Athens News Agency: News in English (AM), 97-07-22
NEWS IN ENGLISH
Athens, Greece, 22/07/1997 (ANA)
- Greece condemns Ecevit statements in Cyprus` occupied areas
- Gov't to reinforce security along Greek-Albanian border
- Madrid communique enables direct Greek-Turkish talks,Pangalos says
- `Athens 2004` committee study on expected benefits from Olympics
- FYROM prohibited from using name 'Macedonia' in Euro sports events
- Another 27 killed in traffic accidents over weekend
- EBEA establishes business data bank for Balkans
- 10 more state enterprises to enter bourse in next 3 years
- FOREIGN EXCHANGE
NEWS IN DETAIL
Greece condemns Ecevit statements in Cyprus` occupied areas
Foreign Minister Theodoros Pangalos yesterday expressed regret at what he
termed "inappropriate" remarks by Turkish Deputy Prime Minister Bulent
Ecevit, during the latter's presence at events in Turkish-occupied Cyprus
to mark Ankara's 1974 invasion.
During the weekend events, Mr. Ecevit, who as prime minister had ordered
the 1974 invasion against the island republic, said the self-proclaimed
"Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus", recognised only by Ankara, would
"live forever as an independent state. But its foreign policy and defence
will be handled by Turkey".
Responding to a question following a meeting at the Maximos Mansion, Mr.
Pangalos said that Mr. Ecevit considered it the "purpose of his life to
make wrong moves in Turkish policy on the Cyprus issue, that's why he has
returned to the scene of the crime ".
Athens will support the Cyprus issue by its policy, Mr. Pangalos said,
criticising Mr. Ecevit for scoffing at international agreements and
repeated United Nations resolutions.
Mr. Pangalos said that Mr. Ecevit's "unfortunate statements`` were made as
a "fiesta for domestic political consumption".
The Greek government would not follow that method, he said, and ruled out
the possibility that any Greek government officials would make statements
for domestic consumption on the Cyprus issue.
He also expressed the hope that the Turkish policy on the Cyprus issue
would one day cease to follow the logic of domestic political consumption.
Meanwhile, the government described Mr. Ecevit's statements as "completely
inopportune, incompatible with efforts for a settlement of the Cyprus
problem and inconsistent with Turkey's effort to approach the European
"Such behaviour compromises Turkey and is seen by the international
community as belonging in the past," government spokesman Dimitris Reppas
In further comments, Mr. Ecevit had said the illegal TRNC regime's
integration with Turkey was inevitable after the European Union gave the
green light last week to the Cyprus Republic for accession negotiations,
while excluding Turkey.
Mr. Reppas said the EU had fixed "in the most official and categorical
manner" the timetable for accession negotiations with Cyprus.
Gov't to reinforce security along Greek-Albanian border
Public Order Minister George Romeos said new measures would be taken to
strengthen border security in cooperation with the National Defence
Ministry,after a two-hour top-level meeting on the problems being created
by Albanian criminal gangs along the border.
Prime Minister Costas Simitis chaired a meeting of ministers yesterday to
also discuss problems associated with the presence of Albanian illegal
immigrants in the country and the illegal activities of Albanian crime
rings, particularly in northwest Gree ce near the border with Albania.
According to sources, the government intends to increase the number of
joint army and police patrols on the border with Albania.
Mr. Romeos also said that policing measures would be increased inside
Greece as well in order to combat the activities of foreign criminals.
Madrid communique enables direct Greek-Turkish talks,Pangalos says
Foreign Minister Theodoros Pangalos has described the recent Greek-Turkish
joint communique signed in Madrid as a "major political development" that
created a "new situation, qualitatively",while enabling direct talks on
bilateral issues concerning the two countries without intermediaries.
Mr. Pangalos stressed, however, in an interview to the Athens daily 'TA
NEA", published yesterday, that there could be no political rapprochement
with Turkey or discussion on issues of cooperation before the matter of
Ankara's claims on the Imia islets was settled through recourse by the
latter to the International Court of Justice at The Hague. He added that at
no time during the talks that preceded the Madrid communique was the issue
of Greece's legal right, under the international Law of the Sea, to extend
its territorial waters to 12 nautical miles mentioned.
The six-point communique, issued on July 8 after talks by Premier Costas
Simitis and Turkish President Suleyman Demirel on the sidelines of the NATO
summit in Madrid and subsequently described by the government as a
"declaration of intentions", stated that the two countries would pursue
efforts to promote bilateral relations based upon: "A mutual commitment to
peace, security and the continuing development of good neighbourly
relations"; "respect for each other's sovereignty"; "respect for the
principl es of international law and international agreements"; "respect
for each other's legitimate, vital interests and concerns in the Aegean
which are of great importance for their security and national sovereignty";
"commitment to refrain from unilateral acts on the basis of mutual respect
and willingness to avoid conflicts arising from misunderstanding"
and finally, "commitment to settle disputes by peaceful means based
on mutual consent and without use of force or threat of force".
Mr. Pangalos said the "declaration of intentions" issued in Madrid had
eliminated the threat of war, and was made at the highest possible level,
by the Turkish President himself, who also headed that country's national
security council, which "makes it clear that Turkey accepts the international
treaties as the basis for discussion".
Although this did not mean that Ankara would "...interpret or implement
international law and the international treaties in the way it should or in
the way they are implemented by the international community", there was
nevertheless, a "new situation, qualitatively" in the context of which
Greece could "directly discuss with Turkey without the mediation of a third
power, such as the United States or the European Union, particularly on
matters concerning the two countries".
"This does not mean that we will negotiate rights we consider non-
negotiable or will accept a political discussion on matters that require
legal handling," he said, adding: "There is no such commitment".
"What it does mean, is that representatives of two mature countries, the
representatives that is of Turkey and Greece, will be able to meet and
discuss all issues pertaining to the two countries'', he added.
Responding to criticism of the Madrid communique voiced in Greece, Mr.
Pangalos said the idea that the Aegean was a "closed region" which belongs
entirely to Greece and where no one else has the right to have interests
''is precisely the slander which the Turks use to manipulate their public
opinion, (fomenting) aggression against Greece."
"But one coast of the Aegean belongs to Turkey. And this Turkish coast has
a coastal zone and obviously some right with respect to the continental
shelf. So why all this surprise that Turkey has vital interests in the
Aegean, interests which exist de facto," Mr. Pangalos said.
Replying to other questions in the interview, the foreign minister
clarified that the commitment to refrain from unilateral actions referred
to actions of a military nature which could be taken by the other side as
being aggressive and could lead to an escalation, as in the case of
He rejected the view that "unilateral actions" might be taken as meaning
Greece abandoning its right to extend its territorial waters to 12 nautical
"The 12 mile issue is one which belongs to the framework of relations
between Greece and the neighbouring countries; it is an international
problem, not a Greek-Turkish problem, if indeed it turns out to be a
problem," he said.
Mr. Pangalos underlined that the only real problem in relations between
Greece and Turkey was that of the Aegean continental shelf.
"This is the heart of all problems with Turkey. If we could agree or
disagree in a legally defined way, so that this dispute can be referred to
and resolved by the International Court at The Hague (which Turkey has so
far refused), then all the other problems will seem miniscule," he
He also urged Turkey to abandon its past behaviour and look to the future,
stressing that Greece would follow such an effort with a "sincere desire"
"The idea that Turkey can dominate Greece is one which belongs to the past,
one which has no hope of success and which can only create problems in
Turkey," Mr.Pangalos said.
`Athens 2004` committee study on expected benefits from Olympics
An Athens 2004 candidate committee-commissioned study states that if the
Greek capital is chosen to stage the 2004 Games, some 130,000 permanent or
temporary jobs will be created while an increase in tourism receipts and
public revenue by more than one billion US dollars will be gained.
Meanwhile, the findings of the study were presented at a meeting yesterday
on the financial aspects of staging the 2004 Games, organised by the
"Athens 2004" bid committee and addressed by committee president Gianna
"The 2004 Olympic Games provide an opportunity for the development of new
branches of the Greek economy and the attracting of major investments," Ms
The major advantage of the budget for Athens' bid, she claimed, is that it
is not burdened with the cost of the major infrastructure, works since they
are already in progress, plus the fact that 72 per cent of the sports
installations are ready.
The total estimated cost of staging the Games, according to the study, will
be US$1.35 billion, plus $215 million as provision for unforeseen
According to the "Athens 2004" bid, income from staging the Games will
exceed expenditures by $36.7 million.
Some 44 per cent of this income will come from the contracts already signed
by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) concerning television rights
and international sponsorships.
Between 2001 and 2004, the report states, the total increase in the
turnover of industry and Greek enterprises in general is expected to reach
$550 million, due to increased demand for consumer products, building
materials, furniture, sports and technical equipment.
The study also claims that Greek industry will benefit directly from the
promotion of Greece's image internationally through the Games.
FYROM prohibited from using name 'Macedonia' in Euro sports events
The Union of European Olympic Games Committees issued a decision forbidding
the use of the name "Macedonia" for any participants from the Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) in sports events or events in Europe
related to the organisation.
The union calls for the use of the name FYROM or the initials "MKD" as
abbreviation, until a United Nation's final decision on the name.
Another 27 killed in traffic accidents over weekend
Twenty-seven people were killed and 368 injured, 57 of whom seriously, in
289 traffic accidents throughout the country since Friday afternoon.
Unfortunately, neither extraordinary police measures nor a ban on the
circulation of trucks on national motorways on Friday and Sunday afternoon
resulted in a decrease in the number of traffic accidents.
EBEA establishes business data bank for Balkans
The Athens Chamber of Commerce and Industry (EBEA) has established a data
bank for the Balkans to provide information for Greek businesses.
The data bank will begin by providing information on the business sectors
in Romania, Albania and Bulgaria. The countries it covers will be expanded
to gradually include all of the Balkans and the Black Sea area.
It will also link up with similar data banks in Greece and beyond.
EBEA president Yiannis Papathanasiou said the information bank would start
operating in the coming weeks and cover needs of businesses wishing to
expand into southeastern Europe.
Some of the information it will provide on each country will include its
economic profile, tenders called in the private and public sector, calls
for joint ventures, customs duties and taxation data, investment opportunities,
European Union programmes, trade facts and an explanation of its banking
10 more state enterprises to enter bourse in next 3 years
Another 10 state enterprises will join the bourse over the next three years,
the government announced yesterday.
A small percentage of their share capital will be made available to the
investing public, which will be based on the model of the partial
privatisation of the Hellenic Telecommunications Organisation (OTE).
The list of 10 state enterprises will not include the Public Petroleum
Corp. (DEP) and the Hellenic Duty Free shops, whose registration is already
National Economy Minister Yiannos Papantoniou issued an order at a meeting
held at the ministry for an examination to ascertain which public utilities
(DEKO) possess elements rendering their conversion into shares feasible and
the registration of their shares on the bourse.
General and special issues concerning public utilities were also discussed
at the meeting, as well as the issue of freezing tariffs in the effort to
have inflation decrease even further.
Fair weather is forecast over most of the country tomorrow, with local
afternoon and evening. Winds northerly, light to moderate, and later
strong. Athens will be sunny with temperatures ranging from 22-35 C, and
Thessaloniki should see some light cloud in the evening, with temperatures
between 20 and 32 C.
Monday's closing rates - buying US dlr. 279.744
Pound sterling 468.601 Cyprus pd 530.323
French franc 46.078 Swiss franc 189.194
German mark 155.714 Italian lira (100) 15.998
Yen (100) 241.294 Canadian dlr. 203.618
Australian dlr. 207.373 Irish Punt 417.453
Belgian franc 7.542 Finnish mark 52.737
Dutch guilder 138.518 Danish kr. 40.886
Swedish kr. 36.010 Norwegian kr. 37.702
Austrian sch. 22.125 Spanish peseta 1.848
Port. Escudo 1.542