|Wednesday, 19 January 2022|
AFSOUTH operational update - 28 Sep 95
From: Franco Veltri <email@example.com>
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The following information updates fact sheets on current operations. Full text is available on request and at the NATO gopher (see footer)
OPERATION DENY FLIGHT UPDATE
NOTE: Over 90,000 sorties have been flown during the 906 days of Deny Flight
On 20 September 95, General Bernard Janvier (Commander, UNPF) and Admiral Leighton Smith (CINCSOUTH), at the end of the suspension period, agreed that resumption of air strikes of operation Deliberate Force was at the moment not necessary as Bosnian Serbs had complied with the conditions set out by the U.N.
On 14 September 95, at 2000 GMT, air strikes were suspended to allow the implementation of an agreement with Bosnian Serbs, to include the withdrawal of heavy weapons from the Sarajevo exclusion zone. The initial 72 hour suspension was eventually extended to 114 hours.
On 10 September 95, a U.S. Navy ship, in support of NATO Operation "Deliberate Force," launched Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles (T-LAMs) against Bosnian Serb air defence assets in northwestern Bosnia. Thirteen missiles were launched by the USS Normandy on station in the Adriatic. The launches began at 1841 (GMT), 2041 (CEDT).
On 5 September 95, after UN and NATO military commanders concluded that Bosnian Serbs had failed to demonstrate their intent to comply with UN demands, Nato aircraft resumed attacks on Bosnian-Serb military targets in Bosnia. On 2 September 95, the North Atlantic Council, taking note of a report by NATO military commanders, stated that the Bosnian-Serb reply to UN demands was not a sufficient basis for the termination of air strikes, and set out further conditions.
On 30 August 95, NATO aircraft began a series of airstrikes on Bosnian Serb military targets with the authorization of the United Nations, after UN commanders determined that a mortar attack on the UN-designated safe area of Sarajevo on 28 August 95, came from a Bosnian Serb position. During this airstrike operation, called "Deliberate Force," which began at 0200 hours Bosnia time, a French Mirage jet with two crewmembers was shot down by a surface-to-air missile near Pale. A search and rescue operation was immediately begun, but the fate of the aircrew is still unknown.
STATISTICS AS OF 20 SEPTEMBER 95:
Number of days since Operation DENY FLIGHT started = 906 "No-Fly" Zone fighter sorties flown over Bosnia-Herzegovina = 22,102 Close Air Support and Air Strike sorties over Bsnia-Herzegovina = 24,850 Sorties by NAEW, tanker, reconnaissance and support aircraft = 25,865 Number of training missions flown = 17,880
Almost 4,500 personnel from 12 NATO countries -- Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States -- are deployed for this NATO operation. NATO aircraft are available at air bases in France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the United Kingdom and on carriers in the Adriatic.
- 5 x Mirage F-1CR reconnaissance aircraft at Istrana AB, Italy. - 6 x Mirage 2000C fighter aircraft (NFZ) (plus 3 on recall) at Cervia AB, Italy. - 6 x Jaguar ground attack aircraft (CAS) (plus 1 on recall) at Istrana,AB. - 6 x Mirage 2000K/D ground attack aircraft (CAS) (plus 3 on recall) at Cervia AB. - 6 x Super Etendard fighter bombers (CAS) on the aircraft carrier when in the Adriatic - 3 x F-1CT (CAS) on call at Istrana AB. - 1 x C-135 air-to-air refuelling aircraft at Istres, France. - 1 x E-3F AEW at Avord.
Germany: -14 x Tornado aircraft (UN Rapid Reaction Force support), Piacenza AB, Italy.
Italy: - 8 x PA-200 Tornados (CAS) at Ghedi AB, Italy. - 6 x AMX (CAS) aircraft at Istrana AB, Italy
The Netherlands: - 6 x F-16A fighter aircraft (NFZ) at Villafranca AB, Italy. - 7 x F-16A ground attack aircraft (CAS) at Villafranca AB. - 5 x F-16R reconnaissance aircraft at Villafranca AB.
Spain: - 1 x CASA 212 support aircraft at Dal Molin Military Airport, Vicenza, Italy. - 8 x EF-18 fighter aircraft (CAS/NFZ) at Aviano AB, Italy. - 2 x KC-130 air-to-air refuelling aircraft at Aviano AB.
Turkey: -18 x F-16C fighter aircraft (NFZ) at Ghedi AB, Italy.
United Kingdom: - 6 x F-3 Tornado fighter aircraft (NFZ) at Gioia del Colle AB, Italy. -10 x GR-7 Harrier aircraft (CAS) at Gioia del Colle AB. - 2 x GR-7 Harrier reconnaissance aircraft at Gioia del Colle AB. - 6 x Sea Harrier dual-role capable aircraft (CAS/NFZ) on a British aircraft carrier (when in the Adriatic). - 2 x L-1011 air-to-air refuelling aircraft at Palermo, Sicily (Italy). - 2 x E-3D aircraft at Aviano AB.
United States: - 8 x USAF F-15E (CAS) at Aviano AB. -12 x USMC F-18D dual role aircraft (CAS/NFZ), at Aviano AB. -12 x USAF F-16C dual role capable aircraft (CAS/NFZ) at Aviano AB. - 8 x USAF F-16C/D dual role capable (CAS/NFZ) at Aviano AB. -12 x USAF O/A-10 ground attack aircraft (CAS) at Aviano AB. - 4 x USAF EC-130 Airborne Battlefield Command and Control Center aircraft (plus 1 on recall) at Aviano AB, Italy - 3 x USAF EC-130 electronic warfare aircraft at Aviano AB, Italy - 4 x USAF AC-130 Gunship aircraft at Brindisi AB, Italy. -12 x USAF KC-135 air-to-air refuelling aircraft at Pisa, Italy, and Istres, France. -6 x USMC EA-6B electronic warfare aircraft at Aviano AB. -4 x USN EA-6B electronic warfare aircraft at Aviano AB. -10 x USN FA-18C fighter aircraft (NFZ) on a US aircraft carrier (when in the Adriatic). - 6 x USN FA-18C dual role aircraft on a US aircraft carrier (when in the Adriatic). - 5 x KC-10 air-to-air refueling aircraft at Genoa, Italy. - 2 x C-21 transportation aircraft at Capodichino airport, Naples, Italy. - 6 x USN EA6B electronic warfare aircraft on a US aircraft carrier (when in the Adriatic).
NATO Airborne Early Warning Force aircraft:
- 8 x E-3A aircraft at Geilenkirchen, Germany; Trapani, Italy and Preveza, Greece. The French E-3F aircraft and those from the E-3A and E-3D Components of NATO's Airborne Early Warning Force (NAEWF) are supporting Operation DENY FLIGHT as well as the combined NATO/WEU Adriatic embargo enforcement Operation SHARP GUARD. The E-3A aircraft are flown by multi-national crews provided by 11 NATO nations.
NATO/WEU OPERATION SHARP GUARD UPDATE
During the period 22 November 1992 to 28 September 1995 NATO and WEU forces have challenged, boarded or diverted to a port for inspection the following numbers of merchant vessels :
Challenged = 60,479 Boarded and inspected at sea = 4,648 Diverted and inspected in port = 1,281
These results have been achieved by:
Ship days spent at sea = 10,810 Maritime Patrol Aircraft sorties = 7,628 NATO and French Airborne Early Warning Aircraft sorties = 5,468
SURFACE SHIPS: HMCS Ville deQuebec (332), frigate (Canada) FS Dupleix (D 641), destroyer (France) FS Quqrtier maitre Anquetil (FFG), frigate (France) FGS Emden (F 210), frigate (Germany) HDMS Niels Juel (F 354), frigate (Denmark) HS Elli (FFG 450), frigate (Greece) ITS Euro (F 575), frigate (Italy) ITS Perseo (F566), frigate (Italy) HNLMS Jan Van Brakel (F 825), frigate (The Netherlands) HNLMS Pieter Florisz (F826), Frigate (The Netherlands) NRP Alvares Cabral (F 331), frigate (Portugal) SPS Numancia (FFG 83) , frigate (Spain) SPS Extremadura (F 75), frigate (Spain) TCG Ege (FFG 256), frigate (Turkey) HMS Glasgow (D 88), destroyer (United Kingdom) HMS Battleaxe (FFG 89), frigate (United Kingdom) USS Boone (FFG 28), frigate (United States) USS Nicholas (FFG 47), frigate (United States) USS Normandy (CG 60), cruiser (United States)
(28 September 1995) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ AFSOUTH PUBLIC INFORMATION
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