systems in electronics and communication fields.


[31] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - Tender will be put out to tender for modernization of C-130 type military cargo planes in December. The firm which will win the tender will be requested to equip C-130s with the latest system, so C-130s will have the capacity of intercontinental flight. A source of 20-25 million dollars has been allocated for this tender, officials said and added that the value of the tender will be later determined.


[33] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - Hasan Karakaya, a journalist of Akit newspaper, was transferred to Ankara State Security Court (DGM) on Wednesday. Karakaya is claimed to offer 2 million dollars to Kasım Gencyılmaz in return of murdering Yekta Gungor Ozden, the Chairman of Kemalist Thought Association and former Chairman of the Constitutional Court. Gencyılmaz identified Karakaya after he was taken into custody last Friday in Istanbul. His custody period which was earlier extended for three days ended today and Karakaya was brought to DGM. DGM Prosecutor Nuh Mete Yuksel, who carries out the investigation, will take the testimony of Karakaya.


[35] WASHINGTON D.C. Nov 10 (A.A) - Finnish Foreign Minister Tarja Halonen who is currently in Washington D.C. to participate in the EU-U.S. ministers meeting, said on Wednesday that they strongly support Turkey's membership to the EU. Speaking in a joint press briefing together with U.S. State Secretary Madeleine Albright, Chairman of EU Council Javier Solona and EU Commissioner responsible for foreign affairs Chris Patten; Halonen said that there is a very positive atmosphere in the EU in the direction of enlargement. Turkey is ''a very interesting issue,'' said Halonen and noted that they received very positive signals after the meetings with Foreign Minister Ismail Cem. Halonen also praised the improving relations between Turkey and Greece and said ''foreign ministers of the two countries succeeded in a very important mission.''


[37] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - Michael C. Deppler, the Chairman of Europe Department of International Monetary Fund (IMF), will come to Turkey on Friday. Releasing a statement, the Undersecretariat of Treasury said on Wednesday that Deppler would attend stand-by meetings, and hold high-level contacts in Ankara. Deppler is expected to depart Turkey on November 13. Meanwhile, the IMF delegation headed by Carlo Cottarelli, the Chief of IMF Turkey Desk, will proceed to Istanbul tomorrow to meet with representatives of the private sector and of the finance sector.


[39] PAZAR, Nov 10 (A.A) - The operations to rescue seven members of the cargo ship which sank late on Tuesday offshore Pazar county of Rize province, were launched on Wednesday morning. The rescue operations could not be launched on Tuesday evening due to the storm. As the storm ended this morning, the rescue operations were launched from the air and the sea. A military helicopter, two boats which belonged to Coastal Security Commandership and many fishermen boats participate in the rescue operations. Five members of the cargo ship who were rescued yesterday, said that their friends wore life jackets and to this end, they can still be alive. The officials said that the rescued five members of the crew were in good condition. The cargo ship named ''Ali Can Deval'' sank after it had signalled S.O.S. on Tuesday evening. The ship was carrying 1750 tons of copper ore from Hopa Harbour of Artvin to Samsun.


[41] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the Founder of the modern Republic of Turkey, was commemorated on Wednesday throughout Turkey at the 61st anniversary of his demise. An official ceremony took place in the mausoleum of Ataturk. Pillars of the state headed by President Suleyman Demirel, laid a wreath, and observed a minute of silence in spiritual presence of Ataturk. President Demirel signed the special book of the Ataturk's mausoleum, saying, ''Great Ataturk, we are in your presence to mark the 61st anniversary of your demise. Turkish nation has taken its place on the stage of history with the Independence War under your command. You have opened doors of modernity by establishing the Republic. The Republic of Turkey has become one the most significant countries of the world. We will portect the indivisible integrity of democratic and secular Republic of Turkey, and uphold it forever. You are the most precious source of light for us. We will continue to go forward on your way. Rest in peace, Great Ataturk. We are grateful to you.'' President Suleyman Demirel; Yildirim Akbulut, the Speaker of Parliament; Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit; General Atilla Ates, the Commander of Land Forces, on behalf of the Office of General Staff; Recai Kutan, the leader of the Virtue Party (FP); Ahmet Nejdet Sezer, the Chairman of the Constitutional Court; Sami Selcuk, the Chairman of the Supreme Court; Devlet Bahceli, the Deputy Prime Minister and leader of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP); the Council of Ministers; the commanders of the air and naval forces; Mesut Yilmaz, the leader of the Motherland Party (ANAP); Tansu Ciller, the leader of the True Path Party (DYP); Vural Savas, the Republican Chief Prosecutor of Supreme Court; bureaucrats; deputies; and representatives of political parties were in attendance at the official ceremony in Ataturk's mausoleum. A number of civilians carrying pictures of Ataturk and waving Turkish flags, paid their tribute to Ataturk. At 09:05 local time when Ataturk passed away 61 years ago, sirens were heard throughout Turkey as an expression of respect to Ataturk. People in the streets, schools, and business places observed a minute of silence in memory of the Great Founder. Meanwhile, a people named Salih Kaya chanted slogans saying, ''Messiah Menderes'' during the official ceremony in the mausoleum. Kaya was taken into custody by security forces.


[43] SALONICA, Nov 10 (A.A) - ''Turkey-Greece Friendship Train'' which was organized by the Turkish Radio and Television Broadcast Organization (TRT), arrived in Salonica, Greece, on Wednesday. Couetidis Loudouicos, the Director General of Greek Railways, welcomed the train in the Salonica Train Station. Addressing the ceremony, Loudouicos said that the friedship train would accelerate relations and coopetaion between Turkey and Greece. Loudouicos recalled that ceremonies also took place in Greece to mark the 61th anniversary of demise of Ataturk, the Great Founder of modern Republic of Turkey. Yucel Yener, the Director General of the TRT, noted that the friendship train would make a considerable contribution to relations between two countries. Hasan Mollaoglu, the Director General of the State Railways, said that they would hold meetings about railways, and transportation of commercial goods with Greek officials. Passengers of the friendship train later participated in a ceremony in the house where Ataturk was born and which was later turned into a museum. The friendship train will leave for Athens later today.


[45] SALONICA, Nov 10 (A.A) - Great leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of modern and secular Turkish Republic, was also commemorated on Wednesday in Salonica city of Greece where he was born. The commemoration started as the participants observed a minute of silence at 9.05 a.m. in the house where Ataturk was born. Seckin Cetinelli, Turkey's Consul General to Salonica, said that Ataturk established the Republic of Turkey with his loyal friends. It is necessary to know the history of Turkey to understand the greatness of the Republic of Turkey, Cetinelli noted. After Cetinelli's speech, Ataturk's ''Nutuk'' (Speech) was listened. The young people who participated in the commemoration, read Ataturk's address to the young people and sang anthems. Then, Birol Akifoglu, a deputy from Xanthi; Yucel Yener, Director General of Turkish Radio and Television; Hasan Mollaoglu, the Director General of Turkish State Railways; and Sabriye Delioglu, the Chairman of Xanthi Turkish Union, all spoke in the ceremony. Later, Ataturk was commemorated in Turkey's Consulate. The delegation which came to Salonica by the Turkey-Greece Friendship Train, a delegation from Tekirdag and Turks living in Xanthi participated in this commemoration. The participants later visited the house where Ataturk was born.


[47] LONDON, Nov 10 (A.A) - Dervis Eroglu, the Prime Minister of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) said on Wednesday that his country is an independent state although it is not recognized by world states. Speaking in a conference held in north London where many Turkish people live, Eroglu said that TRNC has certain economic and social problems like other countries, but many of them stem from the fact that TRNC is not recognized officially by the world. Turkish Cypriot nation is right, said Eroglu and added that all western people who ask themselves the reasons of ''the foundation of a Cyprus Republic in 1960, isolation of Turks from it in 1963 and the military operation staged by Turkey in 1974,'' have to give this right to Turkish Cypriot nation. Eroglu pointed out that providing peace in Cyprus and Mediterranean, concerns not only Turkey, but also the U.S. and Britain, yet these two countries think of their interests more than those of Turkish and Greek Cypriots. The U.N. Security Council mentions calling the concerned sides for negotiation without precondition, but discussing a federation on the island is a precondition, said Eroglu. ''Does this mean 'negotiations without any precondition?' If we accept this, this will cause disappearance of our state,'' he said. ''We must confess that Turkish Cypriots need peace more than Greek Cypriots, because our link with the world weakens every day. But we can't submit decisions taken or pressures imposed on TRNC overseas,'' he said. Eroglu added that ''if you attempt to sit a negotiation table for EU membership without an agreement on the island, it means that you've accepted the existance of one Cyprus Republic on the island and only minority rights for Turkish Cypriots. We are not against the idea of joining the EU, but priority has to be given to reaching an agreement first.''


[49] ALMATY, Nov 10 (A.A) - Ceremonies were held in Kazakhstan and in Kyrgyzstan on Wednesday to mark the 61st anniversary of demise of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the Great Founder of modenr Republic of Turkey. The ceremony at the Turkish Embassy in Almaty started at 09:05 a.m. by observing a minute of silence in memory of Ataturk. Cinar M. Aldemir, the Turkish Ambassador to Kazakhstan, Yunus Akgur, the Turkish Military Attache, and Turkish businessmen living in Kazakhstan, were in attendance at the ceremony. In Kyrgyzstan, Dogan Akdur, the Turkish Ambassador to Kyrgyzstan, laid a wreath in the park carrying the name of Ataturk in the capital Bishkek. The ceremony ended with a panel on ''Ataturk and Modernization in Turkey'' at the Turk-Kyrgyz University.


[51] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - Salih Kaya, who chanted slogans at the official ceremony in mausoleum of Ataturk, the Founder of modern Republic of Turkey, was taken into custody on Wednesday. Kaya chanted slogans by saying, ''Messiah Menderes'' at the official ceremony which took place in the mausoleum to mark the 61st anniversary of Ataturk's demise. Security forces rendered ineffective Kaya. He was later taken into custody, and interrogated in the Office of Commandership in the mausoleum. Kaya was carrying a book of Said-i Nursi, the founder of a religious sect. He was sent to Anti-terrorism Department of Directorate General of Security. Officials told the A.A correspondent that Kaya was taken into custody several times in the past due to similar demonstrations.


[53] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - The International Monetary Fund (IMF) delegation, led by Carlo Cottarelli, the chief of the Turkey Desk, will end their contacts with the public institutions on Wednesday. The IMF delegation held contacts with State Planning Institute (DPT), Finance Ministry, Treasury Undersecretariat, Privatization Administration Board, and Central Bank officials for nearly 10 days. The IMF delegation was briefed about the 2000 year budget, and projections of the year 2001, and assessed performance criteria. Public sector balance and primary surplus of public sector are among the performance criteria adopted as the report of Stand-By agreement that will be signed with the IMF. Other performance criteria are international reserves and public section borrowing requirement. IMF delegation, which is expected to conclude shuttle meetings with the public institutions, will meet with Turkish Industrialists and Businessmen Association (TUSIAD), Istanbul Chamber of Industrialists (ISO) and Banks Union officials to get information about Turkish economy. IMF delegation will start to prepare Stand-By text as of the weekend. Officials said Turkish side will begin to write ''Intention Letter'' next week. The letter will be sent to IMF. Meanwhile, Michael C. Deppler, official of the IMF responsible for Europe's first region including Turkey, will visit Turkey on November 12 for a one day visit. Michael C. Deppler will have a look at the information prepared by the IMF, and talks with Turkish officials. Officials said this visit proved the importance IMF attributed to Turkey. It was reported that Deppler will discuss the amount of the financial aid that may be extended to Turkey. Officials said Deppler, in his return to Washington D.C., will discuss his assessments regarding Turkish economy and the amount of the financial aid with Stanley Fisher, IMF Deputy Chairman. It is reported that Deppler may meet with Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit. The IMF delegation, led by Cottarelli, will return to Washington D.C. on November 19 together with Stand-By Text and ''Intention Letter.'' Turkey's request for Stand-By and Stand-By text will be discussed in IMF Executive Directors Committee in the first half of December and is expected to take effect as of the begining of the year 2000 after being signed in Washington D.C.


[55] ISTANBUL, Nov 10 (A.A) - Salih Izzet Erdis, known as ''Salih Mirzabeyoglu'', leader of the illegal IBDA/C organization, and two other detainees could not be brought to the court again. The court delegation decided to denounce the officials who could not bring the detainees to the court for four hearings. Salih Izzet Erdis, Sadettin Ustaosmanoglu, Mehmet Faruk Aslanturk, and Husnu Goktas, could not be brought to the hearing in Istanbul State Security Court (DGM) no:6. Husnu Goktas is tried without being under arrest. Erdis and other two detainees, currently in Metris Prison, sent a fax to the court. In the fax message, the detainees said they protested DGM as they did not accept the Constitution of Turkish Republic and that they will not attend the hearing. Harun Yuksel, lawyer of the detainees, said attitude of his clients was not against the court delegation, and claimed that it was against the legal system in Turkey. DGM Prosecutor said he was of the opinion that the detainees who could not be interrogated, should be brought to the next hearing by force. The court delegation later adjourned the hearing after deciding to denounce the officials who could not bring the detainees to the court for four hearings, and also decided to inform Justice Ministry about the incident. The indictment prepared by Istanbul DGM Republican Chief Prosecutor's office, calls on Salih Izzet Erdis, so-called leader of the illegal organization, to be sentenced to capital punishment under Article 146/1 of the Turkish Penal Code on charges of ''trying to change current constitutional order by force.'' The indictment also wants Saadettin Ustamosmanoglu and Mehmet Fazil Aslanturk to be sentenced to imprisonment terms up to 22,5 years on charges of being the members of illegal IBDA-C organization. The indictment requests Husnu Goktas to be sentenced to imprisonment terms up to 7,5 years on charges of aiding and abetting the members of the illegal organization.


[57] ISTANBUL, Nov 10 (A.A) - The Review Conference is continuing prior to the OSCE summit which will be held in Istanbul on November 18 and 19. The compatibility of member countries with the organization's principles, human rights, security, and economy are discussed at these meetings that take place at Ciragan Palace. Akin Birdal, the Chairman of Human Rights Association (IHD) spoke at the ''Minority Rights in Turkey'' meeting organized by the U.S. non-governmental organization, "Human Rights Alliance". Birdal stressed that all individuals living in a society must be free and have equal rights. Everybody should be free to speak his own language and develop his own culture without being exposed to any kind of pressure, Birdal said. These rights and freedoms are not only desired by the human rights defenders, but they are also rights granted by the international agreements which Turkey signed, Birdal continued. He added that these freedoms can be only guaranteed in a complete democracy. "We want all the obstacles to be removed in front of freedom of thought and expression," Birdal said and asked non-governmental organizations, intellectuals, and artists to be sensitive about this issue. Nimet Tanrikulu spoke on behalf of "Saturday Mothers", an organization which is formed by the relatives of people who were missing when they were under custody. Tanrikulu said that a total of 543 detainees were missing since 12 September 1980. Kathryn C. Porter, the Chairwoman of Human Rights Alliance, claimed that minorities in Turkey were exposed to pressure. "If you are a minority in Turkey, you have two choice: You either deny your identity or will be exposed to pressure," she said. In the afternoon session of the OSCE Review Conference, problems and human rights issues in Chechnya and Caucasia will be discussed. Kai Eide, the Norwegian Ambassador who is also supervising the OSCE Review Conference, will summarize Wednesday's meetings in the afternoon. Wednesday's conference was attended by the representatives of 54 OSCE member countries, executives of 170 Turkish and foreign non-governmental organizations, member countries of Mediterranean Coopration Partners, Japan, and South Korea.


[59] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - Fikret Unlu, the State Minister responsible for youth and sports, said on Wednesday that the propasal of Karanikolas, the Chairman of the Greek Red Cross Egio Branch, reflects a thought which should be welcomed. Karanikolas who carried out efforts in the quake zone as a pediatrician, sent a letter to Turkey which proposed that Turkey and Greece should carry out joint initiatives to stage the 2010 World Cup together. Unlu responded to this letter, stating that increasing the sports activities to improve the close relations between Turkey and Greece carries importance. The sports clubs held foolball, basketball, and volleyball matches for the quake survivors after the quake disasters which hit both countries, Unlu recalled. Unlu continued, ''to this end, Karanikolas' proposal reflects a thought which should be welcomed. As it is known, Turkish and Greek Football Federations are holding contacts to hold the 2008 European Football Championship together.''


[61] TEL AVIV/ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - Joint manoeuvres between Turkey, the U.S., and Israel will take place by mid December. ''Seach and Rescue Manoeuvres'' in which naval and air units of the three countries will join in, are expected to take place in Turkish coasts between December 14 and 17. Turkey participates in ''Reliant Mermaid-2'' manoeuvres with nearly 500 helicopters and frigates. Israel is expected to send a Saar 5 type corvette, as well as many sea vehicles. Meanwhile, it was reported that Jordan and Egypt, who were invited as observers to the manoeuvres, refused the invitation. Egypt had earlier critized Turkey harshly because of the manouvres. The first one was held in Eastern Mediterranean in January 1998. Yet, Jordan attended the first manoeuvres in observer status. The different attitude of Jordan is regarded as an important development because a close cooperation has started between Turkey, Israel, and Jordan following the Israeli-Jordanian 1994 peace agreement. These three are defined as the democratic countries of the Middle East favoring the West. The U.S., Israel, and Turkey continue their insistency on Jordan to participate in the manoeuvres. Atacanli, Deputy Spokesman of Foreign Ministry pointed out that the manoeuvres were still in the planning stage, and it was still possible to invite Jordan and Egypt as observers. Responding to a question, Atacanli said the manoeuvres will take place in international waters off the Mediterranean coast of Turkey towards the end of this year.


[63] PARIS, Nov 10 (A.A) - A very harsh argument on Cyprus issue took place in the final session of the Social International General Congress. Vasos Lissarides, Socialist Party leader of Greek Cypriot side, addressing the Socialist International session, made baseless accusations against Turkey. Lissarides blamed Turkey for occupation and ethnic cleansing. Altan Oymen, leader of Republican People's Party (CHP), who spoke after Lissarides, said Representative of Greek Cypriot side tried to enter into polemics and deviate the facts as it happened in every international meeting. Oymen said Cyprus problem started in 1963 and continued afterwards with ethnic cleansing campaign of Greek Cypriot side against Turks. He said it did not start in 1974 as Greek Cypriot representative claimed. Pointing out the positive and peaceful atmosphere created between Turkish and Greek people following the quakes, Oymen said statements of Greek Cypriot representative failed to help this.


[65] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - The delegation headed by Ambassador Numan Hazar, the Chairman of the Organization for Islamic Conference (OIC) visited Pretoria, the capital of the Republic of South Africa, Johannesburg which is the trade center of this country and Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe Republic between October 31 and November 7. Representatives from the Foreign Ministry, Finance Ministry, Treasury, State Planning Organization, Foreign Trade Undersecretariat and Turkey Contractors Union were in the delegation. Two representatives of General Staff Directorate also joined the delegation in Zimbabwe. In the Republic of South Africa, Ambassador Hazar was received by acting Foreign Minister Aziz Pahad. Hazar presented Pahad a letter of Foreign Minister Ismail Cem inviting Dlamini Zuma, the Foreign Minister of the Republic of South Africa. The two countries agreed to sign agreements on trade, economic and technical cooperation, mutual encouragement of investments and their protection, and to prevent double taxation when Zuma visits Turkey. A protocol suggesting political solidarity mechanism between the foreign ministries of the two countries will also be signed during Zuma's visit. In Zimbabwe, the delegation was received by Stanley Mudenge, the Foreign Minister; Moven Mahacci, the Defense Minister; John Nkomo, the Defense Minister and local administrations. Turkey and Zimbabwe will cooperate in trade, economy, and technology fields as well as military training, the two sides agreed during the talks. Related agreements are expected to be signed when Orbert Mpofu, the Minister of Industry and Trade and Mahacci visit Turkey. During the meetings, the Turkish side briefed the Zimbabwean authorities about the Cyprus issue, relations with Greece and the EU, the Middle East and other regional and international matters. The Zimbabwean side said they still remembered the medical aid Turkey sent to them in 1970 during their struggle against the racist regime and expressed gratitude. It was said that both visits were very fruitful for the development of political, economic, and cultural ties with both Zimbabwe and the Republic of South Africa.


[67] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - Foreign Ministry said on Wednesday that it thought ongoing Russian operations against Chechnya will not affect the Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Revision Agreement, that is expected to be signed during Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Summit in Istanbul. Sermet Atacanli, Foreign Ministry Deputy Spokesman, responded to the questions at a weekly news conference. Responding to the questions about CFE agreement and Chechnya problem, Atacanli said that ''there is not a reason to expect that this problem will effect the summit and CFE Agreement negatively.'' Atacanli recalled that CFE was a comprehensive and important agreement and signed after tough negotiations, and added that several important developments occurred in global level like splitting up of Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. Atacanli pointed out that adaptation of the agreement to new conditions came to the agenda following the changes, adding that consultations to revise the agreement still continue in Istanbul. He said all countries that are a side to the agreement are in an effort to obtain the best result according to their own interests. Atacanli said there were several efforts for reconciliation and expressed hope that these will be concluded till the summit and that an agreement will be signed during the summit. Responding to another question, Atacanli said many bilateral contacts may take place during the summit where head of states and governments of 54 countries will attend. He said the only scheduled program was the dinner which Foreign Minister Ismail Cem will host for the foreign ministers of EU member countries. When recalled the request of Knut Vollebaek, Foreign Minister of Norway, Term President of OSCE, to meet the expenses of the summit by OSCE Secretariat, Atacanli said he was not informed about a concrete development to this end. Atacanli pointed out that Turkey prepared the summit, including the financing, by itself. Vollebaek and Tarja Halonen, Foreign Minister of the Netherlands, the EU Term President, visited Turkey following quake disaster. Vollebaek said Turkey had economic difficulties due to the quake, and noted that he will ask for the finance of the summit to be met by OSCE. When asked about the official visits Bill Clinton, the U.S. President, will pay to Turkey prior to the summit, Atacanli said they have not received any information about a change in the program, and noted that they expected the U.S. President to arrive in Ankara on Monday.


[69] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - Foreign Minister Ismail Cem said on Wednesday that it will not be correct to make an estimation about Turkey's candidacy to European Union (EU), before the conclusion of EU Helsinki Summit. He said ''Turkey's probable candidacy is not depended on any special precondition.'' In a written statement disclosed by Foreign Ministry Information Department and where latest developments were evaluated, Cem conveyed his views about the table before Helsinki Summit. Cem said number of countries approaching positively to Turkey's candidate status increased greadually, adding that this was a late decision. Cem said this decision was for the benefit of stability, peace and economic development in a wide geography including EU and Turkey. Cem pointed out that making an estimation would not be correct before seeing the results of the summit, and added that the decision could not be taken in case even one of the 15 member countries oppose. FM noted that Turkey's probable candidacy was not dependent on any special condition, and added that implementation of special conditions in case of Turkey's membership, was regardless of question. Cem said ''Turkey will be evaluated under the same criteria with other candidates, and will take step on the way of full membership as long as it fulfils them. Morever, Copenhagen criteria which include the criteria in question, is not the product of EU. These are the values which all humanity formed and shared. Turkey will continue to improve these values which it already contributed, whether it becomes a candidate to EU or not.'' Foreign Minister Cem pointed out that another important topic of Turkey was the Cyprus issue. Cem noted that both Turkey and Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) openly clarified their position about the resolution of the U.N. Security Council which foresaw talks between the sides in Cyprus. ''Turkey has announced to the world that proposals which can be accepted by TRNC, can be implemented. Also, we have disclosed to all the concerned sides that there can be no connection between Cyprus issue and Turkey's EU candidacy. We adopt the policies implemented by Denktas and fully support them,'' FM noted. Cem pointed out that joint working groups formed between Turkey and Greece exhibited positive developments, adding that ''they managed to reach a level in every issue, including struggle against terrorism, on which Turkey is very sensitive. ''The first results make us think that more comprehensive and deep efforts may be brought to the agenda. The works are carried out cautiously and in a determined way and by taking into consideration mutual sensitivities,'' he added. Responding to the reactions shown to statements of Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit that Chechnya problem was the domestic affairs of Russia, Cem said ''the events in Chechnya cause great concern in Turkey, the situation presents the danger of spreading to the Caucasus and sparking regional instability.'' Answering to the criticisms against Turkey's foreign policy on Chechnya issue, Cem said ''Turkey is a defender of territorial integrities of the countries under the international agreements it signed and under its own understanding. Turkey defines Russia's preservation of its territorial integrity as a legal concern. Turkey believes that human rights are matters of all humanity, not a domestic matter. The disaster which Chechen women, children, and refugees are exposed, is a great pain in our hearts. Turkey does its best both in political and humanitarian dimensions to ease these pains.''


[71] MOSCOW, Nov 10 (A.A) - Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said on Wednesday that Turkey expected visit of Russian Chief of General Staff, and noted that this will speed up military-technical cooperation of the two countries. Statement of Premier Ecevit to Trud newspaper was issued today. Ecevit said Turkey attributed importance to military-technical cooperation issue in his contacts held in Russia, and noted that ''we may increase purchase of military products from Russia. Besides, we are ready to discuss technological cooperation facilities with Russia. Morever, joint production of several military-technical products may be included within this.'' Recalling that retired General Ismail Hakki Karadayi, former Chief of General Staff, visited Moscow, Ecevit said, ''now, we are waiting for the visit of your Chief of General Staff. This visit will add momentum to our relations.'' When recalled that the additional protocol related with Blue Stream natural gas pipeline project was not signed during the visit, Ecevit said the issue will be discussed primarily within Turkish Government. Ecevit said, ''agreement related with the context of the protocol has been reached with Russia just before my visit. Yet, we could not negotiate the issue within the government. We will negotiate the issue very soon.'' Ecevit stressed that Turkey also has interests in the Blue Stream project. Ecevit noted that helping Russia to get rid of the economic crisis was also in accordance with the long term interests of Ankara. He also mentioned cooperation against terrorism. Ecevit said: ''Terrorism has turned into a headache in recent years, and became a serious threat for peace. I am pleased to reach an agreement with Russia to make cooperation to overcome terrorism in our region and in the world.''


[73] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said on Wednesday that the draft laws, which had priority and were approved to be discussed at the Parliament, were taken up at the leaders' summit at which mostly economic issued were discussed. ''The meeting was held in a very positive and concordant atmosphere,'' Ecevit said. Noting that the amnesty law was not discussed at the meeting, Ecevit said the the opportunities of compromise concerning the amnesty law should be sought more. Prime Minister Ecevit left the Prime Ministry building to hold his weekly regular meeting with President Suleyman Demirel while the leaders' summit continues. Speaking to reporters, Ecevit said he would join again the leaders' summit after his meeting with the President. Ecevit said he briefed Mesut Yilmaz of the Motherland Party (ANAP) and Devlet Bahceli of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) on his visit to Russia. Ecevit stated that they also discussed the agenda of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Summit, and the possible problems that would be faced during the summit in Istanbul. ''We also discussed Chechnya issue. Of course, the gradual increase in the badly effects of the Russian military operation in Chechenya on the civilians create sorrow among the Turkish society and public opinion. We discussed these concerns,'' he said. ''Meanwhile, we reviewed the draft laws on supplementary funds and tax together with the Finance Minister and the State Minister for treasury. The Capital Market Law is among the bills which have priority for discussion in the Parliament. We discussed rapid ratification of the law on Second Vessel Record and the law on Foundation of Maritime Ministry. We determined that approval of the Arbitration Concordance Law by the cabinet will be finalized within few days and later it will be submitted to the Parliament, '' he said. ''Besides we discussed the revisions foreseen in the by-law of the Parliament. These topics are on our agenda. We held the meeting in a very positive and concordant atmosphere,'' he said. Responding to a question, Ecevit said they discussed the oil pipelines and blue stream project within the framework of his visit to Russia. When asked whether it could be possible to sign an agreement on the Baku-Ceyhan oil pipeline during the OSCE Summit in Istanbul, Ecevit said, ''we can't comment on this at the moment. However, we are hopeful.''


[75] BRUSSELS, Nov 10 (A.A) - The NATO Military Committee Chairman Admiral Guido Venturoni said on Wednesday that Turkey clearly expressed her concerns about the European Security and Defense Identity (ESDI), and the military flank of the Alliance expected concrete solutions from the political authorities. The Military Committee, which is composed of the Chiefs of General Staffs of NATO members and is the highest military decision organ of the NATO, held its two-day annual regular meeting. Speaking to reporters following the meeting, Admiral Venturoni said nobody was opposed to the development of the ESDI and the consolidation of the European defense. Noting that specific structural relations were set uo between the NATO and the Western European Union (WEU), Venturoni recalled that the NATO allies like Turkey who are not a European Union (EU) member, entered the decision mechanism in the WEU. ''There are elements that should be clarified in the political field. Some countries like Turkey clearly expressed their concerns,'' the Admiral said. Stressing the importance of Chief of General Staff General Huseyin Kivrikoglu's warnings and importance of ''joint force plans, security measures and intelligence exchange'', the Admiral said, ''Turkey is a part of all of these.''


[77] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel said on Wednesday that he won't escape from his work if people want him fulfil his work. Demirel received Zeki Celikel, the General Director of the Turkish Parliamentarians' Association, and the accompanying delegation at the Presidential Palace in Cankaya, Ankara. Demirel explained his opinions about the election of the President. Noting that Turkey has to discuss the presidency system or half-presidency system, Demirel said the President's term of office could be re-arranged. Pointing that the seven-year term of office was long, Demirel said the five-year presidency term of office would be better and preferable for the administartion in Turkey, and this would enable a person to be elected for two times. ''I have to care for my work if people want me to fulfil the work. I won't escape. However, I won't launch an initiative to insist on fulfilling the duty,'' the President said. ''God knows that I helped every individual and embraced every part of this country,'' he added.


[79] ANKARA, Nov 10 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel said on Wednesday that he would not escape from work if people want him fulfil the work. ''However, I do not launch an initiative to insist on fulfilling the duty. I have never requested something from somebody and I won't. Because, it is impossible to pay for it later,'' he said. President Suleyman Demirel received Zeki Celikel, the General Director of the Turkish Parliamentarians' Association, and the accompanying delegation at the Presidential Palace in Cankaya, Ankara. Celikel said President Demirel was a very important element of balance for the stability. ''Now, as the Turkish Parliamentarians' Association, we belive that the election of Mr. Demirel once again as the President as a resuit of an amendment to the Constitution became obligatory. Our surveys and public polls prove this to be right. Actually, the seven-year term of office is both long and short period according to the personality of the President. Thus the five-year term of office enabling a person to be elected as the President for two times is preferable,'' Celikel said. President Suleyman Demirel said the rules for the election of the President were mentioned in the Constitution. ''On my personal opinion, half of the people has to support the President. The man who will be elected as the President should be powerful. He has a political power,'' Demirel said. ''Turkey will adopt this implementation in the end. The Turkish administration needs stability. Today, Turkey has to discuss the presidency systam or half-presidency system. One of these systems will be preferred in coming years,'' he said. ''On my personal opinion, the seven-year term of office is long for presidency. Decreasing seven years to five years will be the most appropriate system for the administration in Turkey. This will enable the President to be elected once again for the next period,'' he said.


[81] MUNICH, Nov 10 (A.A) - Dimitrios Nezeritis, the Greek Ambassador to Berlin, said on Wednesday that they supported Turkey's European Union (EU) candidacy for full-membership. Nezeritis, who was the former Greek Ambassador to Ankara, staged a press conferene on Greece's foreign policy and her changing preferences. Noting that there had been changes in Greece's foreign policy priorities in time, Nezeritis said the continuing Cyprus question remained a foreign policy priority that was wiating to be solved. Calling Turkey ''the great neighbour of Greece'', Nezeritis stressed that the political atmosphere between Turkey and Greece had been recently recovered as a result of the meetings of the Turkish and Greek Foreign Ministers. Nezeritis said the problems between Turkey and Greece like the continental shelf, territorial waters and airspaces could be solved through the laws as they were mentioned in the international agreements. Nezeritis said they were not in favour of the bilateral solution proposed by Turkey. ''We really want Turkey's EU candidacy. However, the decision will be taken at the Helsinki Summit,'' he said.

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