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Athens News Agency: News in English, 09-09-11

Athens News Agency: News in English Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <>


  • [01] Prehistoric Theopetra Cave opens to public on Friday
  • [02] ASE opening: Rise
  • [03] Athens Newspaper Headlines

  • [01] Prehistoric Theopetra Cave opens to public on Friday

    The opening to the public of the prehistoric Theopetra Cave in Trikala prefecture, will be marked with a concert on Friday.

    Theopetra Cave is a famous archaeological site, and the first excavated cave in Thessaly, with excavations starting in 1987 and continuing to the present. Its deposits begin in the Middle Paleolithic period and continue without gaps until the end of the Neolithic period (3000 BC). Its uniqueness is that in contains, within a single site, the records of two greatly significant cultural transitions: The replacement of Neanderthals by modern humans, and the later transition from hunter-gathering to farming after the end of the last Ice Age.

    The cave, situated just three kilometers from Meteora, consists of an immense 500 square meter rectangular chamber at the foot of a limestone hill, which rises to the northeast above the village of Theopetra, with a very big entrance 17m wide by three metres high. It lies at the foot of the Chasia mountain range, which forms the natural boundary between Thessaly and Epirus prefectures, while the Lithaios River, a tributary of the Pineios River, flows in front of the cave.

    Excavations, which have been systematically carried out, have unearthed light geological deposits dating to the Pleistocene and Holocene periods as well as anthropogenic deposits, indicating that the cave had been continuously inhabited during the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic, the Mesolithic and the Neolithic periods.

    Specimens found, such as coal and human bones, prove that the cave was occupied from about 50,000 BC to 4000 BC, and that temporary use continued during the Bronze Age and historic times up to 1955. Even after that the cave was used occasionally to by shepherds to shelter their herds right up until the excavations began.

    It is the first time that cave dwelling was recorded in Thessaly during the Palaeolithic period. The stratigraphic sequence of Theopetra extends through three cold periods: during the Middle era circa 25,000 BP (BP being the archaeological term for 'years Before the Present', with the 'present' referring to 1950 when carbon dating was first implemented), during the Upper Palaeolithic, and during the final Upper Palaeolithic period (end of the Pleistocene era).

    The excavations and study of the finds at Theopetra have been conducted since 1987 by the scientific research group of the Ephorate of Paleoanthropology-Speleology, under the direction of Dr. Ekaterini (Nina) Kyparissi-Apostolika. Objects discovered in the cave include stone tools of the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic periods, as well as Neolithic pottery, bone and shell objects, skeletons from 15000, 9000 and 8000 BC, and traces of plants and seeds that reveal dietary habits..

    In March 2009, Kyparissi made an even more important and exciting discovery. Excavations brought to light three human footprints which have been dated to approximately 135,000 BP in the cretaceous period. The find consists of four human footprints in a row, from four individuals believed to have been children.

    The prefecture of Trikala and the municipality of Vassiliki, to which Theopetra belongs, have scheduled a concert featuring well-known musicians/singers Pantelis Thalassinos and Melina Kana on Friday, to celebrate the official opening of the cave to visitors. ANA-MPA/ VASILIKI PASCHALI

    [02] ASE opening: Rise

    Equity prices were rising at the opening of trade on Friday on the Athens Stock Exchange (ASE), with the basic share price index up 0.85 percent, standing at 2,531.87 points at 10:55 a.m., and turnover at 15.1 million euros.

    Individual sector indices were moving mostly upward, with the biggest gains in Mass Media, up 4.02 percent; Raw Materials, up 1.92 percent, Travel and Recreation, up 1.92 percent and Public Utilities, up 1.89 percent.

    The biggest losses were in Construction, down 0.69 percent; and Telecommunications, down 0.52 percent.

    The FTSE/ASE 20 index for blue chip and heavily traded stocks was up 0.92 percent, the FTSE/ASE MID 40 index was up 0.90 percent, and the FTSE/ASE-80 small cap index was down 0.04 percent.

    Of the stocks moved, 68 were up, 17 were down, and 17 were unchanged.

    [03] Athens Newspaper Headlines

    The Friday edition of Athens' dailies at a glance

    The parties' preparations for the October 4 general elections and Prime Minister Costas Karamanlis' televised interview in which he ruled out the possibility of post-electoral cooperate with another party, dominated the headlines on Friday in Athens' newspapers.

    ADESMEFTOS TYPOS: "Karamanlis' interview: No cooperation with any other party, optimism for victory in elections".

    APOGEVMATINI: "Main opposition PASOK party leader George Papandreou undermines Burgas-Alexadroupolis oil pipeline".

    AVGHI: "The Left is the political force of today and tomorrow".

    ELEFTHERI ORA: "Papandreou beheads the 'renovators' starting with their leader, former PASOK leader and prime minister Costas Simitis".

    ELEFTHEROS: "Karamanlis says 'no' to cooperation with PASOK or Popular Orthodox Rally (LAOS)".

    ELEFTHEROTYPIA: "Papandreou excluded from his party's ballots (candidate lists) cadres implicated in scandals".

    ESTIA: "The tax policy of both mainstream parties (ND and PASOK) is wrong".

    ETHNOS: "Papandreou puts a stop to phaenomena of arrogance in his party".

    KATHIMERINI: "Opinion poll: PASOK leads, Karamanlis and Papandreou even in prime minister suitability".

    LOGOS: "Karamanlis pre-announced surprises in candidate lists".

    NIKI: "Papandreou will undertakes commitments in his TIF address".

    RIZOSPASTIS: "The People must disengage themselves from the myth of lack of governance".

    TA NEA: "Karamanlis lied about taxation on homes".

    TO VIMA: "Karamanlis' Waterloo! The 'new governance' collapsed and in his televised interview".

    VRADYNI: "Papandreou 'annuls' Burgas-Alexandroupolis pipeline contract".

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