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Athens Macedonian News Agency: News in Greek, 16-08-29

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] N. Kotzias: Pisteyoyme oti o filos laos ths Toyrkias anhkei sthn Eyrwph
  • [02] To arxaio ellhniko pneyma mporei na bohqhsei ton anqrwpo na yperaspisqei ton politismo
  • [03] Kata 0,9% meiwqhke to AEP ths xwras to b' trimhno efetos se ethsia bash
  • [04] ENFIA: H syntriptikh pleiochfia plhrwnei idio h ligotero poso
  • [05] Mytilhnh: ``Ekpaideytikh Bash'' sth Lesbo apo to Panepisthmio toy Pekinoy
  • [06] Thn enarjh dieqnoys synedrioy sthn Arxaia Olympia qa khryssei o Proedros ths Dhmokratias
  • [07] Xreos, prwtogenh pleonasmata kai ajiologhsh sthn atzenta

    [01] N. Kotzias: Pisteyoyme oti o filos laos ths Toyrkias anhkei sthn Eyrwph

    Me mia symbolikh prwtoboylia gia tis sxeseis Toyrkias-EE, thn episkech toy me ton k. Tsaboysogloy sto sphlaio opoy gennhqhke o Dias kai odhghse ekei thn Eyrwph meta thn apagwgh ths apo th Libyh, o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Nikos Kotzias synedese th sthrijh ths Elladas pros th geitonikh xwra. ``Qewrhsa oti einai swsto mias kai h synanthsh mas egine sthn Krhth na erqoyme sto meros opoy gennhqhke o Dias kai poy ekane th megalh apagwgh ths Eyrwphs, deixnontas to pws emeis pisteyoyme oti o filos laos ths Toyrkias anhkei sthn Eyrwph kai mporei kai prepei na erqei sthn EE efoson kai otan ikanopoihsei ola ta krithria''.

    O k. Kotzias meta thn oloklhrwsh ths episkechs sto sphlaio me ton Toyrko omologo toy, apanthse stis erwthseis twn dhmosiografwn sxetika me ta qemata poy syzhthsan me ton k. Tsaboysogloy, ta opoia ektos apo tis dimereis sxeseis twn dyo xwrwn, opws eipe, htan oi ejelijeis sthn perioxh, o polemos sth Mesh Anatolh kai to prosfygiko, kaqws kai oi sxeseis EE-Toyrkias opws aytes diamorfwnontai meta to apotyxhmeno prajikophma sthn Toyrkia, to opoio pollakis h Ellada exei katadikasei.

    O Ellhnas ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn erwthqeis sxetika me to zhthma ths ekdoshs twn Toyrkwn stratiwtikwn, eipe oti ayto den syzhthqhke kaqws, opws tonise, to ypoyrgeio Ejwterikwn exei ej arxhs aposafhnisei oti ayto to zhthma qa lyqei sta ellhnika dikasthria me bash to ellhniko kai to eyrwpaiko dikaio, lambanontas ypoch kai efoson dieykrinistei an kai se poio baqmo aytoi symmeteixan sto prajikophma.

    Apantwntas sxetika me tis prosfygikes roes kai ton kindyno katarreyshs ths sxetikhs symfwnias Toyrkias- EE, o k. Kotzias eipe oti, opws o idios exei katanohsei, ``h Toyrkia qelei na krathsei ayth th symfwnia''. ``Ayto poy ekeinoi ypogrammizoyn'' shmeiwse ``einai oti kai h EE apo thn pleyra ths prepei na krathsei to diko ths tmhma ths symfwnias. Emeis frontizoyme, oso einai dynaton, oles oi pleyres na antapokriqoyn se osa exoyme symfwnhsei''.

    Telos sxetika me to Kypriako, o k. Kotzias tonise oti einai gnwsth h qesh toy poy exei kataqesei sxetika me to qema twn eggyhsewn kai twn katoxikwn strateymatwn. ``Anazhtoyme mia lysh kai qa epanelqoyme s? ayto to qema'' eipe ekfrazontas thn elpida na exei mia qetikh katalhjh, katalhgontas oti ``h dieqnhs politikh xreiazetai panta symbibasmoys, alla kaloys kai oxi sapioys''.

    [02] To arxaio ellhniko pneyma mporei na bohqhsei ton anqrwpo na yperaspisqei ton politismo

    ``To arxaio ellhniko pneyma mporei na bohqhsei shmera ton anqrwpo na yperaspisqei ton politismo mas poy kindyneyei'' tonise o Proedros ths Dhmokratias Prokophs Paylopoylos milwntas shmera se dieqnes synedrio me titlo ``h arxaia Ellada kai o sygxronos kosmos''

    ``To arxaio ellhniko pneyma oysiastikws dhmioyrghse ton sygxrono dytiko politismo, dioti htan to arxaio ellhniko pneyma poy metetrece stadiaka thn plhroforia se gnwsh kai thn gnwsh se sofia, ara dhmioyrghse thn episthmh. Apallaje tonanqrwpo apo to myqo, ``jemagece'' thn skech toy, ton apeleyqerwse apo dogmata kai toy emaqe thn sxetikothta kai thn amfisbhthsh kaqe episthmonikhs anakalychs. M? alles lejeis, toy anoije to dromo ths sygxronhs dhmioyrgias'' tonise o Proedros ths Dhmokratias .

    `` Ayth h anektimhth symbolh toy arxaioy ellhnikoy pneymatos mporei na bohqhsei shmera ton anqrwpo na yperaspisqei ton politismo mas poy kindyneyei, epeidh stis meres mas h sofia teinei na ginei kai pali aplh gnwsh kai h gnwsh ``tajinomhmenh'' plhroforia. Oi kindynoi aytoi gia tonpPolitismo mas ofeilontai, idiws, toso sto oti h texnologia exei polles fores ``jestratisei'' pros thn kateyqynsh ths apomonwtikhs ejeidikeyshs, h opoia apokleiei thn synolikh syllhch kaqe episthmonikoy antikeimenoy. Oso kai sto oti h axalinwth kai xwris kanones oikonomikh pagkosmiopoihsh, mesw ths ``aporryqmishs'' kai toy apokleismoy opoiasdhpote prostateytikhs kai diorqwtikhs kratikhs parembashs, odhgei s? enan akrato ylismo poy apoprosanatolizei plhrws ton anqrwpo, doqentos oti katastrefei kaqe oramatikh antimetwpish ths episthmhs kai ths en genei pneymatikhs dhmioyrgias. Ara wqei ton anqrwpo na ``prosarmosqei'' sthn ylh kai oxi sto pneyma'' shmeiwse o k. Paylopoylos.

    "An den jeroyme apo poy proerxomaste den jeroyme poy pame kai eimaste katadikasmenoi na epanalaboyme ta sfalmata poy exoyme kanei sto parelqon", tonise sto xairetismo toy o a' antiproedros ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs, Frans Timermans, enw o Epitropos, Dhmhtrhs Abramopoylos, se grapto toy mhnyma pros to Synedrio, anefere metajy allwn oti o antiproedros exei baqia gnwsh ths eyrwpaikhs istorias, shmeiwnontas oti h Olympia qa apotelesei phgh empneyshs gia thn epilysh twn problhmatwn poy antimetwpizei h Eyrwph.

    Apo thn pleyra ths h prynanhs toy Panepisthmioy Patrwn, Benetsana Kyriazopoyloy, tonise oti o arxaioellhnikos politismos ephrease kai ephreazei to pagkosmio oikodomhma. Kata th diarkeia toy Synedrioy anaggelqhke apo thn eqnikh presbeira ths Elladas sto Symboylio ths Eyrwphs, Aik. Panagopoyloy, h idrysh Dieqnoys Kentroy Episthmwn kai Ellhnikwn Ajiwn.

    Diabaste oloklhrh thn omilia toyProedroy ths Dhmokratias Prokoph Paylopoyloy me titlo``H ARXAIA ELLADA KAI O SYGXRONOS KOSMOS''

    Asmenws antapokrinomai sto kalesma sas, kai malista s'ayton ton kataforto apo istoria Topo poy epipleon fylassei sta splaxna toy ton aqanato sporo toy Olympiakoy Pneymatos kai ths diaxronikhs shmeiologias toy, n'apeyqynw xairetismo sto ejairetika shmantiko kai pollaplws epikairo Synedrio sas, to opoio exei sto epikentro ths qematikhs toy thn sxesh anamesa ``sthn Arxaia Ellada kai ton Sygxrono Kosmo''. Ena Synedrio to opoio exei, kata synepeia kai kata baqos, ws stoxo n'apokalycei tis diastaseis ths epirrohs toy Arxaioy Ellhnikoy Pneymatos kata thn gennhsh, thn metepeita ejelijh kai thn twrinh ypostash toy Eyrwpaikoy kai toy en genei Dytikoy Politismoy. Exoyn lexqei ta panta, sxedon, gi'ayth thn arrhkth kai afath syzeyjh anamesa sto Arxaio Ellhniko Pneyma kai ton Politismo mas, plhn omws kaqe ypenqymish kai tekmhriwsh pros ayth thn kateyqynsh oxi monon den einai peritth alla, olws antiqetws, emfanizetai epibeblhmenh kai didaktikh prokeimenoy na briskomaste se plhrh etoimothta, kaqe fora poy h yperaspish toy Politismoy toytoy einai aparaithth gia na diasfalisqei h diaiwnish toy kai h synakoloyqh amyna kata twn polemiwn toy. Speydw loipon ``xwris ixnos eqnikhs eparshs all'''apodidontas mian alhqeia poy oydeis mporei n'amfisbhthsei m'ajiopista episthmonikws krithria- na synocisw prologikws ta osa ektiqentai sth synexeia toy xairetismoy moy: Dixws to Arxaio Ellhniko Pneyma, thn epinohtikothta toy kai thn meqodologia toy einai ejairetika amfibolo an h Episthmh qa eixe akoloyqhsei aythn thn ragdaia h kai iliggiwdhfysika me ta metra toy xronoy poy xreiasqhkan oi epimeroys faseis ejelijhs ths Anqrwpothtas- anodo kai katajiwsh, synakoloyqa de an o Politismos mas qa eixe ton prosanatolismo kai th morfh poy gnwrizoyme kai biwnoyme. Ki akomh perissotero, an o Politismos mas egkataleicei tis pneymatikes rizes ths arxaioellhnikhs toy proeleyshs, tote h lamch toy qa sbhsei. Kai o Anqrwpos qa periplanietai pali katastrofika mesa s'enan skoteino labyrinqo barbarothtas, dixws malista na mporei na syneidhtopoihsei, idiws sta prwta stadia ths kataptwshs kai logw mias bareias morfhs arnhtikoy politismikoy ``miqridatismoy'', tis anepanorqwtes synepeies mias tetoias sygklonistikhs anatrophs gia thn olh poreia ths Anqrwpothtas. Kai na giati:

    I.Apo thn plhroforia sth gnwsh ki apo thn gnwsh sth sofia.

    Dyo keimena, fysika metajy pollwn allwn se mia toso makra istorikh diadromh, synocizoyn kata thn gnwmh moy bebaiws kai m'olh thn ayqairesia ths ypokeimenikothtas poy toyto synepagetai- m'akrws antiproswpeytiko kai periektiko tropo thn kaqoristikh symbolh toy Arxaioy Ellhnikoy Pneymatos kai twn epiteygmatwn toy sthn diamorfwsh toy sygxronoy Eyrwpaikoy kai, kat'epektash, toy Dytikoy Politismoy, idiws mes'apo toys diayloys ths Episthmhs kai ths ``didymhs adelfhs ths'', ths Texnologias.

    A. Oi profhtikoi stixoi toy T.S. Eliot.

    To prwto keimeno einai oi akoloyqoi stixoi toy T.S. Eliot apo to poihma toy Deka xorika apo to ``Braxo''(Prwto Xoriko), ekd. Ikaros, 3hekd., 2005), grammeno, profhtika, to 1934, mesa sth dinh toy Mesopolemoy poy polloi tote den mporoysan h den hqelan na syneidhtopoihsoyn:

    ``Poy einaih Zwh, poy th spatalhsame zwntas;

    Poy einaih sofia, poy th xasame mesa sth gnwsh;

    Poy einaih gnwsh, poy th xasame stis plhrofories;''

    H ajia twn stixwn aytwn toy T.S. Eliot, anaforika me thn anadeijh toy Arxaioy Ellhnikoy Pneymatos ws toy pio krisimoy forea dhmioyrgias toy Politismoy mas, egkeitai sto oti diatrexoyn ta bhmata kai tis baqmides diamorfwshs toy Politismoy toytoy me kyrioys staqmoys thn plhroforia, thn gnwsh kai thn sofia. Oysiastikws dhladh diagrafoyn ton dromo poy akoloyqhse to Arxaio Ellhniko Pneyma ajiopoiwntas thn plhroforia kai thn empeiria, prokeimenoy na qesei tis baseis ths Episthmhs kai, epekeina, toy Politismoy. Synakoloyqa, oi ws anw stixoi toy T.S. Eliot proeidopoioyn,econtrario, apo ti kindyneyei shmera o Politismos mas. M'alles lejeis perigrafoyn m'emfash ti einai ekeino poy mporei, orismenes fores ypodoriws, na odhghsei sthn aposynqesh toy.

    B. O ``diqyrambos'' toy Antre Malrw.

    To deytero keimeno einai ena apospasma apo thn mnhmeiwdh omilia toy Antre Malrw, stis 28 Maioy 1959, gia thn prwth fwtagwghsh ths Akropolhs:

    Den qa pacoyme pote na diakhryssoyme: O,ti shmainei gia mas h toso sygkexymenh lejh paideia to synolo twn ergwn ths texnhs kai toy pneymatos- h Ellada to metetrece, pros dojan ths, se meizon meso diapaidagwghshs toy anqrwpoy. Einai o prwtos politismos xwris iero biblio, opoy h lejh eyfyia shmaine na qeteis erwthmata. Erwthmata poy emelle na gennhsoyn thn katakthsh toy kosmoy apo to pneyma, ths moiras apo thn tragwdia, toy qeioy apo thn texnh kai ton anqrwpo. Se ligo, h Arxaia Ellada qa sas pei: ``Anazhthsa thn alhqeia kai brhka thn dikaiosynh kai thn eleyqeria. Epinohsa thn anejarthsia ths texnhs kai toy pneymatos. Anabibasa ton anqrwpo kai ton eqesa antimetwpo me toys qeoys toy, ton anqrwpo poy eixe skycei to kefali pantoy edw kai tesseris xilieties. Kai thn idia stigmh ton ebala n'anametrhqei me ton dynasth''. Aytes einai oi skeceis poy odhghsan ton Antre Malrw, sthn idia omilia toy kai prokeimenoy na diakhryjei ton kyriarxo rolo toy Arxaioy Ellhnikoy Pneymatos sthn ejelijh toy Politismoy mas, n'``apofanqei'' allhgorika: ``Mia kryfh Ellada yparxei sthn kardia olwn twn anqrwpwn ths Dyshs''. H ``kryfh Ellada'' einai to Arxaio Pneyma ths kai h ``kardia'' twn anqrwpwn ths Dyshs einai o Politismos toys, ws oikodomhma me koinh riza kai adialeipth synexeia ana toys aiwnes.

    II.H ``promhqeikh'' poreia toy Arxaioy Ellhnikoy Pneymatos.

    H poreia toy Arxaioy Ellhnikoy Pneymatos pros thn qemeliwsh ths Episthmhs kai ths Filosofias parapempei, en pollois, sto myqo toy Promhqea kata thn Aisxyleia ekdoxh toy. Idiws de parapempei ston hmiqeo, o opoios tiqetai sthn yphresia toy Anqrwpoy gia na ton apeleyqerwsei apo ta kaqe eidoys desma ws pros thn akwlyth anaptyjh ths proswpikothtas toy, estw ki an ayto stoixizei ston Promhqea thn sygkroysh akomh kai me ton Dia, sygkroysh poy ``sfragisqhke'' me thn poinh ths arxaias tragwdias.

    A. Iwnes kai Proswkratikoi: Oi prwtoporoi.

    Eidikotera, mes'ap'aythn thn, oionei promhqeikh, poreia toy to Arxaio Ellhniko Pneyma gennhse, sxedon taytoxronws, thn Episthmh kai thn Filosofia. Thn teleytaia de me th morfh ths koryfwshs alla kai toy epikentroy ths episthmonikhs meqodoy, ws qemeliwdoys ``ergaleioy'' anazhthshs ki epejergasias ths gnwshs poy exei ws teliko stoxo thn diepisthmonikh ths proseggish ws thn, kata to dynaton, olistikh qewrhsh ths.

    1.H ``dojastikh'' syllhch kai kyoforia ths Episthmhs poy synista to isodynamo toybig-bagsto pedio morfopoihshs toy ``sympantos'' ths anqrwpinhs dhmioyrgias, kaqws o Anqrwpos plaqei to diko toy Sympan gia na katanohsei ekeino toy Dhmioyrgoy toy- einai, kata to megalytero meros ths, ergo twn Iwnwn kai twn Proswkratikwn filosofwn kaqws kai twn Sofistwn, oi opoioi ephreasqhkan ap'aytoys me kyrioteroys toys Prwtagora kai Ippia, fysika me bash ta yparxonta, dystyxws akrws elliph, istorika stoixeia. Kai toyto dioti htan ekeinoi poy prwtoi epixeirhsan kai oysiastikws to petyxan- n'apallajoyn thn anqrwpinh dianohsh apo ta ``propatorika'' desma toy myqoy kai na thn odhghsoyn, stadiakws, pros thn katanohsh ki ejhghsh toy kosmoy stis pragmatikes toy, fysikes, diastaseis. Taytoxronws, ayth h rizospastikh dhmioyrgikh parakataqhkh twn Iwnwn kai twn Proswkratikwn yphrje, sthn metepeita poreia toy Pneymatos, to spoydaiotero oplo gia thn antimetwpish twn empodiwn toy kaqe eidoys dogmatismoy poy ekane, kata kairoys, thn emfanish toy. Poso argotera, arage, o Maj Bemper, sth meleth toy ``H episthmh ws epaggelma'', ``anakalyce'' oti h Episthmh shmainei to ``jemagema'', thn ``apomageysh'' (Entzaubern), toy kosmoy, htoi thn apallagh ths skechs kata thn ereyna toy kosmoy toytoy apo ta ``magia'' toy kaqe eidoys myqoy! Bebaiws, kai gia n''apodoqoyn ``ta toy kaisaros tw kaisari kai toy Qeoy tw Qew'', eixe prohghqei h skech toy Laimpnits kai, eidikotera, h ``arxh toy apoxrwntos logoy'', symfwna me thn opoia den yparxoyn qaymata, tipota ston kosmo mas den symbainei xwris logo. Olws antiqetws, kaqe fainomeno exei thn aitia toy, ara h proodos ths episthmhs mporei na ejhghqei mono me oroys aitioy kai apotelesmatos. Opoy ws aitio emfanizetai ayto to opoio epitrepei sto aitiato na prokycei ypo synqhkes dynatothtas episthmonikhs apodeijhs, poy fysika kai ypokeitai sthn diarkh dokimasia ths epilaqeyshs.

    2.Iwnes kai Proswkratikoi loipon, parathrwntas ton kosmo poy aplwnotan gyrw toys, phran thn empeiria kai thn plhroforia, h opoia ekporeyetai ap'aythn, thn metetrecan se oysiastikh, ejeliktikws anaparagomenh, gnwsh kai, basizomenoi prwtistws sthn meqodikh apodeiktikh diadikasia, parhgagan sofia. Dhladh, se telikh analysh, thn Episthmh. Basiko toys oplo yphrje h ``pragmatikh skech'', opws prosfatws thn ``kwdikopoihse'' o Kornhlios Kastoriadhs ws meqodo poy epitrepei, diadoxikws:

    a)Arxikws thn ``ejhghsh'', poy shmainei thn anagwgh enos fainomenoy stis aities toy.

    b)Epeita thn ``katanohsh'', poy shmainei thn dhmioyrgia nohmatwn gia thn syllhch ths shmasias ths ejhghshs.

    g)Kai, telikws, thn ``diaygash'', poy shmainei thn mesw ths ejhghshs kai ths katanohshs olistikh syllhch ths gnwshs. Kapws etsi to Pneyma fqanei ston teleytaio staqmo toy tajidioy ths episthmonikhs dhmioyrgias, poy einai h Filosofia.

    3.Telos, den prepei na prosperasei kaneis to gegonos oti Iwnes kai Proswkratikoi, akribws epeidh yphrjan synepeis polemioi ths pneymatikhs ``aixmalwsias'' toy myqoy kai toy dogmatos kata ta proanaferomena, oydepote epifylajan sto ergo toys ena eidos episthmonikoy ``solicismoy''. Olws antiqetws, kai m'afethria p.x. tis rhseis toy Hrakleitoy ``panta xwrei kai oyden menei'' kai toy Prwtagora ``pantwn xrhmatwn metron anqrwpos'', ebalan prwtoi sto xwro ths episthmhs ton ``qemelio liqo'' ths sxetikothtas. Ara, estw ki emmesws, ths epilaqeyshs, poy epeidh den qewrei tipote dedomeno all', olws antiqetws, anoigei ton dromo anagnwrishs toy sfalmatos prokeimenoy h episthmonikh ereyna na ejelixqei ws thn telikh, oriakh, katagwgh ths, synista ton qemelio liqo ths Episthmonikhs Meqodoy. Einai, loipon, oi Iwnes kai oi Proswkratikoi poy, kat'apotelesma, yphrjan oi empneystes toy Karl Poper, otan egrafe gia thn ``anoixth koinwnia kai toys exqroys ths'' -o idios, allwste, t'omologei, oysiastikws eyqews, sto ergo toy ``O kosmos toy Parmenidh, Dokimia gia ton proswkratiko diafwtismo'', ekd. Kardamitsa, 2002- kai toy Tomas Koyn, otan qemeliwne thn qewria toy gia thn ``domh twn episthmonikwn epanastasewn''. De htan, arage, aytoi poy gia n'anaxqoyme sto kata Koyn protypo ths episthmonikhs epanastashs- apotelesan thn prwth, pragmatikh, ``episthmonikh koinothta'', h opoia diamorfwse kai to epishs prwto, gnhsio, ``episthmoniko paradeigma'', afhnontas malista anoixto to dromo ths mellontikhs amfisbhthshs toy kai antikatastashs toy apo ena neo paradeigma me to analogo periballon mias ejisoy neas episthmonikhs koinothtas;

    B. To ``jemagema'' ths skechs.

    Ayto to ``jemagema'', h ``apomageysh'' toy kosmoy mesw ths episthmonikhs meqodoy shmainei, opws tonisqhke, thn apeleyqerwsh ths skechs apo ta ``magia'' toy myqoy. Kata baqos einai mia pragmatikh ``ekrhjh'' eleyqerias ths skechs, h opoia metagei ton Anqrwpo apo thn katastash ths metafysikhs ejarthshs s'ekeinh ths ontologikhs katanohshs mias aytonomias, poy oso epwdynh ki an fainetai logw ths abebaiothtas toy tyxaioy, den payei na einai telikws lytrwtikh anaforika me thn pemptoysia ths sxeshs toy Anqrwpoy me ton kosmo gyrw toy. Ayth omws h ek meroys toy katanohsh, ypo oroys ontologias, ths eleyqerias kai ths aytonomias toy einai h ``basilikh odos'' ths Filosofias.

    1.H proanaferomenh stenh dialektikh sxesh metajy Episthmhs kai Filosofias brhke thn prwth kai isws megalyterh istorikws- koryfwsh ths sto fainomeno ``Aristotelhs''. O Aristotelhs yphrje o megistos twn filosofwn kai pragmatikospanepisthmonas.Sygkekrimena, h eyrythta twn episthmonikwn endiaferontwn toy Aristotelh den exei omoia ths sthn istoria ths pagkosmias skechs. Synhqws ejairoyme to gegonos oti o Aristotelhs endiaferqhke gia ena pedio gnwstikwn antikeimenwn monadikhs eyrythtas. Kai, isws, den tonizoyme oso prepei to gegonos oti, sthn pragmatikothta, qemeliwse thn pleionothta twn episthmwn. O Aristotelhs exei, kat'oysian, qesei tis episthmonikes baseis ths politeiologias, ths hqikhs, ths koinwniologias, ths aisqhtikhs, ths logotexnias, ths logikhs, ths filosofias twn maqhmatikwn, ths ontologias, ths cyxologias, ths biologias, ths metewrologias, ths astronomias, kai oxi monon. Eidika oson afora thn synexws kai ragdaiws ejelissomenh episthmh ths biologias orismenoi yposthrizoyn oti o 21oseinai o aiwnas ths biologias- h aristotelikh skech, para to perasma toswn aiwnwn, ejakoloyqei n'askei megalyterh epirroh apo thn skech kaqe alloy filosofoy.

    2.Gia na katanohsei kaneis to megeqos ths symbolhs kai syneisforas toy Aristoteloys sthn dhmioyrgikh poreia toy Arxaioy Ellhnikoy Pneymatos arkei n'antilhfqei oti yphrjen o prwtos poy ekane thn diakrish, alla kai prosdiorise estw kai se genikes grammes- tis amoibaies sxeseis metajy Episthmhs kai Filosofias, ystera apo mia makra periodo ``sygkroyshs''. Sygkekrimena o Aristotelhs, sta erga toy genikws, diekrine, amesws h emmesws, ta peri toy fysikoy kosmoy apo ta filosofika zhthmata. Apto deigma ayths ths episthmonikofilosofikhs nootropias toy yphrje to ergo toy ``Peri cyxhs'', sto plaisio toy opioy anakinei eyqews to zhthma an o peri cyxhs logos empiptei sto pedio ths fysikhs qewrias h toy filosofikoy stoxasmoy. Tolmw de na proteinw oti aytos einai o orqoteros alla kai asfalesteros tropos gia na katanohsoyme thn oysia toy oloy ergoy toy Aristoteloys ``Meta ta fysika'', ergoy poy, opws eixa thn eykairia na qymisw prologizontas ena Synedrio afierwmeno sta 2400 xronia apo ton qanato toy Stageirith, ``stoixeiwnei'' ws shmera thn Filosofia sthn prospaqeia ths na syllabei tis pragmatikes diastaseis toy ergoy toytoy.

    III.To Arxaio Ellhniko Pneyma ``aigida'' toy Politismoy mas.

    Opws hdh epishmanqhke eisagwgikws, h kaqoristikh symbolh toy Arxaioy Ellhnikoy Pneymatos sthn ekbash toy Eyrwpaikoy kai toy en genei Dytikoy Politismoy, prwtistws mesw ths qemeliwshs kata kyriolejia- ths Episthmhs kai ths Filosofias, parexei taytoxronws kai ta efodia gia thn yperaspish toy Politismoy aytoy apo toys kindynoys, oi opoioi yponomeyoyn shmera ta qemelia toy. Malles lejeis arkei na exoyme kata noy me poio tropo to Arxaio Ellhniko Pneyma odhghse sthn dhmioyrgia toy Politismoy mas, gia na synqesoyme ta katallhla antiswmata enantion toy ``ioy'', poy ``poliorkei'' ton pneymatiko anosopoihtiko qwraka toy. Epitrecate moy loipon sto shmeio ayto na ginw safesteros:

    A. O Politismos mas se kindyno.

    M? afethria toys kata t'anwterw stixoys toy T.S. Eliot, qa mporoyse kaqenas basimws na isxyrisqei oti o Politismos mas tiqetai se kindyno otan to dianysma ths dhmioyrgias toy, poy syntiqetai ki as moy sygxwrhqei ayth h sxhmatikothta poy, pantws, den einai abasimh ki ayqaireth- apo thn metatroph ths plhroforias se gnwsh kai ths gnwshs se sofia, arxizei n'antistrefetai. Otan dhladh, se plhrh antiqesh pros tis kateyqynthries epitages toy Arxaioy Ellhnikoy Pneymatos, h sofia teinei na metapesei sto epipedo ths gnwshs kai, en telei, h gnwsh teinei na periorisqei sthn katastash ths aplhs sylloghs kai, estw, systhmatopoihshs ths plhroforias. Ki as mhn jexname oti, kata kanona poy h Istoria epibebaiwnei kaqhmerina, kaqe katakthsh toy Anqrwpoy pros thn telikh toy katajiwsh, apo thn pio anepaisqhth ws thn pio kaqoristikh, kindyneyei otan oi anthrides panw stis opoies sthrixqhke xanoyn ton statiko dynamismo toys, synhqws ejaitias ths anqrwpinhs abelthrias kai, kat? ejoxhn, ths abelthrias poy ofeiletai sthn ypotimhsh twn xroniwn kradasmwn sto ypedafos twn anthridwn aytwn.

    B.Oi ``oiwnoi'' ths parakmhs.

    Yparxoyn, arage, shmadia poy deixnoyn stis meres mas mia tetoia anastrofh, h opoia oxi monon empodizei ton Politismo mas na kanei ena apofasistiko bhma yperbashs twn hdh megalwn epiteygmatwn toy, alla yposkaptei, kyriolektikws, ta qemelia toy ekeina poy sthrixqhkan stis anyperblhtes anthrides toy Arxaioy Ellhnikoy Pneymatos; Pisteyw pws nai. Kai einai apolyth anagkh na doyme, to syntomotero dynato kai katamata, poy ofeiletai mia tetoia dysoiwnh prooptikh, etsi wste oso yparxei kairos n'anakopei.

    1.Oydeis mporei, me peistika epixeirhmata, n'amfisbhthsei to gegonos oti h prosfath ejelijh ths texnologias, enw exei pollaples eyergetikes synepeies ws pros thn syllhch ths oysias toy kosmoy mas, epefere kai shmantikes parenergeies otan orismenes ekfanseis ths ``lojodromhsan'' se sxesh me ton pragmatiko proorismo ths.

    2.Epitrecate moy n? anaferw dyo apo tis parenergeies aytes, tis opoies qewrw kai tis pio kaqoristikes:

    a)H prwth afora thn ragdaia ejaplwsh ki epikrathsh ths apolyths ejeidikeyshs- s'ola ta epipeda oikodomhshs toy episthtoy, apo thn periodo ths ``maqhteias'' ws kai thn telikh fash ths pio ejeligmenhs ereynas- ths episthmonikhs gnwshs. Aytos o aytoperiorismos toy episthmonikoy pedioy me to wraiopoihtiko perikalymma enos eidoys ``splendidisolation'', se syndyasmo me thn, profanh h kai kraygalea, elleich mhxanismwn oysiastikhs epikoinwnias twn episthmonwn-ekproswpwn syggenwn kladwn, sterei, nomoteleiakws, apo ton pragmatiko episthmona thn dynatothta ths olistikhs syllhchs ths episthmhs toy kai toy antikeimenoy ths, ws eyryteroy synoloy poy apartizetai apo sygkoinwnoynta metajy toys epimeroys yposynola. Etsi omws h ``sofia'' kaqistatai anefikth, enw kai h aplh gnwsh teinei na metapesei sto epipedo ths aplhs sylloghs kai tajinomhshs ths plhroforias. Kati poy den apexei poly apo mia morfh sygkekalymmenoy katw apo thn ``leonth'' mias, dhqen, epitaghs ths sygxronhs episthmonikhs deontologias- ``empeirismoy''. Ki edw, prokeimenoy na mhn yparxei oiadhpote parejhghsh, dieykrinizw toyto: Oydeis mporei na ypotimhsei thn ajia toy empeirismoy, plhn omws ws shmantikoy meqodologikoy symplhrwmatos prokeimenoy h plhroforia na katastei gnwsh kai h gnwsh sofia. Kai oxi, bebaiws, prokeimenoy na odhghsei sthn empedwsh ths, estw kai plhrws systhmatopoihmenhs, plhroforias, ws oionei telikoy stadioy ths episthmonikhs ereynas yf'oles ths tis ekfanseis.

    b)H deyterh afora thn edraiwsh mias oikonomikhs pagkosmiopoihshs, dixws toys qesmikoys kai toysstrictosensuoikonomikoys mhxanismoys, oi opoioi qa htan se qesh n? apotrecoyn tis dynameis streblwshs toy kapitalistikoy oikonomikoy systhmatos poy to apomakrynoyn, oloena kai perissotero, apo tis rizes toy kai ton proorismo toy.

    b1)As mhn jexname oti oi rizes aytes kai o synakoloyqos proorismos htan oi paragontes poy epetrecan, aiwnes twra, ston kapitalismo na ejelixqei sto oikonomiko ekeino systhma, to opoio epitrepei ston Anqrwpo na yperaspisqei thn ajia toy kai n'anaptyjei eleyqerws thn proswpikothta toy me ton kallitero kai pio paragwgiko tropo. Opwsdhpote de kallitero apo ekeinon poy dieqete o megalos ``antipalos'' toy kapitalismoy, o marjismos, pragma poy pistopoihse me ton pio ``ekkwfantiko'' tropo h katarreysh toy teleytaioy, toylaxiston ypo thn ekdoxh toy ``yparktoy sosialismoy''.

    b2)Ayth h streblwtikh tash ths ypo tis anwterw synqhkes pagkosmiopoihshs, ejaitias ths dysmenoys epirrohs ths kai s'episthmonikoys xwroys poly peran ths oikonomias me pio xarakthristiko ekeinon ths,strictosensu, texnologias gia ton opoio egine logos prohgoymenws- leitoyrgei, kat'apotelesma, apotreptikws ws pros thn tash toy sygxronoy episthmona n'apokthsei mia synolikoterh antilhch twn epiptwsewn ths ereynas toy. Se syndyasmo loipon me thn promnhmoneyomenh tash ejeidikeyshs, h pagkosmiopoihsh ayth epiteinei thn tash metaptwshs ths sofias s'aplh gnwsh kai ths gnwshs se plhroforia. Idiws de se plhroforia proorismenh na ``tekmhriwsei'' katallhlws kai, isws, me mia tash ``amaxhtoy tekmhrioy'' poy kalliergei mian idiotyph nootropia ``dogmatos''- thn nomoteleiakh ``aytorryqmish'' ths oikonomias, h opoia exei ws synepeia thn ``daimonopoihsh'' kaqe ixnoys diorqwtikoy kratikoy parembatismoy kai thn antistoixh ``qeopoihsh'' ths oloklhrwtikhs ``aporryqmishs'', dhladh ths oysiastikhs katarghshs twn parembatikwn armodiothtwn twn epimeroys kratikwn organwn.

    b3)Peran toytwn omws h pagkosmiopoihsh ayths ths morfhs kalliergei, apo thn fysh ths, mian idiomorfh nootropia ylismoy me thn ennoia ths anagkastikhs proshlwshs sthn ``biwth'' poy h idia h pagkosmiopoihsh synepagetai prosdiorizontas, kaqoristikws, tis anagkes twn anqrwpwn- entelws antiqeth pros tis ``oramatikes'' prooptikes, oi opoies synistoyn aparaithth proypoqesh gia thn, symfyth me thn metabash apo thn plhroforia sth gnwsh kai apo thn gnwsh sth sofia, yperbash ths tetrimmenhs kaqhmerinothtas. Isws ayto yponooyse to T.S. Eliot otan, stoys proanaferomenoys stixoys toy, proseqete thn ejhs synexeia:

    ``Oi epoxes t'Oyranoy mes stoys eikosi aiwnes

    Mas fernoyn makryter'ap'to Qeo kai kontytera

    pros to Xwma''.

    Ypenqymizw oti, opws hdh dieykrinisqhke pio panw, oi stixoi aytoi toy T.S. Eliot grafthkan ligo meta to prwto trito toy kata ton Erik Xompspaoym ``syntomoy aiwna'' (``H epoxh twn akrwn: O Syntomos Eikostos Aiwnas'', ekd. MIET, 9hanat., 2012), afoy kat'ayton o eikostos aiwnas ``arxise'' to 1914, me ton Prwto Pagkosmio Polemo kai ``teleiwse'' to 1991, me thn dialysh ths ESSD kai thn ptwsh toy Teixoys toy Berolinoy.

    g)Katalhktikws, ejeidikeysh kai pagkosmiopoihsh, ypo thn ennoia poy proekteqhke, mes? apo ton dogmatismo kai tis synakoloyqes emmones- poy kalliergoyn gia na diaiwnisoyn thn epikyriarxia twn skopimothtwn toys kai toy antistoixoy ``ylismoy'' toys, odhgoyn, amesws h emmesws, sthn anabiwsh mias nootropias episthmonikoy ``solicismoy'', ypotagmenoy sthn epikyriarxia ths pezhs kaqhmerinothtas. Nootropias h opoia einai entelws antiqeth pros ton pragmatiko proorismo ths episthmonikhs dhmioyrgias. Afoy, opws ekteqhke, proypoqesh ths episthmonikhs ejelijhs einai h ek prooimioy anagnwrish ths sxetikothtas twn ekastote episthmonikwn symperasmatwn kai h synakoloyqh apodoxh toy endexomenoy epilaqeyshs toys, epekeina de h yperbash kaqe morfhs symbibasmoy me mia dedomenh kaqhmerinothta. Me bash omws ayta ta dedomena isws prepei na epixeirhsoyme ena ``janamagema'' toy dikoy mas kosmoy, oxi me thn ennoia ths epanodoy sthn aixmalwsia toy myqoy kai toy dogmatos, alla me th morfh ths dhmioyrgias enos eidoys orqologikoy anqrwpistikoy ``totem'', mprosta sto opoio h episthmh ofeilei na ``ypoklinetai'' gia na diadramatisei ton fysiko ths rolo, dhladh thn ypagwgh ths sthn yphresia toy Anqrwpoy kata thn diadromh toy pros ton teliko proorismo toy. Estw ki an to egxeirhma ayto fainetai oriako, doqentos oti odhgei ton Anqrwpo sthn asymbibasth yperaspish ths ajias toy kai ths eleyqerhs anaptyjhs ths proswpikothtas toy, me apwtero stoxo thn oloklhrwsh ths megaleiwdoys poreias toy poy katateinei sto na katastei o Anqrwpos eikona kai omoiwsh toy Dhmioyrgoy toy.

    Synocizontas loipon ta osa proanaferqhkan, basimws mporei kaneis na yposthrijei oti h symbolh toy Arxaioy Ellhnikoy Pneymatos se sxesh me ton Politismo mas, htoi ton sygxrono Eyrwpaiko kai, en genei, Dytiko Politismo einai, toylaxiston, diplh: Apo th mia pleyra to Arxaio Ellhniko Pneyma dieplase ton Politismo ayton qetontas, mesw ths apeleyqerwshs toy Pneymatos apo ton myqo, tis baseis ths Episthmhs kai, se teliko stadio, ths Filosofias. Qalege kaneis pws o Politismos mas gennhqhke apo to Arxaio Ellhniko Pneyma opws, kata thn myqologia, h Aqhna bghke apo to kefali toy Dia, panoplh, forwntas perikefalaia kai kratwntas aspida. Kai, apo thn allh pleyra, mas deixnei shmera to dromo yperaspishs toy Politismoy mas, kyriws dia ths apotrophs ths metaptwshs ths Episthmhs kai ths Filosofias se agona empeirika pedia swreyshs aplhs gnwshs kai sylloghs apeirhs, plhn omws anwfelhs, plhroforias. Mes? ap? ayth thn diplh symbolh toy to Arxaio Ellhniko Pneyma menei aenaws zwntano ki epikairo, toson ws genarxhs oso kai ws ametakinhtos pylwnas toy Politismoy mas kai ton protrepei, sthn sygxronh zoferh sygkyria, me ta logia poy bazei o Odysseas Elyths sto stoma toy Antifwnhth pros th Maria Nefelh: ``Kane alma pio grhgoro apo th fqora''. Dioti xwris ena tetoio alma, poly syntoma o Politismos mas qa moiazei me ``yperkainofanh'', ena ``megaliqiko'' astro poy sbhnei taxytata dioti fernei, gia na janaqymhqoyme ton T.S. Eliot sto idio poihma toy, ``Th gnwsh twn logwn kai thn agnoia toy Logoy''. Kai gia to ti shmainei ``Logos'', as gyrisoyme pisw ston Hrakleito poy ton perigrafei, peripoy, ws thn aiwniws kai aenaws staqerh ryqmistikh arxh h opoia ejasfalizei thn enothta toy kosmoy: ``Toy de logoy toyd? eontos aei''.Ki arketa metagenesterws, alla panta se mia dihkoysa grammh, sto kata Iwannhn Eyaggelio: ``En arxh hn o Logos kai o Logos hn pros ton Qeon kai Qeos hn o Logos''.Ws pros to poia einai h pragmatikh qesh toy Anqrwpoy apenanti s? ayto to Logo, thn apanthsh, me thn morfh ``antistijhs'', dinei eyglwtta o Kwstas Ajelos (``Giati skeftomaste; Ti na prajoyme: Dyo dialejeis-dokimia'', ekd. Nefelh, 1993):O Logos einai to ``anoixto Paixnidi toy Xronoy, opoy o Anqrwpos einai sygxronws paikths kai paignio''. Akribws opws ton perigrafei, me tropo monadiko sta xronika ths arxaias ellhnikhs tragwdias, o Sofoklhs toso ston, ``moiraio'' ki emblhmatiko ws ``hgeth'', ``Oidipoda Tyranno'', otan o Oidipoys yperaspizetai thn ``Polh'', oso kai ston ``Oidipoda epi Kolwnw'', otan yperaspizetai pia ton eayto toy gia n? amynqei apenanti sthn Eimarmenh alla ki apenanti s? ekeinoys poy thn ekmetalleyontai me skopo na skyleysoyn thn ategkth pros ayton moira toy pros idion ofelos, se mia koryfaia ``tragikh'' anadeijh ths diaxronikhs plhghs ths politikhs, toy kynismoy.

    [03] Kata 0,9% meiwqhke to AEP ths xwras to b' trimhno efetos se ethsia bash

    Kata 0,9% meiwqhke to AEP ths xwras to b' trimhno efetos se ethsia bash, me thn ELSTAT na anaqewrei epi ta xeirw thn arxikh ektimhsh ths gia yfesh ths tajhs toy 0,7%.

    Metajy b' kai a' trimhnoy, to AEP ayjhqhke 0,2% enanti ayjhshs 0,3% ths arxikhs ektimhshs.

    Epishs, h ELSTAT anaqewrhse- epi ta xeirw- se yfesh 1% thn poreia toy AEP gia to a' trimhno se ethsia bash, apo yfesh 0,8% kata thn prwth ektimhsh.

    Symfwna me thn ELSTAT, h dysmenhs anaqewrhsh einai apotelesma ths xrhsimopoihshs stoixeiwn poy den htan diaqesima kata thn prwth ektimhsh. Ta stoixeia ayta einai eite mhniaia (opws toy Ioynioy gia to Isozygio Plhrwmwn) eite trimhniaia (opws gia ton kyklo ergasiwn twn kladwn twn yphresiwn kai gia thn ereyna ergatikoy dynamikoy).

    Se ethsia bash, ta epimeroys stoixeia poy metexoyn sth diamorfwsh toy AEP eixan ws ejhs:

    ? H synolikh telikh katanalwtikh dapanh paroysiase meiwsh 1,9%

    ? Oi akaqaristes ependyseis pagioy kefalaioy ayjhqhkan 7%

    ? Meiwsh 11,4% paroysiasan oi ejagwges agaqwn kai yphresiwn (oi ejagwges agaqwn ayjhqhkan 2,9%, enw oi ejagwges yphresiwn meiwqhkan 26,5%)

    ? Meiwsh 7,1% paroysiasan oi eisagwges agaqwn kai yphresiwn (oi eisagwges agaqwn meiwqhkan 3,3% kai oi eisagwges yphresiwn meiwqhkan 22,6%).

    Se trimhnia bash, shmeiwqhkan oi ejhs metaboles:

    ? H synolikh telikh katanalwtikh dapanh meiwqhke 0,2%

    ? Oi akaqaristes ependyseis pagioy kefalaioy ayjhqhkan 1%

    ? Meiwsh 1% paroysiasan oi ejagwges agaqwn kai yphresiwn (oi ejagwges agaqwn meiwqhkan 0,6% kai oi ejagwges yphresiwn meiwqhkan 3,5%).

    ? Meiwsh 0,4% paroysiasan oi eisagwges agaqwn kai yphresiwn (oi eisagwges agaqwn ayjhqhkan 0,5%, enw oi eisagwges yphresiwn meiwqhkan 4,4%).

    Ejalloy, me bash ta mh epoxika diorqwmena stoixeia, to AEP se ethsia bash paroysiase meiwsh 0,4 % enanti ths meiwshs 0,1% poy eixe anakoinwqei sthn prwth ektimhsh stis 12 Aygoystoy.

    [04] ENFIA: H syntriptikh pleiochfia plhrwnei idio h ligotero poso

    Sthn periptwsh twn dosewn h prwth qa katablhqei telos Septembrioy kai h teleytaia ton Ianoyario toy 2017Jekinhse meta ta mesanyxta ths Kyriakhs pros th Deytera h diadikasia ths anarthshs twn ekkaqaristwn toy ENFIA sto Taxisnet.

    H plhrwmh mporei na ginei eite me thn katabolh toy posoy poy analogei stoforoakinhtwnefapaj stis 30 Septembrioy eite se pente doseis.

    Sthn periptwsh twn dosewn h prwth qa katablhqei telos Septembrioy kai h teleytaia ton Ianoyario toy 2017.

    Symfwna me phges toy yp. Oikonomikwn poy milhsan sto APE-MPE sthnsyntriptikh pleiochfia twnekkaqaristikwn toy fetinoy ENFIA oi polites plhrwnoynidio h kai ligotero poso se sxesh me ton persino ENFIA.

    Sygkekrimena opws aneferan sto APE-MPE oi phges toy yp. Oikonomikwn, to 65% twn politwn plhrwnei idio h kai ligotero ENFIA. To 24% epibarynetai me poso apo 1 lepto ews 10 eyrw. To 10% kaleitai na plhrwsei poso panw apo 10 eyrw kai ej aytwn molis to 4% epibarynetai me poso panw apo 50 eyrw.

    Telos mono to 0,3% kaleitai na plhrwsei poso megalytero apo 1000 eyrw.

    [05] Mytilhnh: ``Ekpaideytikh Bash'' sth Lesbo apo to Panepisthmio toy Pekinoy

    Ekpaideytikh bash sth Lesbo dhmioyrgei to Panepisthmio Gewepisthmwn toy Pekinoy se synergasia me to Panepisthmio toy Aigaioy. H Sxolh Episthmwn ths Ghs kai Fysikwn Porwn toy Panepisthmioy Gewepisthmwn toy Pekinoy se synergasia me to Tmhma Gewgrafias toy Panepisthmioy toy Aigaioy dhmioyrgei sth Lesbo thn prwth ekpaideytikh bash sthn Eyrwph gia thn ekpaideysh pedioy twn foithtwn ths Sxolhs se qemata gewlogikhs domhs kai ejelijhs ths Anatolikhs Mesogeioy, xartografhshs, hfaisteiothtas, energwn rhgmatwn kai seismikhs epikindynothtas, anadeijhs gew-mnhmeiwn kai dhmioyrgias gewparkwn.

    As shmeiwqei oti ta dyo Panepisthmia ypegracan ton Ioylio toy 2015 mnhmonio synergasias poy problepei thn eyreia synergasia se qemata koinoy endiaferontos stoys tomeis ths ekpaideyshs kai ths ereynas. H synergasia exei hdh ferei ta prwta apotelesmata me thn organwsh apo koinoy syntomoy programmatos ekpaideyshs me qema thn diaxeirish Gewparkwn ton Ianoyario toy 2016 sto Pekino kai thn symmetoxh toy kaqhghth Zhang Jianping sto Dieqnes Qerino Sxoleio Gewparkwn toy Panepisthmioy Aigaioy ton perasmeno Ioynio sth Mytilhnh.

    H prwth drash

    H Sxolh Episthmwn ths Ghs kai Fysikwn Porwn toy Panepisthmioy Gewepisthmwn toy Pekinoy jekinhse thn perasmenh ebdomada thn prwth ekpaideytikh episkech proptyxiakwn foithtwn sth Lesbo gia thn ylopoihsh askhsewn pedioy. Ypeyqynos ths ekpaideytikhs drashs einai o Kosmhtoras ths Sxolhs Kaqhghths Wang Genhou kai pragmatopoieitai ypo thn kaqodhghsh toy Kaqhghth Palaiontologias Zhang Jianping. Sthn ekpaideytikh ayth prwtoboylia ek meroys toy Panepisthmioy Aigaioy symmetexei o Kaqhghths toy Tmhmatos Gewgrafias N. Zoyros enw stis askhseis pedioy symmetexoyn kai foithtes toy Tmhmatos Gewgrafias. ``Epidiwjh toy Panepisthmioy Aigaioy einai h kaqierwsh ths Lesboy ws dieqnoys proorismoy ekpaideyshs se qemata gewepisthmwn'' leei sto APE-MPE o k. Zoyros. Kai synexizei: ``Ena apo ta kyria antikeimena ths ekpaideyshs twn foithtwn einai h anadeijh kai h ajiopoihsh gewlogikwn mnhmeiwn mesw ths anagnwrishs perioxwn ws Pagkosmia Gewparka apo thn UNESCO. H Lesbos diaqetei plhqos gewmnhmeiwn me idiaiterh episthmonikh, ekpaideytikh kai politistikh ajia gegonos poy odhghse sthn anagnwrish ths ws Pagkosmio Gewparko apo thn UNESCO sta plaisia toy neoy Programmatos "UNESCO Global Geoparks" poy egkriqhke apo thn genikh Diaskech ths UNESCO ton Noembrio toy 2015 kai sto opoio symmetexoyn synolika pente Ellhnikes perioxes. Sto idio programma h ploysia gewlogikh klhronomia ths Kinas odhghse sthn anagnwrish 33 perioxwn ws Pagkosmia Gewparka apo thn UNESCO kai proselkyoyn to endiaferon ekatommyriwn episkeptwn kaqe xrono''.

    Oi Kinezoi foithtes kata th diarkeia ths paramonhs toys sth Lesbo eixan thn eykairia na gnwrisoyn thn omorfia twn gewlogikwn topiwn ths Lesboy, na episkefqoyn polles perioxes toy nhsioy kai na perihghqoyn sta hfaisteia kai toys hfaisteiakoys gewtopoys, opws ta hfaisteia toy Lepetymnoy kai ths Batoysas, toys hfaisteiakoys sxhmatismoys toy Mesotopoy kai ths Eresoy, ton hfaisteiako laimo ths Petras, toys hfaisteiakoys domoys toy Molyboy kai toy Lepetymnoy, kaqws kai ta megala gewlogika rhgmata ths Lesboy, opws ayta poy syndeontai me thn dhmioyrgia twn kolpwn ths Geras kai ths Kallonhs, twn Baterwn kai syndeontai me megaloys seismoys poy shmadecan ths istoria ths Lesboy opws ths Agias Paraskeyhs, ths Mytilhnhs kai ths Antissas.

    Idiaiterh emfash doqhke stis gewlogikes qeseis endiaferontos poy syndeontai me thn gewlogikh istoria ths Lesboy. Pragmatopoihqhkan parathrhseis twn gewlogikwn sxhmatismwn eginan stis perioxes ths Mytilhnhs, ths xersonhsoy ths Amalhs, ths Agiasoy, toy Polyxnitoy, twn Baterwn, ths Axladerhs kaqws kai twn perioxwn Petras - Molyboy. Idiaitero endiaferon eixan gia thn perioxh Agiasoy - Polyxnitoy opoy melethsan stoixeia poy syndeontai me thn katastrofh toy wkeanioy xwroy ths Thqyos, toy wkeanoy poy yphrxe anamesa sthn Eyrwph kai thn Afrikh prin apo 150 ekatommyria xronia kai odhghse sthn dhmioyrgia twn oroseirwn ths Notias Eyrwphs kai twn Imalaiwn. ``H poiothta diathrhshs twn gewlogikwn domwn ths Lesboy se sygkrish me alles perioxes ths ghs toys entypwsiasan, anadeiknyontas thn megalh ajia ths Lesboy ws ekpaideytikoy proorismoy gia jena panepisthmia'' synexizei o k. Zoyros.

    Episkefthkan epishs perioxes oikologikhs shmasias opws toys ygrotopoys ths Kallonhs kai thn perioxh ths arxaias Pyrras opoy perpathse o Aristotelhs kai o Qeofrastos, kaqws kai politistika Mnhmeia kai Moyseia, to Moyseio Biomhxanikhs Elaioyrgias sthn Agia Paraskeyh, to Arxontiko ths Balertzhdainas sthn Petra, to Kastro toy Molyboy kai to Arxaiologiko Moyseio Mytilhnhs.

    Sto ``dasos''

    Kentriko stoixeio ths episkechs htan h prostateyomenh perioxh kai ta ypaiqria Parka toy Apoliqwmenoy Dasoys Lesboy, ta opoia anagnwrizontai pleon ws protypo gia thn anadeijh fysikwn mnhmeiwn se pagkosmio epipedo. Oi foithtes episkefthkan to Parko toy Apoliqwmenoy dasoys kai melethsan thn apoliqwmenh xlwrida kanontas sysxetish me tis perioxes poy ayta eydokimoyn shmera kai diapistwsan to eyros kai tis synepeies twn klimatikwn allagwn.

    Stis perioxes twn anaskafwn kata mhkos toy ajona Kallonhs Sigrioy enhmerwqhkan gia tis texnikes poy efarmozei to Moyseio Fysikhs Istorias Apoliqwmenoy Dasoys Lesboy gia thn anadeijh kai thn prostasia twn apoliqwmatwn poy apokalyptontai kata tis ergasies kataskeyhs toy dromoy kaqws kai gia tis diadikasies metaforas twn apoliqwmatwn poy den mporoyn na diathrhqoyn sthn fysikh toy qesh.

    Me to eidiko skafos me gyalino pyqmena toy Moyseioy perihghqhkan sthn perioxh to kolpoy Sigrioy kai pragmatopoihsan ton periploy ths Nhsiwphs. Gnwrisan tis morfes diabrwshs twn aktwn, thn benqikh xlwrida kai panida kai ta paraktia kai ypoqalassia apoliqwmata. Enhmerwqhkan gia tis texnikes synthrhshs apoliqwmatwn poy efarmozei to Moyseio sta plaisia ths ethsias synthrhshs twn apoliqwmatoforwn qesewn poy pragmatopoieitai thn periodo ayth sth nhsida Nhsiwph.

    Sto Moyseio Fysikhs Istorias episkefqhkan tis monimes ekqeseis gia to Apoliqwmeno Dasos kai thn gewistorikh ejelijh toy Aigaioy. Idiaitera entypwsiasqhkan apo ta stoixeia gia thn energo seismikothta kai thn ekpaideytikh drash prosomoiwshs seismwn sth seismikh trapeza toy Moyseioy.

    Oi foithtes parakoloyqhsan epishs dialejeis gia thn gewistorikh ejelijh ths perioxhs toy Aigaioy kai ta gewlogika mnhmeia ths Lesboy, stis egkatastaseis toy Tmhmatos Gewgrafias toy Panepisthmioy Aigaioy sth Mytilhnh.

    Meta apo mia ebdomada paramonhs sth Lesbo oi kinezoi foithtes kaqws kai o Kaqhghths Zhang Jianping, milwntas sto APE-MPE dhlwsan ``entypwsiasmenoi apo to plhqos twn stoixeiwn ekpaideytikoy endiaferontos poy gnwrisan kata thn prwth askhsh pedioy poy pragmatopoihqhke sth Lesbo ta opoia qa paroysiasoyn sto Panepisthmio toy Pekinoy me stoxo thn kalyterh proetoimasia twn foithtwn poy qa symmetasxoyn stis epomenes askhseis pedioy sth Lesbo''. Apo thn pleyra toy, o k. Zoyros katalhgei: ``H dhmioyrgia ths ekpaideytikhs bashs toy Panepisthmioy Gewepisthmwn toy Pekinoy sth Lesbo, enos idrymatos me megalh istoria kai entypwsiakh ereynhtikh kai ekpaideytikh prosfora stis gewepisthmes apo to opoio exoyn apofoithsei dekades melh ths Akadhmias Episthmwn alla kai hgetes ths xwras, anamenetai na prosdwsei nees dynatothtes dieyrynshs ths ereynhtikhs kai ekpaideytikhs synergasias metajy twn dyo Panepisthmiwn sto ameso mellon''.

    [06] Thn enarjh dieqnoys synedrioy sthn Arxaia Olympia qa khryssei o Proedros ths Dhmokratias

    Thn enarjh twn ergasiwn toy dieqnoys synedrioy me titlo ``H Arxaia Ellada kai o sygxronos kosmos'', poy qa pragmatopoihqei sthn Arxaia Olympia apo tis 29 ews tis 31 Aygoystoy, khrysseio Proedros ths Dhmokratias, Prokophs Paylopoylos.

    O stoxos einai synedrioy einai na katadeixtei, mesa apo th diepisthmonikh proseggish (sto synedrio qa symmetexoyn 180 epilekta melh ths dieqnoys akadhmaikhs koinothtas apo oles tis episthmonikes perioxes), oti o arxaioellhnikos politismos den apotelei mono politismikh mhtra poy ekkolace to texnologiko qayma toy 21oy aiwna, alla mporei na apanthsei se sygxrona episthmonika erwthmata kai na dwsei lysh sthn ajiakh krish. Me alla logia, na ginei pagkosmia gnwsth kaqe ``adiabasth grammh'' ths arxaioellhnikhs grammateias kai na problhqei h ``krymmenh'' akomh gnwsh twn arxaioellhnikwn epiteygmatwn poy fainetai oti apoteloyn th lysh twn pantos typoy sygxronwn problhmatwn, opws anaferoyn oi diorganwtes toy. Parallhla, oi ergasies toy synedrioy stoxeyoyn na tekmhriwsoyn pws o arxaioellhnikos politismos metasxhmatizomenos proodeytika mporei na epidrasei s' olh th gnwsiakh platforma, oxi mono sto steno plaisio ths episthmonikhs koinothtas alla sto eyrytero koinwniko plegma.

    O Proedros ths Dhmokratias anamenetai na ftasei sto synedriako kentro ths Dieqnoys Olympiakhs Akadhmias stis 10.30 to prwi, opoy qa ton ypodextei o proedros toy synedrioy, omotimos kaqhghths Stefanos Paipeths. Symfwna me to programma toy synedrioy, qa akoloyqhsoyn oi prosfwnhseis toy kaqhghth Stefanoy Paipeth, toy a' antiproedroy ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs Frans Timermans, toy epitropoy Metanasteyshs, Eswterikwn Ypoqesewn kai Iqageneias Dhmhtrh Abramopoyloy, ths prytanews toy Panepisthmioy Patrwn, kaqhghtrias Benetsana Kyriazopoyloy, toy akadhmaikoy Antwnh Koynadh kai ths eqnikhs presbews ths Elladas sto Symboylio ths Eyrwphs Aikaterinhs Panagopoyloy, h opoia qa anaggeilei thn idrysh toy Kentroy Episthmwn kai Ellhnikwn Ajiwn, poy qa epikyrwqei me thn ypografh toy idrytikoy xartoy toy en logw kentroy apo toys Qymio Kotza, dhmarxo Arxaias Olympias, Gewrgio Gewrgiopoylo, antiperifereiarxh Perifereiakhs Enothtas Hleias kai Xrhsto Xristodoylopoylo, dhmarxo Hlidas, oi opoioi kai qa apeyqynoyn symbolikoys xairetismoys.

    Me thn omilia toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias qa khryxqei epishma h enarjh twn ergasiwn toy synedrioy. Sth synexeia qa akoloyqhsei h symbolikh ypografh toy Idrytikoy Xarth apo toys synedroys.

    Organwtikos foreas toy synedrioy einai to Panepisthmio Patrwn.

    [07] Xreos, prwtogenh pleonasmata kai ajiologhsh sthn atzenta

    Olh h atzenta toy programmatos kai ths diapragmateyshs anamenetai na teqei to meshmeri stis Bryjelles, kata th synanthsh toy koinotikoy epitropoy Pier Moskobisi me toys ypoyrgoys Oikonomikwn kai Oikonomias, Eykleidh Tsakalwto kai Giwrgo Staqakh, kaqws kai me ton anaplhrwth ypoyrgo Oikonomikwn, Giwrgo Xoyliarakh.

    Se synexeia ths episkechs toy k. Moskobisi sthn Aqhna ton perasmeno Ioylio, sth synanthsh sth belgikh prwteyoysa qa syzhthqoyn qemata poy aptontai toso ths oloklhrwshs ths ylopoihshs twn 15 oroshmwn apo thn prwth ajiologhsh- kai kat' epektash ths ektamieyshs ths doshs twn 2,8 dis. eyrw- oso kai ths proetoimasias gia thn enarjh ths diapragmateyshs gia th deyterh ajiologhsh (sthn opoia symperilambanontai ta ergasiaka).

    Shmantika zhthmata gia to oikonomiko epiteleio kai thn kybernhsh apoteloyn, epishs, h syzhthsh gia thn elafrynsh toy xreoys, kaqws kai gia th meiwsh twn prwtogenwn pleonasmatwn katw apo to 3,5% toy AEP apo to 2019 kai meta, otan h Ellada qa einai ektos programmatos. Eidika gia to xreos, anamenontai ta braxyproqesma metra apo ton Eyrwpaiko Mhxanismo Staqerothtas (ESM) kai h ekqesh toy Dieqnoys Nomismatikoy Tameioy (DNT) gia th biwsimothta toy ellhnikoy xreoys. Me bash thn ekqesh ayth, qa yparjei diapragmateysh metajy toy DNT kai twn eyrwpaikwn qesmwn, prokeimenoy na apofasistei h symmetoxh ek neoy toy Tameioy sth xrhmatodothsh toy ellhnikoy programmatos. Prwtogenh pleonasmata kai xreos eixan, epishs, teqei kata thn episkech toy k. Moskobisi sthn Ellada kai twra qa synexistei h syzhthsh stis Bryjelles.

    Parallhla, sth synanthsh me ton koinotiko epitropo anamenetai na teqei kai to zhthma ths diaxeirishs twn ``kokkinwn'' daneiwn, se syndyasmo me tis allages stis dioikhseis twn trapezwn kai toy Tameioy Xrhmatopistwtikhs Staqerothtas (TXS). Me bash toys stoxoys poy exei qesei h Eyrwpaikh Kentrikh Trapeza (EKT), ta ``kokkina'' daneia prepei na exoyn meiwqei kata 40% ews to 2019. Enw metajy twn oroshmwn- proapaitoymenwn einai kai oi allages ston ``nomo Dendia'' gia th diaxeirish twn ``kokkinwn'' epixeirhmatikwn daneiwn.

    Shmeiwnetai, telos, oti ayrio qa synelqei stis Bryjelles kai to Euro Working Group, me antikeimeno thn proetoimasia ths synedriashs toy Eurogroup stis 9 Septembrioy. Kata th synedriash toy Eurogroup, qa apofasistei kai h akribhs hmeromhnia ths epanodoy sthn Aqhna twn ekproswpwn twn qesmwn (peri ta mesa Septembrioy) gia thn ajiologhsh twn oroshmwn.


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