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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 99-11-06

Anadolu Agency: News in English Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <>

[01] AA Daily

06 November 1999 Saturday


[03] These are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on November 6, 1999. The Anadolu Ajansi does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their occuracy.

[04] HURRIYET (LIBERAL) - ---------------- ONLY TECHNICAL DETAILS LEFT IN BAKU-CEYHAN PROJECT Yurdakul Yigitguden, Undersecretary of Energy and Natural Resources Ministry said negotiations on main points of Baku-Ceyhan project were over. ''Technical teams are working on minor issues. We are aiming at completing the agreements before the OSCE summit,'' he said. Turkey while getting closer to finalize the Baku-Ceyhan, is now starting another series of meetings to get the approval of the third parties on Turkmenistan natural gas project.

[05] WOLF: ''YOU MUST PERSUADE GEORGIA'' While efforts continue to finalize Baku-Ceyhan's agreements before the OSCE meeting, John Wolf, U.S. President Bill Clinton's Special Advisor who is in charge of development of energy resources said Georgia must be a full party to and partner in these agreements. ''Georgia has its own unique characteristics, and the agreements it signs must conform to Georgia's democratic practices and its constitution,'' he said. Wolf also noted that he was pleased about the progress made between Turkish and Azerbaijani teams over the pipeline.

[06] MILLIYET (LIBERAL) - ----------------- TAX POLEMIC IN FRONT OF MINISTER Two businessmen quarreled in front of Finance Minister Sumer Oral. When Husnu Ozyegin, the owner of the Finansbank, said, ''as the banks, we earned a lot of money from high-interest. You have to collect Corporate Tax also from us,'' Mustafa Suzer, the owner of the Kentbank, reacted saying, ''I think you are drunk. What else are they going to tax?''

[07] DRAFT ON RETURN BACK TO PIASTRE READY In accordance with the Central Bank's ''money law'', zeros will be removed from the Turkish Lira (TL) when the inflation decreases to ten percent. The currency will be again the piastre (one hundredth part of a TL).

[08] SABAH (LIBERAL) - --------------- BIG INVESTMENT FOR GAP The giant U.S. firm OSHKOSH which produces Hummer jeeps is getting ready to set up a 200 million U.S. dollar factory in Sanliurfa. Ted L. Henson, International General Manager of OSHKOSH said their factory will be built on a 70,000 square meter land and will provide employment to 4,000 people. The annual sales of OSHKOSH is 2 quadrillion TL. The factory is also expected to attract other leading firms of the world to Southeast Turkey.

[09] KUTAN: ''THERE IS NO SECULARISM IN TURKEY'' Recai Kutan, the leader of the Virtue Party (FP) who is continuing his contacts in New York claimed that there was no secularism in Turkey and said they were against the current secular system. Kutan had a meeting with UN Secretary General Kofi Annan. Kutan said they weren't against the Republic but found it inadequate. He also noted that his party was not enemies of Israel.

[10] CUMHURIYET (LEFT) - ---------------- ECEVIT: ''THE WALL OF REGIME HAS BEEN REMOVED'' Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit, who is currently paying an official visit to Russia, met with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin. Turkey and Russia signed five documents including the declaration of cooperation against terrorism. Putin defended that they had never supported terrorism targeted Turkey. Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said there had been never a difference of regime between Turkey and Russia, adding, ''we have the situation to cooperate in every issue.''

[11] PROSECUTOR: ''EVERYBODY IS A SUSPECT'' Hamza Keles, the Ankara State Security Court (DGM) Republican Prosecutor, interrogated, within the scope of the investigation yesterday a woman, who said she witnessed the assasination of Ahmet Taner Kislali, journalist-author and former Culture Minister. Keles said they needed time and everybody could be a suspect.

[12] RADIKAL (LEFT) - ------------- LATEST PRODUCT OF INFLATION The 10,000, 000 TL. banknotes have been put into circulation yesterday. The new note which is worth of 21 U.S. dollars cost 25,000 TL. While Turkey is discussing to delete the zeros from its money after the government introduced a stability programme, 10,000,000 TL. notes were put into circulation becaues of growing money volume. Aykut Ekzen, the deputy chairman of the Central Bank noted that Turkey was the only country which prints a banknote with seven zeros. Ekzen also stressed that the new banknote would no negative effect on the inflation.

[13] THY TO TRANSPORT 12 MILLION PEOPLE IN 2000 Turkish Airlines (THY) is targeting to transort 12 million people next year. Yusuf Bolayirli, General Director of THY said they were expecting a 7 percent increase at the end of 1999 compared to last year. THY also carried 100,000 tons of cargo and mail in 1999.

[14] TURKIYE (RIGHT) - --------------- NEGLIGENCE OF SUPPLEMENTARY TAX LIKELY The government is now giving the signal of a backward step from the supplementary tax due to reactions of the business circles. The government seems indeterminate about the supplementary tax which was prepared to meet the losses due to the strong quake but later suspended. Finance Minister Sumer Oral said, ''at the moment, it is uncertain what will happen in the future. I don't know what kind of a process it will follow.''

[15] COLD WAR IN ENERGY Turkey, Azerbaijan and the U.S. reached a consensus about the issues concerning the Baku-Ceyhan pipeline project at the talks in Ankara. The sides are trying to finalize the agreement till the OSCE Summit in Istanbul. Turkey also continues talks on the Blue Stream project with Russia. Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said the minor problems won't be so important. Russia, who is acting in a lukewarm manner toward the Baku-Ceyhan, made a last move and tried to persuade Azerbaijan yesterday. Putin's assistant met with Azerbaijani President Haydar Aliyev but failed to get a result.

[16] COOPERATION WITH MOSCOW IN COMBAT TERRORISM Turkey and Russia agreed to cooperate in struggle against terrorism. Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, who signed the agreement on cooperation against terrorism with Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit, said they never supported terrorism that targeted Turkey.

[17] ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE) - ------------------ BAD RECORD The five million Turkish Liras (TL) banknote, which was uttered on January 6, 1997, lost all esteem and consideration. The ten million TL banknote, which is the last outcome of the high chronic inflation, has been uttered. This new banknote broke a world record being the note which has the most zeros. The new banknote is equivalent to 20.4 U.S. dollars or 38.3 German Marks with the current currencies.

[18] PROBLEM IN BAKU-CEYHAN Now Georgia raised difficuŝties in front of the Baku-Ceyhan project, which is expected to be signed during the OSCE Summit in Istanbul. A problem occurred when Georgia wanted Turkey undertake the spendings on expropriation in her territories. U.S. President's Special Representative John Wolf, who is currently in Ankara, said he was hopeful that the agreements on the Baku-Ceyhan would be finalized in near future.


[20] ANKARA, Nov 6 (A.A) - Greece welcomed on Friday the news saying that the Turkish Armed Forces will not exercise some of its maneouvres to contribute to the friendly atmosphere between Turkey and Greece. Ioannis Corantis, the Greek Ambassador to Ankara, told the A.A correspondent that they had earlier launched initiatives within this framework. They had cancelled some maneouvres to decrease the tension in the region, Corantis said. Corantis claimed that despite this, they could not see the similar attitude from Turkey. If this news is correct, it could have positive effects on the relations between the two countries, Corantis noted. The newspapers had written that the Turkish F-16 war planes would not land on Cyprus during the Toros Maneouvres which would be exercised between November 25 and 26, 1999. The newspapers had also said that the Determination Maneouvres, which were the joint maneouvres exercised by Turkey and Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), would not be exercised this year.


[22] ANKARA, Nov 6 (A.A) - The International Monetary Fund (IMF) delegation continued its contacts in the Treasury Undersecretariat, Central Bank, Finance Ministry and State Planning Institute (DPT) on Friday. The sources said that the IMF delegation and the officials at the Treasury Undersecretariat discussed the domestic borrowing policy for 2000. The IMF delegation handled the performance criteria during its contacts in the Central Bank, the sources noted. The sources stated that the IMF delegation took on the growth and inflation issues in the DPT. A group of IMF experts met with Fikret Sevinc, the Director General of Accounts Department of the Finance Ministry, the sources stressed. The sources added that the IMF delegation discussed the schedule of the public expenditures from the 2000 year budget during their meeting with Sevinc.


[24] IZMIR, Nov 6 (A.A) - Sjored Izaak Hendrik Gosses, Dutch Ambassador to Ankara, said on Friday that his country thinks of increasing the economic relations with Turkey if Turkey becomes a candidate member of the European Union (EU). Gosses staged a press conference in Izmir. The trade relations betweeen the two countries have been improving day by day for long years, Gosses said. Gosses noted that the Netherlands has a trading volume of two billion U.S. dollars with Turkey every year and Turkey has a trading volume of one and a half billion U.S. dollars with the Netherlands. The Dutch government has always said that Turkey should become a candidate member of the EU and Turkey does her best about this issue, Gosses stated. Gosses stressed that this is just a beginning and they believe Turkey will fulfil all the responsibilities for the economic, social and human rights issues as all the other candidates do. Significant developments are marked regarding the Disaster Administration Quality Improvement Project (RADIUS) which is carried out by the Izmir Municipality, Gosses emphasized. Gosses pointed out that the Netherlands meets 45 percent of the project and Turkey meets the rest of it. The Netherlands also supports Turkey in the education field, Gosses said. Gosses noted that the Netherlands became the sponsor in this giant project. This project puts forward a system which will provide interference with emergency cases like the earthquake and accident, Gosses added.


[26] ANTALYA, Nov 6 (A.A) - The Fifth Summit of the European Union (EU)- Mediterranean Economic and Social Councils ended on Friday. ''The Document on Sustainable Development of the Mediterranean Countries'', ''The Implementation of 1998-1999 Working Programme of the Follow-Up Committee'' and ''Draft Final Declaration'' were discussed in the last day of the summit. After the summit ended, Husamettin Kavi, the Co-Chairmen of the Turkey-EU Joint Consultation Committee, staged a joint press conference with the chairmen of Italian, German and Spanish social councils. The Fifth EU-Mediterranean Economic and Social Councils' Summit will lead to the improvement of the peace and economic cooperation, Kavi noted. Kavi stated that the meetings were held in a positive atmosphere. ''We represent the economic and social councils in the EU and Mediterranean regions and the social parties which are the members of these councils. To this end, those who not only represent Turkey but also have an authority in the political dimension of the commission, expressed their ideas in the meetings,'' Kavi said. Kavi added, ''there will be more meetings in the following days. There will be summits in Helsinki. We do not have the chance and power to express our ideas about the political process.'' The world is moving from representative democracy to pluralist democracy, Kavi stressed. Kavi continued, ''the EU has expriences which go back to very old days in the Mediterranean region. It has a new understanding which is reflected into the Eastern Europe and Mediterranean region and even the whole world. The pluralist democracy will be included in our lives rather than the representative democracy. And, the biggest elements of pluralist democracy will be economic and social councils.'' The importance of these platforms which are shaped up by the compromise of different views including the views of workers, employers, other social sectors, agricultural sector, small and medium scale enterprises and the consumers, gradually increases; Kavi emphasized. Kavi said, ''we contributed to this process with our meetings. This process will improve gradually. The EU-Turkey joint economic and social committee has been carrying out efforts for four years. We had the eighth meeting in Trabzon. Since our first meeting in November 1995, Turkey has always been in front of the political process in integration with Europe.'' ''The councils expressed the problems faced in this process to the commission and the other institutions of the EU. In this process, we saw that we understand each other. We have told the Turkish authorities what we wish and what we should do to make our wishes come true. We are in cooperation with the authorities and this cooperation is improving day by day,'' Kavi added. Kavi said that the EU Economic and Social Committee and the representatives of the Economic and Social Committee who participated in the fifth summit are not against Turkey's winning a EU candidacy status. Kavi continued, ''the committees do their best for Turkey's EU membership. But, this is a process. The commission took a non-binding decision in the recent days for the Helsinki summit which will be held in December. The commission said that it would be appropriate to consider Turkey within the framework of the full membership status. Turkish Economic and Social Committee will hold contacts with the representatives of the joint committee which forms the European wing in Brussels at the end of November or beginning of December, Kavi noted. Kavi added that they will try to express what the social parties in Turkey think about the integration with the EU and what they expect from the Helsinki Summit during their contacts in Brussels.


[28] ATHENS, Nov 6 (A.A) - Ali Tuygan, Turkey's Ambassador to Athens, visited Costas Simitis, the Prime Minister of Greece, on Friday. The sources told the A.A correspondent that Tuygan submitted the good will message of Premier Bulent Ecevit to Simitis. Ecevit said that he welcomed the progress recorded in the dialogue process between Turkey and Greece, the sources said. The sources noted that Ecevit also said he was pleased that Simitis would participate in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Summit in Istanbul. Simitis and Tuygan emphasized that it would be useful to continue the bilateral relations in this positive atmosphere during the meeting, the sources stated. The sources added that Simitis and Tuygan expressed that lasting solutions could be found for the problems between the two countries.


[30] ANKARA, Nov 6 (A.A) - Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said on Saturday that the Turkish businessmen were permanent in Russia because of their faith in Russia's future. Ecevit and Moscow Mayor Yuri Lujkov laid the foundation of the Turkish Trade Center in Moscow which will be built through the partnership of the Union of Turkish Chambers and Commodity Exchanges (TOBB), Turkish Exporters' Assembly (TIM) and Russia. Ecevit, at the ceremony, said economic relations between Russia and Turkey reached high levels in the recent years. ''Our government finds it hard to catch up with the pace of Turkish enterpreneurs. This proves the dynamism of Turkish nation,'' Ecevit said. Turkish businessmen did not leave Russia despite the economic crisis and continued to invest for Russia's future, he reminded. ''Long live Turkish-Russian friendship,'' Ecevit concluded his speech.


[32] ISTANBUL, Nov 6 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel said on Saturday that the Organization for Islamic Conference (OIC) was formed of very different national economies. Addressing the 15th OIC Economic and Commercial Cooperation Permanent Committee (ISEDAK) meeting in Istanbul, Demirel said, ''we are all parts of a global economy and face similar challenges. We have to act in accordance with the 21st century's economic realities and strengthen the cooperation among us.'' Demirel started his remarks by thanking all member nations for the moral and financial support they offered after the quake disaster in Turkey. ''This solidarity gave us strength to dream of a world in peace,'' Demirel said. Globalization left its trace on the last period of the 20th century, Demirel said. Globalization reshaped all relations between economies and people, and relations multiplied between different cultures and societies, President Demirel noted. Opening of national markets to free markets, withdrawal of governments from economic and trade activities, the increasing share of electronic business in the world trade speeded up the global integration process, Demirel explained. Revolutionary developments in communication and information technologies removed boundries between countries, Demirel said. He also stressed that it would be hard to survive for the countries which fail to meet the 21st century's globalization criteria. This could be made up by getting better prepared for the 21st century and increasing the international cooperation and solidarity between different countries, he added. ''The Organization of Islamic Conference is formed by different national economies. We are all parts of a global economy and face with similar challenges. We have to strengthen the cooperation among us by acting in accordance with the 21st century's economic realities,'' he said. ''We regard globalization not as a threat but as a golden opportunity in Turkey. In the last decade, Turkey recorded important progress in developing its market mechanism and integrating its economy with the global economy. Turkey's acquisitions and experience is also a source of strength for the Islamic world,'' Demirel said.


[34] MOSCOW, Nov 6 (A.A) - Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit visited on Saturday Yuri Lujkov, the Prime Minister of Moscow Government and Mayor of Moscow. Lujkov, at the meeting, expressed his pleasure over seeing the representatives of the Turkish contractor companies with which he had good relations among the Turkish delegation. Lujkov said the Turkish companies had important role in renewal of the power network in Moscow and restoration of historical artifacts. Lujkov stated that they opened a factory which would produce a 30 million litres beer a year together with the Turkish Efes company a few months ago. ''What is so important is creation of mutual confidence atmosphere in our relations. We attach great importance to this. Your visit will contribute to further improvement of the cooperation,'' he said. Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said Lujkov is a real friend of Turks. Ecevit said Lujkov expended great efforts to extend facilities to the Turkish contractors making business in Moscow. Stressing that the Turkish contractor companies did not withdraw from Russia during the crisis in Russia, Ecevit said, ''because, they know the current troubles are temporary. They trust in Russia's future.'' Ecevit thanked to aid sent by Russia during the earthquake disaster.


[36] ISTANBUL, Nov 6 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel said on Saturday that the financial crisis which started in Asia in 1997 had very severe economic and social consequences especially in developing countries, some of which are the member countries, although it affected the whole word and caused a global recession. Demirel mentioned the global crisis when he addressed the 15th Organization for Islamic Conference (OIC) Economic and Trade Cooperation Permanent Committee (ISEDAK) meeting on Saturday. ''The financial crisis which broke out in Asia in 1997 has become an issue which needs to be closely followed in the world economy,'' he said. The incident which first started as a financial crisis became more severe and affected real sectors and spreaded to other regions in the world. ''Evaluations made in the international field indicate a significant recovery in financial conditions but the world still need to act with caution. The world economy is expected to grow 3 percent in 1999 and 3.5 percent in 2000. This will also enable the member countries to get a bigger share from the world trade. This last crisis showed that global developments closely concern national economies. It is not always possible to predict these developments in advance and take the necessary measures,'' he went on to say. ''For this reason, the member countries must actively participate in the activities started to recover the international economic and financial system while taking structural and adaptation measures needed for their own economy,'' he said. ''Another important development in the world economy that took place for the member coutnries is the formation of Developing-20 group. This new group which brings together D-7 countries, the 11 growing economies and Bretton Woods institutions will follow the developments in world economy and seek ways to interfere with a possible crisis in time. Turkey and Suudi Arabia were also invited to this group. We will reflect the proposals and views that we produce at ISEDAK to D-20's activities,'' Demirel said.


[38] MOSCOW, Nov 6 (A.A) - Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit and Moscow Mayor Yuri Lujkov laid on Saturday the foundation of the Turkish Trade Center in Moscow. Addressing the ceremony, Lujkov said, ''today, we are taking a very important step here to realize one of my greatest dreams.'' Yuri Lujkov recalled that the shuttle trade, which had a great part in the past, was now nearly finished although the bilateral trade between Turkey and Russia had a great volume. Noting that they did not want a shrinkage in the trade volume, Lujkov said the system in bilateral trade had to be developed in much more modern dimensions in spite of shuttle trade. Lujkov said they expected the establishment of much more bigger wholesale business center for the Turkish businessmen in addition to the Turkish Trade Center. Lujkov said the Turkish businessmen could easily bring their products to the Russian market through a giant wholesale business center to be set up in Moscow. Fuat Miras, the Chairman of the Union of Turkish Chambers and Commodity Exchanges (TOBB), said they were ready to give every kind of support for further improvement of relations between Turkey and Russia, the two biggest members of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC). ''A total of 143 Turkish companies successfully undertook 570 projects in Russia. This indicates the importance Turkey attaches to Russia,'' he said. The Moscow Turkish Trade Center is in the city-center and five minutes from the Kremlin Palace. The project, which is carried out by the TOBB Turkish Exporters' Assembly International Trade Centers Inc and its Russian partner JSC, will be constructed with turn-key delivery method. The project will be concluded in the year 2001.


[40] ANKARA, Nov 6 (A.A) - The International Monetary Fund (IMF) delegation which is currently holding meetings in Turkey to sign a stand-by agreement asked for an appointment from the Minimum Wage Commission on Saturday. The IMF which did not show interest in the minimum wage before now wants to be influential while determining the minimum wage. The IMF does not support a very high increase in the minimum wage. It also finds it dangerous to make a reduction in the tax, premium or obligatory savings because it might cause an income loss in the public. The Minimum Wage Commission headed by Omer Benokan is formed by 15 people including the the Confederation of the Turkish Labour Unions (Turk-Is) Secretary General Salih Kilic and the Confederation of Turkish Employers' Unions (TISK). The commission is working to fix a minimum wage which will take effect as of January 1, 2000. The current minimum wage is 93,600,000 Turkish Liras (nearly 188 U.S. dollars) for those who are over 16 years old and 79,000,000 (nearly 160 U.S. dollars) Turkish Liras for those who are under 16 years old. An increase of 25 percent is expected in the minimum wage next year.


[42] ISTANBUL, Nov 6 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel addressed on Saturday the 15th Meeting of the Organization for Islamic Conference (OIC) Economic and Trade Cooperation Permanent Committee (ISEDAK) in Istanbul. Demirel said they attached great importance to the development of democracy, supremacy of law, open regime and free market economy in Russia who played an important role in peace, stability and prosperity in Eurasia. ''We expect Russia to overcome all of the problems including the developments in North Caucasia on this bassi and within the framework of respect to supremacy of law and human rights,'' he said.

[43] Demirel said the threats and risks like terrorism, ethnic nationalism, racism, xenophobia, intolerance continued to prevail while the humanity was trying to come together around the common values and targets to make peace, stability and cooperation dominant in the world. Demirel stressed that the removal of obstacles in front of a better and just world order could be possible only with the solidarity of all countries. Demirel said the aggressive nationalism based on ethnic cleansing firstly in Bosnia- Herzegovina and later in Kosovo could be prevented as a result of the determined position of the international community and its intervention in time. ''I found the opportunity to observe the situation during my visit to Kosovo on October 15, 1999. The Kosovar Muslims are grateful to the international community for its help. I believe that ss the sister Islamic countries, we have to mobilize all of our facilities to heal the wounds of our Kosovar brothers and sisters and meet their urgent requirements especially including permanent residence. I think it will be more beneficial if the OIC and the Islamic Development Bank expend more active efforts. As the Islamic countries, our active contribution to the efforts for reconstruction of Kosovo will play an important role concerning the peace and stability in Southeastern Europe. With this respect, I want to emphasize once again that it will be more beneficial if you continue your active contributions increasingly to the efforts for reconstruction of Bosnia-Herzegovina,'' he said. Demirel said the emergence of a golden opportunity for the settlement of a lasting peace in the Middle East was one of the most important developments which encourage optimism for international security and stability on the eve of the 21st century. Demirel stated that they wish a progress could be recorded in the process' all parts including Syria and Lebanon. Demirel said the agreement, which signed in Sharm el Sheikh a short time ago, proved that the blocked peace process returned to its normal course, and it was a historic step. Demirel stressed that Turkey's aim was to contribute to the settlement of an atmosphere which would enable the people of different origins, cultures, nations, religions to live together in pecae in the Middle East. ''We have the chance to build together our common future. I believe that the leaders in the Middle East will manage to give the message of cooperation instead of enmity,'' he said. Demirel emphasized that settlement of a lasting peace in Caucasia depended on the settlement of an international legality. Demirel invited Armenia, which continues to occupy one-fifth of the Azerbaijani territories, to abide by the international laws. Demirel stressed that the settlement of a lasting and just peace in Caucasia is the most natural right of Azerbaijan. ''Our support to sister Azerbaijan for her good will steps for peace has to be continued in determination. With this respect, I want to once again emphasize that continuation of our humanitarian aid to more than one million Azerbaijani refugees is our debt of brotherhood,'' he said. Demirel said as the Islamic countries, they have to closely follw the incidents which happen in North Caucasia and reached serious humanitarian dimensions. Demirel said the developments in question, which create serious concerns for especially the civilians, have the intention to threat the regional peace. ''We expect Russia to overcome all of the problems including the developments in North Caucasia on this bassi and within the framework of respect to supremacy of law and human rights,'' he said. Noting that the support given to sister Pakistan concerning the Kashmir issue continues in determination, Demirel said they attach importance to solution of the problem with dialogue between Pakistan and India and on the basis of international legality. Calling on the Islamic world to continue to support the rightful case of the Moslem Turkish society on Cyprus, Demirel said, ''the continuation of the support given by the sister Islamic countries to the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus's (TRNC) good will position toward the just and lasting solution on the basis of two equal sovereign states on the island, and the development of relations with the TRNC in every field will strengthen the solidarity within the Islamic world.'' Demirel added that they appreciate the comprehending position of sister Indonesia for the reasonable solution of the East Timor problem on the basis of international legality.


[45] ISTANBUL, Nov 6 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel said on Saturday that the Islamic world must take place in all fields in international relations and become a part of the solutions. Demirel said the level of human resources possessed by the countries would determine the wealth of the nations. ''Investments made in education and health fields will pay back more than ever in the next century. Investing in people will be the key to effective employment and to decrease social and regional imbalances, '' Demirel said. The human factor will have great importance in the 21st century, Demirel continued. ''All established institutions are questioned in international relations, and we as the Islamic world must take place in these relations and become a part of the solutions,'' Demirel said. The Organization for Islamic Conference which has a history of 30 years must closely follow these tendencies and take the necessary measures,'' he went on to say. ''The action plan which was accepted at the 7th Islamic Summit in 1994 and the economic cooperation strategy is an important step taken in this direction. We gained considerable experience and formed structural mechanisms in economic cooperation. Despite all these undertakings and example, the economic and trade cooperation among our countries are far from our expectations. Therefore, I believe that reviewing this cooperation and updating some agreements is necessary for our countries,'' Demirel stated. The thirty year history of the Organization will be evaluated and possible difficulties that might be faced will be discussed at Foreign Ministers Special Meeting in Istanbul in March 2000. Demirel said this meeting will have significant importance to form new strategies for the future of the Islamic countries. ''The conditions of the new age makes the economic cooperation a must among Islamic countries which share a common history and culture. Turkey thinks that regional cooperation is the key to international peace, stability and prosperity. In this regard, ISEDAK forms an important milestone in economic and commercial cooperation among our countries. Despite many problems that we confront, the future offers us hope and many opportunities. I have full confidence that we will make use of these opportunities in the best way. I wish you success in your works and hope that you leave Istanbul with beautiful memories,'' Demirel concluded.

[46] PRIME MINISTER ECEVIT ADDRESSES ITAR-TASS: - ''IT IS EVEN OUT OF QUESTION TO GIVE UP BLUE STREAM'' MOSCOW, Nov 6 (A.A) - Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said on Saturday that the cancellation of the Blue Stream project was even out of question. Addressing to the Russian news agency Itar-Tass before he left Moscow for Turkey, Ecevit said he was hopeful that the ''Agreement for Prevention of Double Taxation'' and the ''Agreement for Mutual Protection and Encouragement of Investments'', which were earlier signed by Turkey and Russia, would be ratified by the Russian Parliament's lower chamber the State Duma during the new legislative year. Ecevit recalled, ''thus the obstacles in front of realization of the Blue Stream will be removed. These two agreements in question were earlier approved by the Turkish Parliament.'' Bulent Ecevit stated that the formalities concerning the Blue Stream had to be fulfiled in Turkey. ''There can be specific circles that apprach this project with concern. However, Turkey hs a high level demand for energy resources so Turkey is trying to realize several projects at the same time. This initiative also includes the transportation of oil and gas from Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. We think that there is a not a basis for conflicts and competition concerning the Blue Stream,'' he said. Ecevit stated that the agreements on the Baku- Ceyhan oil pipeline and the natural gas pipeline which will connect Turkmenistan to Turkey via the Caspian Sea, will be signed during the OSCE Summit to take place in Istanbul between November 18 and 19. Bulent Ecevit added that there was not an obstacle preventing those agreements. Responding to a question about the North Caucasia problem, Ecevit said, ''this is a specific problem and first of all, it directly concerns Russia. We wished the solution of the clash in Caucasia in the shortest time- frame.'' ''I want to emphasize once again that Chechenya issue is an internal problem of Russia. We are in favour of the solution of this problem in accordance with the principle of Russia's territorial integrity, '' he said. The Prime Minister siad that the ''Joint Declaration for Cooperation in Combat Terrorism'', which was initialed the day before, completely reflects ''the general characteristics of the combat terrorism and its intentions''. Ecevit added that terrorism constitutes a serious problem for the whole world. Bulent Ecevit expressed his pleasure over the results of his visit to Moscow. Ecevit said the global crisis also affected the economic relations between Turkey and Russia but it did not lead to radical changes in the relations. ''There was a 70 percent decrease in exports to Russia from Turkey in the first five months of the year compared to same period last year. However, we are sure that we will be able to overcome these troubles in the near future. We discussed the methods to overcome the current problems during my contacts in Moscow,'' he said. Ecevit said he thinks the positive development of economic relations will positively affect the political relations between Turkey and Russia. Noting that very important processes have started recently in the world and Europe and Asia started to gradually integrate with eacy other, Ecevit said, ''there are two key countries for the Eurasia process: one od these countries is Turkey and the other one is Russia.''

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