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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 08-06-19

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] "Amesh lhch metrwn"
  • [02] Ayjhsh twn prosfygwn
  • [03] Prohgeitai o Ompama

    [01] "Amesh lhch metrwn"

    Sth sygkentrwsh diamartyrias gia thn akribeia sthn plateia Syntagmatos kalei me anakoinwsh toy o SYRIZA toys polites.

    Enwnoyme tis fwnes mas me toys xiliades eyrwpaioys polites poy thn idia stigmh, se diafores poleis apaitoyn thn amesh lhch metrwn se koinotiko kai eqniko epipedo gia na anaxaitistei h akribeia. To zhtoymeno shmera einai h diamorfwsh enos mplok koinwnikwn kai politikwn dynamewn poy qa anatrecei thn efarmozomenh neofileleyqerh politikh, anaferei o SYRIZA sthn anakoinwsh toy.

    Thn ikanopoihsh toys gia thn aporrich ths Synqhkhs ths Lisabonas, apo ton irlandiko lao, ejefrasan h koinoboyleytikh omada kai antiproswpeia ths Syntonistikhs Grammateias toy SYRIZA se anakoinwsh, poy ejedwsan xqes meta thn koinh synedriash toys.

    Sthn anakoinwsh anaferetai oti "o SYRIZA xairetizei to irlandiko oxi sthn Eyrwsynqhkh, ws shmantiko staqmo sthn palh enantia stis politikes toy neofileleyqerismoy, toy ratsismoy, toy militarismoy" kai prosqetei oti o SYRIZA "epanalambanei thn aklonhth qesh toy gia aporrich ths Eyrwsynqhkhs kai to omofwno aithma gia Dhmochfisma poy qa dwsei kai stoys ergazomenoys sth xwra mas thn eykairia na enwsoyn th fwnh toys me to irlandiko oxi".

    "O SYRIZA qa synexisei se aythn thn kateyqynsh thn palh toy mesa ston kosmo kai ta koinwnika kinhmata, epidiwkontas na ekfrasei thn koinwnikh pleiochfia kai thn orgh apenanti stis kyriarxes politikes se eqniko kai eyrwpaiko epipedo".

    Sthn anakoinwsh tonizetai akomh oti kata th syzhthsh epishmanqhke h shmasia ths eniaias ekfrashs ths Koinoboyleytikhs Omadas se meizona politika zhthmata, gia thn apotelesmatikothta ths palhs kai pros thn kateyqynsh ayth symfwnhqhke h sygkrothsh Kanonismoy Leitoyrgias to amesws epomeno diasthma.

    [02] Ayjhsh twn prosfygwn

    O ariqmos twn prosfygwn kai twn ektopismenwn ejaitias twn sygkroysewn kai twn katastrofwn oydepote htan toso ychlos ston kosmo, kaqws efqase ta 67 ekatommyria to 2007, anakoinwse h 'Ypath Armosteia toy OHE gia toys Prosfyges (HCR).

    O ariqmos twn prosfygwn poy egkateleican th xwra toys ejaitias twn diwjewn h twn sygkroysewn ayjhqhke kata 15,15% se 11,4 ekatommyria atoma to 2007 se sxesh me 9,9 ekatommyria to 2006, epishmainei h Ypath Armosteia sthn pagkosmia meleth ths gia toys prosfyges.

    Epishs 26 ekatommyria anqrwpoi (24,4 ekatommyria to 2006, dhladh +6,5% mesa se ena xrono) eginan eswterikoi metanastes sthn idia toys th xwra ejaitias twn biaiothtwn kai alla 25 ekatommyria den exoyn pleon estia logw twn fysikwn katastrofwn.

    Sta stoixeia ayta prostiqentai ta 4,6 ekatommyria palaistinioi prosfyges gia toys opoioys merimna h UNRWA se olh th Mesh Anatolh.

    "Ystera apo mia meiwsh toy ariqmoy twn prosfygwn epi pente xronia, apo to 2001 ews to 2005, parathroyme mia ayjhsh gia deyterh synexh xronia", dhlwse o ypatos ekproswpos toy OHE gia toys prosfyges Antonio Gkoyteres.

    Synenteyjh gia toys prosfyges sthn Ellada

    Polyselidh meleth gia thn antimetwpish apo thn Politeia toy qematos twn allodapwn asynodeytwn anhlikwn poy zhtoyn asylo sthn Ellada, paroysiasqhke se synenteyjh Typoy toy Grafeioy ths Ypaths Armosteias Elladas.

    Thn ereyna ypografoyn h ejeidikeymenh se qemata asynodeytwn anhlikwn koinwnikh leitoyrgos Gewrgia Dhmhtropoyloy kai o lektoras toy Aristoteleioy Panepisthmioy Qessalonikhs Iwannhs Papagewrgioy.

    Opws shmeiwnetai sthn eisagwghs ths ereynas, h antimetwpish toy qematos twn asynodeytwn anhlikwn den mporei na agnohsei mia seira parametrwn synyfasmenwn me thn ellhnikh pragmatikothta, idiws tis genikoteres dysleitoyrgies ths diadikasias asyloy, tis adynamies kai ta kena toy pronoiakoy systhmatos sthn Ellada kai th diastash ths ekmetalleyshs kai ths emporias anqrwpwn. Epishs, den prepei na paragnwrisqei to gegonos oti gia ton ariqmo anhlikwn poy exoyn katarxhn anagkh dieqnoys prostasias, h Ellada apotelei staqmo kai oxi teliko proorismo. H ereyna diapistwse oti oi proypoqeseis gia synolikh lysh toy qematos perilambanoyn allages sth genikoterh metanasteytikh politikh, th diadikasia asyloy kai thn en genei koinwnikh politikh ths xwras.

    To prwto problhma poy epishmainetai einai ayto ths statistikhs katagrafhs. H katagrafh periorizetai stoys anhlikoys poy mpainoyn sth diadikasia asyloy kai den yparxoyn stoixeia gia ton pragmatiko ariqmo twn paidiwn poy syllambanontai sta shmeia elegxoy. Epishs, den yparxoyn stoixeia gia ton ariqmo twn yphresiakwn shmeiwmatwn me diatages apelashs gia anhlikoys, oyte gia ton ariqmo twn pragmatikwn apelasewn anhlikwn. Epishs, den yparxoyn stoixeia gia tis hlikies twn prosfygwn h dikaioyxwn epikoyrikhs prostasias.

    Kata deyteron, ginetai anafora stis praktikes parempodishs h anasxeshs ths eisodoy anhlikwn poy efarmozoyn oi meqoriakes arxes. H pragmatikh prosbash sto dikaiwma aithmatos asyloy den einai dynath sta shmeia eisodoy, dioti den yparxei stelexwsh twn yphresiwn me ejeidikeymeno proswpiko. Opws shmeiwnetai ``toyto apaitei politikh boylhsh kai oikonomikh desmeysh''. Gia toys anhlikoys poy den zhtoyn asylo den yparxei kamia morfh prostasias kai proteinetai h dhmioyrgia kentrwn ypodoxhs kai proswrinhs filojenias asynodeytwn anhlikwn stis pyles eisodoy. Se o,ti afora eidika to oikonomiko kostos, shmeiwnetai: ``Einai skopimo na lhfqei ypoch to hdh yparxon kostos poy epwmizetai to kratos gia toys anhlikoys sta shmeia eisodoy, to kostos metagenesterhs astynomikhs kai dikastikhs diaxeirishs twn anhlikwn kai to koinwniko kostos diaxeirishs twn parabatikwn symperiforwn kai ths egklhmatikothtas en genei''.

    Ejalloy, opws anaferetai, megalos ariqmos anhlikwn krateitai kai den mpainei pote sth diadikasia asyloy. Sygxronws den yparxoyn kleista kentra filojenias -mia domh poly diaforetikh apo ta kentra krathshs poy yparxoyn kai dhmioyrgoyntai sth xwra- poy qa epetrepan thn ejetash kaqe periptwshs kai thn paroxh prostasias. Proteinetai h rhth apagoreysh ths dioikhtikhs apelashs anhlikwn me sxetikh tropopoihsh toy arqroy 79 toy N. 3386/2005 kai h ylopoihsh twn ryqmisewn peri krathshs kai fylakishs ths Symbashs gia ta Dikaiwmata toy Paidioy (arqro 37) poy apotelei eswteriko dikaio me ypernomoqetikh isxy.

    Sth meleth anaferetai oti oi eisaggelikes arxes den efarmozoyn ta orizomena apo to PD 220/2007 gia thn epitropeia twn asynodeytwn anhlikwn aitoyntwn asylo. Opws shmeiwnetai, ``me dedomenh thn arnhsh h thn adynamia en tois pragmasi twn eisaggelikwn arxwn kai thn aneparkeia twn yfistamenwn domwn koinwnikhs prostasias stis opoies qa mporoyse endexomenws na anateqei to ergo ths epitropeias anhlikwn, gennietai to erwthma ean mporei kaneis na anamenei beltiwsh ths katastashs''. Proteinetai h dhmioyrgia Eidikoy Swmatos Epitropwn (oxi anagkastika kratikwn ypallhlwn) ypo thn epopteia toy ypoyrgeioy Dikaiosynhs h toy ypoyrgeioy Ygeias kai Koinwnikhs Allhleggyhs poy qa mporoyse endexomenws na entaxqei dioikhtika eite stis Dikastikes Koinwnikes Yphresies, eite stis yfistamenes Yphresies Epimelhtwn Anhlikwn.

    Apaiteitai h ayjhsh toy ariqmoy twn Kentrwn Filojenias anhlikwn kai twn diatiqemenwn qesewn kai h dhmioyrgia perissoterwn mikrwn monadwn poy krinontai apotelesmatikoteres gia thn ylopoihsh politikwn prostasias kai entajhs. Kyrio problhma twn Kentrwn einai h aneparkhs kai diakoptomenh xrhmatodothsh. Gi' ayto, proteinetai ta Kentra na leitoyrgoyn me ton idio xroniko orizonta leitoyrgias toy Eyrwpaikoy Tameioy Prosfygwn.

    Akoma, den yparxoyn domes filojenias gia koritsia kai anhlikoys katw twn 14 etwn. Polla problhmata entopizontai, ejaitias ths apoysias Epitropoy, se o,ti afora thn ygeia kai thn ekpaideysh toys. H elleich diermhnewn kaqista adynath thn epikoinwnia twn anhlikwn me tis yphresies kai tis arxes. Prokeitai, bebaia, gia ena qema poy ekteinetai se oles tis kathgories allodapwn poy briskontai sth xwra. Gi' ayto proteinetai h systash swmatos diermhnewn poy qa phgainoyn opoy yparxei anagkh.

    Telos, se o,ti afora tis dysleitoyrgies sth diadikasia kaqorismoy toy kaqestwtos prosfyga, shmeiwnetai oti kamia aithsh asyloy den exei ejetasqei deyterobaqmia gia anhliko, opws anefere h nomikh symboylos ths Ypaths Armosteias Elladas Kallioph Stefanakh.

    Enisxysh gia th drash ths Ypaths Armosteias

    Gia na mporesei na antapokriqei stis anagkes poy dhmioyrgei h frontida panw apo 36 ekatommyriwn jerizwmenwn se oloklhro ton kosmo, h Organwsh toy OHE gia toys Prosfyges organwnei programmata anaptyjhs porwn apo polites.

    Ta teleytaia xronia paromoia programmata leitoyrgoyn kai sthn Ellada. Osoi polites endiaferontai na enisxysoyn oikonomika th dieqnh drash ths Ypaths Armosteias mporoyn na epikoinwnoyn me ton Tomea Anaptyjhs Porwn toy grafeioy sthn Ellada, sto 210 6726296 h na kataqetoyn apeyqeias thn enisxysh toys ston eidiko logariasmo ths Eqnikhs Trapezas: 139/920033-95.

    [03] Prohgeitai o Ompama

    Gia prwth fora o Dhmokratikos ypochfios gia thn proedria twn HPA, Mparak Ompama jeperase ton antipalo toy Repoymplikano, Tzon Makein se treis krisimes politeies poy sxedon kaqorizoyn ton nikhth twn eklogwn toy Noembrioy, symfwna me sfygmometrhsh.

    Sygkekrimena o k. Ompama jeperna ton antipalo toy sthn Pensylbania (52% enanti 40%) sto Oxaio (48% enanti 42%) kai sth Florida (47% enanti 43%) symfwna me th sfygmometrhsh toy Panepisthmioy toy Koyininpiak.

    Legetai oti oi treis anwterw politeies einai ejairetika krisimes gia th nikh toy enos h toy alloy ypochfioy, einai aytes dhladh poy anoigoyn thn porta toy Leykoy Oikoy.

    Sth sfygmometrhsh katagrafetai epishs oti oi anejarthtoi chfoforoi antitiqentai sto "dhmokratiko didymo" dhladh na doqei h antiproedria sthn geroysiasth ths Neas Yorkhs, Xilari Klinton.

    Se eqniko epipedo, o k. Ompampa sygkentrwnei to 47% ths proqeshs chfoy enanti 42% toy k. Makein, enw se mia allh dhmoskophsh toy Zogby katagrafetai mia yperoxh toy k. Ompama 22 monadwn panta me erwthqentes anejarthtoys chfoforoys.

    Stis anwterw politeies (Pansylbania, Oxaio,Florida) o k. Ompama prohgeitai toy k. Makein ston gynaikeio plhqysmo apo 10% ews 23% alla metajy toy andrikoy plhqysmoy oi dyo antipaloi exoyn poly mikrh diafora, sxedon isochfia.

    "Telika h apoxwrhsh apo thn koyrsa ths geroysiastoy Klinton edwse megalh wqhsh sthn ypochfiothta toy Mparak Ompama", anefere enas ekproswpos toy toy institoytoy dhmoskophsewn toy Panepisthmioy toy Koyininpiak.

    O ypochfios toy Dhmokratikoy kommatos stis proedrikes ekloges toy efetinoy Noembrioy stis HPA Mparak Ompama synanthqhke xqes Tetarth me mia omada prwhn ajiwmatoyxwn poy qa ton symboyleyoyn se zhthmata ejwterikhs politikhs barynoysas shmasias, opws to Irak kai to Afganistan.

    Ta onomata twn symmetexontwn sthn omada dinoyn orismenes endeijeis gia to pws o geroysiasths apo to Ilinoi qa kataneimei qeseis sthn kybernhsh toy, endexomenws kai ston mhxanismo askhshs ths ejwterikhs politikhs ths Oyasingkton, ean eklegei.

    O Ompama eipe oti h omada ayth exei koinh me ton idio thn pepoiqhsh oti h amerikanikh ejwterikh politikh prepei na einai "pragmatistikh", kai na diaferei aisqhta apo thn proseggish ths kybernhshs Mpoys, poy xarakthrise ws diapneomenh apo mia "akampth ideologia".

    Oi anqrwpoi me toys opoioys o Ompama synanthqhke xqes gia mia syzhthsh oson afora zhthmata eqnikhs asfaleias einai oi ejhs:

  • H Mantlhn Wlmpraht, prwhn ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn epi kybernhsews Mpil Klinton kai koryfaia symboylos ths antipaloy toy gia to xrisma twn Dhmokratikwn, Xilary Klinton.

  • O Ntehbint Mporen, prwhn kybernhths ths Oklaxoma kai geroysiasths, prwhn epikefalhs ths epitrophs ths Geroysias gia zhthmata yphresiwn plhroforiwn.

  • O Oywren Kristofer, prwtos YPEJ toy Mpil Klinton kai yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn epi kybernhsews Karter.

  • O Gkregk Kraigk, prwhn symboylos ths Wlmpraht sthn kybernhsh Klinton kai epikefalhs ths nomikhs omadas poy yperaspisqhke ton Klinton enanti twn kathgoriwn poy epesyran apopomph toy apo to qwko toy Proedroy. Paroti htan gnwstos gia tis makroxrones sxeseis toy me to prwhn proedriko zeygos, o Kraigk taxqhke ej arxhs yper toy Ompama kai qewreitai ws ena apo ta melh toy stenoy toy kykloy.

  • O Ritsarnt Ntantsigk, politikos proistamenos toy polemikoy naytikoy twn Hnwmenwn Politeiwn epi Klinton kai qewroymenos ws eidikos se zhthmata antimetwpishs ths tromokratias.

  • O Lh Xamilton, prwhn melos toy Kogkresoy apo thn Intiana, symproedros ths epitrophs poy ereynhse tis epiqeseis stis HPA thn 11h Septembrioy 2001 kai koryfaio melos ths Epitrophs Meleths gia to Irak, poy ypebale protaseis ston proedro Tzwrtz Oy. Mpoys to 2006.

  • O Erik Xolnter, yfypoyrgos Dikaiosynhs epi Klinton, poy mazi me thn Karolyn Kenenty bohqoyn sthn anazhthsh ypochfioy gia thn antiproedria.

  • O Antony Lehk, symboylos eqnikhs asfaleias toy Leykoy Oikoy epi Klinton kai melos toy stenoy kykloy toy Ompama.

  • O Sam Nan, prwhn geroysiasths apo th Tzwrtzia, prwhn proedros ths epitrophs gia tis enoples dynameis ths Geroysias, qewroymenos ws piqanos ypochfios gia thn qesh toy antiproedroy.

  • O Goyiliam Pery, ypoyrgos Amynhs epi Klinton.

  • H Soyzan Rais, prwhn yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn armodia gia zhthmata Afrikhs kai koryfaia symboylos toy Ompama gia qemata ejwterikhs politikhs.

  • O Tim Remer, prwhn melos toy Kogkresoy apo thn Intiana kai melos ths epitrophs ereynhs gia tis epiqeseis stis HPA thn 11h Septembrioy 2001.

  • O Tzehms Stainmpergk, anaplhrwths symboylos eqnikhs asfaleias toy Leykoy Oikoy epi Klinton.
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