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Ta Genika Arxeia toy Kratoys me nea stegh

Misc. Greek news Directory

From: News distribution manager <dist@hri.org>

Ypoyrgeio Eqnikhs Paideias kai Qrhskeymatwn

DELTIO TYPOY

TA GENIKA ARXEIA TOY KRATOYS APOKTOYN DIKH TOYS STEGH


Ta Genika Arxeia toy Kratoys apoktoyn, epiteloys, th dikh toys idiokthth stegh, poy qa filojenhsei olo to arxeiako yliko poy martyrei thn istorikh poreia toy Ellhnismoy apo thn epoxh ths Toyrkokratias mexri shmera. Me parembash toy Ypoyrgoy Eqnikhs Paideias kai Qrhskeymatwn k.Giwrgoy A. Papandreoy antimetwpizetai to xronio ktiriako problhma twn Genikwn Arxeiwn toy Kratoys, poy epi polles dekaeties stegazontai se akatallhla h aneparkh ktiria, xwris tis apaitoymenes prodiagrafes gia th synthrhsh kai diafylajh twn polytimwn arxeiakwn qhsayrwn poy exoyn sthn katoxh toys.

H ypografh, th Deytera 8 Aprilioy, ths symbashs anaqeshs toy ergoy gia thn apoperatwsh toy ktirioy apotelei thn teleytaia prajh toy eikosaxronoy ktiriakoy dramatos twn G.A.K., poy arxise to 1976, me th dwrea 40,000,000 draxmwn apo ton Prodromo Mpodosakh Aqanasiadh gi' ayto to skopo. 'Ola ayta ta xronia, to megalytero meros toy arxeiakoy ylikoy fylassetai se apoqhkes kai ypogeia me apotelesma na yfistatai syxna katastrofes apo plhmmyres, kaqws kai apo alles aities. Epipleon yparxoyn megala problhmata asfaleias twn shmerinwn ktiriwn twn G.A.K, poy epiballetai na antimetwpisqoyn.

'Oso gia to skeleto toy ypo kataskeyh, ktirioy poy steketai ateleiwtos xronia twra, exei baqmiaia metatrapei se skoypidotopo poy apotelei ton ''efialth'' toy Dhmoy Palaioy Cyxikoy.

'Ola ayta ta xronia problhmata mpainoyn se ena telos meta apo prospaqeies toy YP.E.P.Q. poy jekinhsan to Septembrio toy 1994.

To ktirio, poy brisketai sto Palaio Cyxiko, se oikopedo poy katalambanei ektash 7 stremmatwn, kai periballetai apo tis odoys Moyswn, Dafnhs kai Xlohs, ypologizetai oti qa oloklhrwqei se 2,5 peripoy xronia.

Me thn oloklhrwsh twn diadikasiwn toy diagwnismoy (17-1-1995), sthn opoia synebale o Organismos Sxolikwn Ktiriwn (O.S.K.), kai thn ypografh ths sxetikhs symbashs (ypegrafh th Deytera 8 Aprilioy 1996), to ergo apoperatwshs toy ktirioy twn Genikwn Arxeiwn toy Kratoys katakyrwqhke sth meiodotria etaireia me synolikh prosfora 1.057.318.940 draxmwn, enanti toy proypologismoy meleths toy ergoy 2,3 dis draxmwn.

To ktirio qa diaqetei , xwroys fylajhs poy kalyptoyn tis anagkes apoqhkeyshs toy arxeiakoy ylikoy gia 50 peripoy xronia, opws epishs amfiqeatro, ergasthria synthrhshs, xwroys eidikhs asfaleias, anagnwsthrio kai xwroys ejyphrethshs toy koinoy, ergasthria mikrofwtografhshs. Sto ktirio ayto, poy qa ejoplisqei me oles tis sygxrones texnologikes egkatastaseis, h anamorfwmenh Kentrikh Yphresia twn G.A.K. qa mporesei na epitelesei thn oysiastikh apostolh ths ws eqnikh arxeiakh yphresia, qematofylakas ths syllogikhs istorikhs mnhmhs toy Ellhnikoy kratoys apo thn idrysh toy ews shmera.

TA GENIKA ARXEIA TOY KRATOYS

H yphresia twn Genikwn Arxeiwn toy Kratoys idryqhke apo ton Eleyqerio Benizelo to 1914, xarh stis polyxrones prospaqeies shmantikwn pneymatikwn anqrwpwn opws o G. Blaxogiannhs kai o Sp. Lampros. Stoys kolpoys ths anhkoyn shmantikoi arxeiakoi qhsayroi, apo ta Arxeia toy Agwnos toy 1821, ta arxeia toy Kybernhth ths Ellados Iwannoy Kapodistria kai ths basileias toy Oqwna, ews ta arxeia twn Ypoyrgeiwn apo to 1833 kai meta, ta arxeia toy Tameioy Antallajimwn poy perilambanoyn polytimes martyries gia th zwh twn Ellhnwn sthn Mikra Asia kai th Qrakh, arxeia ths Kybernhshs ths Meshs Anatolhs kata ton B' Pagkosmio Polemo, dikastikes apofaseis, symbolaiografika arxeia kai shmantikes idiwtikes sylloges arxeiakoy ylikoy toy 19oy kai 20oy aiwna. Oi perifereiakes yphresies twn G.A.K. apartizontai, ej alloy, apo shmantika arxeia stis prwteyoyses twn nomwn kai topika arxeia, poy fwtizoyn oysiwdeis pleyres ths prosfaths alla kai ths palaioterhs istorias. Orismenes apo tis yphresies aytes, opws ta G.A.K. ths Kerkyras, ths Qessalonikhs kai twn Xaniwn, exoyn polytimo arxeiako yliko poy xronologeitai apo thn periodo ths Benetokratias kai ths Toyrkokratias. Oles, wstoso, oi perifereiakes yphresies exoyn kyria apostolh th synexh kai dynamikh diaswsh twn tekmhriwn ths dioikhshs, poy prokyptoyn apo tis energeies toy Ellhnikoy dhmosioy, kai oxi monon.

Kyrios skopos twn G.A.K., opws aytos perigrafetai sto arqro 9 toy N.1946/91 einai h epopteia, diaswsh, sygkentrwsh, synthrhsh, katagrafh toy arxeiakoy ylikoy ths xwras kai h diaqesh pros meleth olwn twn eggrafwn poy aforoyn thn istoria kai thn politistikh klhronomia toy ellhnikoy eqnoys, toso kata toys neoteroys istorikoys xronoys oso kai toys sygxronoys.

Ta Genika Arxeia toy Kratoys den endiaferoyn, wstoso, mono toys istorikoys. H shmasia twn G.A.K. ws qematofylaka ths syllogikhs istorikhs mnhmhs toy neoteroy kai sygxronoy Ellhnismoy ginetai safesterh apo thn ypoxrewsh toys, symfwna me to Nomo poy diepei th leitoyrgia toys, na frontizoyn gia thn ekkaqarish, epilogh, prostasia kai ajiopoihsh olwn twn istorikwn tekmhriwn toy Ellhnikoy kratoys, molis parelqoyn trianta xronia apo thn ekdosh toys.

To Dynamiko kai Ejelissomeno Arxeio ths Sygxronhs Istorias mas H ypoxrewsh ayth afora se ola ta dhmosia eggrafa hlikias 30 etwn apo shmera, perikleiontas to synolo sxedon ths metapolemikhs mas istorias, krisimhs gia thn katanohsh ths sygxronhs Elladas. Me thn parodo twn etwn, syntoma sthn ypoxrewsh ayth qa perielqoyn stadiaka ta dhmosia eggrafa ths periodoy ths aprilianhs diktatorias, kai sth synexeia ths metapoliteyshs. H diafaneia sth diaxeirish kai h prosbash sto yliko ayto apotelei shmantikh diasfalish twn dhmokratikwn dikaiwmatwn toy Ellhna polith na gnwrizei thn istoria toy. H ylopoihsh toy skopoy aytoy,poy proypoqesh ths einai h eyryqmh leitoyrgia ths yphresias twn Genikwn Arxeiwn toy Kratoys, ejyphretei kai prostateyei ta eqnika symferonta, apotelei dhmokratiko dikaiwma toy polith, prosferei polytimh bohqeia sthn episthmh ths Istorias kai sthn ekpaideysh, anadeiknyei ton politismo ths xwras poy merimna gia ta arxeia ths.

Me thn ypografh ths symbashs gia thn apoperatwsh toy ktirioy twn Genikwn Arxeiwn toy Kratoys, to YP.E.P.Q. diakoptei mia kakh paradosh adiaforias pros tis monadikes kai anantikatastates phges ths Eqnikhs mas Istorias, poy mastizei th xwra mas apo ton perasmeno aiwna, idiaitera se ayth thn krisimh periodo poy dianyoyme shmera.

Sto sygxrono ktirio poy qa apotelesei th monimh edra ths, h Kentrikh Yphresia twn G.A.K. qa mporesei na afosiwqei sto makroxrono ergo ths epimeleias twn arxeiakwn qhsayrwn poy exei sthn katoxh ths, na kaqodhghsei kai na syntonisei thn prospaqeia twn perifereiakwn yphresiwn twn G.A.K. (poy leitoyrgoyn hdh stoys perissoteroys nomoys ths xwras), na katartisei ta stelexh ths yphresias symfwna me tis sygxrones ejelijeis sthn arxeionomia kai stis episthmes ths plhroforhshs, na frontisei, se synergasia me tis alles kratikes yphresies, gia thn ekkaqarish kai diaswsh krisimwn istorikwn tekmhriwn ths sygxronhs istorias toy Ellhnikoy kratoys.

Eidikh Grammateia Istorikwn Arxeiwn, Biblioqhkwn, Epoptikwn Meswn kai Ekpaideytikhs Radiothleorashs Ej alloy, sto plaisio ths idiaiterhs shmasias poy apodidei o Ypoyrgos Paideias Giwrgos A. Papandreoy sta qemata prostasias kai ajiopoihshs ths arxeiakhs mnhmhs, idryqhke gia prwth fora sto YP.E.P.Q. Eidikh Grammateia Istorikwn Arxeiwn,

Biblioqhkwn, Epoptikwn Meswn kai Ekpaideytikhs Radiothleorashs. H idrysh ths Eidikhs Grammateias aposkopei, metajy allwn, sthn apotelesmatikh ylopoihsh twn proteraiothtwn toy Ypoyrgeioy gia th diaswsh, prostasia kai ajiopoihsh ths arxeiakhs klhronomias, sthn prowqhsh lysewn sta amesa dioikhtika kai leitoyrgika problhmata twn G.A.K. kai sthn epejergasia makroproqesmhs arxeiakhs politikhs, poy qa ajiopoiei tis zwntanes pneymatikes kai episthmonikes dynameis toy xwroy kai qa antapokrinetai stis sygxrones anagkes ths koinwnias twn plhroforiwn. Eidikos Grammateas exei hdh topoqethqei o Kwsths Dallas, arxaiologos kai eidikos se zhthmata plhroforikhs se moyseia.

ISTORIKO

H yphresia twn Genikwn Arxeiwn toy Kratoys (G.A.K.), monadikh sto eidos ths afoy apo thn idrysh ths (1914) einai epifortismenh me th sygkentrwsh twn graptwn tekmhriwn ths istorias toy Ellhnikoy kratoys, stegasqhke ''proswrina'' apo to 1914 ews to 1991 sta ypogeia ths ypo idrysh tote Akadhmias Aqhnwn.Otan h Akadhmia idryqhke (1926) kai xreiasthke gia dikes ths anagkes toys xwroys twn ypogeiwn, arxise na piezei gia thn apoxwrhsh twn G.A.K., piesh poy ektopisetelika thn yphresia twn G.A.K. , to 1991, sto shmerino akatallhlo ktirio sthn perioxh ths Laxanagoras.

H anazhthsh wstoso xwroy gia th stegash twn G.A.K. eixe hdh arxisei apo to 1926, xwris dystyxws epityxia. Anazhthqhkan arxika xwroi sthn tote sxolh Ippikoy sto Pedio toy 'Arews, sto xwro toy amajostasioy toy Dhmoy Aqhnaiwn, stoy ''Panaqhnaikoy''. Argotera, sto xwro toy Pneymatikoy Kentroy, sthn Panepisthmioypolh, sto Polemiko Moyseio (opoy eixe arxika problefqei xwros kai gia ta G.A.K.) kai sto Megaro ths Palias Boylhs. 'Hdh apo to 1938 ston nomo (A.N.1451/1938) peri anegersews ktirioy gia ta arxeia toy Ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn problepetai (arqro 6) h stegash, mazi me ta teleytaia, kai twn Genikwn Arxeiwn toy Kratoys. Problech poy den ylopoihqhke pote.

To 1969, to Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn paraxwrhse (me thn apofash P.11336/5113, 9-8-69) sto Ypoyrgeio Proedrias akinhto idiokthsias toy Dhmosioy (BK 634) sto Palio Cyxiko gia thn anegersh ktirioy twn G.A.K. OI prospaqeies anegershs arxisan to 1972 alla tipote den egine ews to 1976, eite gia grafeiokratikoys eite gia oikonomikoys logoys. H adynamia toy dhmosioy na proxwrhsei sthn ylopoihsh toy ergoy sygkinhse ton biomhxano kai eyergeth twn G.A.K. Prodromo Mpodosakh-Aqanasiadh, poy apofasise na dwrisei sto ellhniko dhmosio 40.000.000 draxmes gia thn anegersh toy kti rioy.Meta apo sxetikh ereyna toy Ypoyrgeioy Politismoy (sto opoio anhke tote h eyqynh twn Istorikwn Arxeiwn) to ktirio apofasisthke na ktisqei se neo oikopedo. poy paraxwrhqhke apo to Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn pali sto P.Cyxiko, stis odoys Xlohs kai Moyswn. Ta erga jekinhsan meta toys sxetikoys diagwnismoys kai thn epilogh ths kalyterhs arxitektonikhs protashs to 1979 gia na stamathsoyn to 1985. Apo tote kai para tis synexeis prospaqeies gia th dhmoprathsh ths synexeias toy ergoy tipota den proxwrhse kai to ergo paramenei se hmitelh katastash afoy exei mono oloklhrwqei o skeletos toy. To 1992, an kai h dhmoprathsh eixe oloklhrwqei, stamathsan oi ergasies meta apo prosfygh sto Nomiko Symboylio toy Kratoys, ergolaboy ypochfioy sth dhmoprasia. H dhmoprasia epanalhfqhke to 1995, meta apo tessera oloklhra xronia, ystera apo thn parembash toy Ypoyrgoy Eqnikhs Paideias kai Qrhskeymatwn k. Giwrgoy A. Papandreoy.

H ypografh, th Deytera 8 Aprilioy 1996, ths symbashs anaqeshs toy ergoy gia thn apoperatwsh toy ktirioy, kai h taytoxronh idrysh ths Eidikhs Grammateias sthn opoia entassontai ta Istorika Arxeia, apoteloyn emprakth apodeijh toy endiaferontos toy YP.E.P.Q., gia thn anabaqmish kai ton eksygxronismo ths eqnikhs arxeiakhs yphresias twn G.A.K., opws kai gia thn oysiastikh diasfalish kai ajiopoihsh twn istorikwn tekmhriwn toy neoteroy kai sygxronoy Ellhnismoy.

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